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Lapland, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
LaplandRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
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Area:
92,674 km2
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Rovaniemi34,781 (2014)
Kemi22,641 (2014)
Keminmaa8,980 (2014)
Sodankylä8,942 (2014)
Kemijärvi8,883 (2018)
Inari7,049 (2016)
Other Languages:
Finnish:
Lapin maakunta, Suomi
French:
Laponie, Finlande
German:
Lappland, Finnland
Italian:
Regione della Lapponia, Finlandia
Northern Sami:
Sápmi, Suopma
Russian:
Лапландия, Финляндия
Simplified Chinese:
拉普蘭區, 芬兰
Spanish:
Región de Laponia, Finlandia
Swedish:
Lappland, Finland
Afrikaans:
Lapland, Finland
Albanian:
Lapland, Finlanda
Arabic:
إقليم لابي, فنلندا
Armenian:
Լապլանդիա, Ֆինլանդիա
Asturian:
Laponia, Finlandia
Basque:
Lappi, Finlandia
Breton:
Lappi, Finland
Bulgarian:
Лапландия, Финландия
Catalan:
Província de Lapònia, Finlàndia
Cebuano:
Lappi, Finlandia
Czech:
Laponsko, Finsko
Danish:
Lapin maakunta, Finland
Dutch:
Lapland, Finland
Esperanto:
Laponio, Finnlando
Estonian:
Lapi maakond, Soome
Farsi/Persian:
لاپلند, فنلاند
Galician:
Laponia, Finlandia
Georgian:
ლაპლანდია, ფინეთი
Hungarian:
Lappföld, Finnország
Indonesian:
Laplandia, Finlandia
Japanese:
ラッピ県, フィンランド
Komi-Permyak:
Лаппи, Суоми
Korean:
라피 지역, 핀란드
Latin:
Lapponia, Finnia
Latvian:
Lapzeme, Somija
Limburgian:
Lapland, Finland
Lithuanian:
Lapija, Suomija
Luxembourgish:
Regioun Lappland, Finnland
Macedonian:
Лапонија, Финска
Malay:
Lapland, Finland
Manx:
Yn Laplann, Finnlynn
Mazanderani:
لاپلند, فلاند
Norwegian:
Lappland, Finland
Polish:
Laponia, Finlandia
Portuguese:
Lapónia, Finlândia
Romanian:
Laponia, Finlanda
Scots:
Lapland, Finland
Serbian:
Лапонија, Финска
Serbo-Croatian:
Lapland, Finska
Sicilian:
Lapponia, Finlandia
Slovak:
Laponsko, Fínsko
Turkish:
Laponya, Finlandiya
Ukrainian:
Лапландія, Фінляндія
Urdu:
لاپلند, فن لینڈ
Venetian:
Laponia, Finlandia
Vietnamese:
Lapland, Phần Lan
Western Punjabi:
لاپ لینڈ, فنلینڈ


Lapland region consists of the former Lapland region or Lapland Province (Finnish Lappi, Swedish Lappland).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

278 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Chernet, Tegist 2011. Oiva gold-quartz dyke in the Lapland granulite belt, Laanila, Northern Finland: Case study on high-voltage selective fragmentation for detailed mineralogical and analytical investigation. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 193.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Vartiainen, H.& Woolley, A. R. 1976. The petrography, mineralogy and chemistry of the fenites of the Sokli Carbonatite massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 313, 62-80.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Rouhunkoski, P., & Isokangas, P. (1974). The copper-gold vein deposit of Kivimaa at Tervola, N-Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 46, 29-35.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Al Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2011. Petrographic and mineralogical study of Vanttaus appinitic diorite, Northern Finland. GTK:n arkistoraportti, Northern Finland Office 59/2011
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Al-Ani Thair 2012. Detailed SEM study on REE-bearing minerals of paragneisses Mäkärä and Vaulo, Northern Finland. Geologian Tutkimuslaitos arkistoraportti 73/2011.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: Implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL-JAPAN-, 40(1), 1.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
'Ancylite'
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ancylite-(La)
Formula: LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: AL-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2016. Abundance of REE bearing minerals in carbonatite and lambrophyre dikes in Kaulus area, Sokli carbonative complex, NE Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus 7/2016.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Nebocat, J., & Eng, P. (2011) Progress Report on the Geology, Mineralization and Exploration Activities on the Rompas Gold-Uranium Property.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Vartiainen, H.& Woolley, A. R. 1976. The petrography, mineralogy and chemistry of the fenites of the Sokli Carbonatite massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 313, 62-80.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arsenopalladinite
Formula: Pd8(As,Sb)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Atokite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)3Sn
Reference: 33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland; Kari K. Kojonen, Andrew M. McDonald, Chris J. Stanley, and Bo Johanson (2011) Törnroosite, Pd11As2Te2, A New Mineral Species Related to Isomertieite from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Can Mineral 49:1643-1651; Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Halls, Ch. (2005): Report on the mineralogy of a sample from the Agricola Resources Energy Ridge project, Hautuajaervi, Lapin Laani, Finland. Final Reprot, Dept. of Mineralogy, NHM, London, 1-24. [cited in Plásil et al. (2010)]
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusion and the Keivitsa- Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 395, 233 p.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Saattopora - Gold Database
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database
'Brabantite'
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Sarapää, O.; Lauri, L. S.; Ahtola, T.; Al-Ani, T.; Grönholm, S.; Kärkkäinen, N.; Lintinen, P.; Torppa, A.; Turunen, P. 2015. Discovery potential of hi-tech metals and critical minerals in Finland. GSF Report of Investigation, vol 219
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Iljina, M. 1994. The Portimo Layered Igneous Complex - with emphasis on diverse sulphide and platinum-group element deposits. Acta Univ. Oul. A258, 1994
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: AL-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2016. Abundance of REE bearing minerals in carbonatite and lambrophyre dikes in Kaulus area, Sokli carbonative complex, NE Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus 7/2016.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1975. Esitelmäselostus. Geologi 27 (3), 79.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Nebocat, J., & Eng, P. (2011) Progress Report on the Geology, Mineralization and Exploration Activities on the Rompas Gold-Uranium Property.
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: l-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2014. Mineralogical and geochemical study on carbonatites and fenites from the Kaulus drill cores, Sokli, Finland. GTK, tieteelliset posterit, volyymi 360
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.; Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2010. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen "Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II " toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Thair, Al-Ani and Sarapää, Olli (2012): REE-mineralogy of arkosic gneisses from Mäkärä-Vaulo area, Tana belt, Northern Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskesus. Arkistoraportti 73/2011
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa-Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 395, 233 s.; Le Vaillant, M., Barnes, S. J., Fiorentini, M. L., Santaguida, F., & Törmänen, T. (2016). Effects of hydrous alteration on the distribution of base metals and platinum group elements within the Kevitsa magmatic nickel sulphide deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 128-148.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: No reference listed
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Reference: Andrey Vishnevsky photo & specimen.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltarthurite
Formula: (Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Sipilä, Pekka 1992. The Caledonian Halt-Ridnitsohkka igneous complex in Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 362, 75 p. 23 app. pages
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: suoperä, S. 1988. Kittilän Soretiavuoman kultapitoisten karbonaattikivien mineralogia ja muuttumisilmiöt. Erikoistutkielma, Oulun yliopisto, Geologian laitos, 31-57.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Le Vaillant, M., Barnes, S. J., Fiorentini, M. L., Santaguida, F., & Törmänen, T. (2016). Effects of hydrous alteration on the distribution of base metals and platinum group elements within the Kevitsa magmatic nickel sulphide deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 128-148.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
Cuproiridsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Cuprorhodsite
Formula: (Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4
Curite
Formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
'Davidite'
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Davidite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Description: Described erronously as "davidite-(Y)" in Thair & Pakkanen (2013). Their published data for the chemistry analyzed mineral is as follow:
MgO 0.1, SiO2 0.0, CaO 0.3, TiO2 44.1, FeO 16.9, Y2O3 0.6, La2O3 3.1, Ce2O3 2.8.,ThO2 0.1, SrO 0.9, ZrO2 0.4, V2O3 3.1, Cr2O3 11.3, PbO 1.4 UO2 5.6 , Total 91.4I.
Reference: Al-Ani, Thair and Pakkanen, Lassi (2013): Mini-Atlas of REE-minerals in Finnish Bedrocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus/Geological Survey of Finland.
'Davidite-(Y)'
Formula: (La,Ce,Na,Ca,Pb)(Y,Fe2+,◻)(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Nb,Zr)18O38 (hypothetical)
Locality: Palkiskuru, Enontekiö, Lapland, Finland - erroneously reported
Description: Reported as Davidite-(Y) (or as "Davidite" in Thair & Pakkanen (2013), but the chemistry reported for the analyzed minerals shows only 0.6% Y2O.
Reference: Al-Ani, Thair and Pakkanen, Lassi (2013): Mini-Atlas of REE-minerals in Finnish Bedrocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus/Geological Survey of Finland. Report 115/2013
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Epigenetic gold occurrence in a Paleoproterozoic meta-evaporitic sequence in the Rompas-Rajapalot Au system, Peräpohja belt, northern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, Volume (1), 2018.albite
Eckermannite
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: mutanen Tapani 1997. Geology and ore petrology of Akanvaara nd Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa -satovaara layered complex, Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, bulletin 395. 233s.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
'Ferberite-Hübnerite Series'
Reference: Kari K. Kojonen, Andrew M. McDonald, Chris J. Stanley, and Bo Johanson (2011) Törnroosite, Pd11As2Te2, A New Mineral Species Related to Isomertieite from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Can Mineral 49:1643-1651
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
'Ferrorhodsite'
Formula: (Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Reference: Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
Ferroselite
Formula: FeSe2
Reference: AL-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2016. Abundance of REE bearing minerals in carbonatite and lambrophyre dikes in Kaulus area, Sokli carbonative complex, NE Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus 7/2016.
Ferro-tschermakite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Locality: Halti-Ridnitsohkka, Enontekiö, Lapland, Finland - erroneously reported
Description: None of the amphiboles analysed in Sipilä meets the defining criteria for tschermakite CƩ(Al+Fe3++2Ti)> 1.5apfu and AƩ(Na+K+2Ca)<0.5 apfu as listed in the 2012 amphibole nomenclature. See magnesio-hornblende and pargasite for analyses.
Reference: Sipilä, Pekka 1992. The Caledonian Halt-Ridnitsohkka igneous complex in Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 362, 75 p. 23 app. pages
Fletcherite
Formula: Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2010. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen "Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II " toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Fluorwavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
Reference: Kampf,Anthony R., Adams,Paul L., Barwood,Henry., and Nash,Barbara P. (2017) Fluorwavellite -Al3(PO4)2(OH)2F.5H2O,the fluorine analogue of wavellite :American Mineralogist 102 (4),909-915
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Reference: Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusion and the Keivitsa- Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 395, 233 p.
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Gold var: Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Paakkola, Juhani 1971. The volcanic complex and associated manganiferous iron formation of the Porkonen-Pahtavaara area in Finnish Lapland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 247.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Iljina, M. 1994. The Portimo Layered Igneous Complex - with emphasis on diverse sulphide and platinum-group element deposits. Acta Univ. Oul. A258, 1994
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Paakkola, Juhani 1971. The volcanic complex and associated manganiferous iron formation of the Porkonen-Pahtavaara area in Finnish Lapland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 247.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Le Vaillant, M., Barnes, S. J., Fiorentini, M. L., Santaguida, F., & Törmänen, T. (2016). Effects of hydrous alteration on the distribution of base metals and platinum group elements within the Kevitsa magmatic nickel sulphide deposit. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 128-148.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusion and the Keivitsa- Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 395, 233 p.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: http://gac.esd.mun.ca/gac_2004/search_abs/sub_program.asp?sess=98&form=10&abs_no=136
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Peuraniemi, V. and Islam, R., 1993. The weathering in the Vuotso-Tankavaara area- The first evidence of halloysite in Finland. The Chemical eology, 107, pp. 307-311.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Rouhunkoski, P., & Isokangas, P. (1974). The copper-gold vein deposit of Kivimaa at Tervola, N-Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 46, 29-35.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hongshiite
Formula: PtCu
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hunchunite
Formula: Au2Pb
Reference: Molnár, Ferenc 2015. Mineral Systems in mineral Potential Evaluation. Stakeholder Seminar, 06 May 2015 Rovaniemi.; Molnár, F., Oduro, H., Cook, N. D., Pohjolainen, E., Takács, Á., O’Brien, H., ... & Wirth, R. (2016). Association of gold with uraninite and pyrobitumen in the metavolcanic rock hosted hydrothermal Au-U mineralisation at Rompas, Peräpohja Schist Belt, northern Finland. Mineralium Deposita, 51(5), 681-702.
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: AL-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2016. Abundance of REE bearing minerals in carbonatite and lambrophyre dikes in Kaulus area, Sokli carbonative complex, NE Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus 7/2016.
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)(OH)
Reference: Al-Ani, T.,Sarapää, O. (2009). Rare earth elements and their mineral phases in Jammi carbonatite veins and fenites on the south side of Sokli carbonatite complex, NE Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti, M19/4723/2009/34. 24 p.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Chernet, Tegist 2011. Oiva gold-quartz dyke in the Lapland granulite belt, Laanila, Northern Finland: Case study on high-voltage selective fragmentation for detailed mineralogical and analytical investigation. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 193.
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Törroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kar, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper
Iron
Formula: Fe
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Keithconnite var: Plumbian Keithconnite
Formula: (Pd,Pb)20Te7
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Kitagohaite
Formula: Pt7Cu
Konderite
Formula: Cu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16
Reference: Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Hanski, Eero (2002). Suomen geologinen kartta, Geologian Tutkimuskeskus. Kallioperäkartta 3614 Vikajärvi.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Laflammeite (TL)
Formula: Pd3Pb2S2
Type Locality:
Reference: BARKOV, A.Y., MARTIN, R.F., HALKOAHO, T.A.A. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (2002) Laflammeite, Pd3Pb2S2, a new platinum-group mineral species from the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 671-678.
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Leucoxene
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Loveringite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Reference: Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa-Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 395, 233 s.
Luberoite
Formula: Pt5Se4
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Vartiainen, H.& Woolley, A. R. 1976. The petrography, mineralogy and chemistry of the fenites of the Sokli Carbonatite massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 313, 62-80.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Majakite
Formula: PdNiAs
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusion and the Keivitsa- Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 395, 233 p.
Malanite
Formula: Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Reference: Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Sipilä, Pekka 1992. The Caledonian Halt-Ridnitsohkka igneous complex in Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 362, 75 p. 23 app. pages
Maslovite
Formula: PtBiTe
Reference: Mutanen, T. 1997. Geolog and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa-Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 395, 233 s.; Mutanen, T. 1997. Geologymand ore petrology of yhe Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa-Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 395, 233 s.
Masuyite
Formula: Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Al-Ani, Thair and Pakkanen, Lassi (2013): Mini-Atlas of REE-minerals in Finnish Bedrocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus/Geological Survey of Finland; Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
'Melnikovite'
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Melonite var: Palladian Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Mertieite'
Mertieite-I
Formula: Pd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
'Mica Group'
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Miessiite (TL)
Formula: Pd11Te2Se2
Type Locality:
Reference: Kojonen, K.K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A.C., Törnroos, R., Heidrich, S. (2007): Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, (in press); 33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland; Kojonen, K. K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A. C., Törnroos, R., & Heidrich, S. (2007). Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1221-1227.; Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Paakkola, Juhani 1971. The volcanic complex and associated manganiferous iron formation of the Porkonen-Pahtavaara area in Finnish Lapland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 247.
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Valkama, Jorma (2019). Kalsedoniaiheen tutkimus Sodankylän Kaitaselässä. Mineralia Kiviharrasajan Kuvalehti Nro 1/2019 sivut 33-35
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: letyinen, Veijo, 1967.Ylitornion Kivilompolon molybdeenihohde esiintymät. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja, N:o 73.molybdenite
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Montbrayite
Formula: (Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Reference: Nebocat, J., & Eng, P. (2011) Progress Report on the Geology, Mineralization and Exploration Activities on the Rompas Gold-Uranium Property.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Sarapää, O.; Lauri, L. S.; Ahtola, T.; Al-Ani, T.; Grönholm, S.; Kärkkäinen, N.; Lintinen, P.; Torppa, A.; Turunen, P. 2015. Discovery potential of hi-tech metals and critical minerals in Finland. GSF Report of Investigation, vol 219
'Moonstone'
Reference: Kari A. Kinnunen (1995) PUSKUOJAN KULLAN JA KVARTSIN MUODOSTAMISTA SEKAHIPUISTA. Geologian tutkimuskeskus
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Muthmannite
Formula: AuAgTe2
Reference: Fröclich,F., Gutzmer, J, Siikaluoma, J. and Osbahr, I. (2017) Sulfide vein mineralization of the shallow eastern stokworkzone and its genetic relation to the massive sulfide mineralization of the Sakatti Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Finland. 3rd Finnish National Colloquium of Geosciences, Espoo, 15–16 March 2017: Abstract Book
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: http://gac.esd.mun.ca/gac_2004/search_abs/sub_program.asp?sess=98&form=10&abs_no=136
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Osarsite
Formula: (Os,Ru)AsS
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Palarstanide
Formula: Pd5(Sn,As)2
Reference: Iljina, M.J., Alapieti, T., Lahtinen, J.J. and Lerssi, J.M. 1989. Thr Suhanko-Konttijärvi intrusion and related sulphide and PGE mineralizations. In:5 th international Platinum symposion. Guide to the pos-symposion field trip, August 4-11, 1989. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus. Opas 29
Palladoarsenide
Formula: Pd2As
Palladseite
Formula: Pd17Se15
Reference: 33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland; Kojonen, K., McDonald, A. M., Stanley, C. J., Johanson, B., & Tranberg, J. (2014) An unusual Se-bearing moncheite and Te-bearing palladseite, Miessi River, Inari, Finland. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 104
Paolovite
Formula: Pd2Sn
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Sipilä, Pekka 1992. The Caledonian Halt-Ridnitsohkka igneous complex in Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 362, 75 p. 23 app. pages
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: Sipilä (1992) provides analyses of pargasites from different rocks: Amphibole rock: (Na0.617,K0.037)0.654(Ca1.956,Na0.044)2(Mg3.299,Fe2+0.768,Al0.995)5.062(Al1.727,Si6.273)O22(OH)2 olivinegabbro: (Na0.862,K0.028)0.890 (Ca1.751,Fe0.249)2(Mg 3.271,Mn2+ 0,036, Fe2+0.649, Al 1,258)5.214(Al2.576,Si 5.424)O22(OH)2 gabbro sills between gneiss interlayers: (Na0.494,K0.254)0.749 (Ca1.712,Na 0.288)2(Mg 2.532, Fe2+1.695, Ti, 0.451 Al 0.336)5.038(Al 1.727,Si 6.273)O22(OH)2
Reference: Sipilä, Pekka 1992. The Caledonian Halt-Ridnitsohkka igneous complex in Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 362, 75 p. 23 app. pages
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Al Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2011. Petrographic and mineralogical study of Vanttaus appinitic diorite, Northern Finland. GTK:n arkistoraportti, Northern Finland Office 59/2011
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Pentlandite var: Argentian Pentlandite
Formula: (Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Reference: http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/pahtavuoma.htm
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Perovskite var: Dysanalyte
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa-Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 395, 233 s.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Pinite'
Reference: Personally collected by Jyrki Autio in 1978
Platarsite
Formula: PtAsS
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: Törroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kar, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper; Törnroos, Ragnar, Johanson, Bo, Kojonen, Kari 1998. Alluvial nuggets of Platinum-group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 26
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Iljina, M. 1994. The Portimo Layered Igneous Complex - with emphasis on diverse sulphide and platinum-group element deposits. Acta Univ. Oul. A258, 1994
Potassic-chloro-hastingsite
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
Reference: Mutanen, Tapani, 1997. Koitelainen intrusion and Keivitsa-Satovaara complex. Excursion guide. 5th International Platinum Symposium Volyymi: 28, Julkaisusarja: Opas - Guide,
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
'Pyrobitumen'
'Pyrobitumen var: Arkosite'
Reference: Guice, G. L., Törmänen, T., Johanson, B., & Lahaye, Y. (2017). Offset-type PGE mineralisation in the Sotkavaara Intrusion, northern Finland: an association with zones of low-cr clinopyroxenite. Applied Earth Science, 126(2), 61-62.
'Pyrobitumen var: Thucholite'
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: Implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL-JAPAN-, 40(1), 1.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2010. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen "Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II " toiminnasta 2002-2005.
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.; Peter Johansson (2011) Field excursion 4. The Pyhä-Luosto Fell area and the Luosto Amethyst Mine. in abstracts 25th International Applied Geochemistry Symposium, Rovaniemi, Finland.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Valkama, Jorma (2019). Kalsedoniaiheen tutkimus Sodankylän Kaitaselässä. Mineralia Kiviharrasajan Kuvalehti Nro 1/2019 sivut 33-35
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Peter Johansson (2011) Field excursion 4. The Pyhä-Luosto Fell area and the Luosto Amethyst Mine. in abstracts 25th International Applied Geochemistry Symposium, Rovaniemi, Finland.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Peter Johansson (2011) Field excursion 4. The Pyhä-Luosto Fell area and the Luosto Amethyst Mine. in abstracts 25th International Applied Geochemistry Symposium, Rovaniemi, Finland.
'Rhabdophane'
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Hytönen, Kai; Hautala, Tuula 1985. Aegerine and riebeckite of the Pikkukallio in the Honkamäki-Otanmäki region, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 57 (1-2), 169-180.
Roxbyite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
Ruarsite
Formula: (Ru,Os)AsS
Rustenburgite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)3Sn
Rutheniridosmine
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Törroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kar, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper; Törnroos, Ragnar, Johanson, Bo, Kojonen, Kari 1998. Alluvial nuggets of Platinum-group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 26
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, XRD and microprobe
Sadanagaite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Locality: Halti-Ridnitsohkka, Enontekiö, Lapland, Finland - erroneously reported
Description: None of the amphibole analyses published by Sipilä (1992) meet the CƩ(Al+Fe3++2Ti)> 1,5apfu requirement of the sadanagaite group. See Pargasite for analyses.
Reference: Sipilä, Pekka 1992. The Caledonian Halt-Ridnitsohkka igneous complex in Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 362, 75 p. 23 app. pages
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
'Saussurite'
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2010 Kuusijärvi - PGE Database
Sayrite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: AL-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2016. Abundance of REE bearing minerals in carbonatite and lambrophyre dikes in Kaulus area, Sokli carbonative complex, NE Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus 7/2016.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Sipilä, Pekka 1992. The Caledonian Halt-Ridnitsohkka igneous complex in Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 362, 75 p. 23 app. pages
Silver
Formula: Ag
Skaergaardite
Formula: PdCu
Reference: Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Suurikuusikko - Gold Database
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Stilbite
Stillwaterite
Formula: Pd8As3
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stronalsite
Formula: Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
'Strontiapatite'
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: http://gac.esd.mun.ca/gac_2004/search_abs/sub_program.asp?sess=98&form=10&abs_no=136
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
Tainiolite
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Kari K. Kojonen, Andrew M. McDonald, Chris J. Stanley, and Bo Johanson (2011) Törnroosite, Pd11As2Te2, A New Mineral Species Related to Isomertieite from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Can Mineral 49:1643-1651; Kojonen, K. K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A. C., Törnroos, R., & Heidrich, S. (2007). Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1221-1227.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Kari K. Kojonen, Andrew M. McDonald, Chris J. Stanley, and Bo Johanson (2011) Törnroosite, Pd11As2Te2, A New Mineral Species Related to Isomertieite from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Can Mineral 49:1643-1651; Kojonen, K. K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A. C., Törnroos, R., & Heidrich, S. (2007). Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1221-1227.
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: kojonen, K, Lahti, S. I. and Melcher, F. 2012. Lemmenjoen niobi-tantaalimineraalit. In: Geologian Tutkimuskeskus SMS 55-juhlaseminaari abstraktivolyymi
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Kivimaa - Gold Database
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Epigenetic gold occurrence in a Paleoproterozoic meta-evaporitic sequence in the Rompas-Rajapalot Au system, Peräpohja belt, northern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, Volume (1), 2018.albite
Tetraferriphlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Description: Crystals up to 6 cm
Reference: Kristiansen, R.(1997): Thortveititt- Sc2Si2O7-et historisk tilbakeblikk og dagens status. STEIN magazine. 24 (3): 111-115; Ilkka Mikkola collection, XRD and microprobe.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Tongxinite'
Formula: Cu2Zn
Reference: Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
Törnroosite (TL)
Formula: Pd11As2Te2
Type Locality:
Reference: Kari K. Kojonen, Andrew M. McDonald, Chris J. Stanley, and Bo Johanson (2011) Törnroosite, Pd11As2Te2, A New Mineral Species Related to Isomertieite from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Can Mineral 49:1643-1651; Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Locality: Halti-Ridnitsohkka, Enontekiö, Lapland, Finland - erroneously reported
Description: None of the amphiboles analysed in Sipilä meets the defining criteria for tschermakite CƩ(Al+Fe3++2Ti)> 1.5apfu and AƩ(Na+K+2Ca)<0.5 apfu as listed in the 2012 amphibole nomenclature. See magnesio-hornblende and pargasite for analyses.
Reference: Sipilä, Pekka 1992. The Caledonian Halt-Ridnitsohkka igneous complex in Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 362, 75 p. 23 app. pages
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Reference: Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusion and the Keivitsa- Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 395, 233 p.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
'UM1982-01-As:CuPd' (FRL)
Formula: (Pd,Cu)7As2
Type Locality:
Reference: Vuorelainen, Y., Häkli, T.A., Hänninen, E., Papunen, H., Reino, J., Törnroos, R (1982): Isomertieite and other platinum-group minerals from the Konttijärvi layered mafic intrusion, northern Finland. Econ. Geol.: 77: l5ll-1518; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, L.J., Pabst, A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 409
'UM1982-02-AsO:CuNiPd' (FRL)
Formula: (Pd,Cu,Ni)18AsO4•4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Vuorelainen, Y., Häkli, T.A., Hänninen, E., Papunen, H., Reino, J., Törnroos, R (1982): Isomertieite and other platinum-group minerals from the Konttijärvi layered mafic intrusion, northern Finland. Econ. Geol.: 77: l5ll-1518; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, L.J., Pabst, A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 409
'UM1982-05-Bi:PdTe' (FRL)
Formula: Pd7(Bi,Te)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Vuorelainen, Y., Häkli, T.A., Hänninen, E., Papunen, H., Reino, J., Törnroos, R (1982): Isomertieite and other platinum-group minerals from the Konttijärvi layered mafic intrusion, northern Finland. Econ. Geol.: 77: l5ll-1518; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Ferraiolo, J.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Mueller, W., Shigley, J.E., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 1195
'UM1982-25-Te:BiPd'
Formula: Pd7(Te,Bi)8
Reference: Vuorelainen, Y., Häkli, T.A., Hänninen, E., Papunen, H., Reino, J., Törnroos, R (1982): Isomertieite and other platinum-group minerals from the Konttijärvi layered mafic intrusion, northern Finland. Econ. Geol.: 77: l5ll-1518; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Ferraiolo, J.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Mueller, W., Shigley, J.E., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 1195
'UM1986-01-As:AuPdTe'
Formula: ~(Pd,Au)4(As,Te)
Reference: Vuorelainen, Y., Törnroos, R. (1986): Platinum-group element alloy spherules from alluvial deposits in Finnish Lapland. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Mon.: 423-432; in: Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 711
'UM1986-04-As:PdTe'
Formula: Pd3As
Reference: Vuorelainen, Y., Törnroos, R. (1986): Platinum-group element alloy spherules from alluvial deposits in Finnish Lapland. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Mon.: 423-432; in: Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 711
'UM1986-07-Bi:PbPdPtRhTe'
Formula: (Pd,Rh,Pt)3Pb(Bi,Te)
Reference: Hänninen, E., Törnroos, R., Lahti, S.I. (1986) Stillwaterite and associated platinum Eroup minerals from the Siikakämä layered mafic intrusion, northern Finland. Lithos: 19: 87-93; in: Hawthorne, F.C., Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grice, J.D., Phillips, D., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E. (1987): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 72: 1027
'UM1986-37-S:AsCuFePdRh'
Formula: CuFe(Pd,Rh)(S,As)4
Reference: Hänninen, E., Törnroos, R., Lahti, S.I. (1986) Stillwaterite and associated platinum Eroup minerals from the Siikakämä layered mafic intrusion, northern Finland. Lithos: 19: 87-93; in: Hawthorne, F.C., Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grice, J.D., Phillips, D., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E. (1987): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 72: 1027
'UM1986-38-S:AsPdPtRh'
Formula: (Pt,Rh,Pd)(As,S)2
Reference: Hänninen, E., Törnroos, R., Lahti, S.I. (1986) Stillwaterite and associated platinum Eroup minerals from the Siikakämä layered mafic intrusion, northern Finland. Lithos: 19: 87-93; in: Hawthorne, F.C., Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grice, J.D., Phillips, D., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E. (1987): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 72: 1027
'UM1986-52-Sb:AsPd'
Formula: ~Pd3(Sb,As)
Reference: Vuorelainen, Y., Törnroos, R. (1986): Platinum-group element alloy spherules from alluvial deposits in Finnish Lapland. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Mon.: 423-432; in: Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 711
'UM1986-66-Te:AsAuPd'
Formula: ~(Pd,Au)8(Te,As)
Reference: Vuorelainen, Y., Törnroos, R. (1986): Platinum-group element alloy spherules from alluvial deposits in Finnish Lapland. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Mon.: 423-432; in: Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 711
'UM1992-13-O:IrPt'
Formula: (Ir,Pt)O2
'UM1999-17:O:PbV'
Formula: Pb4(VO4)2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 1564; Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1507-1524.
'UM2005-35-VO:CaFePSiTh'
Formula: (Th,Ca)(VO4,SiO4,PO4)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
'UM2005-//-E:CuPbPdPt'
Formula: (Pd,Pt)3(Pb,Cu)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Konderite)'
Formula: (Cu,Ni,Fe)3+x(Fe,Pb)(Rh,Ir,Pd)8-xS16, where x < 0.5
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
'Unnamed (Pd-Pb Oxide)'
Formula: Pd9PbO10
Reference: American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 1564; Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1507-1524; Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
'Unnamed (Pd Plumbostannotelluro-Arsenide)'
Formula: Pd5(As,Te,Sn,Pb)2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
'Unnamed (Rh-Ni Sulphide)'
Formula: Rh1-x(Ni,Fe,Cu)2+xS3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp. (p. 320); Stanislav S. Gornostayev, Kauko V.O. Laajoki & Ossi Leinonen (2000) The platinum-group minerals in the Kemi chromite deposit, Finland: a case study of the Elijärvi ore body. In Abstract volume and Field trip Guidebook, 2nd annual GEODE-Fennoscandian shield field workshop on Palaeoproterozoic and Archean greenstone belts and VMS districts in the Fennoscandian Shield (Vol. 28).
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Soretialehto - Gold Database
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: kojonen, K, Lahti, S. I. and Melcher, F. 2012. Lemmenjoen niobi-tantaalimineraalit. In: Geologian Tutkimuskeskus SMS 55-juhlaseminaari abstraktivolyymi
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.; Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
Vincentite
Formula: Pd3As
Reference: 33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland; Kojonen, K. K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A. C., Törnroos, R., & Heidrich, S. (2007). Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1221-1227.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Mäkelä, K. 1969. Wavellite from Kittilä, Finnish Lapland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 41, 193-197.
Whewellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Widenmannite
Formula: Pb2(OH)2[(UO2)(CO3)2]
Reference: Halls, Ch. (2005): Report on the mineralogy of a sample from the Agricola Resources Energy Ridge project, Hautuajaervi, Lapin Laani, Finland. Final Reprot, Dept. of Mineralogy, NHM, London, 1-24. [cited in Plásil et al. (2010)]
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Kojonen, K. K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A. C., Törnroos, R., & Heidrich, S. (2007). Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1221-1227.; Kojonen, K., McDonald, A. M., Stanley, C. J., Johanson, B., & Tranberg, J. (2014) An unusual Se-bearing moncheite and Te-bearing palladseite, Miessi River, Inari, Finland. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 104
'Xenotime'
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Al-Ani Thair 2012. Detailed SEM study on REE-bearing minerals of paragneisses Mäkärä and Vaulo, Northern Finland. Geologian Tutkimuslaitos arkistoraportti 73/2011.
Xingzhongite
Formula: (Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4
Zektzerite
Formula: LiNaZrSi6O15
Reference: AL-Ani, Thair and Sarapää, Olli 2016. Abundance of REE bearing minerals in carbonatite and lambrophyre dikes in Kaulus area, Sokli carbonative complex, NE Finland. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus 7/2016.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Sipilä, Pekka 1992. The Caledonian Halt-Ridnitsohkka igneous complex in Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 362, 75 p. 23 app. pages
Zvyagintsevite
Formula: Pd3Pb
Reference: Am.Min.: 85: 1564; Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Atokite1.AG.10(Pd,Pt)3Sn
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Palladian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pd)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Hongshiite1.AG.45PtCu
Hunchunite1.AA.25Au2Pb
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Paolovite1.AG.20Pd2Sn
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Rustenburgite1.AG.10(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Rutheniridosmine1.AF.05(Ir,Os,Ru)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Skaergaardite1.AG.45PdCu
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
'Tongxinite'1.AB.10bCu2Zn
Zvyagintsevite1.AG.10Pd3Pb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arsenopalladinite2.AC.10cPd8(As,Sb)3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cuproiridsite2.DA.05(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Cuprorhodsite2.DA.05(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Empressite2.CB.80AgTe
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
'Ferrorhodsite'2.DA.05(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Ferroselite2.EB.10aFeSe2
Fletcherite2.DA.05Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Frohbergite2.EB.10aFeTe2
Froodite2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Geversite2.EB.05aPtSb2
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isomertieite2.AC.15aPd11Sb2As2
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
var: Plumbian Keithconnite2.BC.20(Pd,Pb)20Te7
Konderite2.DA.20Cu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Laflammeite (TL)2.BC.60Pd3Pb2S2
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Luberoite2.BC.35Pt5Se4
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Majakite2.AC.25ePdNiAs
Malanite2.DA.05Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maslovite2.EB.25PtBiTe
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
var: Palladian Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-I2.AC.15bPd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Miessiite (TL)2.AC.15aPd11Te2Se2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Montbrayite2.DB.20(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Muthmannite2.CB.85AuAgTe2
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Osarsite2.EB.20(Os,Ru)AsS
Palarstanide2.AC.20bPd5(Sn,As)2
Palladoarsenide2.AC.25aPd2As
Palladseite2.BC.05Pd17Se15
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
var: Argentian Pentlandite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Platarsite2.EB.25PtAsS
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Roxbyite2.BA.05Cu9S5
Ruarsite2.EB.20(Ru,Os)AsS
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stillwaterite2.AC.10aPd8As3
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Vincentite2.AC.05bPd3As
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Xingzhongite2.DA.05(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Calzirtite4.DL.10CaZr3TiO9
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Curite4.GB.55Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Davidite-(La)4.CC.40(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
'Davidite-(Y)' ?4.CC.40(La,Ce,Na,Ca,Pb)(Y,Fe2+,◻)(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Nb,Zr)18O38 (hypothetical)
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Loveringite4.CC.40(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Masuyite4.GB.35Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Mogánite4.DA.20SiO2
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
var: Dysanalyte4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Sayrite4.GB.50Pb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alstonite5.AB.35BaCa(CO3)2
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ancylite-(La)5.DC.05LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcioancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)(OH)
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Widenmannite5.ED.40Pb2(OH)2[(UO2)(CO3)2]
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Cheralite8.AD.50CaTh(PO4)2
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Cobaltarthurite8.DC.15(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
'UM1999-17:O:PbV'8.FA.15Pb4(VO4)2O
'UM2005-35-VO:CaFePSiTh'8.AD.50(Th,Ca)(VO4,SiO4,PO4)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)9.BG.05b{CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Eckermannite9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-tschermakite ?9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Huttonite9.AD.35ThSiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potassic-chloro-hastingsite9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Sadanagaite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stronalsite9.FA.60Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Tainiolite9.EC.15KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetraferriphlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite ?9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zektzerite9.DN.05LiNaZrSi6O15
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Whewellite10.AB.45Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Brabantite'-CaTh(PO4)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Davidite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Ferberite-Hübnerite Series'-
Fluorwavellite-Al3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kitagohaite-Pt7Cu
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
'Mertieite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Moonstone'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pinite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyrobitumen'-
'var: Arkosite'-
'var: Thucholite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Rhabdophane'-
'Saussurite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Strontiapatite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Törnroosite (TL)-Pd11As2Te2
'UM1982-01-As:CuPd' (TL)-(Pd,Cu)7As2
'UM1982-02-AsO:CuNiPd' (TL)-(Pd,Cu,Ni)18AsO4•4H2O
'UM1982-05-Bi:PdTe' (TL)-Pd7(Bi,Te)8
'UM1982-25-Te:BiPd'-Pd7(Te,Bi)8
'UM1986-01-As:AuPdTe'-~(Pd,Au)4(As,Te)
'UM1986-04-As:PdTe'-Pd3As
'UM1986-07-Bi:PbPdPtRhTe'-(Pd,Rh,Pt)3Pb(Bi,Te)
'UM1986-37-S:AsCuFePdRh'-CuFe(Pd,Rh)(S,As)4
'UM1986-38-S:AsPdPtRh'-(Pt,Rh,Pd)(As,S)2
'UM1986-52-Sb:AsPd'-~Pd3(Sb,As)
'UM1986-66-Te:AsAuPd'-~(Pd,Au)8(Te,As)
'UM1992-13-O:IrPt'-(Ir,Pt)O2
'UM2005-//-E:CuPbPdPt'-(Pd,Pt)3(Pb,Cu)
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Konderite)'-(Cu,Ni,Fe)3+x(Fe,Pb)(Rh,Ir,Pd)8-xS16, where x < 0.5
'Unnamed (Pd Plumbostannotelluro-Arsenide)'-Pd5(As,Te,Sn,Pb)2
'Unnamed (Pd-Pb Oxide)'-Pd9PbO10
'Unnamed (Rh-Ni Sulphide)'-Rh1-x(Ni,Fe,Cu)2+xS3
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
'Tongxinite'1.1.6.3Cu2Zn
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Atokite1.2.5.3(Pd,Pt)3Sn
Hongshiite1.2.3.1PtCu
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Paolovite1.2.6.1Pd2Sn
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Rustenburgite1.2.5.2(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Rutheniridosmine1.2.2.3(Ir,Os,Ru)
Zvyagintsevite1.2.5.4Pd3Pb
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Keithconnite2.2.6.1Pd20Te7
Vincentite2.2.5.1Pd3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Palarstanide2.3.3.2Pd5(Sn,As)2
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Majakite2.4.16.1PdNiAs
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
Palladoarsenide2.4.14.1Pd2As
Roxbyite2.4.7.4Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Braggite2.8.5.3(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Empressite2.8.25.AgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Muthmannite2.8.26.AuAgTe2
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Tsumoite2.8.20.1BiTe
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
Xingzhongite2.8.4.1(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Talnakhite2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cuproiridsite2.10.1.15(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Cuprorhodsite2.10.1.16(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4
Fletcherite2.10.1.3Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Konderite2.10.4.1Cu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16
Malanite2.10.1.17Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Montbrayite2.11.8.1(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Ferroselite2.12.2.2FeSe2
Frohbergite2.12.2.3FeTe2
Froodite2.12.15.1α-PdBi2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Geversite2.12.1.14PtSb2
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Hollingworthite2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Maslovite2.12.3.12PtBiTe
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Osarsite2.12.4.3(Os,Ru)AsS
Platarsite2.12.3.6PtAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ruarsite2.12.4.4(Ru,Os)AsS
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Miscellaneous
Arsenopalladinite2.16.5.1Pd8(As,Sb)3
Isomertieite2.16.2.1Pd11Sb2As2
Luberoite2.16.23.1Pt5Se4
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Mertieite-I2.16.1.1Pd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II2.16.3.1Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Miessiite (TL)2.16.2.2Pd11Te2Se2
Palladseite2.16.19.1Pd17Se15
Stillwaterite2.16.4.1Pd8As3
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AXO3·xH2O
Masuyite5.2.2.1Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Curite5.9.3.1Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Sayrite5.9.6.1Pb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
AB21O38
Davidite-(La)8.5.1.5(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Loveringite8.5.1.2(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Miscellaneous
Calzirtite8.7.4.1CaZr3TiO9
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Widenmannite14.1.5.1Pb2(OH)2[(UO2)(CO3)2]
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Alstonite14.2.5.1BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.2.1Ce(CO3)(OH)
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcioancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.2(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
'Brabantite'38.4.3.4CaTh(PO4)2
Cheralite38.4.3.5CaTh(PO4)2
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Cobaltarthurite42.11.20.5(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Whewellite50.1.1.1Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Huttonite51.5.3.1ThSiO4
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cerite-(Ce)52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)58.2.1a.2{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)58.2.1a.3{CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,