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Florida, USAi
Regional Level Types
FloridaState
USACountry

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Key
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Jacksonville868,031 (2017)
Miami441,003 (2017)
Tampa369,075 (2017)
Orlando270,934 (2017)
St. Petersburg257,083 (2017)
Hialeah237,069 (2017)
Museums in region:
Other Languages:
French:
Floride, États-Unis
German:
Florida, Vereinigte Staaten
Italian:
Florida, Stati Uniti d'America
Russian:
Флорида, Соединённые Штаты Америки
Simplified Chinese:
佛罗里达州, 美国
Spanish:
Florida, Estados Unidos
Afrikaans:
Florida, Verenigde State van Amerika
Albanian:
Florida, Shtetet e Bashkuara të Amerikës
Alemannic:
Florida, USA
Amharic:
ፍሎሪዳ, አሜሪካ
Anglo-Saxon:
Florida, Geānedu Rīcu American
Arabic:
فلوريدا, الولايات المتحدة
Aragonese:
Florida
Armenian:
Ֆլորիդա, Ամերիկայի Միացյալ Նահանգներ
Asturian:
Florida, Estaos Xuníos d'América
Aymara:
Florida suyu, Istadus Unidus
Azeri:
Florida, Amerika Birləşmiş Ştatları
Bashkir:
Флорида, Америка Ҡушма Штаттары
Basque:
Florida
Bavarian:
Florida, Vaoanigte Stootn
Belarusian:
Фларыда, Злучаныя Штаты Амерыкі
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Флорыда, Злучаныя Штаты Амэрыкі
Bengali:
ফ্লোরিডা, মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্র
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
ফ্লোরিডা, তিলপারাষ্ট্র
Bislama:
Florida, Yunaeted Stet blong Amerika
Bosnian:
Florida, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Breton:
Florida, Stadoù-Unanet Amerika
Bulgarian:
Флорида, Съединени американски щати
Burmese:
ဖလော်ရီဒါပြည်နယ်, အမေရိကန်ပြည်ထောင်စု
Catalan:
Florida, Estats Units d’Amèrica
Cebuano:
Florida
Central Bikol:
Florida, Estados Unidos
Chechen:
Флорида, Америкин Цхьаьнатоьхна Штаташ
Chuvash:
Флорида, Пĕрлешнĕ Штатсем
Cornish:
Florida, Statys Unys
Corsican:
Florida, Stati Uniti d'America
Croatian:
Florida, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Czech:
Florida, Spojené státy americké
Danish:
Florida, USA
Dutch:
Florida, Verenigde Staten
Dutch Low Saxon:
Florida, Verienigde Staoten van Amerika
Egyptian Arabic:
فلوريدا, امريكا
Emilian-Romagnol:
Flòrida, Stat Unî
Esperanto:
Florido
Estonian:
Florida, Ameerika Ühendriigid
Faroese:
Florida
Farsi/Persian:
فلوریدا, ایالات متحده آمریکا
Fiji Hindi:
Florida, United States
Finnish:
Florida, Yhdysvallat
Franco-Provençal:
Florida, Ètats-Unis
Gagauz:
Florida, Amerika Birleşik Devletläri
Galician:
Florida, Estados Unidos de América
Georgian:
ფლორიდა, ამერიკის შეერთებული შტატები
Greek:
Φλόριντα, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες Αμερικής
Guarani:
Florida, Tetãvore Joapykuéra
Haitian:
Florid, Etazini
Hakka:
Florida
Hausa:
Florida, Tarayyar Amurka
Hawaiian:
Pololika, ‘Amelika Hui Pū ‘ia
Hebrew:
פלורידה, ארצות הברית
Hill Mari:
Флорида, Америкын Ушымы Штатвлӓжӹ
Hindi:
फ़्लोरिडा, संयुक्त राज्य
Hungarian:
Florida, Amerikai Egyesült Államok
Icelandic:
Flórída, Bandaríkin
Ido:
Florida, Usa
Igbo:
Flórídạ, Njikọ̀taọ̀hà
Iloko:
Florida, Estados Unidos iti Amerika
Indonesian:
Florida, Amerika Serikat
Interlingua:
Florida, Statos Unite de America
Inuktitut:
ᑉᓘᕇᑖ, ᐊᒥᐊᓕᑲ
Irish Gaelic:
Florida, Stáit Aontaithe Mheiriceá
Japanese:
フロリダ州, アメリカ合衆国
Javanese:
Florida, Amérika Sarékat
Judaeo-Spanish:
Florida, Estados Unidos de Amerika
Kabiye:
Floriidii, Etaazuunii
Kalmyk:
Флорида, Америкин Ниицәтә Орн Нутугуд
Kannada:
ಫ್ಲಾರಿಡ, ಅಮೇರಿಕ ಸಂಯುಕ್ತ ಸಂಸ್ಥಾನ
Kapampangan:
Florida, Estados Unidos
Karachay-Balkar:
Флорида, Американы Бирлешген Штатлары
Karakalpak:
Florida, Amerika Qurama Shtatları
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Флорида, Америка Құрама Штаттары
Korean:
플로리다주, 미국
Kurdish (Latin Script):
Florida, Dewletên Yekbûyî yên Amerîkayê
Latin:
Florida, Civitates Foederatae Americae
Latvian:
Florida, Amerikas Savienotās Valstis
Lezghian:
Флорида, Америкадин Садхьанвай Штатар
Ligurian:
Florida, Stati Unïi d'America
Limburgian:
Florida, Vereinegde Staote vaan Amerika
Lithuanian:
Florida, Jungtinės Amerikos Valstijos
Lombard:
Florida, Stat Ünì d'America
Low Saxon/Low German:
Florida, USA
Luri:
فئلوریدا, ڤولاتچٱیا یٱکاگرتٱ آمریکا
Luxembourgish:
Florida, Vereenegt Staate vun Amerika
Macedonian:
Флорида, Соединети Американски Држави
Maithili:
फ्लोरिडा, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Malagasy:
Florida, Etazonia
Malay:
Florida, Amerika Syarikat
Malayalam:
ഫ്ലോറിഡ
Manx:
Florida, Steatyn Unnaneysit America
Maori:
Florida, Hononga-o-Amerika
Marathi:
फ्लोरिडा, अमेरिकेची संयुक्त संस्थाने
Mazanderani:
فلوریدا
Meadow Mari:
Флорида, Ушымо Американ Штат-влак
Min Dong Chinese:
Florida
Mingrelian:
ფლორიდა, ამერიკაშ აკოართაფილი შტატეფი
Mongolian:
Флорида, Америкийн Нэгдсэн Улс
Nauruan:
Florida, Eben Merika
Navajo:
Gah Bikeeʼ Taah Yíʼáhí, Wááshindoon Bikéyah Ałhidadiidzooígíí
Nepali:
फ्लोरिडा, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Newar / Nepal Bhasa:
फ्लोरिदा, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Northern Frisian:
Florida, Feriind Stoote foon Ameerika
Northern Sami:
Florida, Amerihká ovttastuvvan stáhtat
Norwegian:
Florida, USA
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Florida, USA
Occitan:
Florida, Estats Units d'America
Ossetian:
Флоридæ, Америкæйы Иугонд Штаттæ
Pali:
फ्लोरिडा, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Papiamento:
Florida, Estadonan Uni di Merka
Piedmontese:
Florida, Stat Unì d'América
Polish:
Floryda, Stany Zjednoczone
Portuguese:
Flórida, Estados Unidos
Punjabi:
ਫ਼ਲੌਰਿਡਾ, ਸੰਯੁਕਤ ਰਾਜ ਅਮਰੀਕਾ
Quechua:
Florida suyu, Hukllachasqa Amirika Suyukuna
Romanian:
Florida, Statele Unite ale Americii
Romansh:
Florida, Stadis Unids
Russia Buriat:
Флорида
Rusyn:
Флоріда, Споєны Штаты Америцькы
Samogitian:
Fluorėda, JAV
Sanskrit:
फ्लोरिडा, अमेरिकासंयुक्तराज्यम्
Sardinian:
Flòrida, Istados Unidos de Amèrica
Saterland Frisian:
Florida, Fereende Stoaten fon Amerikoa
Scots:
Florida
Scottish Gaelic:
Florida, Na Stàitean Aonaichte
Serbian:
Флорида, Сједињене Америчке Државе
Serbo-Croatian:
Florida, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Shona:
Florida, United States of America
Sicilian:
Florida, Stati Uniti
Silesian:
Florida, Zjednoczůne Sztaty
Slovak:
Florida, Spojené štáty
Slovenian:
Florida, Združene države Amerike
Somali:
Florida, Gobolada Isku Tegay ee Ameerika
South Azerbaijani:
فلوریدا ایالتی, آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری
Swahili:
Florida, Marekani
Swedish:
Florida, USA
Tagalog:
Florida, Estados Unidos
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Флорида, Иёлоти Муттаҳидаи Амрико
Tamil:
புளோரிடா, அமெரிக்க ஐக்கிய நாடு
Tatar:
Флорида, Америка Кушма Штатлары
Telugu:
ఫ్లోరిడా, అమెరికా సంయుక్త రాష్ట్రాలు
Thai:
รัฐฟลอริดา, ประเทศสหรัฐอเมริกา
Tibetan (Standard):
ཧྥོ་ལོ་རི་ཌ།, ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ།
Traditional Chinese:
佛羅里達州, 美國
Turkish:
Florida, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri
Ukrainian:
Флорида, Сполучені Штати Америки
Upper Sorbian:
Florida, Zjednoćene staty Ameriki
Urdu:
فلوریڈا, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
Uyghur:
Florida Shitati, ئامېرىكا قوشما شىتاتلىرى
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Florida, Amerika Qoʻshma Shtatlari
Venetian:
Florida, Stati Unii de ła Mèrica
Vietnamese:
Florida, Chủng Quốc Hoa Kỳ
Volapük:
Florida, Lamerikän
Waray:
Florida, Estados Unidos
Welsh:
Florida, Unol Daleithiau America
West Frisian:
Floarida, Feriene Steaten
Western Punjabi:
فلوریڈا, امریکہ
Wu Chinese:
佛罗里达州, 美国
Xhosa:
IFlorida, IYunayithedi Steyitsi
Yakut:
Флорида, Америка Холбоһуктаах Штааттара
Yiddish:
פלארידע, פאראייניקטע שטאטן פון אמעריקע
Yoruba:
Florida
Zazaki:
Florida, Dewletê Amerikayê Yewbiyayey
Zeelandic:
Florida, Vereênigde Staeten
Zulu:
Florida, IMelika


Originally a Spanish colony, mining began as early as 1671 with coquina quarries on Anastasia Island. Florida is comprised of Cenozoic sedimentary rocks and sediments overlying the larger florida platform.

As Pangea was being rifted apart during the mesozoic, part of the African Plate detached and was carried along with the North American plate. This fragment of the African plate became the Florida Platform. The platform is nearly double the size of the current peninsula, And is fully exposed at times of low sea levels, such as during the Pleistocene. It is comprised of Igneous and Metamorphic rocks, but they are so deeply buried by the more recent sedimentary rocks that they can only be seen by bore holes and geophysical remote sensing techniques.

Once the submerged Florida Platform came into place, deep beds of carbonate rocks were being deposited by the Middle Jurassic. By the cenozoic, carbonate rocks and sediment that are found at or near the surface were being deposited. The oldest of which is the Avon Park formation, from the Middle Eocene. Limestone that makes up Florida’s extensive karst topography accumulated from the Late Eocene to the Pleistocene. The first emergent landmass was exposed in the early Oligocene with Orange Island. Siliciclastic unconsolidated sediments (sand) of the Hawthorn Group became widespread throughout West (Panhandle), North, and Central florida, that are now often found at the surface. Ridges and ancient beach dunes, made up of these sediments are seen inland as hills. Besides from these ridges Florida is extremely flat, the flattest state in the country.

Since Florida’s surface is completely comprised of unaltered sedimentary rocks, it lacks variety in mineral bearing occurrences such as hydrothermal veins. However several important deposits of rocks and minerals are exploited throughout the state. The largest phosphate deposit in the country is found in the southwest near Lakeland. The Central Florida Phosphate District, commonly known as Bone Valley is the largest mining district exploiting this deposit. In addition to the large beds of phosphorite, the district is an extensive paleontological site for vertebrate fossils from the Neogene. There are also smaller phosphate deposits in Citrus County and in North Florida. Limestone Mining is found in the southeast and the western peninsula. Clay and silicate sand from the Hawthorn group are mined in various areas in the state. Fullers Earth, a type of highly absorptive clay, is mined in Gladsden County. Heavy Mineral sands are found in the Panhandle and the northern half of the peninsula, but mineable deposits are only found to the northeast in the Trail Ridge (mostly in Clay county).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

72 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Abhurite
Formula: Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Reference: Dunkle, S. E. (2002): Romarchite and Other Corrosion Phases on Metal Artifacts from the Queen Anne’s Revenge (1718). Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Geological Sciences
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Description: Composition An71-83,Ab16-28,Or~1 is squarely in the bytownite range.
Reference: Connolly et al., (2006). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 90, 2006 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (9), 1383-1418. (Sept 2006)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Roswell Miller III (1945) The Heavy Minerals of Florida Beach and Dune Sands. American Mineralogist, 30, 65-75.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions Vol. 31 ( 1981 ), Pages 447-453
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Connolly et al., (2006). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 90, 2006 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (9), 1383-1418. (Sept 2006)
Anorthite var:
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Connolly et al., (2006). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 90, 2006 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (9), 1383-1418. (Sept 2006)
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: Yale Peabody Museum #2823
'Apatite var: '
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Specimen label in the Royal Ontario Musuem
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Altschuler, Z. S., Jaffe, E. B., and Cutt.itta, Frank, 1956, The aluminum phosphate zone of the Bone Valley formation, Florida, and its uranium deposits: U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 300, p. 495-504.
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: Blanchard, F.N., Denahan, S.A. (1968) Cacoxenite and Beraunite from Florida. American Mineralogist 53:11-12, 2096-2101.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Blanchard, F.N., Denahan, S.A. (1968) Cacoxenite and Beraunite from Florida. American Mineralogist 53:11-12, 2096-2101.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Habit: scalenohedral
Colour: pale yellow-white to honey-brown
Fluorescence: creamy yellow-white
Description: Crystals grow in the interior of Mercenaria permagna (Pliocene/Pleistocene)
Reference: Min Rec 36:3 pp 289-290 www.gamineral.org/ft_drum-pics.html.
Calcite var:
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Harrison, III, William B. (1969), Epigenetic Growth of Calcite-Cemented Nodules within a Porous Dolomite Matrix-Avon Park Formation of Central Florida. Masters Thesis
Cassiterite ?
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Dunkle, S. E. (2002): Romarchite and Other Corrosion Phases on Metal Artifacts from the Queen Anne’s Revenge (1718). Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Geological Sciences
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: USGS Circular 1059 pp129-137
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Connolly et al., (2006). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 90, 2006 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (9), 1383-1418. (Sept 2006)
'Clays'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Florida Geological Survey Spec. Pub. 35
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: AmMin 57:473
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Eleonorite
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: IMA nomenclature revision re-instated eleonorite as the ferric dominant member of the group. 2015,
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Roswell Miller III (1945) The heavy minerals of Florida beach and dune sands. American Mineralogist, 30, 65-75.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:725-737
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Grady prefers Fa18 value of Jarosewich (1966).
Reference: Mason, B. (1963) Olivine in ordinary chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 27(9): 1011-1023. (Sept 1963).; Graham, A. L., Bevan, A. W. R. & Hutchison, B. (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites (4/e). University of Arizona Press: Tucson.; Grady, M.M. (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge; New York; Oakleigh; Madrid; Cape Town. 689 pages.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Ferrostrunzite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Altschuler, Z. S., Jaffe, E. B., and Cuttitta, Frank, (1956), The aluminum phosphate zone of the Bone Valley formation, Florida, and its uranium deposits: U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 300, p. 495-504.
Fluorapatite var:
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Altschuler, Z. S., Jaffe, E. B., and Cuttitta, Frank, (1956), The aluminum phosphate zone of the Bone Valley formation, Florida, and its uranium deposits: U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 300, p. 495-504.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: AmMin 67:1258
Fluorwavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
Reference: Kampf,Anthony R., Adams,Paul L., Barwood,Henry., and Nash,Barbara P. (2017) Fluorwavellite -Al3(PO4)2(OH)2F.5H2O,the fluorine analogue of wavellite :American Mineralogist 102 (4),909-915
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:725-737
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/micheelsenite.pdf.; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Habit: crystals to .75 inch
Reference: Nicolay & Stone (1967), Rocks & Minerals: A Guide For Collectors of the Eastern US, p.40; Ernest W. Bishop and Lawrence Dee Jr. (1961) Rocks and minerals of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Special Publication no. 8
Gypsum var:
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Zeitner (1968) Appalachian Gem Trails, p. 132
Gypsum var:
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974; Ernest W. Bishop and Lawrence Dee Jr. (1961) Rocks and minerals of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Special Publication no. 8
Heklaite
Formula: KNaSiF6
Reference: Isaias Casanova specimens; analyses by RRUFF and by John Attard (attminerals.com).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:725-737
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Reference: Eric R. Force (1991) Geology of Titanium-mineral Deposits, GSA Special Paper 259
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var:
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Earl Conly Pirkle (1960) Kaolinitic sediments in peninsular Florida and origin of the kaolin. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 55:1382-1405
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Florida Geological Survey Spec. Pub. 35
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Matthew Pasek & Kristin Block (2009) Lightning-induced reduction of phosphorus oxidation state. Nature Geoscience 2:553-556
'Leucoxene'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Eric R. Force (1991) Geology of Titanium-mineral Deposits, GSA Special Paper 259
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ernest W. Bishop and Lawrence Dee Jr. (1961) Rocks and minerals of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Special Publication no. 8
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Roswell Miller III (1945) The Heavy Minerals of Florida Beach and Dune Sands. American Mineralogist, 30, 65-75.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Schrader, F.C., Stone, R.W., Sanford, S. (1917) Useful Minerals of the United States. United States Geological Survey, USGS Bulletin 624, 412 pages.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Metavivianite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Millisite
Formula: (Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Description: Occurs as a cementing material in phosphorite rock.
Reference: Owens, J.P., Z.S. Altschuler, and R. Berman (1960) Millisite in phosphorite from Homeland, Florida. American Mineralogist: 45: 547-561.; Altschuler, Z. S., Jaffe, E. B., and Cuttitta, Frank, (1956), The aluminum phosphate zone of the Bone Valley formation, Florida, and its uranium deposits: U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 300, p. 495-504.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Eric R. Force (1991) Geology of Titanium-mineral Deposits, GSA Special Paper 259
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: http://minerals.er.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/state/981201.pdf.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 791 (1986)
Muscovite var:
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 791 (1986)
'Ochre'
Reference: Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Reference: Zeitner (1968) Appalachian Gem Trails
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Graham, A. L., Bevan, A. W. R. & Hutchison, B. (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites (4/e). University of Arizona Press: Tucson.
Pachnolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Reference: AmMin 67:1258
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Clay Minerals (1990) 25, 107-119
'Petrified Wood'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Zeitner, 1968. Appalachian Mineral & Gem Trails
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Pseudorutile
Formula: Fe2Ti3O9
Reference: www.smmp.net/IMA-CM/ctms_p.pdf.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: usgs.gov
'Pyroxene Group'
Description: Low-Ca pyroxene has lamellae of high-Ca exsolution pyroxene. Much of the pyroxene has recrystallized into ~20-50 µm grains.
Reference: Connolly et al., (2006). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 90, 2006 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (9), 1383-1418. (Sept 2006)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Habit: drusy
Reference: Zeitner (1968) Appalachian Gem Trails, p. 130
Quartz var:
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Zeitner (1968) Appalachian Gem Trails; Ernest W. Bishop and Lawrence Dee Jr. (1961) Rocks and minerals of Florida. Florida Geological Survey Special Publication no. 8
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Charlie Smith's Collection
Quartz var:
Reference: Zeitner (1968) Appalachian Gem Trails
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: American Mineralogist 25:251
Quartz var:
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Zeitner (1968) Appalachian Gem Trails
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Colour: Green
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Romarchite ?
Formula: SnO
Reference: Dunkle, S. E. (2002): Romarchite and Other Corrosion Phases on Metal Artifacts from the Queen Anne’s Revenge (1718). Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Geological Sciences
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: Eric R. Force (1991) Geology of Titanium-mineral Deposits, GSA Special Paper 259
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 791 (1986)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
'Silica'
Reference: Connolly et al., (2006). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 90, 2006 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (9), 1383-1418. (Sept 2006)
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Florida Geological Survey Spec. Pub. 35
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Florida Geological Survey Spec. Pub. 35
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Eric R. Force (1991) Geology of Titanium-mineral Deposits, GSA Special Paper 259
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Roswell Miller III (1945) The Heavy Minerals of Florida Beach and Dune Sands. American Mineralogist, 30, 65-75.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Florida Geological Survey Spec. Pub. 35
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Florida Geological Survey Spec. Pub. 35
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Min News 21:8 pp 1,2,6; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
'Wad'
Reference: Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/micheelsenite.pdf.; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Weddellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Reference: G. M. Griffin, R. K. Sawyer & S. R. Melkote (1984): Weddellite occurrence in peats and other organic-rich sediments of Florida. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 54, 861-868.
Whewellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Reference: Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
'Xenotime'
Reference: Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: Eric R. Force (1991) Geology of Titanium-mineral Deposits, GSA Special Paper 259

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 3 - Halides
Abhurite3.DA.30Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Pachnolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite ?4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pseudorutile4.CB.25Fe2Ti3O9
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agatized coral4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sardonyx4.DA.05SiO2
Romarchite ?4.AC.20SnO
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Sand-Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Alabaster7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Cyrilovite8.DL.10NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Ferrostrunzite8.DC.25Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Lipscombite8.BB.90Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Metavivianite8.DC.25Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Millisite8.DL.10(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Weddellite10.AB.40Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Whewellite10.AB.45Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Clays'-
Eleonorite-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Fluorwavellite-Al3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Heklaite-KNaSiF6
'Hornblende'-
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Ochre'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Romarchite ?4.2.5.1SnO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite ?4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B3O9
Pseudorutile8.4.2.1Fe2Ti3O9
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
Am(O,OH)pXq
Abhurite10.5.9.1Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX6
Heklaite11.5.8.KNaSiF6
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Pachnolite11.6.5.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Metavivianite40.11.9.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lipscombite41.10.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Cyrilovite42.7.8.1NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Millisite42.7.9.1(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Ferrostrunzite42.11.9.2Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Weddellite50.1.2.1Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Whewellite50.1.1.1Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Collophane'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Calcite
var: Sand-Calcite
-CaCO3
'Clays'-
Eleonorite-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Fluorwavellite-Al3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
var: Alabaster
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Hornblende'-
Iron-Fe
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lechatelierite-SiO2
'Leucoxene'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Ochre'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Agatized coral-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Sardonyx-SiO2
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum (var: Alabaster)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
H AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
H WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
H FluorwavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
C Calcite (var: Sand-Calcite)CaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Gypsum (var: Alabaster)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Sardonyx)SiO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
O AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O CorundumAl2O3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
O CristobaliteSiO2
O WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O Calcite (var: Sand-Calcite)CaCO3
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O LechatelieriteSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Quartz (var: Agatized coral)SiO2
O EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
O FluorwavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O RomarchiteSnO
O CassiteriteSnO2
FFluorine
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F HeklaiteKNaSiF6
F FluorwavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na HeklaiteKNaSiF6
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Al Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al FluorwavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Sardonyx)SiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si LechatelieriteSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Quartz (var: Agatized coral)SiO2
Si HeklaiteKNaSiF6
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
PPhosphorus
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
P FluorwavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Gypsum (var: Alabaster)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SulphurS8
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S CelestineSrSO4
S TroiliteFeS
ClChlorine
Cl AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K HeklaiteKNaSiF6
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Alabaster)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca PachnoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
Ca Calcite (var: Sand-Calcite)CaCO3
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
FeIron
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe IronFe
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
SnTin
Sn AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Sn RomarchiteSnO
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O

Fossils

There are 533 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences18211
Youngest Fossil Listed0.01 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed466 Ma (Middle Ordovician)
Stratigraphic UnitsClick here to view 126 stratigraphic units.
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
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Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Amphisorus
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Soritidae : Amphisorus23.03 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Amphistegina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Amphisteginidae : Amphistegina33.9 - 5.333 Ma
Cenozoic
Archaias
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Soritidae : Archaias33.9 - 15.97 Ma
Cenozoic
Bigenerina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Textulariida : Textulariidae : Bigenerina13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Bolivina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Bolivinitidae : Bolivina13.82 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Buccella
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Trichohyalidae : Buccella1.806 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Bulimina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Buliminidae : Bulimina13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Buliminella
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Buliminellidae : Buliminella13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Cassidulina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Cassidulinidae : Cassidulina13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Cassidulinoides
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Cassidulinidae : Cassidulinoides13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Cibicides
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Cibicididae : Cibicides37.2 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Coskinolina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Loftusiida : Coskinolinidae : Coskinolina47.8 - 28.4 Ma
Paleogene
Dentalina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Lagenida : Nodosariidae : Dentalina13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Dictyoconus
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Loftusiida : Orbitolinidae : Dictyoconus47.8 - 28.4 Ma
Paleogene
Discocyclina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Discocyclinidae : Discocyclina37.2 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Discorbis
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Discorbidae : Discorbis13.82 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Dyocibicides
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Cibicididae : Dyocibicides13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Elphidium
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Elphidiidae : Elphidium47.8 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Eponides
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Eponididae : Eponides37.2 - 11.62 Ma
Cenozoic
Gaudryina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Lituolida : Verneuilinidae : Gaudryina11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Globigerina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Globigerinidae : Globigerina1.806 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Globorotalia
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Globorotaliidae : Globorotalia37.2 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Globulina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Lagenida : Polymorphinidae : Globulina13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Guttulina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Lagenida : Polymorphinidae : Guttulina13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Gypsina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Acervulinidae : Gypsina37.2 - 0 Ma
Cenozoic
Heterostegina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Nummulitidae : Heterostegina37.2 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Homotrema
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Homotrematidae : Homotrema0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Lagena
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Lagenida : Lagenidae : Lagena37.2 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Lepidocyclina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Lepidocyclinidae : Lepidocyclina37.2 - 28.4 Ma
Paleogene
Miogypsina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Miogypsinidae : Miogypsina23.03 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Nonion
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Nonionidae : Nonion37.2 - 11.62 Ma
Cenozoic
Nonionella
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Nonionidae : Nonionella13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Nummulites
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Nummulitidae : Nummulites41.3 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Orbitoides
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Orbitoididae : Orbitoides41.3 - 38 Ma
Eocene
Peneroplis
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Peneroplidae : Peneroplis23.03 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Planularia
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Lagenida : Vaginulinidae : Planularia11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Plectofrondicularia
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Lagenida : Plectofrondiculariidae : Plectofrondicularia13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Polymorphina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Lagenida : Polymorphinidae : Polymorphina13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Quinqueloculina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Hauerinidae : Quinqueloculina33.9 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Reusella
genus
Chromista : Reusella13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Rotalia
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Rotaliidae : Rotalia37.2 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Sorites
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Soritidae : Sorites23.03 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Spiroloculina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Spiroloculinidae : Spiroloculina2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Textularia
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Textulariida : Textulariidae : Textularia11.608 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Triloculina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Tubothalamea : Miliolida : Hauerinidae : Triloculina2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Uvigerina
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Uvigerinidae : Uvigerina13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Valvulineria
genus
Chromista : Foraminifera : Globothalamea : Rotaliida : Cancrisidae : Valvulineria13.82 - 5.333 Ma
Miocene
Porifera
phylum
Animalia : Porifera1.8 - 0.3 Ma
Pleistocene
Conularia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Staurozoa : Stauromedusae : Conulariidae : Conularia466 - 449.5 Ma
Ordovician
Millepora
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Hydrozoa : Anthoathecata : Milleporidae : Millepora0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Anthozoa
class
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa41.3 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Scleractinia
order
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia1.8 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Agaricia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Agariciidae : Agaricia0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Antiguastrea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Antiguastrea33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Antillocyathus
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Caryophylliidae : Antillocyathus28.1 - 20.44 Ma
Cenozoic
Astrangia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Rhizangiidae : Astrangia5.333 - 0 Ma
Cenozoic
Colpophyllia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Colpophyllia0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Dichocoenia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Meandrinidae : Dichocoenia0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Diploria
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Diploria0.126 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Favia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Favia0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Flabellum
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Flabellidae : Flabellum28.1 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Manicina
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Manicina0.781 - 0.126 Ma
Pleistocene
Meandrina
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Meandrinidae : Meandrina5.333 - 3.6 Ma
Neogene
Montastraea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Montastraeidae : Montastraea5.333 - 0 Ma
Cenozoic
Mussa
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Mussa3.6 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Oculina
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Oculinidae : Oculina38 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Porites
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Poritidae : Porites3.6 - 0 Ma
Cenozoic
Scolymia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Scolymia5.333 - 3.6 Ma
Neogene
Septastrea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Rhizangiidae : Septastrea2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Siderastrea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Siderastreidae : Siderastrea0.781 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Solenastrea
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Solenastrea3.6 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Syzygophyllia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Faviidae : Syzygophyllia3.6 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Trachyphyllia
genus
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Scleractinia : Merulinidae : Trachyphyllia3.6 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Annelida
phylum
Animalia : Annelida2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Polychaeta
class
Animalia : Annelida : Polychaeta1.8 - 0.3 Ma
Pleistocene
Serpula
genus
Animalia : Annelida : Polychaeta : Sabellida : Serpulidae : Serpula5.333 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Spirorbis
genus
Animalia : Annelida : Polychaeta : Sabellida : Serpulidae : Spirorbis48.6 - 37.2 Ma
Eocene
Mollusca
phylum
Animalia : Mollusca37.2 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Ischnochiton
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Polyplacophora : Chitonida : Ischnochitonidae : Ischnochiton0.781 - 0.126 Ma
Pleistocene
Antalis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Scaphopoda : Dentaliida : Dentaliidae : Antalis20.44 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Cadulus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Scaphopoda : Gadilida : Gadilidae : Cadulus13.82 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Dentalium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Scaphopoda : Dentaliida : Dentaliidae : Dentalium33.9 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Episiphon
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Scaphopoda : Dentaliida : Gadilinidae : Episiphon20.44 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Gadila
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Scaphopoda : Gadilida : Gadilidae : Gadila20.44 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Polyschides
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Scaphopoda : Gadilida : Gadilidae : Polyschides20.44 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Tesseracme
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Scaphopoda : Dentaliida : Dentaliidae : Tesseracme2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Tentaculitida
order
Animalia : Lophotrochozoa : Tentaculitida419.2 - 410.8 Ma
Early Devonian
Tentaculites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Tentaculitidae : Tentaculites419.2 - 410.8 Ma
Early Devonian
Gastropoda
class
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda419.2 - 0 Ma
Phanerozoic
Plectonotus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cycloneritida : Proserpinidae : Plectonotus419.2 - 410.8 Ma
Early Devonian
Discohelix
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Discohelicidae : Discohelix2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Agathistoma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Tegulidae : Agathistoma2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Astraea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Turbinidae : Astraea38 - 0 Ma
Cenozoic
Astralium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Turbinidae : Astralium2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Calliostoma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Calliostomatidae : Calliostoma33.9 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Chlorostoma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Tegulidae : Chlorostoma20.44 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Circulus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Vitrinellidae : Circulus20.44 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Didianema
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Skeneidae : Didianema13.82 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Diodora
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Lepetellida : Fissurellidae : Diodora28.1 - 0 Ma
Cenozoic
Emarginula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Lepetellida : Fissurellidae : Emarginula2.588 - 0.126 Ma
Pleistocene
Fissurella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Lepetellida : Fissurellidae : Fissurella3.6 - 0 Ma
Cenozoic
Gelasinostoma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Turbinidae : Gelasinostoma20.44 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Calliostoma (Leiotrochus)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochidae : Calliostoma : Calliostoma (Leiotrochus)3.6 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Lithopoma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Turbinidae : Lithopoma3.6 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Lucapina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Lepetellida : Fissurellidae : Lucapina2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Margarites
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Margaritidae : Margarites28.1 - 20.44 Ma
Cenozoic
Turbo (Marmarostoma)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Turbinidae : Turbo : Turbo (Marmarostoma)3.6 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Nerita
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cycloneritida : Neritidae : Nerita28.1 - 20.44 Ma
Cenozoic
Neritina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cycloneritida : Neritidae : Neritina3.6 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Chlorostoma (Omphalius)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochidae : Chlorostoma : Chlorostoma (Omphalius)20.44 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Rimula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Lepetellida : Fissurellidae : Rimula20.44 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Smaragdia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cycloneritida : Neritidae : Smaragdia20.44 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Solariella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Solariellidae : Solariella20.44 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Tectariopsis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Turbinidae : Tectariopsis47.8 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Tegula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Tegulidae : Tegula28.1 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Tricolia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Phasianellidae : Tricolia28.1 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Turbo
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Trochida : Turbinidae : Turbo5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Alaba
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Litiopidae : Alaba20.44 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Alabina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiidae : Alabina2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Amauropsis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Amauropsis33.9 - 28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Ampullina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Architaenioglossa : Ampullinidae : Ampullina33.9 - 28.1 Ma
Oligocene
Ampullinopsis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Architaenioglossa : Ampullinidae : Ampullinopsis38 - 15.97 Ma
Cenozoic
Anticlimax
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Tornidae : Anticlimax2.588 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Balcis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Eulimidae : Balcis0.781 - 0.126 Ma
Pleistocene
Batillaria
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Batillariidae : Batillaria38 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Bellatara
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Pachychilidae : Bellatara47.8 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Bittiolum
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiidae : Bittiolum2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Bittium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiidae : Bittium33.9 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Bursa
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Bursidae : Bursa13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Caecum
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Caecum20.44 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Calyptraea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Calyptraeidae : Calyptraea33.9 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Campanile
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Campanilidae : Campanile66 - 61.6 Ma
Paleocene
Capulus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cycloneritida : Delphinulopsidae : Capulus20.44 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Cassis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Cassidae : Cassis33.9 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Cerithidea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Potamididae : Cerithidea3.6 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Cerithidea (Cerithideopsis)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Sorbeoconcha : Potamididae : Cerithidea : Cerithidea (Cerithideopsis)2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Cerithioclava
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiidae : Cerithioclava33.9 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Cerithiopsis
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Cerithiopsidae : Cerithiopsis28.1 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Cerithium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiidae : Cerithium47.8 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Clathrus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Eulimidae : Clathrus2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Crepidula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Calyptraeidae : Crepidula20.44 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Crommium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Architaenioglossa : Ampullinidae : Crommium41.3 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Crucibulum
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Calyptraeidae : Crucibulum20.44 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Cyclostremiscus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Tornidae : Cyclostremiscus13.82 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Cymatium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Cymatiidae : Cymatium13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Cypraea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Cypraeidae : Cypraea20.44 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Opalia (Dentiscala)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Epitoniidae : Opalia : Opalia (Dentiscala)2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Depressiscala
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Epitoniidae : Depressiscala0.781 - 0.126 Ma
Pleistocene
Diastoma
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Diastomatidae : Diastoma38 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Dirocerithium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiadae : Dirocerithium41.3 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Crucibulum (Dispotaea)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Calyptraeidae : Crucibulum : Crucibulum (Dispotaea)5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Distorsio
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Ranellidae : Distorsio33.9 - 15.97 Ma
Cenozoic
Turritella (Eichwaldiella)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Sorbeoconcha : Turritellidae : Turritella : Turritella (Eichwaldiella)5.333 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Episcynia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Tornidae : Episcynia20.44 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Epitonium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Epitoniidae : Epitonium13.82 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Euspira
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Euspira28.1 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Strombus (Eustrombus)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Strombidae : Strombus : Strombus (Eustrombus)3.6 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Ficus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Ficidae : Ficus20.44 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Gegania
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Mathildidae : Tuba20.44 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Globularia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Architaenioglossa : Ampullinidae : Globularia28.1 - 20.44 Ma
Cenozoic
Hemicerithium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Plesiotrochidae : Hemicerithium13.82 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Hipponix
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Hipponicidae : Hipponix47.8 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Teinostoma (Idioraphie)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Tornidae : Teinostoma : Teinostoma (Idioraphie)2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Laevella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Strombidae : Laevella38 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Lemintina
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Vermetidae : Lemintina20.44 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Litiopa
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Litiopidae : Litiopa20.44 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Littoraria (Littorinopsis)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinidae : Littoraria : Littoraria (Littorinopsis)3.6 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Malea
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Tonnidae : Malea5.333 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Meioceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Caecidae : Meioceras2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Melanella
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Eulimidae : Melanella3.6 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Modulus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Modulidae : Modulus33.9 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Monoplex
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Cymatiidae : Monoplex20.44 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Morum
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Harpidae : Morum3.6 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Natica
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Natica33.9 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Naticarius
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Naticarius0.126 - 0.0117 Ma
Pleistocene
Neverita
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Neverita20.44 - 11.62 Ma
Miocene
Niso
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Eulimidae : Niso3.6 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Rhinoclavis (Ochetoclava)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Sorbeoconcha : Cerithiidae : Rhinoclavis : Rhinoclavis (Ochetoclava)38 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Morum (Oniscidia)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Neogastropoda : Harpidae : Morum : Morum (Oniscidia)3.6 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Opalia
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Epitoniidae : Opalia13.82 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Orthaulax
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Strombidae : Orthaulax23.03 - 15.97 Ma
Miocene
Pachycrommium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Architaenioglossa : Ampullinidae : Pachycrommium47.8 - 15.97 Ma
Cenozoic
Sassia (Personella)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Ranellidae : Sassia : Sassia (Personella)38 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Phalium
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Cassidae : Phalium41.3 - 0.126 Ma
Cenozoic
Polinices
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Naticidae : Polinices20.44 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Cyclostremiscus (Ponocyclus)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Vitrinellidae : Cyclostremiscus : Cyclostremiscus (Ponocyclus)2.588 - 0.781 Ma
Pleistocene
Potamides
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Potamididae : Potamides33.9 - 20.44 Ma
Cenozoic
Pseudoaluco
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Cerithiidae : Pseudoaluco38 - 33.9 Ma
Paleogene
Teinostoma (Pseudorotella)
subgenus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Tornidae : Teinostoma : Teinostoma (Pseudorotella)3.6 - 0.781 Ma
Cenozoic
Pusula
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Littorinimorpha : Triviidae : Pusula5.333 - 2.588 Ma
Cenozoic
Pyrazisinus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Pyrazisinus28.1 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic
Pyrazus
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Gastropoda : Batillariidae : Pyrazus5.333 - 0.0117 Ma
Cenozoic