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Inner Mongolia, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Inner MongoliaAutonomous Region
ChinaCountry

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Name in French:Mongolie-Intérieure, Chine
Name in German:Innere Mongolei, China
Name in Italian:Mongolia Interna, Cina
Name in Russian:Внутренняя Монголия, Китай
Name in Simplified Chinese:内蒙古自治区, 中国
Name in Spanish:Mongolia Interior, China
Name in Achinese:Mongolia Dalam
Name in Afrikaans:Binne-Mongolië, Volksrepubliek van Sjina
Name in Arabic:منغوليا الداخلية, الصين
Name in Asturian:Mongolia Interior
Name in Azeri:Daxili Monqolustan Muxtar Rayonu
Name in Basque:Barne Mongolia
Name in Bavarian:Innare Mongolei
Name in Belarusian:Унутраная Манголія, Кітай
Name in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):Унутраная Манголія
Name in Bengali:অন্তর্দেশীয় মঙ্গোলিয়া
Name in Bosnian:Unutrašnja Mongolija
Name in Breton:Mongolia an Diabarzh
Name in Bulgarian:Вътрешна Монголия, Китайска народна република
Name in Catalan:Mongòlia Interior, Xina
Name in Cebuano:Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
Name in Croatian:Unutarnja Mongolija
Name in Czech:Vnitřní Mongolsko, Čína
Name in Danish:Indre Mongoliet, Kina
Name in Dutch:Binnen-Mongolië, China
Name in Esperanto:Interna Mongolio
Name in Estonian:Sise-Mongoolia, Hiina
Name in Faroese:Innara-Mongolia
Name in Farsi/Persian:مغولستان داخلی, جمهوری خلق چین
Name in Finnish:Sisä-Mongolia, Kiina
Name in Galician:Mongolia Interior, China
Name in Gan:內蒙古
Name in Georgian:შიდა მონღოლეთი
Name in Greek:Εσωτερική Μογγολία, Κίνα
Name in Hakka:Nui Mùng-kú
Name in Hebrew:מונגוליה הפנימית, סין
Name in Hindi:भीतरी मंगोलिया, चीन
Name in Hungarian:Belső-Mongólia Autonóm Terület, Kína
Name in Indonesian:Mongolia Dalam, Cina
Name in Interlingua:Neimenggu
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Ion-Mhongóil, An tSín
Name in Japanese:内モンゴル自治区, 中国
Name in Kalmyk:Өвр Моңһлмуд
Name in Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):Ішкі Моңғолия
Name in Kongo:Nei Mongol
Name in Korean:내몽골 자치구, 중국
Name in Latin:Mongolia Citerior
Name in Latvian:Iekšējā Mongolija, Ķīna
Name in Lithuanian:Vidinė Mongolija, Kinija
Name in Macedonian:Внатрешна Монголија, Кина
Name in Malay:Mongolia Dalam
Name in Malayalam:ഇന്നർ മംഗോളിയ
Name in Manx:Yn Vongoil Sthie
Name in Marathi:आंतरिक मंगोलिया
Name in Min Dong Chinese:Nô̤i Mùng-gū
Name in Mongolian:Өвөр Монголын Өөртөө Засах Орон
Name in Norwegian:Indre Mongolia, Kina
Name in Norwegian (Nynorsk):Indre Mongolia
Name in Occitan:Mongolia Interiora
Name in Ossetian:Мидæггаг Мангол
Name in Polish:Mongolia Wewnętrzna, Chiny
Name in Portuguese:Mongólia Interior, China
Name in Punjabi:ਅੰਦਰੂਨੀ ਮੰਗੋਲੀਆ
Name in Quechua:Mungul suyu ukhupi
Name in Romanian:Mongolia Interioară, China
Name in Russia Buriat:Үбэр Монгол
Name in Scots:Inner Mongolie
Name in Serbian:Унутрашња Монголија, Кина
Name in Serbo-Croatian:Unutrašnja Mongolija
Name in Slovak:Vnútorné Mongolsko, Čína
Name in South Azerbaijani:داخیلی موغولیستان
Name in Sundanese:Mongolia Jero
Name in Swahili:Mongolia ya Kichina, China
Name in Swedish:Inre Mongoliet, Kina
Name in Tagalog:Nei Mongol, Tsina
Name in Tamil:உள் மங்கோலியா
Name in Tatar:Эчке Монголия
Name in Thai:เขตปกครองตนเองมองโกเลียใน, ประเทศจีน
Name in Tibetan (Standard):ནང་སོག་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས།, རྒྱ་ནག
Name in Traditional Chinese:內蒙古, 中國
Name in Turkish:İç Moğolistan, Çin
Name in Ukrainian:Внутрішня Монголія, Китай
Name in Urdu:اندرونی منگولیا
Name in Uyghur:ئىچكى موڭغۇل ئاپتونوم رايونى
Name in Uzbek (Latin Script):Ichki Mongoliya
Name in Venetian:Mongołia Interna
Name in Vietnamese:Nội Mông, Trung Quốc
Name in Waray:Inner Mongolia
Name in Welsh:Mongolia Fewnol, Tsieina
Name in Western Punjabi:اندرآلا منگولیا
Name in Wu Chinese:内蒙古自治区
Name in Zazaki:Moğolıstanê Zerreyi
Name in Zhuang:Neimungzguj Swcigih
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Autonomous Region
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Ordos1,940,653 (2017)
Bayan Nur1,760,000 (2018)
Baotou1,301,768 (2012)
Hohhot774,477 (2017)
Chifeng346,654 (2013)
Tongliao261,110 (2012)
Museums in region:


Located in north China.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

411 valid minerals. 19 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Dianhao Huang and Baolin Wang (1997): Journal of Precious Metallic Geology 6(2), 93-100; Wensong Yu, Changxi Liao, and Guo Chen (2013): Gold Science and Technology 21(2), 24-27
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Aeschynite'
Reference: Smith, M.P. (2007): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Zhuming Yang, Rengui Song, Kejie Tao, and Peishan Zhang (2003): Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society 21(6), 716-720
Aeschynite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: (Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Peishan Zhang and Kejie Tao (1982): Scientia Geologica Sinica 4, 424-428; Zhuming Yang, Rengui Song, Kejie Tao, and Peishan Zhang (2003): Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society 21(6), 716-720
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Xiyuan Ren, Guozhi Shang, Shengming Su, and Yunjie Jiang (1990): Nonferrous Metals (Extractive Metallurgy) 42(6), 12-14; Xu Yuan, Jiuhua Xu, Jianming Liu, Qian Mao, and Deting Li (2005): Geology and Mineral Resources of South China 21(1), 1-7
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Baisheng Zhang (1998): Mineral Resources and Geology 12(5), 318-323
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 80 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Jingzhan Zhu, Guohui Zhang, Qingsong Du, and Jing He (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(4), 207-214
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: Yan Liu, Sihong Jiang, Zhigang Zhang, Yifei Liu, and Fengjun Nie (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(5), 837-854
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Qifeng Gao, Xiaoxi Sun, Ming Liu, Tiegang Wang, and Xudong Cao (2007): Sci-Tech Information Development & Economy 17(21), 253-254
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Reference: Yiming Zhao (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(4), 520-530
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 226.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Anatase var: Niobian Anatase
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Stanniferous Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Chengdong Xiao and Yongfu Wei (2004): Geological Survey and Research 27(suppl.), 9-15
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Guozheng Wang (2002): Geology and Prospecting 38(2), 42-45
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Daxin Li, Liangshi Wu, Wenming Chen, Chengyou Feng, Peihua Wang, and Xuedong Gao (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(4), 425-448; Yiming Zhao (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(4), 520-530
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Zhenmi Liu (2000): Journal of Salt Lake Research 29(3), 21-26
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Aragonite var: Strontian Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Reference: Youbin Liang (1990): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 9(1)
Aramayoite
Formula: Ag3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6
Reference: Zhicheng Lu, Peiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Dianchao Li (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(1), 75-80
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Qida Zhang and Dakang Song (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(1), 80-84
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
'Arsenpolybasite'
Reference: Zhicheng Lu, Peiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Dianchao Li (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(1), 75-80
Athabascaite
Formula: Cu5Se4
Reference: Jiayong Pan, Chengdong Liu, Guolin Guo, Anping Chen, Fazheng Chen, Zhaobin Yan, Yiping Chen, and Rengui Wu (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(1), 44-48
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Baisheng Zhang (1998): Mineral Resources and Geology 12(5), 318-323
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Dianhao Huang and Baolin Wang (1997): Journal of Precious Metallic Geology 6(2), 93-100; Wensong Yu, Changxi Liao, and Guo Chen (2013): Gold Science and Technology 21(2), 24-27
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Description: Occurs in the outcrops of several small sandstone-hosted uranium occurrences in the area.
Reference: Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156.
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Ottens, B. and G. Neumeier (2012) The Huanggang Mine, Inner Mongolia, China. Mineralogical Record 43:529-563
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Bafertisite (TL)
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: American Mineralogist 57 (1972), 1005; Jinsha Xu and Ganfu Shen (2005): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(3), 213-216
Baotite (TL)
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Semenov, E. I., Hung Weng-hsing, and Kapitonova, T. A. (1961): Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 136(4), 915-916 (in Russian).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: USGS Bull. 2143, Table 1, Principal minerals of the Bayan Obo ore deposit .
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Beiyinite'
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p65]
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Reference: Yuhua Xie and Jiayin Zhang (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(8), 24-29
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Reference: Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Mei Zhang, Yusheng Zhai, Cunli Shen, Yonghui Liu, Shuaishi Yang, Degao Zhai, Meijuan Yao, Jianping Wang, Shouguang Wang, Zhengxi Gao, and Ling Zhang (2011): Geoscience 25(5), 819-831
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Ottens, B. and G. Neumeier (2012) The Huanggang Mine, Inner Mongolia, China. Mineralogical Record 43:529-563
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Qida Zhang and Dakang Song (1990): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 10(1), 80-84; Dianhao Huang and Baolin Wang (1997): Journal of Precious Metallic Geology 6(2), 93-100
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 85 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:1289-1305
'Bitumen'
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Zhenmin Liu, Boyun Li, Guoqing Liu, and Shaokang Xu (2007): Geology of Chemical Minerals 29(4), 193-201
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Yuan, Y., Li, Y., & Fan, J. (2015). Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the No. 6 coal in the Tanggongta Mine, Inner Mongolia, China. World Journal of Engineering, 12(6), 551-562.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Description: Reported from an undisclosed salt lake.
Reference: Kezao Chen (1992): Quaternary Sciences 3(8), 193-202
Borcarite
Formula: Ca4Mg(B4O6(OH)6)(CO3)2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Borovskite
Formula: Pd3SbTe4
Reference: Jingbin Wang, Yuwang Wang, and Lijuan Wang (1998): Geological Exploration for Non-Ferrous Metals 7(3), 142-145
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Lijun Guo, Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Shuo Wang, Wei Chen, Zheng Li, Yingxu Li, Huaimin Xue, Ying Tong, Xiaofei Pan, and Xiwen Zhou (2009): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 28(1), 26-36; Fengyue Sun and Li Wang (2008): Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) 38(3), 376-383; Xiangdong Wang, Xinbiao Lü, Wei Mei, Rankun Tang, and Chuncheng Li (2014): Mineral Deposits 33(2), 406-418
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Youbin Liang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(12), 18-21
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Tiegeng Liu, Guanxin Wang, and Jiwen Gong (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(2), 177-182
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Zhicheng Lü, Paiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Guanghua Dong (2002): Journal of Mineraloy and Petrology 22(1), 1-5; Zhicheng Lu, Peiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Dianchao Li (2002): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 22(1), 75-80; Chaoyang Li, Tiegeng Liu, Lin Ye, Weiguang Zhu, and Hailin Deng (2003): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 46, Supplement 1, 84-98
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Liang Yang (2003): Geological Survey and Research 26(3), 177-182
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Reference: Ed Richard collection
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Description: Reported from an undisclosed salt lake.
Reference: Kezao Chen (1992): Quaternary Sciences 3(8), 193-202
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Chengdong Xiao and Yongfu Wei (2004): Geological Survey and Research 27(suppl.), 9-15
Cahnite
Formula: Ca2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 133 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Reference: Yuwang Wang, Lili Qu, Jingbin Wang, Lijuan Wang, Neng Jiang, and Qian Mao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(1), 23-35; Yuwang Wang, Jingbin Wang, and Lijuan Wang (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(4), 51-56; Wang, Y.W., Wang, J.B., Wang, L.J., and Chen, Y.Z. (2006): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 28, 320-331
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Strontian Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Reference: USGS Bull. 2143, Table 1, Principal minerals of the Bayan Obo ore deposit .
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Reference: Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00026454
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Cebaite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Reference: Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Geochemistry RE mineral research group (1972): Cebaite - A type of RE and barium fluorine carbonate new mineral. Geochemistry 1, 86-91 (in English).
'Cebaite-(Nd)'
Formula: Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Baisheng Zhang (1998): Mineral Resources and Geology 12(5), 318-323
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 189 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Mei Zhang, Yusheng Zhai, Cunli Shen, Yonghui Liu, Shuaishi Yang, Degao Zhai, Meijuan Yao, Jianping Wang, Shouguang Wang, Zhengxi Gao, and Ling Zhang (2011): Geoscience 25(5), 819-831
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Ottens, B. and G. Neumeier (2012) The Huanggang Mine, Inner Mongolia, China. Mineralogical Record 43:529-563
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Fengjun Nie, Fengxiang Wang, Yu'an Zhao, Yan Sun, and Hua Chai (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(4), 730-743
'Chicken-Blood Stone'
Reference: Liqing Zhao, Gongjiong Qin, Shihua Sun, Yuwang Wang, Yongzheng Wang, Anli Zhang, and Yaoming Wang (2002): Gold Geology 21(3), 7-13
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Guodong Ren (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(8), 16-23
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 177 localities in this region.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Xu Dongqing, Jiang Sihong, Zhang Jianhua, Hu Peng, Zhao Yongfa, Wang Yuecheng, and Lai Xinrong (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 231-242
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
'Clays'
Reference: National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00026452
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Xinming Jiang (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(4), 1-10
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Mei Zhang, Yusheng Zhai, Cunli Shen, Yonghui Liu, Shuaishi Yang, Degao Zhai, Meijuan Yao, Jianping Wang, Shouguang Wang, Zhengxi Gao, and Ling Zhang (2011): Geoscience 25(5), 819-831
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Clinoptilolite'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Reference: Guojun Liu and Jianping Wang (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(1), 17-20
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
Costibite
Formula: CoSbS
Reference: Pi, Q., Zhong, R., & Hu, R. (2015). Tracing the ore-formation history of the shear-zone-controlled Huogeqi Cu–Pb–Zn deposit in Inner Mongolia, northern China, using H, O, S, and Fe isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews, 71, 263-272.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Zhicheng Lü, Paiping Zhang, Guozheng Duan, Libo Hao, and Guanghua Dong (2002): Journal of Mineraloy and Petrology 22(1), 1-5
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Ottens, B. & Bin, J. (2014): Seltene Boratmineralien aus der Inneren Mongolei, China. Lapis, 39 (7/8), 66-68.
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Ottens, B., and Neumeier, G. (2012): Mineralogical Record 43, 529-563; Pavel Kartashov analysis on an alleged "genthelvite".
Daqingshanite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Type Locality:
Reference: Ren Yingchen, Ximen Lulu, and Peng Zhizhong (1983): Geochemistry 2(2), 180-84.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Yuqiao Gao and Li Liu (2007): Geological Review 72(1), 104-111
Deerite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Reference: Feng Xiancan, Yang Ruiying, Song Guisen, Li Chenggui, and Lu Guojun (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(4), 333-337.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Jin Li, Dawei Ren, and Shiyue Chen (1989): Acta Petrologica Sinica 5(3), 76-85
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Dingdaohengite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Jinsha Xu, Guaming Yang, Guowu Li, Zhilan Wu, Ganfu Shen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(3), 237-243
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Manganoan Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Jidong Guan and Xiaohong Chai (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(2), 36-40; Baojun Zheng and Guoli Fu (2010): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 25(1), 43-49
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Hongquan She, Yiwen Wang, Qinghuan Li, Dequan Zhang, Chengyou Feng, and Daxin Li (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 80(6), 863-875
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 107 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Erlianite (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Mg)4(Fe,V)2Si6O15(OH,O)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Feng Xiancan, Yang Ruiying, Song Guisen, Li Chenggui, and Lu Guojun (1986): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 6(4), 333-337; Feng, X., Yang, R. (1986): Erlianite, a new vanadium- and iron-bearing silicate mineral. Mineralogical Magazine 50, 285-289.
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Ottens, B. and G. Neumeier (2012) The Huanggang Mine, Inner Mongolia, China. Mineralogical Record 43:529-563
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Jingzhan Zhu, Guohui Zhang, Qingsong Du, and Jing He (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(4), 207-214
Falkmanite
Formula: Pb3Sb2S6
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Danyang Liu (1991): North China Nonferrous Metals Geology 1991(2), 17-22
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)-β (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Reference: Kuo Chi-Ti, Wang I-Hsien, Wang Hsien-Chueh, Wang Chung-Kang, and Hou Hung-Chuan (1973): Geochimica 2, 86-92.
'Fergusonite-(Nd)'
Formula: (Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O4
Fergusonite-(Nd)-β (TL)
Formula: (Nd,Ce)NbO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Sun Weijun, Ma Fengjun, and Zhuang Shijie (1983): Scientia Geologica Sinica 1983(1), 78-81.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Ferrisepiolite
Formula: (Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Ferro-anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Daxin Li, Wenming Chen, Chengyou Feng, and Wenhong Sun (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(2), 113-122; Yiming Zhao, Daxin Li, Liangshi Wu, Wenming Chen, Chengyou Feng, Peihua Wang, and Xuedong Gao (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(4), 425-448
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Jingbin Wang, Yuwang Wang, and Lijuan Wang (1998): Geological Exploration for Non-Ferrous Metals 7(3), 142-145
Ferroselite
Formula: FeSe2
Reference: Jiayong Pan, Chengdong Liu, Guolin Guo, Anping Chen, Fazheng Chen, Zhaobin Yan, Yiping Chen, and Rengui Wu (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(1), 44-48
Ferro-tschermakite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Ottens, B. and G. Neumeier (2012) The Huanggang Mine, Inner Mongolia, China. Mineralogical Record 43:529-563
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Reference: Miyawaki, R.,Shimazaki, H.,Shigeoka, M., Yokoyama, K.,Matsubara, S.,Yurimoto, H., Yang, Z., Zhang, P., Inoue, A., Kogure, T. and Jige, M.(2011): Fluorokinoshitalite and fluorotetraferriphlogopite; new species of fluoro-mica from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Clay Science. 15 (1), 13-18.
Fluorcalciopyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Type Locality:
Reference: Li Guowu, Yang Guangming, Lu Fude, Xiong Ming, Ge Xiangkun and Pan Baoming (2013) Fluorcalciopyrochlore, IMA 2013-055 . CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3003; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Fluorokinoshitalite (TL)
Formula: BaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H, Yang Z, Zhang P (2011) Fluorokinoshitalite and fluorotetraferriphlogopite: new species of fluoro-mica from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Clay Science 15, 13-18
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2