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Chelopech Au-Cu Mine, Chelopech, Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast), Bulgaria

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 40' 9'' North , 24° 4' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.66931,24.08326
GeoHash:G#: sx94sp8ys
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Челопеч, София Oбласт, България

Cu-Au mine, located 45 km east of Sofia (65 km according to other web sources).
Epithermal high-sulphidation gold-enargite deposit in the Panagyurishte metallogenetic district, Srednogorie zone, Alpine-Carpathians-Balkan metallogenic belt.

Mineral List

65 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Early Paleozoic
443.8 - 541 Ma

ID: 3186556
Paleozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician - Cambrian
443.8 - 541 Ma

ID: 3157846
Ograzden Complex

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Ograzden Complex

Description: undifferentiated

Lithology: Major:{gneiss}, Minor{migmatite/anatexite,mica schist,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kostov et al. (1964) Minerals of Bulgaria.
Marazova N., V. Breskovska (1993) Mineral succession in Chelopech deposit. Ann. Univ. Sofia, Geol. Geogr. Fac., 86, I, Geologie 135-144.
Georgieva, S., Velinova, N., Petrunov, R., Moritz, R. & Chambefort, I. (2002) Aluminium phosphate-sulphate minerals in the Chelopech Cu-Au deposit: Spatial and temporal development, chemistry and genetic significance. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 39, 39-51.
Moritz, R., Kouzmanov, K. & Petrunov, R. (2004) Late Cretaceous Cu–Au epithermal deposits of the Panagyurishte district, Srednogorie zone, Bulgaria. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84, 79-99.
Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005) Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Chambefort, I. & Moritz, R. (2006) Late Cretaceous structural control and Alpine overprint of the high-sulphidation Cu-Au epithermal Chelopech deposit, Srednogorie belt, Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita, 41, 259-280.
Chambefort, I., Moritz, R. & Von Quadt, A. (2007) Petrology, geochemistry and U-Pb geochronology of magmatic rocks from the high-sulphidation epithermal Chelopech deposit, Srednogorie zone, Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita, 42, in press.
Chambefort, I., and Moritz, R. (2007) Late Cretaceous structural control and Alpine overprint of the high-sulfidation Cu–Au epithermal Chelopech deposit, Srednogorie belt, Bulgaria. Mineralium Deposita 42, 665-690.
Nenasheva, S.N. (2009) Some Peculiarities of Mineralogy of the Deposits of Central Part of Structural-Metallogenic Zone Sredna-Gora, Bulgaria. New Data on Minerals, 44, 24-33. []
Georgieva, S. & Velinova, N. (2012) Alunite from the advanced argillic alterations in the Chelopech high-sulphidation epithermal Cu-Au deposit, Bulgaria: Chemistry, morphology and genetic significance. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 49, 17-31. []
Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.

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