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Iowa, USAi
Regional Level Types
IowaState
USACountry

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Key
01387930014946661484419.jpg
Geological Map of Iowa (1907)

Iowa, USA
03106090015504544102542.jpg
Coal Mine near Ottumwa, Iowa, 1936

Wapello Co., Iowa, USA
01387930014946661484419.jpg
Geological Map of Iowa (1907)

Iowa, USA
06510890015504317275400.jpg
Coal Mine near Ottumwa, Iowa, 1936

Wapello Co., Iowa, USA
01387930014946661484419.jpg
Geological Map of Iowa (1907)

Iowa, USA
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Des Moines210,330 (2017)
Cedar Rapids130,405 (2017)
Davenport102,582 (2017)
Sioux City82,821 (2017)
Iowa City74,220 (2017)
Waterloo68,460 (2017)
Other Languages:
French:
Iowa, États-Unis
German:
Iowa, Vereinigte Staaten
Italian:
Iowa, Stati Uniti d'America
Russian:
Айова, Соединённые Штаты Америки
Simplified Chinese:
艾奥瓦州, 美国
Spanish:
Iowa, Estados Unidos
Afrikaans:
Iowa, Verenigde State van Amerika
Albanian:
Iowa, Shtetet e Bashkuara të Amerikës
Amharic:
አዮዋ, አሜሪካ
Anglo-Saxon:
Iowa, Geānedu Rīcu American
Arabic:
آيوا, الولايات المتحدة
Aragonese:
Iowa
Armenian:
Այովա, Ամերիկայի Միացյալ Նահանգներ
Asturian:
Iowa, Estaos Xuníos d'América
Aymara:
Iowa suyu, Istadus Unidus
Azeri:
Ayova, Amerika Birləşmiş Ştatları
Bashkir:
Айова, Америка Ҡушма Штаттары
Basque:
Iowa
Bavarian:
Iowa, Vaoanigte Stootn
Belarusian:
Аява, Злучаныя Штаты Амерыкі
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Аёва, Злучаныя Штаты Амэрыкі
Bengali:
আইওয়া, মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্র
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
আইৱা, তিলপারাষ্ট্র
Bislama:
Iowa, Yunaeted Stet blong Amerika
Bosnian:
Iowa, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Breton:
Iowa, Stadoù-Unanet Amerika
Bulgarian:
Айова, Съединени американски щати
Burmese:
အိုင်အိုဝါပြည်နယ်, အမေရိကန်ပြည်ထောင်စု
Catalan:
Iowa, Estats Units d’Amèrica
Cebuano:
Iowa
Central Bikol:
Iowa, Estados Unidos
Chechen:
Айова, Америкин Цхьаьнатоьхна Штаташ
Chuvash:
Айова, Пĕрлешнĕ Штатсем
Cornish:
Iowa, Statys Unys
Corsican:
Iowa, Stati Uniti d'America
Croatian:
Iowa, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Czech:
Iowa, Spojené státy americké
Danish:
Iowa, USA
Dutch:
Iowa, Verenigde Staten
Egyptian Arabic:
ايوا, امريكا
Emilian-Romagnol:
Iowa, Stat Unî
Esperanto:
Iovao
Estonian:
Iowa, Ameerika Ühendriigid
Faroese:
Iowa
Farsi/Persian:
آیووا, ایالات متحده آمریکا
Fiji Hindi:
Iowa, United States
Finnish:
Iowa, Yhdysvallat
Franco-Provençal:
Iowa, Ètats-Unis
Gagauz:
Iowa, Amerika Birleşik Devletläri
Galician:
Iowa, Estados Unidos de América
Georgian:
აიოვა, ამერიკის შეერთებული შტატები
Greek:
Αϊόβα, Ηνωμένες Πολιτείες Αμερικής
Guarani:
Iowa, Tetãvore Joapykuéra
Gujarati:
આયોવા, યુનાઇટેડ સ્ટેટ્સ ઓફ અમેરિકા
Haitian:
Ayowa, Etazini
Hakka:
Iowa
Hausa:
Iowa, Tarayyar Amurka
Hawaiian:
‘Iowa, ‘Amelika Hui Pū ‘ia
Hebrew:
איווה, ארצות הברית
Hill Mari:
Айова, Америкын Ушымы Штатвлӓжӹ
Hindi:
आयोवा, संयुक्त राज्य
Hungarian:
Iowa, Amerikai Egyesült Államok
Icelandic:
Iowa, Bandaríkin
Ido:
Iowa, Usa
Igbo:
Áyowạ, Njikọ̀taọ̀hà
Iloko:
Iowa, Estados Unidos iti Amerika
Indonesian:
Iowa, Amerika Serikat
Interlingua:
Iowa, Statos Unite de America
Inuktitut:
ᐃᐅᕙ, ᐊᒥᐊᓕᑲ
Irish Gaelic:
Iowa, Stáit Aontaithe Mheiriceá
Japanese:
アイオワ州, アメリカ合衆国
Javanese:
Iowa, Amérika Sarékat
Judaeo-Spanish:
Iowa, Estados Unidos de Amerika
Kabiye:
Iyowa, Etaazuunii
Kalmyk:
Айова, Америкин Ниицәтә Орн Нутугуд
Kannada:
ಅಯೋವಾ, ಅಮೇರಿಕ ಸಂಯುಕ್ತ ಸಂಸ್ಥಾನ
Kapampangan:
Iowa, Estados Unidos
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Айова, Америка Құрама Штаттары
Korean:
아이오와주, 미국
Kurdish (Latin Script):
Iowa, Dewletên Yekbûyî yên Amerîkayê
Latin:
Iova, Civitates Foederatae Americae
Latvian:
Aiova, Amerikas Savienotās Valstis
Lezghian:
Айова, Америкадин Садхьанвай Штатар
Ligurian:
Iowa, Stati Unïi d'America
Limburgian:
Iowa, Vereinegde Staote vaan Amerika
Lithuanian:
Ajova, Jungtinės Amerikos Valstijos
Lombard:
Iowa, Stat Ünì d'America
Low Saxon/Low German:
Iowa, USA
Luri:
آیوڤا, ڤولاتچٱیا یٱکاگرتٱ آمریکا
Luxembourgish:
Iowa, Vereenegt Staate vun Amerika
Macedonian:
Ајова, Соединети Американски Држави
Maithili:
आयोवा, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Malagasy:
Iowa, Etazonia
Malay:
Iowa, Amerika Syarikat
Malayalam:
ഐയവ
Manx:
Iowa, Steatyn Unnaneysit America
Maori:
Iowa, Hononga-o-Amerika
Marathi:
आयोवा, अमेरिकेची संयुक्त संस्थाने
Mazanderani:
آیوا
Meadow Mari:
Айова, Ушымо Американ Штат-влак
Min Dong Chinese:
Iowa
Mingrelian:
აიოვა, ამერიკაშ აკოართაფილი შტატეფი
Mongolian:
Айова, Америкийн Нэгдсэн Улс
Nauruan:
Iowa, Eben Merika
Navajo:
Haltsotah Ałhidiilíinii Hahoodzo, Wááshindoon Bikéyah Ałhidadiidzooígíí
Nepali:
आयोवा, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Newar / Nepal Bhasa:
आयोवा, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Northern Frisian:
Iowa, Feriind Stoote foon Ameerika
Northern Sami:
Iowa, Amerihká ovttastuvvan stáhtat
Norwegian:
Iowa, USA
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Iowa, USA
Occitan:
Iowa, Estats Units d'America
Ossetian:
Айовæ, Америкæйы Иугонд Штаттæ
Pali:
आयोवा, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका
Papiamento:
Iowa, Estadonan Uni di Merka
Piedmontese:
Iowa, Stat Unì d'América
Polish:
Iowa, Stany Zjednoczone
Portuguese:
Iowa, Estados Unidos
Punjabi:
ਆਇਓਵਾ, ਸੰਯੁਕਤ ਰਾਜ ਅਮਰੀਕਾ
Quechua:
Iowa suyu, Hukllachasqa Amirika Suyukuna
Romanian:
Iowa, Statele Unite ale Americii
Romansh:
Iowa, Stadis Unids
Russia Buriat:
Айова
Samogitian:
Ajova, JAV
Sanskrit:
अयोवा, अमेरिकासंयुक्तराज्यम्
Sardinian:
Iowa, Istados Unidos de Amèrica
Saterland Frisian:
Iowa, Fereende Stoaten fon Amerikoa
Scots:
Iowa
Scottish Gaelic:
Iowa, Na Stàitean Aonaichte
Serbian:
Ајова, Сједињене Америчке Државе
Serbo-Croatian:
Iowa, Sjedinjene Američke Države
Sicilian:
Iowa, Stati Uniti
Silesian:
Iowa, Zjednoczůne Sztaty
Slovak:
Iowa, Spojené štáty
Slovenian:
Iowa, Združene države Amerike
Somali:
Iowa, Gobolada Isku Tegay ee Ameerika
South Azerbaijani:
آیووا ایالتی, آمریکا بیرلشمیش ایالتلری
Swahili:
Iowa, Marekani
Swedish:
Iowa, USA
Tagalog:
Iowa, Estados Unidos
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Айова, Иёлоти Муттаҳидаи Амрико
Tamil:
அயோவா, அமெரிக்க ஐக்கிய நாடு
Tatar:
Айова, Америка Кушма Штатлары
Telugu:
అయోవా, అమెరికా సంయుక్త రాష్ట్రాలు
Thai:
รัฐไอโอวา, ประเทศสหรัฐอเมริกา
Tibetan (Standard):
ཡོ་བ།, ཨ་མེ་རི་ཁ་རྒྱལ་ཕྲན་མཉམ་འབྲེལ་རྒྱལ་ཁབ།
Traditional Chinese:
埃奧華州, 美國
Turkish:
Iowa, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri
Ukrainian:
Айова, Сполучені Штати Америки
Upper Sorbian:
Iowa, Zjednoćene staty Ameriki
Urdu:
آئیووا, ریاستہائے متحدہ امریکا
Uyghur:
Lowa Shitati, ئامېرىكا قوشما شىتاتلىرى
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Ayova, Amerika Qoʻshma Shtatlari
Vietnamese:
Iowa, Chủng Quốc Hoa Kỳ
Volapük:
Iowa, Lamerikän
Waray:
Iowa, Estados Unidos
Welsh:
Iowa, Unol Daleithiau America
West Frisian:
Iowa, Feriene Steaten
Western Punjabi:
آئیووا, امریکہ
Wu Chinese:
爱荷华州, 美国
Xhosa:
I-Ayowa, IYunayithedi Steyitsi
Yakut:
Айова, Америка Холбоһуктаах Штааттара
Yiddish:
אייאווע, פאראייניקטע שטאטן פון אמעריקע
Yoruba:
Iowa
Zazaki:
Iowa, Dewletê Amerikayê Yewbiyayey


Iowa is best known for its excellent geodes from the Keokuk area and also for calcite and baryte crystals from abundant carbonate sedimentary rocks exposed throughout the state. These rocks can also provide excellent fossil collecting from road cuts and quarries.

Iowa’s exposed bedrock is little deformed sedimentary rock, dominantly of Paleozoic age. These dip southwest at a gentle angle, meaning that one encounters younger rock as one goes south and west though the state. A blanket of Mesozoic strata overlies these older rocks in the northwest.

Except for isolated exposures of quartzite in the extreme northwestern corner of the state, Precambrian rocks are known only from deep drill cores, which have sampled gneiss, granitic and gabbroic rocks. One of these cores, from Sioux County, is the type locality for iowaite, a blue chlorine-bearing hydroxide. This is found in veins cutting serpentinite.

Cambrian rocks, mainly sandstone, are exposed in the northeast corner of the state notably along the Mississippi River. Ordovician to Mississippian limestones and dolostones deposited in shallow seas are abundant throughout much of the rest of the state. They are often quarried. Some quarries, such as Pint’s Quarry near Raymond, Black Hawk County, or the Conklin Quarry near Coralville in Johnson County yield attractive well-crystallized specimens of calcite, baryte, dolomite, fluorite, millerite and other minerals. Sphalerite, galena and smithsonite have been mined, primarily from Ordovician strata, in the Dubuque area, which is part of the Upper Mississippi Valley zinc-lead district. High purity limestone of Devonian age is mined underground in the Linwood Mine in Scott County. This has produced wonderful calcite and baryte crystal clusters. Some Mississippian strata contains significant gypsum deposits which have been mined, notably near Sperry in Des Moines County. The Mississippian formations also are the home of the world-famous quartz geodes of the Keokuk area, and adjacent Illinois and Missouri. The geodes are best dug from fee sites, but can also be collected loose where they weather out and concentrate in stream beds. In addition to quartz, many other minerals, such calcite, sphalerite, dolomite and millerite can be found in the geodes.

Younger Pennsylvanian strata cover much of the southwestern quarter of the state. They consist of sandstone, coal and shale deposited in low-lying alluvial plains and adjacent shallow seas. The coal has been mined in the past, but its relatively high sulfur content has made it presently undesirable. The old mines, such as those near Oskaloosa in Mahaska County, have yielded baryte, calcite, pyrite, marcasite and other minerals.

Some scattered Jurassic rocks in the Fort Dodge area have high-quality gypsum and anhydrite beds, which are mined. The northwestern part of the state is covered by Cretaceous sediments. The early Cretaceous materials are non-marine sandstone and clay that include some limonitic iron ore at the base. This ore was mined in Allamakee County. The late Cretaceous rocks are primarily calcareous shales. These can provide some interesting vertebrate and invertebrate fossils.

A major Cretaceous impact site occurs in the subsurface near Manson, Pocahontas County, Iowa. This crater formed about 74 million years ago, and has a diameter of 23 miles. It is unfortunately entirely covered by younger strata. Another probable impact site, this of Ordovician age, has recently been described in the Dubuque area. Also of extraterrestrial note, Iowa is indirectly the type locality for stanfieldite and tetrataenite, which were first noted in the Estherville meteorite that fell in Emmet County.

Glacial and alluvial deposits are widespread in the state. Glacially transported Lake Superior agates, gold, iron formation, float copper and, rarely, a diamond or two can be found by careful searching in this material.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

79 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Windom, K. E., Seifert, K. E., & Anderson, R. R. (1991). Studies of the Precambrian geology of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek layered igneous complex. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(4), 170-177.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Windom, K. E., Seifert, K. E., & Anderson, R. R. (1991). Studies of the Precambrian geology of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek layered igneous complex. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(4), 170-177.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Windom, K. E., Seifert, K. E., & Anderson, R. R. (1991). Studies of the Precambrian geology of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek layered igneous complex. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(4), 170-177.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impact2000/pdf/3112.pdf.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impact2000/pdf/3112.pdf.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: Present in anorthositic clasts.
Reference: Grady, M. M. , Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Fuchs L H (1967) Abstract of paper presented at the twelfth annual meeting: Stanfieldite, a new phosphate mineral in stony-iron meteorites. The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 289-290
'Antitaenite'
Formula: Fe3Ni
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2002/pdf/5020.pdf.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Aragonite Satin Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Albert Williams (1885) Mineral resources of the United States (1883 and 1884) US Bureau of Mines GPO, Volume 2
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Powell, B. N. (1971). Petrology and chemistry of mesosiderites—II. Silicate textures and compositions and metal-silicate relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 35(1): 5-34. (Jan 1971)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: R&M 77:6 pp 404-413
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Bitumen'
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: American Mineralogist: 52: 1261-1271.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 88 localities in this region.
'Catlinite'
Reference: Kunz,1892. Gems & Precious Stones of N. America, p.205.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Windom, K. E., Seifert, K. E., & Anderson, R. R. (1991). Studies of the Precambrian geology of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek layered igneous complex. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(4), 170-177.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: American Mineralogist: 52: 1261-1271.
'Clays'
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impact2000/pdf/3112.pdf.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Windom, K. E., Seifert, K. E., & Anderson, R. R. (1991). Studies of the Precambrian geology of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek layered igneous complex. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(4), 170-177.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 81 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Description: Enstatite has both a general definition as magnesian Fe-Mg pyroxene (MgO mol%> FeO mol%) and as very Mg-rich pyroxene or even nearly pure Mg pyroxene [The latter usage is usually preferred in the meteoritical literature]. Almost all Estherville orthopyroxene contains a significant ferroan component.
Reference: Fuchs L H (1967) Abstract of paper presented at the twelfth annual meeting: Stanfieldite, a new phosphate mineral in stony-iron meteorites. The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 289-290
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: R&M 77:6 pp 404-413
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: R&M 77:6 pp 404-413
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: R&M 77:6 pp 404-413
'Glass'
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Windom, K. E., Seifert, K. E., & Anderson, R. R. (1991). Studies of the Precambrian geology of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek layered igneous complex. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(4), 170-177.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Alabaster
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: R&M 77:6 pp 404-413
Gypsum var: Satin Spar Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: R&M 77:6 pp 404-413
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iowaite (TL)
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist: 52: 1261-1271.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impact2000/pdf/3112.pdf.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impact2000/pdf/3112.pdf.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Limonite var: Stilpnosiderite'
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: American Mineralogist: 52: 1261-1271.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impact2000/pdf/3112.pdf.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Windom, K. E., Seifert, K. E., & Anderson, R. R. (1991). Studies of the Precambrian geology of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek layered igneous complex. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(4), 170-177.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Windom, K. E., Seifert, K. E., & Anderson, R. R. (1991). Studies of the Precambrian geology of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek layered igneous complex. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(4), 170-177.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
'Petrified Wood'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Petroleum'
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Powell, B. N. (1971). Petrology and chemistry of mesosiderites—II. Silicate textures and compositions and metal-silicate relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 35(1): 5-34. (Jan 1971)
'Plessite'
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impact2000/pdf/3112.pdf.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 62 localities in this region.
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist: 52: 1261-1271.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Pyroxene Group'
Description: Much of the pyroxene is intergrown with plagioclase
Reference: Shepard, C. U. (1879). On the Estherville, Emmet County, Iowa meteorite of May 10, 1879.: American Journal of Arts and Science (3rd Series) 18:186-188.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 82 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Quartz var: Carnelian
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Lake Superior Agate
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Moss Agate
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quenstedtite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Reference: Yale Peabody Museum
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages; Powell, B. N. (1971). Petrology and chemistry of mesosiderites—II. Silicate textures and compositions and metal-silicate relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 35(1): 5-34. (Jan 1971)
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: R&M 77:6 pp 404-413
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Windom, K. E., Seifert, K. E., & Anderson, R. R. (1991). Studies of the Precambrian geology of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek layered igneous complex. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(4), 170-177.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Stanfieldite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mg5(PO4)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 53: 508; Witzke, T. (2011): Stanfieldit-Kristalle aus dem Meteoriten Estherville (Mesosiderit A 3/4). Aufschluss 62, 119-123. ; Fuchs L H (1967) Abstract of paper presented at the twelfth annual meeting: Stanfieldite, a new phosphate mineral in stony-iron meteorites. The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 289-290
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Windom, K. E., Seifert, K. E., & Anderson, R. R. (1991). Studies of the Precambrian geology of Iowa: Part 1. The Otter Creek layered igneous complex. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS, 98(4), 170-177.
Tetrataenite (TL)
Formula: FeNi
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 65, pages 624-630 1980
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Fuchs L H (1967) Abstract of paper presented at the twelfth annual meeting: Stanfieldite, a new phosphate mineral in stony-iron meteorites. The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 289-290; Powell, B. N. (1971). Petrology and chemistry of mesosiderites—II. Silicate textures and compositions and metal-silicate relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 35(1): 5-34. (Jan 1971); Mittlefehldt, D. W., McCoy, T. J., Goodrich, C. A. & Kracher, A. (1998). Non-chondritic meteorites from asteroidal bodies. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 4, 195 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
'Wad'
Reference: R&M 77:6 pp 404-413
Whitlockite ?
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Description: Later recognised as merrillite.
Reference: Fuchs L H (1967) Abstract of paper presented at the twelfth annual meeting: Stanfieldite, a new phosphate mineral in stony-iron meteorites. The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 289-290.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/impact2000/pdf/3112.pdf.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Powell, B. N. (1971). Petrology and chemistry of mesosiderites—II. Silicate textures and compositions and metal-silicate relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 35(1): 5-34. (Jan 1971)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Antitaenite'1.AE.10Fe3Ni
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite (TL)1.AE.10FeNi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Iowaite (TL)4.FL.05Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Lake Superior Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Moss Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Aragonite Satin Spar5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Felsőbányaite7.DD.05Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Alabaster7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Satin Spar Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Quenstedtite7.CB.65Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Stanfieldite (TL)8.AC.70Ca4Mg5(PO4)6
Whitlockite ?8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bitumen'-
'Catlinite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'var: Stilpnosiderite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Petroleum'-
'Plessite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite (TL)1.1.11.3FeNi
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Iowaite (TL)6.4.5.1Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Pyroaurite16b.6.2.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Quenstedtite29.8.5.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Felsőbányaite31.4.4.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Stanfieldite (TL)38.3.5.1Ca4Mg5(PO4)6
Whitlockite ?38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Antitaenite'-Fe3Ni
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Aragonite Satin Spar-CaCO3
'Bitumen'-
'Catlinite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ferro-actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Glass'-
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gypsum
var: Alabaster
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Satin Spar Gypsum-CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'var: Stilpnosiderite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Petroleum'-
'Plessite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Lake Superior Agate-SiO2
var: Moss Agate-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum (var: Alabaster)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
H Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DiamondC
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C Aragonite (var: Aragonite Satin Spar)CaCO3
OOxygen
O IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
O StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O Quartz (var: Lake Superior Agate)SiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Moss Agate)SiO2
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CelestineSrSO4
O Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O Gypsum (var: Alabaster)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O Aragonite (var: Aragonite Satin Spar)CaCO3
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O TridymiteSiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O