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Haut de Cry, Chamoson, Wallis (Valais), Switzerland

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 13' 30'' North , 7° 10' 44'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.22525,7.17897
GeoHash:G#: u0jngr59d
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra
Name(s) in local language(s):Haut de Cry, Chamoson, Valais (Wallis), Suisse (Schweiz; Svizzera)


Deposit of oolitic iron ores in Jurassic strata (Callovian-Oxfordian horizons), mined for some time during the 19th century.


M. Delaloye (1966): Contributation à l'étude des silicates de fer sédimentaires Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais) in: Schweizerische Geotechnische Kommision. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz: Geotechnische Serie. Die Eisen- und Manganerze der Schweiz 13.9. Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais).
Also mentions: "la ferrochlorite genre diabantite" and "le ferrokaolin, sans nom de genre"

Regions containing this locality

The Alps, Europe

Mountain Range - 2,207 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Frank de Wit collection
Chamosite (TL)
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Berthier, P. (1820): Annales des Mines 5, 393-396; Delaloye, M. (1962): Chamosite of Chamoson, Valais. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 42, 644.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: M. Delaloye (1966): Contributation à l'étude des silicates de fer sédimentaires Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais). in: Schweizerische Geotechnische Kommision. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz: Geotechnische Serie. Die Eisen- und Manganerze der Schweiz 13.9. Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais).
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: M. Delaloye (1966): Contributation à l'étude des silicates de fer sédimentaires Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais). in: Schweizerische Geotechnische Kommision. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz: Geotechnische Serie. Die Eisen- und Manganerze der Schweiz 13.9. Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais).
Clinochlore var: Diabantite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Reference: M. Delaloye (1966): Contributation à l'étude des silicates de fer sédimentaires Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais). in: Schweizerische Geotechnische Kommision. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz: Geotechnische Serie. Die Eisen- und Manganerze der Schweiz 13.9. Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Frank de Wit collection
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: M. Delaloye (1966): Contributation à l'étude des silicates de fer sédimentaires Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais). in: Schweizerische Geotechnische Kommision. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz: Geotechnische Serie. Die Eisen- und Manganerze der Schweiz 13.9. Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais).
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: M. Delaloye (1966): Contributation à l'étude des silicates de fer sédimentaires Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais). in: Schweizerische Geotechnische Kommision. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz: Geotechnische Serie. Die Eisen- und Manganerze der Schweiz 13.9. Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Delaloye, M. (1962): Données nouvelles sur la chamosite de Chamoson. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, p.644-647
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: M. Delaloye (1966): Contributation à l'étude des silicates de fer sédimentaires Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais). in: Schweizerische Geotechnische Kommision. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz: Geotechnische Serie. Die Eisen- und Manganerze der Schweiz 13.9. Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais).
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: M. Delaloye (1966): Contributation à l'étude des silicates de fer sédimentaires Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais). in: Schweizerische Geotechnische Kommision. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz: Geotechnische Serie. Die Eisen- und Manganerze der Schweiz 13.9. Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: http://www.uranglasuren.com/ores/Index_CH/Example_CH04/index.html
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: M. Delaloye (1966): Contributation à l'étude des silicates de fer sédimentaires Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais). in: Schweizerische Geotechnische Kommision. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz: Geotechnische Serie. Die Eisen- und Manganerze der Schweiz 13.9. Le gisement de Chamoson (Valais).
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Delaloye, M. (1962): Données nouvelles sur la chamosite de Chamoson. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, p.644-647

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chamosite' (TL)9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Diabantite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite (TL)71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Diabantite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
FeIron
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Jurassic
145 - 163.5 Ma



ID: 2353528
Biogene Sedimentgesteine und Evaporite

Age: Jurassic (145 - 163.5 Ma)

Lithology: Biogenic carbonate rocks and evaporite

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3185222
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3156286
Helvetic nappes, Penninic nappes

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Limestone

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Berthier, P. (1820): Annales des Mines 5, 393-396.
- Delaloye, M. (1962): Chamosite of Chamoson, Valais. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 42, 644.


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