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Mesaba deposit (Minnamax deposit; Babbitt deposit; Babbitt Lake deposit; Amax Underground Mine), Ely-Hoyt Lakes Area, St. Louis Co., Minnesota, USAi
Regional Level Types
Mesaba deposit (Minnamax deposit; Babbitt deposit; Babbitt Lake deposit; Amax Underground Mine)Deposit
Ely-Hoyt Lakes AreaArea
St. Louis Co.County
MinnesotaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
47° 42' 30'' North , 91° 56' 30'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Babbitt1,519 (2017)0.2km
Ely3,408 (2017)22.4km
Soudan446 (2017)25.1km
Hoyt Lakes2,004 (2017)25.6km
Winton172 (2017)26.4km


A PGE (Pt-Pd-Ru-Rh-Os-Ir)-Cu-Ni-Co-Ti occurrence/prospect/mine in the Partridge River troctolite body, Duluth complex. Previously owned by AMAX, then Kennecott.

Deposit Model: 9: Duluth Cu-Ni-PGE

Host Rock Unit: Duluth Complex

Structure: Faulting Related To Rift Origin Of Duluth Complex

Host Rock: Gabbro

Tectonic Structure: Midcontinent Rift

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


44 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium
Cabriite
Formula: Pd2CuSn
Reference: Wilson, G. C., Rucklidge, J. C., & Cermignani, C. (2002). COARSE-GRAINED CABRIITE FROM NORIL’SK, RUSSIA. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 473-479.; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:1630-1639; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:1630-1639; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
'Dienerite'
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
Reference: Wilson, G. C., Rucklidge, J. C., & Cermignani, C. (2002). COARSE-GRAINED CABRIITE FROM NORIL’SK, RUSSIA. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 473-479.; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Economic Geology (1980) 75:764-766
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
'Hornblende'
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:1630-1639; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Parkerite
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Shadlunite
Formula: (Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)8S8
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Taimyrite
Formula: (Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Reference: McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Reference: Good, D., Borysenko, J., McBride, J., Walford, P., Smyk, M., Hollings, P., ... & Corkery, J. (2010) Cu-Ni-PGE Deposits in Mafic Intrusions of the Lake Superior Region June 24-30, 2010. 11th International Platinum Symposium; McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Cabriite1.AG.30Pd2CuSn
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Taimyrite1.AG.15(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Froodite2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Parkerite2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Shadlunite2.BB.15(Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)8S8
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 3 - Halides
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Dienerite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Cabriite1.2.11.Pd2CuSn
Taimyrite1.2.10.1(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Parkerite2.3.4.1Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Godlevskite2.7.4.1(Ni,Fe)9S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Shadlunite2.7.1.4(Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)8S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Talnakhite2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Froodite2.12.15.1α-PdBi2
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Greenalite71.1.2b.4(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Dienerite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
SiSilicon
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TroiliteFeS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
S Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
S ChalcociteCu2S
S SphaleriteZnS
S CovelliteCuS
S Shadlunite(Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)8S8
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S LauriteRuS2
S ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
S GreenockiteCdS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Fe Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
Fe Shadlunite(Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)8S8
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
NiNickel
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Ni Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
Ni ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CabriitePd2CuSn
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu Shadlunite(Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)8S8
Cu Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As SperrylitePtAs2
As NickelineNiAs
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
RuRuthenium
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Ru LauriteRuS2
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PdPalladium
Pd CabriitePd2CuSn
Pd Frooditeα-PdBi2
Pd MicheneritePdBiTe
Pd Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pd Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
CdCadmium
Cd Shadlunite(Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)8S8
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SnTin
Sn CabriitePd2CuSn
Sn Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te MicheneritePdBiTe
Te Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
IrIridium
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PtPlatinum
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Pt Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pt Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb CotunnitePbCl2
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb Shadlunite(Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)8S8
Pb ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
BiBismuth
Bi Frooditeα-PdBi2
Bi MicheneritePdBiTe
Bi Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Bi ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Boucher, M.L. (1975) Copper-nickel mineralization in drill core: U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigations 8084, 55 p.
Morton, P. & S. A. Hauck (1987) PGE, Au and Ag contents of Cu-Ni sulfides found at the base of the Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota: Natural Resources Research Institute.
Economic Geology (1993): 88: 679-696.
Economic Geology (1994): 89: 1630-1639.
Wilson, G. C., Rucklidge, J. C., & Cermignani, C. (2002). Coarse-Grained Cabriite from Noril’Ssk, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 40(2): 473-479.
McSwiggen, P. L. (1999) Platinum-palladium group minerals, gold, silver, and cobalt in the Minnamax copper-nickel sulfide deposit, Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota. Minnesota Geological Survey Report of Investigations 54


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