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Uusimaa, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
UusimaaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Helsinki558,457 (2018)
Espoo256,760 (2016)
Vantaa190,058 (2014)
Porvoo47,192 (2014)
Hyvinge43,515 (2014)
Järvenpää38,148 (2014)
Other Languages:
Finnish:
Uudenmaan maakunta, Suomi
French:
Uusimaa, Finlande
German:
Uusimaa, Finnland
Italian:
Uusimaa, Finlandia
Russian:
Уусимаа, Финляндия
Simplified Chinese:
新地区, 芬兰
Spanish:
Región de Uusimaa, Finlandia
Swedish:
Nyland, Finland
Afrikaans:
Uusimaa, Finland
Albanian:
Uusimaa, Finlanda
Arabic:
أوسيما, فنلندا
Aragonese:
Uusimaa, Finlandia
Armenian:
Ուուսիմաա, Ֆինլանդիա
Asturian:
Uusimaa, Finlandia
Basque:
Nilandia, Finlandia
Belarusian:
Усіма, Фінляндыя
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Правінцыя Уусімаа, Фінляндыя
Bengali:
উসিম্যা, ফিনল্যান্ড
Bosnian:
Uusimaa, Finska
Bulgarian:
Уусимаа, Финландия
Catalan:
Uusimaa, Finlàndia
Cebuano:
Uusimaa, Finlandia
Czech:
Uusimaa, Finsko
Danish:
Nyland, Finland
Dutch:
Uusimaa, Finland
Esperanto:
Uusimaa, Finnlando
Estonian:
Uusimaa, Soome
Farsi/Persian:
اوسیما, فنلاند
Galician:
Uusimaa, Finlandia
Georgian:
უუსიმაა, ფინეთი
Greek:
Ουούσιμαα, Φινλανδία
Gujarati:
ઉસિમા, ફીનલેંડ
Hebrew:
אוסימה, פינלנד
Hindi:
उशिमा, फ़िनलैण्ड
Hungarian:
Nyland tartomány, Finnország
Indonesian:
Uusimaa, Finlandia
Irish Gaelic:
An Nualainn, An Fhionlainn
Japanese:
ウーシマー県, フィンランド
Kannada:
ಯುಸಿಮಾಮಾ, ಫಿನ್‍ಲ್ಯಾಂಡ್
Komi-Permyak:
Усима, Суоми
Korean:
우시마 지역, 핀란드
Latin:
Nylandia, Finnia
Latvian:
Ūsimā, Somija
Lithuanian:
Ūsima, Suomija
Macedonian:
Усима, Финска
Malay:
Uusimaa, Finland
Manx:
Uusimaa, Finnlynn
Marathi:
उशिमा, फिनलंड
Northern Sami:
Uusimaa eanangoddi, Suopma
Norwegian:
Nyland, Finland
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Nyland, Finland
Occitan:
Uusimaa, Finlàndia
Polish:
Uusimaa, Finlandia
Portuguese:
Uusimaa, Finlândia
Romanian:
Uusimaa, Finlanda
Scots:
Uusimaa, Finland
Serbian:
Нова Земља, Финска
Serbo-Croatian:
Uusimaa, Finska
Sinhalese:
ඌසිමා, ෆින්ලන්තය
Slovak:
Uusimaa, Fínsko
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Уусимаа, Финланд
Tamil:
யூசிமா, பின்லாந்து
Telugu:
యూసిమా, ఫిన్‌లాండ్
Thai:
ยูยูสิม่า, ประเทศฟินแลนด์
Turkish:
Uusimaa, Finlandiya
Ukrainian:
Уусімаа, Фінляндія
Urdu:
وسیما, فن لینڈ
Venetian:
Uusimaa, Finlandia
Vietnamese:
Uusimaa, Phần Lan
Western Punjabi:
یووسیما, فنلینڈ


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

115 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Nyckeln -Zinc Database.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Mattinen, Veijo (1952): Stellerite from Sillböle, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande, 157, 147-148magnetite
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Alkali Feldspar'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Reference: Jyrki Autio photo & specimen, Photo ID: 788362
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Jyrki Autio photo & specimen
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Jyrki Autio Collection
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Jaakko Kurki Collection
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Raman spectroscopy by Joel Dyer 2019
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2017, Jyrki Autio specimen
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Jones, R.H., McCubbin, F.M., Dreeland, L., Guan, Y., Burger, P.V. & Shearer, C.K. (2014) Phosphate minerals in LL chondrites: A record of the action of fluids during metamorphism on ordinary chondrite parent bodies. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 132: pp. 120-140. (May 2014).
'Chlorite Group'
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Eskola, P., Hackman, V., Laitakari, A. ja Wilkman, W.W. 1919. Suomen kalkkikivi. Geoteknillisiä tiedonantoja 21, Valtioneuvoston kirjapaino, Helsinki, 265 s.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Description: As euhedral grains in chondrules.
Reference: Wlotzka, F. (2005) Cr spinel and chromite as petrogenetic indicators in ordinary chondrites: Equilibration temperatures of petrologic types 3.7 to 6. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40 (11) 1673-1702. (Nov 1905).
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites.Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Wlotzka, F. (2005) Cr spinel and chromite as petrogenetic indicators in ordinary chondrites: Equilibration temperatures of petrologic types 3.7 to 6. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40 (11) 1673-1702. (Nov 1905).
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Collection of Finnish Museum of natural history, Univercity of Helsinki
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Raman spectroscopy by Joel Dyer 2019
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp. (p.164)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Laverov, N.P., Petrov, V.A., Poluektov, V.V., Nasimov, R.M., Hammer, J., Burmistrov, A.A., and Shchukin, S.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 339-361.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Laitakari, A. 1948. Helsingin ympäristön kallioperän kaivannaiset. Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja 45
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Mattila, E., 1983. Be-Ta pitoisen pegmatiitin tutkimukset, Rautaruukki oy, N:o OU 9/83
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: N. MARCOS, L. AHONEN, R. BROS, P. ROOS, J. SUKSI & V. OVERSBY (1999) NEW DATA ON THE HYRKKOLA NATIVE COPPER MINERALIZATION: A NATURAL ANALOGUE FOR THE LONG-TERM CORROSION OF COPPER CANISTERS Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 556 @ 1999 Materials Research Society
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Nyckeln -Zinc Database.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Tavela, M 1950. Havaintoja Kuovilan alueelta Kiskon- Kemiön leptiittivyöhykkeeltä. Helsingin yliopiston Geologian laitos.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
'Florencite'
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Nyckeln -Zinc Database.
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Garnet Supergroup'
Formula: X3Z2(TO4)3
Reference: http://www.jalokiviharrastajat.fi/index.php?k=10763
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Nyckeln -Zinc Database.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Eskola, P., Hackman, V., Laitakari, A. ja Wilkman, W.W. 1919. Suomen kalkkikivi. Geoteknillisiä tiedonantoja 21, Valtioneuvoston kirjapaino, Helsinki, 265 s.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Nyckeln -Zinc Database.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Latva, H. 1971. Tutkimustyöselostus Tytyri2-nimisen tutkimuskentän tutkimuksista Lohjan kaupungissa. Kaivosrekisterinumero 1921/1b, 1921/1d, 1921/3a, 1921/4a. Julkaisusarja: valtausraportit.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Holmberg, H. J. (1857): Mineralogischer Wegweiser durch Finland. Bidrag till Finlands naturkännendom, etnografi och statistik. Vol 1. Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (p.4)
Hisingerite var: Degeroite
Formula: ~(Fe3+,Mg)2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Holmberg, H. J. (1857): Mineralogischer Wegweiser durch Finland. Bidrag till Finlands naturkännendom, etnografi och statistik. Vol 1. Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (p.4)
Ice
Formula: H2O
Reference: http://cdn.fmi.fi/marine-observations/products/ice-charts/latest-black-and-white-ice-chart.pdf
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites.Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Rubin, A. (1990) Olivine & Kamacite in Ordinary Chondrites: Intergroup and Intragroup relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54: 1217-1230.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites.Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Rubin, A. (1990) Olivine & Kamacite in Ordinary Chondrites: Intergroup and Intragroup relationships. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54: 1217-1230.; Jones, R.H., McCubbin, F.M., Dreeland, L., Guan, Y., Burger, P.V. & Shearer, C.K. (2014) Phosphate minerals in LL chondrites: A record of the action of fluids during metamorphism on ordinary chondrite parent bodies. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 132: pp. 120-140. (May 2014).
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites.Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Jyrki Autio Collection
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
'K Feldspar'
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Eskola, P., Hackman, V., Laitakari, A. ja Wilkman, W.W. 1919. Suomen kalkkikivi. Geoteknillisiä tiedonantoja 21, Valtioneuvoston kirjapaino, Helsinki, 265 s.
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'
Reference: Jyrki Autio Collection
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites.Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Holmberg, H. J. (1857): Mineralogischer Wegweiser durch Finland. Bidrag till Finlands naturkännendom, etnografi och statistik. Vol 1. Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (p.4)
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Holmberg, H. J. (1857): Mineralogischer Wegweiser durch Finland. Bidrag till Finlands naturkännendom, etnografi och statistik. Vol 1. Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (p.4)
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 797.; Jones, R.H., McCubbin, F.M., Dreeland, L., Guan, Y., Burger, P.V. & Shearer, C.K. (2014) Phosphate minerals in LL chondrites: A record of the action of fluids during metamorphism on ordinary chondrite parent bodies. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 132: pp. 120-140. (May 2014).
'Mica Group'
Reference: Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Nygård, R., & Cook, N. (2016). Mineralogy and geochemistry of indium-bearing polymetallic veins in the Sarvlaxviken area, Lovisa, Finland. Ore Geology Reviews, 75, 206-219.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Geogian Tutkimuskeskus 2010. Palmottu-Uranium Database.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Mason, B. (1963) Olivine in ordinary chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 27: 1011-1023. (Sept. 1963).
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
'Parisite'
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Special_Issue_1_2006/SpecialIssue1.pdf [p. 5]
'Pinite'
Reference: Nordenskiöld A.E. (1863) Beskrifning öfver de i Finland funna Mineralier. Finska Litteratur-sällskapets tryckeri, 1563. 69-70
'Plessite'
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites.Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Jyrki Autio specimen, Joel Dyer identification by Raman spectroscopy 2019
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Raman spectroscopy by Joel Dyer 2019
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.ronomical Society A 368 (1922): 3059-3065. (June 2010).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Nordenskiöld, A. E.(1863): Beskrifning över de i Finland funna Mineralier. Helsingfors, Finska Litteratur-sällskapets tryckeri, 1863. P. Th. Stolpes förlag. 177p (p. 58)
Roquesite
Formula: CuInS2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Cook, N. J., Sundblad, K., Valkama, M., Nygård, R., Ciobanu, C. L., & Danyushevsky, L. (2011). Indium mineralisation in A-type granites in southeastern Finland: insights into mineralogy and partitioning between coexisting minerals. Chemical Geology, 284(1-2), 62-73.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Eskola, P., Hackman, V., Laitakari, A. ja Wilkman, W.W. 1919. Suomen kalkkikivi. Geoteknillisiä tiedonantoja 21, Valtioneuvoston kirjapaino, Helsinki, 265 s.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Eskola, P., Hackman, V., Laitakari, A. ja Wilkman, W.W. 1919. Suomen kalkkikivi. Geoteknillisiä tiedonantoja 21, Valtioneuvoston kirjapaino, Helsinki, 265 s.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Victoria Museum specimen # M 26570
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Silver
Formula: Ag
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: N. MARCOS, L. AHONEN, R. BROS, P. ROOS, J. SUKSI & V. OVERSBY (1999) NEW DATA ON THE HYRKKOLA NATIVE COPPER MINERALIZATION: A NATURAL ANALOGUE FOR THE LONG-TERM CORROSION OF COPPER CANISTERS Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 556 @ 1999 Materials Research Society
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection, Anton Pilipiuk identification.
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Mattinen, Veijo (1952): Stellerite from Sillböle, Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande, 157, 147-148magnetite
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites.Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Jones, R.H., McCubbin, F.M., Dreeland, L., Guan, Y., Burger, P.V. & Shearer, C.K. (2014) Phosphate minerals in LL chondrites: A record of the action of fluids during metamorphism on ordinary chondrite parent bodies. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 132: pp. 120-140. (May 2014).
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Eskola, P., Hackman, V., Laitakari, A. ja Wilkman, W.W. 1919. Suomen kalkkikivi. Geoteknillisiä tiedonantoja 21, Valtioneuvoston kirjapaino, Helsinki, 265 s.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Reference: Clarke Jr, R.S. & Scott, E.R.D. (1980) - Tetrataenite—Ordered Fe,Ni, a new mineral in meteorites: American Mineralogist 65 (7 & 8): 624-630. (Jul/Aug 1980).
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Farrington, O.C. (1915) Meteorites: Their Structure, Composition, and Terrestrial Relations. Chicago. 233 pp.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites.Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.ronomical Society A 368 (1922): 3059-3065. (June 2010). ; Jones, R.H., McCubbin, F.M., Dreeland, L., Guan, Y., Burger, P.V. & Shearer, C.K. (2014) Phosphate minerals in LL chondrites: A record of the action of fluids during metamorphism on ordinary chondrite parent bodies. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 132: pp. 120-140. (May 2014).
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Laverov, N.P., Petrov, V.A., Poluektov, V.V., Nasimov, R.M., Hammer, J., Burmistrov, A.A., and Shchukin, S.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 339-361.
Uranophane-β
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: N. MARCOS, L. AHONEN, R. BROS, P. ROOS, J. SUKSI & V. OVERSBY (1999) NEW DATA ON THE HYRKKOLA NATIVE COPPER MINERALIZATION: A NATURAL ANALOGUE FOR THE LONG-TERM CORROSION OF COPPER CANISTERS Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 556 @ 1999 Materials Research Society
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Vesuvianite var: Frugardite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: [CIM 3rd ed. A.Clark p246]
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Ilkka Mikkola collection
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Roquesite2.CB.10aCuInS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ice4.AA.05H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Danalite9.FB.10Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
var: Degeroite9.ED.10~(Fe3+,Mg)2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Siderophyllite9.EC.20KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
var: Frugardite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Florencite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnet Supergroup'-X3Z2(TO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parisite'-
'Pinite'-
'Plessite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.1.11.3FeNi
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Roquesite2.9.1.4CuInS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Ice4.1.2.1H2O
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.5
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β53.3.1.9Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Amesite71.1.2c.1Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Siderophyllite71.2.2b.5KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Danalite76.2.4.2Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Florencite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnet Supergroup'-X3Z2(TO4)3
Hisingerite
var: Degeroite
-~(Fe3+,Mg)2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parisite'-
'Pinite'-
'Plessite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Vesuvianite
var: Frugardite
-(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hisingerite (var: Degeroite)~(Fe3+,Mg)2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Vesuvianite (var: Frugardite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H IceH2O
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B Vesuvianite (var: Frugardite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Hisingerite (var: Degeroite)~(Fe3+,Mg)2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Vesuvianite (var: Frugardite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O UraniniteUO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CorundumAl2O3
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
O CupriteCu2O
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O CerussitePbCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ThorianiteThO2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Garnet SupergroupX3Z2(TO4)3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O IceH2O
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O RutileTiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite (var: Frugardite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
NaSodium
Na Vesuvianite (var: Frugardite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg Hisingerite (var: Degeroite)~(Fe3+,Mg)2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Mg Vesuvianite (var: Frugardite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
AlAluminium
Al Vesuvianite (var: Frugardite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Hisingerite (var: Degeroite)~(Fe3+,Mg)2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Vesuvianite (var: Frugardite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Si AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
S SulphurS8
S GreenockiteCdS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S CelestineSrSO4
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S DigeniteCu9S5
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S CovelliteCuS
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S RoquesiteCuInS2
S StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S TroiliteFeS
S IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Vesuvianite (var: Frugardite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
FeIron
Fe Hisingerite (var: Degeroite)~(Fe3+,Mg)2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe Vesuvianite (var: Frugardite)(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TetrataeniteFeNi
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe IronFe
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni TetrataeniteFeNi
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu RoquesiteCuInS2
Cu StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Cu IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AsArsenic
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
InIndium
In RoquesiteCuInS2
SnTin
Sn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ThThorium
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
U Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

Fossils

There are 3 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences23
Youngest Fossil Listed0.01 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed458 Ma (Middle Ordovician)
Stratigraphic Units
UnitNo. OccurrencesAge
Jaani3428.2 - 426.2 Ma (Silurian)
Lyckholm11452 - 443.4 Ma (Paleozoic)
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Allumettoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Tripteroceratidae : Allumettoceras458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Spyroceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Pseudorthoceratidae : Spyroceras458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Kochoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Actinoceratidae : Kochoceras458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Ormoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ormoceratidae : Ormoceras458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Endoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Endoceratidae : Endoceras458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Cyrtogomphoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Nautilida : Nautilidae : Cyrtogomphoceras458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Winnipegoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Westonoceratidae : Winnipegoceras458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Diestoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Tarphyceratidae : Diestoceras458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Charactoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Apsidoceratidae : Charactoceras458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Discoceras
genus
Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Trocholitidae : Discoceras458.4 - 443.4 Ma
Paleozoic
Dolerorthis
genus
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Hesperorthidae : Dolerorthis428.2 - 426.2 Ma
Silurian
Pagophilus groenlandica
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Carnivora : Phocidae : Pagophilus : Pagophilus groenlandica0.0117 - 0 Ma
Quaternary
Dalejina hybrida
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Orthida : Rhipidomellidae : Dalejina : Dalejina hybrida428.2 - 426.2 Ma
Silurian
Mesofavosites secundus
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Favositidae : Mesofavosites : Mesofavosites secundus428.2 - 426.2 Ma
Silurian
Favosites subforbesi
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Favositidae : Favosites : Favosites subforbesi428.2 - 426.2 Ma
Silurian
Syringolites kunthianus
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Favositida : Syringolitidae : Syringolites : Syringolites kunthianus428.2 - 426.2 Ma
Silurian
Angopora tenuicula
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Theciidae : Thecia : Angopora tenuicula428.2 - 426.2 Ma
Silurian
Subalveolites sokolovi
species
Animalia : Cnidaria : Anthozoa : Alveolitidae : Subalveolites : Subalveolites sokolovi428.2 - 426.2 Ma
Silurian
Rhynchotreta gracilis
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Trigonirhynchiidae : Rhynchotreta : Rhynchotreta gracilis428.2 - 426.2 Ma
Silurian
Stegerhynchus estonicus
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Rhynchotrematidae : Stegerhynchus : Stegerhynchus estonicus428.2 - 426.2 Ma
Silurian
Hemitoechia undvaensis
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata : Rhynchonellida : Trigonirhynchiidae : Hemitoechia : Hemitoechia undvaensis428.2 - 426.2 Ma
Silurian
Leptaena (Leptaena) purpurea
species
Animalia : Brachiopoda : Strophomenata : Strophomenida : Rafinesquinidae : Leptaena : Leptaena (Leptaena) purpurea428.2 - 426.2 Ma
Silurian
Fossil LocalitiesClick to show 3 fossil localities

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mäkinen, E. (1909). Kuvauksia muutamista Lounais-Suomen pegmatiitti löydöksistä. Käsikirjoitus, Helsingin yliopiston Geologian laitos. [Descriptions of some of the south-western Finland pegmatite findings. Manuscript, Helsinki. University Department of Geology.]

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uusimaa
Wikidata ID:Q5711
GeoNames ID:830709

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Finland/Russia

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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