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Keivitsa intrusion, Sodankylä, Lapland, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Keivitsa intrusionIntrusion
Sodankylä- not defined -
LaplandRegion
FinlandCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 67° 41' 53'' North , 26° 57' 54'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 67.69833,26.96500
GeoHash:G#: us51js576
Locality type:Intrusion
Age:2057 ± 5 Ma
Geologic Time:Rhyacian
Reference for age:Ojala V.J., Weihed P. Eilu P. and Iljina, M. (Eds) 2007. Metallogeny and tectonic evolution of the Northern Fennoscandian Shield: Field trip guidebook. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 54, 98 pages, 52 figures and 7 tables.
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sodankylä8,942 (2014)34.9km


Located 40km N of Sodankyla. The Keivitsa intrusion belongs to a distinctly younger group of intrusions at 2.06 Ga and thus shows that there is also PGE potential in this age group of mafic magmatism which is also wide spread in northern Finland. The intrusion is about 5 km in diameter and shows a very
complex structure. Large tonnage and low grade PGE-Cu-Ni sulfide deposits were located by the Geological Survey of Finland and further studied by Outokumpu Mining in the 1990s. Disseminated mineralisation was estimated to comprise some 90 Mt grading 0.6 g/t PGE +Au, and 0.4% Cu and 0.25% Ni. However, recent reanalysis by the Geological Survey of Finland shows that there may be higher grade PGE zones grading from 3 to 20 g/t. A Swedish company, Scandinavian Gold
Prospecting, is currently holding the exploration licenses of the area.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


43 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Graphite
Formula: C
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
'Hornblende'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Melonite var: Palladian Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
'Mertieite'
Mertieite-I
Formula: Pd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Geversite2.EB.05aPtSb2
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
var: Palladian Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-I2.AC.15bPd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
'Mertieite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Keithconnite2.2.6.1Pd20Te7
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Braggite2.8.5.3(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Talnakhite2.9.8.1Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Geversite2.12.1.14PtSb2
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Mertieite-I2.16.1.1Pd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II2.16.3.1Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hornblende'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)
Melonite
var: Palladian Melonite
-NiTe2
'Mertieite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sobolevskite-Pd(Bi,Te)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MilleriteNiS
S Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
S CooperitePtS
S Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
S TroiliteFeS
S LauriteRuS2
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Melonite (var: Palladian Melonite)NiTe2
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As SperrylitePtAs2
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As NickelineNiAs
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4
As Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
RuRuthenium
Ru LauriteRuS2
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PdPalladium
Pd Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pd Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Pd KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Pd SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
Pd MicheneritePdBiTe
Pd KeithconnitePd20Te7
Pd Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
Pd StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Pd Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4
Pd Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
SbAntimony
Sb GeversitePtSb2
Sb StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Sb Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4
Sb Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
TeTellurium
Te Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Te Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Te KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Te SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
Te Melonite (var: Palladian Melonite)NiTe2
Te MicheneritePdBiTe
Te KeithconnitePd20Te7
Te MeloniteNiTe2
OsOsmium
Os ErlichmaniteOsS2
IrIridium
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PtPlatinum
Pt Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
Pt Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Pt CooperitePtS
Pt GeversitePtSb2
Pt PlatinumPt
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
BiBismuth
Bi Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Bi KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Bi SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
Bi MicheneritePdBiTe

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 633465
Sedimentary; Sedimentary: undivided

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Mica schist, graphitic quartzite, siltstone, shungite, dolostone, limestone, metabasalt and metarhyolite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3162083
Proterozoic I basalt

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{basalt group}, Minor{andesite,dacite,dolerite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Siderian
2300 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185629
Paleoproterozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Siderian (2300 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Sattanen Group

Lithology: Mafic-ultramafic volcanic rocks; komatiite

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Canadian Mineralogist 40: 377-394.
Törmänen, T. and Iljina, M., 2008. The Kevitsa intrusion and associated Ni-Cu-PGE deposit. in Ojala, J. and Iljina, M., (eds.). Metallogeny and tectonic evolution of the Northern Fennoscandian Shield : field trip guidebook. 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008., pp 58-66.
Ojala V.J., Weihed P. Eilu P. and Iljina, M. (Eds) 2007. Metallogeny and tectonic evolution of the Northern Fennoscandian Shield: Field trip guidebook. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 54, 98 pages, 52 figures and 7 tables.

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