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Outokumpu Cu-Zn deposit, Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore field, North Karelia, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Outokumpu Cu-Zn depositDeposit
Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore fieldOre Field
North KareliaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
62° 43' 28'' North , 28° 59' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Outokumpu7,738 (2014)1.3km
Polvijärvi4,937 (2014)23.6km
Tuusniemi2,833 (2014)27.0km
Liperi11,386 (2014)28.6km
Heinävesi4,457 (2014)38.1km


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

36 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
'Asbestos'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509; Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.; Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: It is Cr-bearing dravite with 9,60% Cr2O3
Reference: Peltola et al 1968. A chromian tourmaline from Outokumpu. Bull Soc Geol. Finland n:o 40, p. 35-38
Dravite var: Chromian Dravite
Formula: Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: It is Cr-bearing dravite with 9,60% Cr2O3
Reference: Peltola et al 1968. A chromian tourmaline from Outokumpu. Bull Soc Geol. Finland n:o 40, p. 35-38
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Epidote var: Tawmawite
Formula: {Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Eskolaite
Formula: Cr2O3
Reference: Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963)
Guyanaite
Formula: CrO(OH)
Reference: Vuorelainen, Yrjö; Häkli, T.A.; Kataja, M. 1968. A hydrated oxide of chromium as a pseudumorph after eskolaite, Outokumpu, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland n:o 40, p. 125-129, illus.
Karelianite (TL)
Formula: V3+2O3
Type Locality:
Reference: J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963)
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Zohka, H. et al (1972) Compositional variations in natural mackinawites and the results of heating experiments. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, series C, Geology and Mineralogy, 7, #1, 37-53.; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Pentlandite var: Argentian Pentlandite
Formula: (Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963)
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Tremolite var: Chrome-Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Willyamite
Formula: CoSbS
Reference: Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
var: Argentian Pentlandite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Willyamite2.EB.25CoSbS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Eskolaite4.CB.05Cr2O3
Guyanaite4.FD.10CrO(OH)
Karelianite (TL)4.CB.05V3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var: Chromian Dravite9.CK.05Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Tawmawite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Chrome-Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Asbestos'-
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Willyamite2.12.3.4CoSbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Eskolaite4.3.1.3Cr2O3
Karelianite (TL)4.3.1.4V3+2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Guyanaite6.1.2.3CrO(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Asbestos'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
-Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dravite
var: Chromian Dravite
-Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote
var: Tawmawite
-{Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Pentlandite
var: Argentian Pentlandite
-(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Tremolite
var: Chrome-Tremolite
-☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H GuyanaiteCrO(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BBoron
B Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O QuartzSiO2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O GuyanaiteCrO(OH)
O EskolaiteCr2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
NaSodium
Na Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
S WillyamiteCoSbS
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V KarelianiteV23+O3
CrChromium
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Cr Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cr Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Cr GuyanaiteCrO(OH)
Cr EskolaiteCr2O3
FeIron
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CoCobalt
Co WillyamiteCoSbS
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb WillyamiteCoSbS
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Rocks & Minerals: 22: 506-509.
- Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Outokumpu revisited: New mineral deposit model for the mantle peridotite-associated Cu–Co–Zn–Ni–Ag–Au sulphide deposits. Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
- Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]

External Links

en.gtk.fi/informationservices/commodities/Copper/outokumpu.html
http://rruff.info/doclib/am/vol49/AM49_1178.pdf

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