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Outokumpu Cu-Zn deposit, Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore field, Eastern Finland Region, Finland

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 62° 43' 28'' North , 28° 59' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 62.72444,28.99167
GeoHash:G#: uehsgdxh6
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


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Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Outokumpu, Finland
Outokumpu orefield, Finland

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

36 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
'Asbestos'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509; Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.; Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Peltola et al 1968. A chromian tourmaline from Outokumpu. Bull Soc Geol. Finland n:o 40, p. 35-38
Dravite var: Chromian Dravite
Formula: Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Peltola et al 1968. A chromian tourmaline from Outokumpu. Bull Soc Geol. Finland n:o 40, p. 35-38
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Epidote var: Tawmawite
Formula: {Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Eskolaite
Formula: Cr2O3
Reference: Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963)
Guyanaite
Formula: CrO(OH)
Reference: Vuorelainen, Yrjö; Häkli, T.A.; Kataja, M. 1968. A hydrated oxide of chromium as a pseudumorph after eskolaite, Outokumpu, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland n:o 40, p. 125-129, illus.
Karelianite (TL)
Formula: V3+2O3
Reference: J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963)
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Zohka, H. et al (1972) Compositional variations in natural mackinawites and the results of heating experiments. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, series C, Geology and Mineralogy, 7, #1, 37-53.; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Pentlandite var: Argentian Pentlandite
Formula: (Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963)
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963); Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Tremolite var: Chrome-Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22: 506-509.; Geological Survey of Finland 2009 Outokumpu - Copper Database
Willyamite
Formula: (Co,Ni)SbS
Reference: Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
var: Argentian Pentlandite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Willyamite2.EB.25(Co,Ni)SbS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Eskolaite4.CB.05Cr2O3
Guyanaite4.FD.10CrO(OH)
Karelianite (TL)4.CB.05V3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Anthophyllite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var: Chromian Dravite9.CK.05Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Tawmawite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Chrome-Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Asbestos-
Chlorite Group-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Willyamite2.12.3.4(Co,Ni)SbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Eskolaite4.3.1.3Cr2O3
Karelianite (TL)4.3.1.4V3+2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Guyanaite6.1.2.3CrO(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Asbestos'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
-Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dravite
var: Chromian Dravite
-Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote
var: Tawmawite
-{Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Pentlandite
var: Argentian Pentlandite
-(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Tremolite
var: Chrome-Tremolite
-☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
H Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H GuyanaiteCrO(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
BBoron
B Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EskolaiteCr2O3
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O GuyanaiteCrO(OH)
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
NaSodium
Na Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Al Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
SSulfur
S Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V KarelianiteV23+O3
CrChromium
Cr Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Cr Dravite (var: Chromian Dravite)Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr EskolaiteCr2O3
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr GuyanaiteCrO(OH)
Cr Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Epidote (var: Tawmawite){Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Co Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Pentlandite (var: Argentian Pentlandite)(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3160222
Proterozoic I meta-sandstone

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{meta-sandstone}, Minor{mica schist,gneiss,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 658571
Sedimentary; Slope and deep water

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Greywacke, phyllite, mica schist, meta-arkose, graphitic schist, paragneiss, conglomerate, amphibolite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185055
Paleoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Mica schist; metasedimentary schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Rocks & Minerals: 22: 506-509.
- Peltonen, P., Kontinen, A., Huhma, H., and Kuronen, U. (2008): Outokumpu revisited: New mineral deposit model for the mantle peridotite-associated Cu–Co–Zn–Ni–Ag–Au sulphide deposits. Ore Geology Reviews 33, 559-617.
- Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]

External Links

en.gtk.fi/informationservices/commodities/Copper/outokumpu.html
http://rruff.info/doclib/am/vol49/AM49_1178.pdf

Localities in this Region
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Finland

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