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Skogsböle (Skogböle), Kimitoön (Kemiönsaari), Southwest Finland, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Skogsböle (Skogböle)- not defined -
Kimitoön (Kemiönsaari)Municipality
Southwest FinlandRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 60° 8' 35'' North , 22° 35' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 60.14310,22.59973
GeoHash:G#: ud8n4k8wg
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Pegmatite.
Tantalum was discovered in ore from Kimito (and Ytterby, Sweden).

I recently had some discussion with Prof. Jim Marshall, Fellow, American Chemical Society, on the location and proper spelling of this locality, due to the fact that I have posted an image of tapiolite from Skogsböle. Dr. Marshall, with his wife Jenny, is coauthor of "Rediscovery of the Elements", a book about their journeys to the discovery locations of the elements.
In any case, here is some communications, via Lahti Seppo of the Finnish Geological Survey, stating that
The Nb-Ta mineral samples studied by Ekeberg were discovered from the quarries at Skogsböle (village), Kemiö - Note Skogsböle with two s! There is also another village Skogböle (with one s) in Kemiö - Skogböle far north - but this is wrong location. Nowadays Kemiö (or nowadays the commune is called Kemiönsaari - Kemiö Island) is an active feldspar mining area in Finland. The old Skogsböle quarry does not exists any more - a new quarry occupies its position. Lesson 1 now in Swedish: böle means a village and skog is forest in English; skogs is a genetive form of skog!


Further, Dr. Marshall found that
The passage from Nordenskiöld was from Nils Gustaf Nordenskiöld, J. Chem. Phys. 1821, 31, 367-380. Journal für Chemie und Physik was also known as Scweigger's Journal. "Last night I had a flash and recalling the original article by Nordenskiöld in 1821, which says the estate of Skogböle was 3/4 mile from the Kimito Church (which I thought was impossible because the Kimito Church, dating from 1200, was FAR from the Baltic Ocean, which was supposedly near the mine), it suddenly hit me that perhaps in 1821 the Swedish mile was different from the English mile. To make a long story short, before the metric system was adopted in Scandinavia, a Swedish mile was 26,000 feet! (= 10.7 km). Well, 3/4(10 km) = 8 km west of Kimito sits just right on top of Skogsböle (note the extra "s"). Voila! The spelling confusion was due to Nordenskiöld changing the original spelling from Skogsböle to Skogböle (reason unknown)."

A map from Lahti Seppo is included, look under the photos tab, showing the location of the old quarry, its coordinates (easily determined from Google Earth) are 60.143104 22.599734.

Above added Oct. 18, 2012 by JW

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
'Apatite'
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Reference: GFF (1899) 21, 639-640
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
'Biotite'
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Ixiolite (TL)
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Nordenskiöld, A.E. (1857): Beitrag zu Finnlands Mineralogie. Ann.Phys.Chem.(Poggendorf),(1857) 4th ser., 11, 625-634; Nickel, E.H., Rowland, J.F. & McAdam, R.C. (1963): Ixiolite- a columbite substructure. American Mineralogist. 48, 961-979.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Clark, A.M. & Fejer, E.E.(1978): Tapiolite, its chemistry and cell dimensions. Mineralogical Magazine. 42, 477-480
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Reference: Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Chrysoberyl'4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Ixiolite (TL)4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Alluaudite'8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
'Arrojadite-(KFe)'8.BF.05{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Beryl'9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Columbite-Tantalite-
Tantalite-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ixiolite (TL)8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
AB2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)5(XO4)3
Alluaudite38.2.3.6(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Arrojadite-(KFe)41.7.2.1{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
LiLithium
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
FFluorine
F Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Na Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
PPhosphorus
P Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
P Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
KPotassium
K Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Ca Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
FeIron
Fe Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
NbNiobium
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
TaTantalum
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185017
Paleoproterozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic metavolcanics; metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3132305
Proterozoic I meta-basalt

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Meta-basalt group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 633558
Igneous: intrusive; Intrusive: tonalitic-granodioritic

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Tonalite, granite, diorite, granodiorite, monzonite, migmatite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Nordenskiöld, A.E. (1857): Beitrag zu Finnlands Mineralogie. Ann.Phys.Chem.(Poggendorf),(1857) 4th ser., 11, 625-634
Mötet den 7 December 1899. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 21, 639-640 (p.639-640)
Åmark, K. (1941): Minerals of the Varuträsk Pegmatite. XXIX. An X'ray study of stanniferous columbite from Varuträsk and of the related Finnish, minerals ainalite and ixiolite. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 63, 295-299
Nickel, E.H., Rowland, J.F. & McAdam, R.C. (1963): Ixiolite- a columbite substructure. American Mineralogist. 48, 961-979.
Laitakaari, A. (comp. by) (1967): Suomen mineraalien hakemisto. Index to Finnish minerals with bibliography. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 230. Geologinen tutkimuslaitos. 842 s. (in Finnish)
Clark, A.M. & Fejer, E.E.(1978): Tapiolite, its chemistry and cell dimensions. Mineralogical Magazine. 42, 477-480 [with analysis of tapiolite-(Fe) from Skogböle]

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