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Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch), Haut-Rhin, Grand Est, France

This page kindly sponsored by Paul De Bondt
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Neighbouring regions:
Name(s) in local language(s):Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines, Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Alsace


The Sainte-Marie-Aux-Mines district shall be identifiable easily by 3 differents sectors. Historically the SMAM valley was separated in length, north side was regency under Lorraine Dukes and the opposite side belonged to the Austrian Habsburg house and governed by Rapposltein Family (Ribeaupierre).
Lorrain side including rich and renowned mines and Sanct Jacob of Lorraine was probably the richest one of all district.
Alsacian side is in 3 distinct sectors along centuries.
- Altenberg mountain was the oldest worked sector, probably since the Xth century.
- Neuenberg was started in 1549.
- Bluttenberg isn't well developped on the next mountain (Brézouard).

At the time when the deep veins got poorer, a terrible outbreak has befallen the souls of the region. The plague, then 30-year war (1633-1663) began to hurt mining operations that all closed.
It was not until the early eighteenth century that took place darn, but none had the past greatness. The new operators did not take the time to learn about the ancient works and engaged work there or elders had already extracted the ore. There were many bankruptcies.
The new age mining began in the 1960s with the exploration of networks. 40km of gallery were rediscovered, 26km Neuenberg, only 8 on the Lorraine side and 6 in Altenberg. It is certainly not the reality, many networks were not reopened or unblocked.

Hydrothermal ores of great complexity.

Ste Marie-aux-Mines is also currently the site of one of the largest and best attended mineral shows in Europe. Each year probably more specimens are brought there for sale than where produced by the mines for which the town is famous. Its hard to know at this remove in time just how many specimens were saved from the mines rather than run through the mills and further speculation is needed to make a guess at how many of the specimens that are brought each year to this mineral show will have been saved two or three hundred years in the future.

As this locality lies in the Sainte Marie-aux-Mines district, the place is protected by a archaeological mining district status and all collecting is prohibited.

Mindat Articles

Sainte-Marie-Aux-Mines 2017 by Tom Costes




Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

'Agardite'

Aikinite

Albite

Anatase

Anglesite

Ankerite

Annabergite

Aragonite

var: Flos Ferri

Aramayoite

Argentopyrite

Arsenic

Arseniosiderite

Arsenolamprite

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

Augite

Azurite

Bariopharmacosiderite

Baryte

Baumstarkite

Berryite

'Bindheimite'

'Biotite'

Bismite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Bismutoferrite

Bournonite

Brochantite

Calcite

Caledonite

Cerussite

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcophyllite

Chalcopyrite

Chlorargyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Chondrodite

Chromite

Chrysocolla

Clinoclase

Clinosafflorite

Cobaltite

Copper

Cornubite

Cornwallite

Coronadite

Cosalite

Cotunnite

Covellite

Cronstedtite

Cubanite

Cuprite

Cuprobismutite

Cuproroméite

Cyanotrichite

Dervillite (TL)

Devilline

Digenite

Diopside

Dolomite

Duftite

Dypingite

Dyscrasite

Elyite

Emplectite

Erythrite

Eulytine

Ferrarisite (TL)

Fluckite (TL)

Fluorite

'Fornacite-Vauquelinite Series'

Galena

'Garnet Group'

Gibbsite

Giftgrubeite (TL)

Glaucodot

Goethite

Graphite

Guérinite

Gypsum

var: Selenite

Haidingerite

Hematite

Hemimorphite

'Hornblende'

Hörnesite

Hydrocerussite

Hydrozincite

Jarosite

Kaolinite

Kobellite

Langite

Lautite

Lead

Leadhillite

Lepidocrocite

'Limonite'

Linarite

Litharge

Lizardite

Löllingite

'Löllingite Group'

Malachite

Mallardite

'Manganoan Calcite'

Marcasite

Massicot

Matildite

Mcnearite (TL)

Miargyrite

'Mica Group'

Mimetite

Mirabilite

Mixite

Monohydrocalcite

Moolooite

Mottramite

Mrázekite

Nickeline

Nickelskutterudite

Olivenite

Orpiment

Orthoserpierite

Paracoquimbite

Pararammelsbergite

Parasymplesite

Pavonite

Pearceite

Pharmacolite

Pharmacosiderite

Phaunouxite (TL)

Phlogopite

Picropharmacolite

Pitticite

Polybasite

Posnjakite

Proustite

Pseudomalachite

'Psilomelane'

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

Pyromorphite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Chalcedony

var: Ferruginous Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Rammelsbergite

Ramsdellite

Ranciéite

Rauenthalite (TL)

Realgar

Richelsdorfite

Romanèchite

Rößlerite

Rutile

Safflorite

Sainfeldite (TL)

Scheelite

Schorl

Scorodite

Semseyite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Shannonite

Siderite

Sillimanite

Silver

Skutterudite

Smithsonite

Sphalerite

Spinel

Stephanite

Stibnite

Stolzite

Strashimirite

Symplesite

Szmikite

Talc

var: Steatite

Talmessite

Tennantite

var: Annivite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tenorite

Tetrahedrite

Titanite

Torbernite

'Tourmaline'

Tsumebite

Tyrolite

Vauquelinite

Villyaellenite (TL)

'Wad'

Weilite (TL)

Wittichenite

'Wolframite'

Wulfenite

Wurtzite

Xanthoconite

Zálesíite


181 valid minerals. 10 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Carboniferous
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3135061
calc-alkaline syn orogenic plutonism

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Paleozoic - Proterozoic
443.8 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2599886

Age: to Ordovician (443.8 - 2500 Ma)

Description: metamorphic

Comments: Sammel-Code for gneiss in the Odenwald, Black Forest, Vosges

Lithology: Paragneiss

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3187252
Neoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Localities in this Region
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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Metz, R. (1966): Der frühere Bergbau bei Markirch im Elsaß. Aufschluss, 17 (6), 164-169.
Bari, H. (1981): Die Markirchener Erzgänge (Elsaß / Frankreich). Fundgrube, 4, 118.
Fluck, P. (1982): Pierre et Terre N°23/24 premier semestre 1982, xx-xx.
Bari, H. (1983) Markirch/Elsass. Die Mineralien des berühmten Bergbaureviers. Lapis 8 (6), 9-37. (in German)
Fricke, G. (1985): Mineralienfunde in den Vogesen, Frankreich. Aufschluss, 36, 1-17.
Hohl, J.-L. (1994) Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, France, 271 pp.
Martaud, A. (2013) Les minéraux de Sainte-Marie-aux-Mines. Les Éditions du Piat, Saint-Julien-du-Pinet, France, 207 pp. (trilingual: French-English-German).

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