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Indiai
Regional Level Types
IndiaCountry

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Name in French:Inde
Name in German:Indien
Name in Italian:India
Name in Russian:Индия
Name in Simplified Chinese:印度
Name in Spanish:India
Name in Afrikaans:Indië
Name in Albanian:India
Name in Arabic:الهند
Name in Belarusian:Індыя
Name in Bulgarian:Индия
Name in Catalan:Índia
Name in Czech:Indie
Name in Danish:Indien
Name in Dutch:Indië
Name in Estonian:India
Name in Farsi/Persian:هندوستان
Name in Finnish:Intia
Name in Galician:India
Name in Greek:Ινδία
Name in Hebrew:הודו
Name in Hindi:भारत
Name in Hungarian:India
Name in Icelandic:Indland
Name in Indonesian:India
Name in Irish Gaelic:An India
Name in Japanese:インド
Name in Korean:인도
Name in Latvian:Indija
Name in Lithuanian:Indija
Name in Macedonian:Индија
Name in Norwegian:India
Name in Polish:Indie
Name in Portuguese:Índia
Name in Romanian:India
Name in Serbian:Индија
Name in Slovak:India
Name in Slovenian:Indija
Name in Swahili:Uhindi
Name in Swedish:Indien
Name in Tagalog:Indiya
Name in Thai:อินเดีย
Name in Turkish:Hindistan
Name in Ukrainian:Індія
Name in Vietnamese:Ấn Độ
Name in Welsh:India
Area:3,287,590 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Mumbai12,691,836 (2018)
Delhi10,927,986 (2017)
Bengaluru5,104,047 (2017)
Kolkata4,631,392 (2016)
Chennai4,328,063 (2014)
Ahmedabad3,719,710 (2014)
Museums in region:


India is a federation composed of 28 states and 7 union territories.
Each state or union territory is further divided into administrative districts. The districts, in turn, are further divided into tehsils and ultimately into villages.

Note:
- Some of the states of India are divided into regions. The Regions of India are not official administrative divisions. They have no official administrative governmental status. They are purely geographic regions; some correspond to historic counties, states or provinces.
- Some of the Indian states are subdivided into divisions, each comprising several districts.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

514 valid minerals. 23 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

'Fulgurite'

Phosphorite

Bauxite

Coal

Chert

Tektite

CM2 chondrite meteorite

Gneiss

'Mica schist'

Granite

'Pegmatite'

Metamudstone

Banded iron formation

Alluvial deposit

Carbonatite

Kimberlite

Lamproite

Gabbro

Basalt

Schist

'Enstatitite'

Granulite

'LL3.15 chondrite meteorite'

Shergottite meteorite

CI1 chondrite meteorite

LL3 chondrite meteorite

Diogenite meteorite

'H3.8 chondrite meteorite'

EH3 chondrite meteorite

Aubrite meteorite

H3 chondrite meteorite

H4 chondrite meteorite

H6 chondrite meteorite

'L3.6 chondrite meteorite'

L5 chondrite meteorite

L6 chondrite meteorite

'L/LL6 chondrite meteorite'

'L3-5 chondrite meteorite'

'LL3.00 chondrite meteorite'

'LL3.6 chondrite meteorite'

LL4 chondrite meteorite

LL6 chondrite meteorite

K3 chondrite meteorite

IAB-sLL iron meteorite

IAB-sHL iron meteorite

Ureilite meteorite

Howardite meteorite

'Eucrite cumulate meteorite'

'Eucrite monomict breccia meteorite'

IIAB iron meteorite

'Anomalous IIE iron meteorite'

IIIAB iron meteorite

'H4-5 chondrite meteorite'

'LL3.4 chondrite meteorite'

'Ungrouped iron meteorite'

Nephelinite

Syenite

Søvite

IIE iron meteorite

Monzonite

Breccia

Nepheline-syenite

Quartzite

Greenschist

Amphibolite

Granitoid

'Endoskarn'

'Exoskarn'

Skarn

'Albite-granite'

Lamprophyre

Olivine-websterite

Dunite

Harzburgite

Chromitite

Orthopyroxenite

Norite

Anorthosite

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Holler, W. & Gandhi, S.M. (1995) Silver-bearing sulfosalts from the metamorphosed Rampura Agucha Zn-Pb-(Ag) deposit, Rajasthan, India. Canadian Mineralogist, 33, 1047-1057.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite var: Blanfordite
Formula: (Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Aeschynite'
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: Organizing Committee IMA-IMAGOD meetings '70. Editorial Committee (1970) Introduction to Japanese Minerals. Geological Survey of Japan
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Baidya, Tapan Kumar, Sen, Gautam, and Chakravorty, Priya Shankar, 1981, Uranium Occurrences in and Around Nawahatu, Purulia District, West Bengal, India - A Preliminay Report, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 970-973.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: M. Santosh and K. G. Thara (1985) The Mannapra syenite, Central Kerala, India: Geochemistry, petrogenesis and bearing on anorogenic magmatism — Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 94, 43-56.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1968
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Singh, Y., Viswanathan, R., Mundra, K. L., Jagadeesan, P., & Sharma, A. K. (2016). First report of metamict alluaudite (A sodium iron manganese phosphate mineral) from Pisangan, Ajmer district, Rajasthan. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 87(1), 55-61.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Almandine var: Dhanrasite
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: The garnets occur in pockets in sericite-sillimanite-schists as prophyroblasts varying in size from small grains to as large as an apple. Color dark brown to deep red.
Reference: [Current Sci. (India) 1967, No. 11, p. 295; Clark, 1993, "Hey's Mineral Index"]
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
'Almandine-Pyrope Series var: Grape Garnet'
Reference: Gems, Sixth Edition by Michael O'Donoghue (May 2, 2006)
Alpersite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
Reference: Equeenuddin, Sk.Md. (2015): Occurrence of alpersite at Malanjkhand copper mine, India. Environmental Earth Sciences: 73(7): 3849-3853
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: R. Murao, K. Yubuta, R. Miyawaki and K. Sugiyama (2009): Analysis of aluminoceladonite included in green heulandite. JAKOKA: 2009 Annual Meeting of the Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, abs. R4-11, p. 105.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Amber'
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Ancylite'
Reference: Chakrabarty, A., Pruseth, K. L., & Sen, A. K. (2012). Compositions and petrogenetic significance of the eudialyte group minerals from Sushina, Purulia, West Bengal. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 79(5), 449-459.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: B.V. Govinda Rajulu and M.J. Chandrasekhara Gowda (1972) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 13, #3, 247-261.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
'Andradite-Uvarovite Series'
Reference: Ghosh, B. & Morishita, T. (2011): Andradite-uvarovite solid solution from hydrothermally altered podiform chromitite, Rutland ophiolite, Andaman, India. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 573-580
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Sinha, R., & Smykatz-Kloss, W. (2003). Thermal characterization of lacustrine dolomites from the Sambhar Lake playa, Thar desert, India. Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry, 71(3), 739-750.
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Anantha Iyer, G.V. and Narayanan Kutty, T.R. (1975) Indian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2, #2, 125-141.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Anthophyllite-Gedrite Series'
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Collophane'
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
'Ardennite'
Reference: Nayak, V. K. (1966): Mineralogy and genesis of the manganese ores of Kajlidongri mine, district Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh, India. Economic Geology 61, 1280-1282.
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: Nayak, V. K. (1967): Ardennite from Kajlidongri, India. New locality. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 1967, 295-304.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: Chauhan, D. S. (1984). Sedimentary pyrite from Pb-Zn deposits of the Zawar and Rajpura-Dariba regions and its bearing on the genesis of base metal sulfides. In Syngenesis and Epigenesis in the Formation of Mineral Deposits (pp. 36-42). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Arsenopalladinite
Formula: Pd8(As,Sb)3
Reference: Devaraju, T. C., Alapieti, T. T., & Kaukonen, R. J. (2005). SEM-EDS Study of the Platinum-Group Minerals in the PGE Mineralized Hanumalapura Segment of the Layered Mafic-Ultramafic Complex of Channagifu, Davangere District, Karnataka. Geological Society of India, 65(6), 745-752.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Reference: Singh, S., & Virk, H. S. (1980). Fission track dating of copper ore formations of Khetri area, Rajasthan State (India). Geochemical Journal, 14(1), 51-55.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Augite var: Ferroaugite
Reference: Bridges, J. C., Alexander, C. M. O'D, Hutchison, R., Franchi, I. A. & Pillinger, C. T. (1997) Sodium-, chlorine-rich mesostases in chondrules in Chainpur (LL3) and Parnalle (LL3) chondrules: Meteoritics 32 (4): 555-566. (July 1997)
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Reference: S. Nag, S. K. Sengupta, R. K. Gaur and A. Absar (1999) Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108, 33-48.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Tilak, V. V. S. S., & Aswathanarayana, U. (1963, January). Geochemical studies in the uranium prospect at Umra, Rajasthan. In Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Section A (Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 34-43). Springer India.
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Lundberg, L. L., Crozaz, G., McKay, G., & Zinner, E. (1988). Rare earth element carriers in the Shergotty meteorite and implications for its chronology. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(8), 2147-2163.
Baotite
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Reference: Kaur, G., & Mitchell, R. H. (2017) Mineralogy of the baotite-bearing Gundrapalli lamproite, Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. 11th International Kimberlite Conference Extended Abstract No. 11IKC-4499, 2017
Bararite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2[SiF6]
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 107; American Mineralogist (1952): 37: 361.
'Barkevikite'
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Reference: Sinha, R., & Smykatz-Kloss, W. (2003). Thermal characterization of lacustrine dolomites from the Sambhar Lake playa, Thar desert, India. Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry, 71(3), 739-750.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: F. Wall, M. J. Le Bas and R. K. Srivastava (1993) Calcite and Carbocernaite Exsolution and Cotectic Textures in a Sr,REE-Rich Carbonatite Dyke from Rajasthan, India. Mineralogical Magazine 57:495-513.
'Beldongrite'
Formula: Mn18Fe2O33 · 8H2O
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p65]
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Alkali-beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: J. Geol. Soc. of India, 54:599-608
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: various added photos
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'β-Vredenburgite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: Amer Min (1969) 54:1710-1725
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Chromian Biotite'
Reference: S. Nag, S. K. Sengupta, R. K. Gaur and A. Absar (1999) Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108, 33-48.
'Biotite var: Manganophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Viladkar, S. G. Graphite-bearing dolomite carbonatites in Newania, Western India.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Murao, S., Deb, M., and Furuno, M. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 490-504.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Sinha, R., & Smykatz-Kloss, W. (2003). Thermal characterization of lacustrine dolomites from the Sambhar Lake playa, Thar desert, India. Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry, 71(3), 739-750.
'Bloodstone'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Richard M. Pearl: "Minerals of India", Mineral Digest, vol. 2.
Borax (TL)
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 340.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: F. Wall, M. J. Le Bas and R. K. Srivastava (1993) Calcite and Carbocernaite Exsolution and Cotectic Textures in a Sr,REE-Rich Carbonatite Dyke from Rajasthan, India. Mineralogical Magazine 57:495-513.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 117 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Reference: S. Nag, S. K. Sengupta, R. K. Gaur and A. Absar (1999) Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108, 33-48.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Narayanan Kutty, T.R. and Anantha Iyer, G.V. (1977) Indian Journal of Earth Sciences, 4, #2, 141-159.
'Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'
Formula: An(Ca2)(Z2+5-mZ3+m)(Si8-(n+m)Al(n+m))(OH,F,Cl)2
Description: Sadashivajah, M.S., and Naganna, C. (1964) published the amphibole from Jothvad Hill as winchite. Their analysis show some anomalies, as Ʃ(Si+Al) < 8, ƩC position<5 and ƩA position >1. Based on a high Ca content it is likely that the amphibole analysed by Sathe et. al (1965) belongs to the Calcium Amphibole Subgroup.
Reference: Nayak, V. K. and Leake, B. E. (1975). On 'winchite' from the original locality at Kajlidongri, India, Mineralogical Magazine, 40,395-399.
Calderite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
Caminite
Formula: Mg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Reference: Murao, S., Deb, M., and Furuno, M. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 490-504.
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Carlsbergite
Formula: CrN
Description: As tiny, but profusely abundant platelets in kamacite.
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages. ; Ghosh, S. (1994) Structural Characteristics of Indian Iron Meteorites (Report for the Field Season 1992-93). Geological Survey of India. (January 1994)
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Caswellsilverite
Formula: NaCrS2
Description: Traces only
Reference: Nehru, C. E., Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K. & Delaney, J. S. (1984) Parsa: an Unequilibrated Enstatite Chondrite (uec) with an Aubrite-Like Impact Melt Clast (abstract), Lunar and Planetary Science XV, 597-598. (March 1984)
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Chakrabarty, A., Pruseth, K. L., & Sen, A. K. (2012). Compositions and petrogenetic significance of the eudialyte group minerals from Sushina, Purulia, West Bengal. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 79(5), 449-459.
Cavansite
Formula: Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
'Cerite'
Reference: Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: S. G. Tenainkai, A. G. Ugarkar, M. V. Koti and A. Mookherjee (1991) Copper-bearing clay minerals of the oxidized zone of the Rakha-Chapri Block, Singhbhum Copper Belt, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 100, 13-30.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'
Chaoite
Formula: C
Charoite
Formula: (K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Cheralite (TL)
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Bowie S H U, Horne J E T (1953) Cheralite, a new mineral of the monazite group, Mineralogical Magazine 30, 93-99
Cherepanovite
Formula: RhAs
Reference: Devaraju, T. C., Alapieti, T. T., & Kaukonen, R. J. (2005). SEM-EDS Study of the Platinum-Group Minerals in the PGE Mineralized Hanumalapura Segment of the Layered Mafic-Ultramafic Complex of Channagifu, Davangere District, Karnataka. Geological Society of India, 65(6), 745-752.
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Baidya, T.K.: :A note on some-uranium-thorium bearing pegmatoids of Nawahatu area, Purulia district, West Bengal:, Indian Minerals 46(2), 175-176 (1992)
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Chlorophaeite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Fe)2Fe2Si4O13 · 10H2O
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40, Nr 9/10, 1473–1492 (2005)
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Chromite var: Ferrian Chromite
Formula: Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
'Chromium-dravite'
Formula: Na(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: (see explanation under chromoaluminopovondraite)
Chromo-alumino-povondraite
Formula: Na(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Description: (Shown to be chromdravite.)Clark, C.M., Hawthorne, F.C., Grice, J.D., Bosi, F., Skogby, H., Reznitskii, L. and Ha˚lenius, U. (2013) Chromo-aluminopovondraite, IMA 2013-089. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3255; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Reference: IMA Approvals - Feb. 2010
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysoberyl var: Alexandrite
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Gem Stone Occurrences in Chhattisgarh. Directorate of Geology and Mining, Chhattisgarh
'Chrysoprase'
Reference: John Coggin Brown (1955) Mineral Wealth: Part III. Materials used in building construction, civil engineering, etc.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clarkeite
Formula: (Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist: 41: 127-133
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1968 36 : 962-965.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Clinoferrosilite
Formula: Fe2+SiO3
Reference: Bhattacharjee, N., Ray, J., Ganguly, S., & Saha, A. (2012). Mineralogical Study of Gabbro-Anorthosite from Dumka, Chhotanagpur Gneissic Complex, Eastern Indian Shield. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 80(4), 481-492.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Journ. of Metamorphic Geology 19:395 (July, 2001)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Clino-suenoite (TL)
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dunn & Roy (1938); Am.Min.: 25: 380 (1940); Canadian Mineralogist: 15:309 (1977).
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Baidya, A. S., Sen, A., & Pal, D. C. (2018). Textures and compositions of cobalt pentlandite and cobaltian mackinawite from the Madan-Kudan copper deposit, Khetri Copper Belt, Rajasthan, India. Journal of Earth System Science, 127(4), 56.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Reference: Rathore, I.S. (2015) Exploration Potential and Economic Significance of Puga Valley Borax Deposit, Ladakh, India. International Journal for Scientific Research & Development 3:1, 191-195.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 40:277-309
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
'Columbite Group'
Reference: Maithani, P. B.; Singh, Yamuna (2011): Studies on tapiolite from Arehalli pegmatite, Hassan District, Karnataka. Journal of the Geological Society of India 78(4), 349-354.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: C. Karunakaran and K. Neelakantam: Samarskite from Nellore district. Part I. Uranium and earth acid contents — Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section A, 25, 404-407.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Tom D. La Touche (1890): The sapphire mines of Kashmir, palagems.com reprinted from Records of the geological survey of India Vol 23, pt2, pp 59-69.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Copper Sulphides'
Reference: A. K. Banerji and A. K. Talapatra (1966): Soda-granites from South of Tatanagar, Bihar, India. Geol. Mag. 103, 340-351.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Rao, J. S. R. K., Naidu, B. V. & Rao, K. V. (1979): Ore microscopic, x-ray and trace elemental data on manganese ores from Sandur, Karnataka, India. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica 24, 91-97.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Adamantine Spar
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Pearl, 1964. Gems, Minerals, Crystals & Ores
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
Coulsonite
Formula: Fe2+V3+2O4
Locality: Bihar, India
Reference: Am Min 47 (1962), 1284
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Metzler, K., Bischoff, A. & Stöffler, D. (1992) Accretionary dust mantles in CM chondrites: evidence for solar nebula processes. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 56 (7), 2873-2897. (July 1992)
'Crossite'
Reference: Sarkar, S. C., Bhattacharyya, P. K., and Mukherjee, A. D., 1980, Evolution of the Sulfide Ores of Saladipura, Rajasthan, India, Economic Geology, 75:1152-1167.
Cryptohalite
Formula: (NH4)2[SiF6]
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume 2: 105.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cuprospinel
Formula: Cu2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Mallick, B., Rautray, T. R., Nayak, P. K., Vijayan, V., Singh, P., Behera, R. C., ... & Choudhury, R. K. (2005, March). Characterisation of hot material erupted from Mahanadi riverbank using EDXRF and XRD techniques. In INDIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE INDIAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE CULTIVATION OF SCIENCE-NEW SERIES- (Vol. 79, No. 3, p. 293). NOT KNOWN.
Daqingshanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
'Davidite'
Reference: Baidya, T.K.: :A note on some-uranium-thorium bearing pegmatoids of Nawahatu area, Purulia district, West Bengal:, Indian Minerals 46(2), 175-176 (1992)
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Dessauite-(Y)
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Deveroite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce2(C2O4)3·10H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber
'Deweylite'
Formula: Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Reference: Anantha Iyer, G.V. et al (1987) Memoir No. 6, Geological Society of India, 459-469.
Diamond
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2009) 44, 183-204
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: www.mpgovt.nic.in/mineralresources/
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2018-2027; Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: S. Nag, S. K. Sengupta, R. K. Gaur and A. Absar (1999) Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108, 33-48.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Dumontite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Höller, W., and Gandhi, S.M. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 60, 99-119.
Eastonite
Formula: KMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Anantha Iyer, G.V. and Narayanan Kutty, T.R. (1975) Indian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2, #2, 125-141.
Ecandrewsite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Reference: Ghosh, B. & Praveen, M.N. (2007): Garnet-gahnite-staurolite relations and occurrence of ecandrewsite from the Koparpani base metal sulfide prospect, Betul Belt, Central India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 184, 105-116.
Eckermannite ?
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Colour: Deep-blue
Description: Nayak and Leake refers to an analysis by Lahiri(1971) corresponding to eckermannite: (Na0.38K0.16)0.54(Na1.58Ca0.42)2.00(Mg3.08Mn2+0.47Fe2+0.02Fe3+0.62Al0.80Ti0.03)5.53(Si7.49Al0.51)8.00O22(OH)2. Normally, the amphiboles from Kajlidongri have Fesup>3+>>Al.In addition they are zoned and hincluded by other minerals such as albite. The occurrence of eckermannite is therefore considered questionable until confirmed by modern analytical techniques ( microprobe).
Reference: Nayak, V. K. and Leake, B. E. (1975). On 'winchite' from the original locality at Kajlidongri, India, Mineralogical Magazine, 40,395-399.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Jordi Fabre
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: STripathi, R. P., Sharma, S. K., Shrivastava, K. L. & Verma, H. C. (2000) Mössbauer spectroscopic studies of Piplia Kalan (Eucrite) and Lohawat (Howardite) meteorites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 35 (1):201-204. (January 2000)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Epidote var: Allanite-Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: www.dae.gov.in/amd/earv3.htm
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Equeenuddin, Sk.Md. (2015): Occurrence of alpersite at Malanjkhand copper mine, India. Environmental Earth Sciences: 73(7): 3849-3853
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: T. T. Alapieti, T. C. Devaraju, R. J. Kaukonen (2005) Sem-eds Study of the Platinum-group Minerals in the PGE mineralized Hanumalapura Segment of the Layeredmafic-ultramafic Complex of Channagiri, Davangere District, Karnataka. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 65:745-752.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'Eskolaite-Karelianite Series'
Reference: Höller, W., and Gandhi, S.M. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 60, 99-119.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Reference: Chakrabarty, A., Pruseth, K. L., & Sen, A. K. (2012). Compositions and petrogenetic significance of the eudialyte group minerals from Sushina, Purulia, West Bengal. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 79(5), 449-459.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Baidya, T.K.: :A note on some-uranium-thorium bearing pegmatoids of Nawahatu area, Purulia district, West Bengal:, Indian Minerals 46(2), 175-176 (1992)
Falkmanite
Formula: Pb3Sb2S6
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Feiite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+2(Fe2+Ti4+)O5
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C. and Tschauner, O. (2018) Feiite, IMA 2017-041a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82, xxxx–xxxx.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Mesoperthite'
Reference: Yuki Nishimiya, Toshiaki Tsunogae (2018) FIB-TEM analysis of ultrahigh-temperature sapphirine + quartz granulite from southern India:
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Journ. Atomic Min. Sci. 2:79-88 (1994)
Ferri-ghoseite (TL)
Formula: ☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 29(9):48 (2004); European Journal of Mineralogy, 5, 1153-1160 (2003)
Ferrihollandite (TL)
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Fe3+2)O16
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Capalbo, C., Pasero, M. (2013): Nomenclature tunings in the hollandite supergroup. European Journal of Mineralogy 25, 85-90.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Description: Replacing kamacite; May very well be due to terrestrial weathering; However, Kakangari is a fall and many unequilibrated clasts are products of pre-terrestrial hydration.
Reference: Berlin, J., Jones, R. H. & Brearley, A. J. (2007) A Closer Look at Chondrules and Matrix in Kakangari: Evidence for Wide-Spread Reduction and Sulfurization, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII. LPI Contribution #1338, p. 2395. (March 2007)
Ferri-leakeite (TL)
Formula: [Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1992) 77, 1112-1115
Ferri-winchite
Formula: ☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
Ferro-gedrite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine (1967) 36 ,22-28
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Chowdhury, S., & Lentz, D. R. (2011). Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of scheelite-bearing skarns, and genetic relations between skarn mineralization and petrogenesis of the associated granitoid pluton at Sargipali, Sundergarh District, Eastern India. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 108(1), 39-61.
'Ferro-kaersutite'
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Dana 8:1357
Ferromerrillite (TL)
Formula: Ca9NaFe2+(PO4)7
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA Website
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Chowdhury, S., & Lentz, D. R. (2011). Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of scheelite-bearing skarns, and genetic relations between skarn mineralization and petrogenesis of the associated granitoid pluton at Sargipali, Sundergarh District, Eastern India. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 108(1), 39-61.
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Fluorapophyllite'
Reference: Collection of Rock Currier
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Fourmarierite
Formula: Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist: 41: 127-133
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: Höller, W., and Gandhi, S.M. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 60, 99-119.; Mineralium Deposita (2009) 44, 183-204
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Journ. Atomic Min. Sci. 2:79-88 (1994)
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Garnierite'
Reference: G. K. Kesar (2011) Geology And Mineral Resources Of Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland And Tripura. Geological Survey Of India Miscelleaneous Publication No. 30 Part IV, Vol 1(Part-2)
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: B. Rama Rao and L. Rama Rao (1937) Proceedings: Plant Sciences, 5, #6.
Gedrite var: Bidalotite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: B. Rama Rao and L. Rama Rao (1937) Proceedings: Plant Sciences, 5, #6.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1968 36 : 1174-1175
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Resour Geol(2005) VOL.55;NO.1;PAGE.33-44
Glagolevite
Formula: Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
'Glass'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Sinha, R., & Smykatz-Kloss, W. (2003). Thermal characterization of lacustrine dolomites from the Sambhar Lake playa, Thar desert, India. Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry, 71(3), 739-750.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Goosecreekite
Formula: Ca[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Econ Geol (1980) 75:1083-1104
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Nalin Shah (2002) Rampura-Agucha - A remobilized SEDEX deposit Southeastern Rajasthan, India in M. Deb, Wayne David Goodfellow eds. Sediment-hosted lead-zinc sulphide deposits: attributes and models of some major deposits in India, Australia and Canada
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Habit: rare prisms or grains generally 0.1-0.15 mm across; a few are as much as 0.4 mm long.
Description: enclosed in sillimanite or between sillimanite and other minerals and rarely as inclusions in grains of opaque adjacent to sillimanite.
Reference: Grew, E.S. (1983) A grandidierite-sapphirine association from India. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 344, 401-403.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Graphite var: Cliftonite
Formula: C
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. vol 2. University of California Press.
Graphite var: Uraniferous Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Journ. Atomic Min. Sci. 2:79-88 (1994)
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Rao, J. S. R. Krishna; Kasipathi, C. (1985): Occurrence of todorokite from Adilabad Manganese Mines, Andhra Pradesh. Current Science 54, 862.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
'Gummite'
Reference: Tilak, V. V. S. S., & Aswathanarayana, U. (1963, January). Geochemical studies in the uranium prospect at Umra, Rajasthan. In Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Section A (Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 34-43). Springer India.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Sarkar, S. C., Bhattacharyya, P. K., and Mukherjee, A. D., 1980, Evolution of the Sulfide Ores of Saladipura, Rajasthan, India, Economic Geology, 75:1152-1167.
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: S. G. Tenainkai, A. G. Ugarkar, M. V. Koti and A. Mookherjee (1991) Copper-bearing clay minerals of the oxidized zone of the Rakha-Chapri Block, Singhbhum Copper Belt, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 100, 13-30.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.
Heideite (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 59 (1974), 465
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Lahiri, D. (1972). Helvine in the gondite of Kajlidongri, Madhya Pradesh, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 38(300), 974-975.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Nalin Shah (2002) Rampura-Agucha - A remobilized SEDEX deposit Southeastern Rajasthan, India in M. Deb, Wayne David Goodfellow eds. Sediment-hosted lead-zinc sulphide deposits: attributes and models of some major deposits in India, Australia and Canada
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Equeenuddin, Sk.Md. (2015): Occurrence of alpersite at Malanjkhand copper mine, India. Environmental Earth Sciences: 73(7): 3849-3853
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Hingganite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Reference: Chakrabarty, A., Mitchell, R.H., Ren, M., Sen, A. K. Pruseth, K. L. (2013) Rinkite, cerianite-(Ce), and hingganite-(Ce) in syenite gneisses from the Sushina Hill Complex, India: occurrence, compositional data and petrogenetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine 77(8), xx-xx.; Chakrabarty, A., Mitchell, R. H., Ren, M., Sen, A. K., & Pruseth, K. L. (2013). Rinkite, cerianite-(Ce), and hingganite-(Ce) in syenite gneisses from the Sushina Hill Complex, India: occurrence, compositional data and petrogenetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(8), 3137-3154.
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Hollandite (TL)
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Description: Neotype (Biagioni et al., 2013).
Reference: Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114; Biagioni, C., Capalbo, C., Pasero, M. (2013): Nomenclature tunings in the hollandite supergroup. European Journal of Mineralogy 25, 85-90.
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Hydrobiotite ?
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: S. G. Tenainkai, A. G. Ugarkar, M. V. Koti and A. Mookherjee (1991) Copper-bearing clay minerals of the oxidized zone of the Rakha-Chapri Block, Singhbhum Copper Belt, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 100, 13-30.
'Hydrogarnet'
Reference: Mishra, B., Pal, N., & Sarbadhikari, A. B. (2005). Fluid inclusion characteristics of the Uti gold deposit, Hutti-Maski greenstone belt, southern India. Ore Geology Reviews, 26(1), 1-16.
'Hydrohausmannite'
Reference: Rao, J. S. R. K., Naidu, B. V. & Rao, K. V. (1979): Ore microscopic, x-ray and trace elemental data on manganese ores from Sandur, Karnataka, India. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica 24, 91-97.
'Hydromuscovite'
Reference: Viladkar, S. G. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of fenitized nephelinites of the Amba Dongar complex, Gujarat. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(1), 87-97.
'Hydrophilite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 41.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Willies, L. (1987). ANCIENT ZINC-LEAD—SILVER MINING IN RAJASTHAN, INDIA—INTERIM REPORT. Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society. Vol, 10(2).
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 62 localities in this region.
Ilmenite var: Ferrian Ilmenite
Formula: (Fe,Ti)2O3
Description: Listed as "hemo-ilmenite".
Reference: Grew, E.S. (1983) A grandidierite-sapphirine association from India. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 344, 401-403.
Ilmenite var: Picroilmenite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
'Ilmenite-Pyrophanite Series'
Reference: Höller, W., and Gandhi, S.M. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 60, 99-119.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Indialite (TL)
Formula: Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Miyashiro, A. and T. Iiyama (1954) A preliminary note on a new mineral, indialite, polymorphic with cordierite. Proceedings of the Japan Academy: 30: 746-751.
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Iron var: Martensite
Formula: Fe
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Reference: T. T. Alapieti, T. C. Devaraju, R. J. Kaukonen (2005) Sem-eds Study of the Platinum-group Minerals in the PGE mineralized Hanumalapura Segment of the Layeredmafic-ultramafic Complex of Channagiri, Davangere District, Karnataka. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 65:745-752.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Jaipurite (TL)
Formula: CoS
Type Locality:
Reference: Rec. Geol. Survey India 14 (1880), 190
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Mineralium Deposita (2009) 44, 183-204
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Joegoldsteinite
Formula: MnCr2S4
Reference: Keil, K., Brett, R. (1974): Heideite, (Fe,Cr)1+x(Ti,Fe)2S4, a new mineral in the Bustee enstatite achondrite. American Mineralogist: 59: 465-470
'Johnbaumite-M' (FRL)
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)3OH
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1911) 16, 84-96
'Juddite'
'Julgoldite'
Reference: Moore, T. (2002) What's New in Minerals?. Tucson Show 2002. Mineralogical Record. 33: 274
Julgoldite-(Fe2+)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Wise and Moller (1990) Occurrence of Ca-Fe silicate minerals with zeolites in basalt cavities at Bombay, India. European Journal of Mineralogy, v. 2, pp. 875-883.
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: Gondwana Research 3(1): 65-77.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
Reference: Mallick, B., Rautray, T. R., Nayak, P. K., Vijayan, V., Singh, P., Behera, R. C., ... & Choudhury, R. K. (2005, March). Characterisation of hot material erupted from Mahanadi riverbank using EDXRF and XRD techniques. In INDIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE INDIAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE CULTIVATION OF SCIENCE-NEW SERIES- (Vol. 79, No. 3, p. 293). NOT KNOWN.
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: T. T. Alapieti, T. C. Devaraju, R. J. Kaukonen (2005) Sem-eds Study of the Platinum-group Minerals in the PGE mineralized Hanumalapura Segment of the Layeredmafic-ultramafic Complex of Channagiri, Davangere District, Karnataka. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 65:745-752.
Kernite
Formula: Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Reference: Rathore, I.S. (2015) Exploration Potential and Economic Significance of Puga Valley Borax Deposit, Ladakh, India. International Journal for Scientific Research & Development 3:1, 191-195.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Jewel Tunnel Imports specimens
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Description: High Calcium content
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 513-516
Kolarite (TL)
Formula: PbTeCl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: T. T. Alapieti, T. C. Devaraju, R. J. Kaukonen (2005) Sem-eds Study of the Platinum-group Minerals in the PGE mineralized Hanumalapura Segment of the Layeredmafic-ultramafic Complex of Channagiri, Davangere District, Karnataka. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 65:745-752.
Krennerite ?
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Anantha Iyer, G.V. and Narayanan Kutty, T.R. (1975) Curr. Sci., 44, #11, 371-373.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Lautite
Formula: CuAsS
Reference: Deb, M., 1980, Genesis and Metamorphism of Two Stratiform Massive Sulfide Depoosits at Ambaji and Deri in the Precambrian of Western India, Economic Geology, 75:572-591
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Current Science 75 (8): 763 (1998)
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Ramakrishna, T. L., Sar, R. N. & Mukhopadhyay, B. (1995): On the lead-zinc mineralization of Shergaon area, West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh. Indian Minerals 49, 101-108.
'Lepidolite'
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Leucoxene
'Lévyne'
Reference: No reference listed
Lévyne-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Subba Rao, D.V., and Naqvi, S.M. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 230-242.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Liuite (TL)
Formula: FeTiO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C. and Tschauner, O. (2018) Liuite, IMA 2017-042a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxxx–xxxx.
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Lonsdaleite
Formula: C
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnesite var: Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: Magnus Endress, Bernhard Spettel & Adolf Bischoff (1994). Chemistry, petrography, and mineralogy of the Tonk CI chondrite: Preliminary results. Meteoritics 29, #4, p. 462-463. (July 1994).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 94 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Majorite
Formula: Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Malavergne, V., Guyot, F., Benzerara, K., & Martinez, I. (2001). Description of new shock‐induced phases in the Shergotty, Zagami, Nakhla and Chassigny meteorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(10), 1297-1305.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Malanite
Formula: Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
'Manganese Oxides'
Mangani-dellaventuraite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{MgMn3+2LiTi4+}Si8O22O2
Type Locality:
Reference: Tait et al (2005), American Mineralogist: 90: 304-309.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Manganosite
Formula: MnO
Reference: Rao, J. S. R. K., Naidu, B. V. & Rao, K. V. (1979): Ore microscopic, x-ray and trace elemental data on manganese ores from Sandur, Karnataka, India. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica 24, 91-97.
Mangazeite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Baidya, Tapan Kumar, Sen, Gautam, and Chakravorty, Priya Shankar, 1981, Uranium Occurrences in and Around Nawahatu, Purulia District, West Bengal, India - A Preliminay Report, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 970-973.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Baidya, A. S., Sen, A., & Pal, D. C. (2018). Textures and compositions of cobalt pentlandite and cobaltian mackinawite from the Madan-Kudan copper deposit, Khetri Copper Belt, Rajasthan, India. Journal of Earth System Science, 127(4), 56.
Marićite
Formula: NaFe2+(PO4)
Reference: Johnson, C.L., D.S. Lauretta, and P.R. Buseck, A High-resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of Fine-Grained Phosphates in Metal From the Bishunpur LL3.1 Ordinary Chondrite, 63rd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting (5303.pdf); Lauretta, Dante S., Peter R. Buseck, and Thomas J. Zega (2001) Opaque minerals in the matrix of the Bishunpur (LL3.1) chondrite: constraints on the chondrule formation environment. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 65(8)(15 April 2001): 1337-1353.; Lauretta, D.S., Buseck,P.R. & Zega, T.J. (2001) Opaque Minerals in the matrix of the Bishunpur (LL3.1) meteorite: constraints on the chondrule formation environment: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 65 (8): 1337-1353. (April 2001).
Marokite
Formula: CaMn3+2O4
Reference: Mallick, B., Rautray, T. R., Nayak, P. K., Vijayan, V., Singh, P., Behera, R. C., ... & Choudhury, R. K. (2005, March). Characterisation of hot material erupted from Mahanadi riverbank using EDXRF and XRD techniques. In INDIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE INDIAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE CULTIVATION OF SCIENCE-NEW SERIES- (Vol. 79, No. 3, p. 293). NOT KNOWN.
'Maskelynite'
Masuyite
Formula: Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Current Science, 92, 5, 592-4, 2007
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
'Mavinite'
Formula: near (Mg,Fe)3(Al,Fe)12Si7O35 · 9H2O
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Meteoritic Iron'
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Höller, W., and Gandhi, S.M. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 60, 99-119.
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Saravanan, C.S., and Mishra, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 597-605.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Sinha, R., & Smykatz-Kloss, W. (2003). Thermal characterization of lacustrine dolomites from the Sambhar Lake playa, Thar desert, India. Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry, 71(3), 739-750.
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Eur. Jour. Min. 13, no. 1(2001)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mooihoekite
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Reference: Panigrahi, M.K., and Mookherjee, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 133-148.
'Moonstone'
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Mozartite
Formula: CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Reference: Mallick, B., Rautray, T. R., Nayak, P. K., Vijayan, V., Singh, P., Behera, R. C., ... & Choudhury, R. K. (2005, March). Characterisation of hot material erupted from Mahanadi riverbank using EDXRF and XRD techniques. In INDIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE INDIAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE CULTIVATION OF SCIENCE-NEW SERIES- (Vol. 79, No. 3, p. 293). NOT KNOWN.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Alurgite
Formula: K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Nambulite
Formula: LiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)
Description: Sample from "high-grade regional metamorphic rock in India", found by Gokhale" (Murakami et al., 1977).
Reference: Ito, J. (1972): Synthesis and crystal chemistry of lithium hydropyroxenoids. Mineralogical Journal 7, 45-65; Murakami, T., Takeuchi, Y., Tagai, T. & Koto, K. (1977): Lithium-hydrorhodonite. Acta Crystallographica, B33, 919-921.
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
'Nickel-iron'
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1990) Petrology and Petrology of Type II, FeO-rich chondrules in Semarkona (LL3.0). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54 (6), 1985-1802. (June 1990)
Niningerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Oldhamite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Min Mag 37 (1969), 144
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: A.G. Dessai et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1990, 2, pp. 667-685.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
'Orthochrysotile'
Reference: Rev. Min. (1988), 91
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Osarsite
Formula: (Os,Ru)AsS
Reference: T. T. Alapieti, T. C. Devaraju, R. J. Kaukonen (2005) Sem-eds Study of the Platinum-group Minerals in the PGE mineralized Hanumalapura Segment of the Layeredmafic-ultramafic Complex of Channagiri, Davangere District, Karnataka. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 65:745-752.
Osbornite (TL)
Formula: TiN
Type Locality:
Reference: Min Mag 26 (1941), 36
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 40:277-309
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 367-386.
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Palladoarsenide
Formula: Pd2As
Reference: T. T. Alapieti, T. C. Devaraju, R. J. Kaukonen (2005) Sem-eds Study of the Platinum-group Minerals in the PGE mineralized Hanumalapura Segment of the Layeredmafic-ultramafic Complex of Channagiri, Davangere District, Karnataka. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 65:745-752.
Panethite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2
Reference: Johnson, Craig L., Dante S. Lauretta, and Peter R. Buseck (____) Panethite-Bearing Assemblage in the Bishunpur LL3.1 Ordinary Chondrite: Possible Alteration Product. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI (2093.pdf).
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ramakrishnan, M. et al (1975) Journal of the Geological Society of India, 16, #3, 326-336.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parkerite
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Chakrabarty, A., Mitchell, R. H., Ren, M., Sen, A. K., & Pruseth, K. L. (2013). Rinkite, cerianite-(Ce), and hingganite-(Ce) in syenite gneisses from the Sushina Hill Complex, India: occurrence, compositional data and petrogenetic significance. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(8), 3137-3154.
Pentagonite
Formula: Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Sinha, R., & Smykatz-Kloss, W. (2003). Thermal characterization of lacustrine dolomites from the Sambhar Lake playa, Thar desert, India. Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry, 71(3), 739-750.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Perryite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Description: Traces only
Reference: Nehru, C. E., Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K. & Delaney, J. S. (1984) Parsa: an Unequilibrated Enstatite Chondrite (uec) with an Aubrite-Like Impact Melt Clast (abstract), Lunar and Planetary Science XV, 597-598. (March 1984)
'Petrified Wood'
Petrukite ?
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4
Reference: Murao, S., Deb, M., and Furuno, M. (2008): Mineralogical evolution of indium in high grade tin-polymetallic hydrothermal veins — A comparative study from Tosham, Haryana state, India and Goka, Naegi district, Japan. Ore Geology Reviews 33, 490-504.
'Phillipsite'
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.