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Christmas Island, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Christmas IslandTerritory
AustraliaCountry

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Locality type:
Other Languages:
French:
Île Christmas, Australie
German:
Weihnachtsinsel, Australien
Italian:
Isola di Natale, Australia
Russian:
Остров Рождества, Австралия
Simplified Chinese:
圣诞岛, 澳大利亚
Spanish:
Isla de Navidad, Australia
Afrikaans:
Kerseiland, Australië
Albanian:
Christmas Island, Australia
Amharic:
ክርስትማስ ደሴት
Anglo-Saxon:
Crīstesmæsse Īeg
Arabic:
جزيرة كريسماس, أستراليا
Aragonese:
Isla de Nadal
Armenian:
Ծննդյան կղզի
Asturian:
Islla Christmas
Azeri:
Milad adası
Basque:
Christmas uhartea
Belarusian:
Востраў Каляд, Аўстралія
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Востраў Раства
Bengali:
ক্রিসমাস দ্বীপ
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
ক্রিসমাস দ্বীপমালা
Bosnian:
Božićno ostrvo
Breton:
Enez Christmas
Bulgarian:
Рождество, Австралия
Burmese:
ခရစ်စမတ် ကျွန်း
Catalan:
Illa Christmas, Austràlia
Cebuano:
Christmas Island
Central Bikol:
Isla nin Pasko
Central Kurdish/Sorani:
دوورگەی کریسمس
Chechen:
Ӏийса пайхамар винчу ден гӀайре
Cherokee:
ᏓᏂᏍᏓᏲᎯᎲ ᎤᎦᏚᏛ
Classical Chinese:
聖誕島
Cornish:
Ynys Nadelik
Croatian:
Božićni Otok
Czech:
Vánoční ostrov, Austrálie
Danish:
Christmas Island, Australien
Dutch:
Christmaseiland, Australië
Dzongkha:
ཁི་རིསྟ་མེས་མཚོ་གླིང
Esperanto:
Kristnaskinsulo
Estonian:
Jõulusaar, Austraalia
Ewe:
Kristmas ƒudomekpo nutome
Faroese:
Jólaoyggjin
Farsi/Persian:
جزیره کریسمس, استرالیا
Fiji Hindi:
Christmas Island
Finnish:
Joulusaari, Australia
Friulian:
Isule Christmas
Gagauz:
Christmas adası
Galician:
Illa de Nadal, Australia
Georgian:
შობის კუნძული
Greek:
Νήσος των Χριστουγέννων, Αυστραλία
Greenlandic:
Jul-qeqertaq
Gujarati:
ક્રિસમસ દ્વીપ
Hakka:
Sṳn-tan-tó
Hebrew:
חג המולד, אוסטרליה
Hill Mari:
Шартял ошмаоты
Hindi:
क्रिसमस द्वीप, ऑस्ट्रेलिया
Hungarian:
Karácsony-sziget, Ausztrália
Icelandic:
Jólaeyja, Ástralía
Ido:
Insulo Christmas
Iloko:
Isla ti Paskua
Indonesian:
Pulau Natal, Australia
Interlingua:
Insula de Natal
Irish Gaelic:
Oileán na Nollag, An Astráil
Japanese:
クリスマス島, オーストラリア
Javanese:
Pulo Natal
Kannada:
ಕ್ರಿಸ್ಮಸ್ ದ್ವೀಪ
Kapampangan:
Pulu ning Christmas
Kashmiri:
کرِسمَس جٔزیٖرٕ
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Кристмас аралы
Khmer:
កោះ​គ្រីស្មាស
Kinyarwanda:
Ikirwa cya Noheli
Korean:
크리스마스섬, 호주
Kurdish (Latin Script):
Girava Christmas
Kyrgyz:
Рождество аралы
Lao:
ເກາະຄຣິສມາດ
Latin:
Insula Christi Natalis
Latvian:
Ziemsvētku Sala, Austrālija
Ligurian:
Isoa Christmas
Limburgian:
Kaersjmeseilandj
Lingala:
Esenga ya Mbótama
Lingua Franca Nova:
Isola Natal
Lithuanian:
Kalėdų sala, Australija
Luxembourgish:
Chrëschtdagsinsel
Macedonian:
Божиќен Остров, Австралија
Malay:
Pulau Krismas
Malayalam:
ക്രിസ്തുമസ് ദ്വീപ്
Maltese:
Gżira tal-Milied
Manx:
Ellan ny Nollick
Marathi:
क्रिसमस द्वीप
Min Dong Chinese:
Séng-dáng-dō̤
Mingrelian:
ქირსეშ კოკი
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Christmas-tó
Mongolian:
Зул Сарын Арал
Nepali:
क्रिसमस टापु
Norfolk:
Kresmes Ailen
Northern Sami:
Juovllat-sullot
Norwegian:
Christmasøya, Australia
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Christmasøya
Occitan:
Christmas
Odia:
ଖ୍ରୀଷ୍ଟମାସ୍ ଦ୍ୱୀପ
Polish:
Wyspa Bożego Narodzenia, Australia
Portuguese:
Ilha Christmas, Austrália
Punjabi:
ਕ੍ਰਿਸਮਸ ਟਾਪੂ
Ripuarian:
de Weihnaachs-Ensel
Romanian:
Insula Crăciunului, Australia
Romansh:
Insla da Christmas
Scots:
Christmas Island
Scottish Gaelic:
Eilean na Nollaig
Serbian:
Божићно Острво, Аустралија
Serbo-Croatian:
Božićni Otok
Sicilian:
Ìsula Christmas
Sinhalese:
ක්‍රිස්මස් දූපත
Slovak:
Vianočný ostrov, Austrália
Slovenian:
Božični otok, Avstralija
South Azerbaijani:
کریسمس آداسی
Sundanese:
Pulo Natal
Swahili:
Kisiwa cha Krismasi, Australia
Swedish:
Julön, Australien
Tagalog:
Pulo ng Christmas, Australya
Tamil:
கிறிஸ்துமசு தீவு
Telugu:
క్రిస్మస్ దీవి
Thai:
เกาะคริสต์มาส, ออสเตรเลีย
Tigrinya:
የገና ደሴቶች
Tongan:
Motu Kilisimasi
Traditional Chinese:
聖誕島
Turkish:
Christmas Adası, Avustralya
Ukrainian:
Острів Різдва, Австралія
Urdu:
جزیرہ کرسمس
Uyghur:
روژدېستۋو ئاراللىرى
Vietnamese:
Đảo Giáng Sinh, Úc
Waray:
Puro han Christmas
Welsh:
Ynys y Nadolig, Awstralia
West Frisian:
Krysteilân
Western Punjabi:
جزیرہ کرسمس
Wolof:
Dunu Christmas
Wu Chinese:
圣诞岛
Yoruba:
Erékùṣù Kérésìmesì
Zulu:
I-Ostreliya


Christmas Island is a small Territory of Australia (proclaimed on 1 October 1958) purchased from the British for £2.9 million.

The island is located in the Indian Ocean, about 2,650 kms North-West of Perth and 380 kms South of Jakarta (Indonesia).

The Island was named 25 December 1643 when Captain William Mynors was passing by on his way home from the East Indies on the "Royal Mary".

The Scottish-Canadian oceanographer John Murray sailed with the Challenger Expedition between 1872 to 1876 and while sailing on the Indonesian leg of the voyage recognised the possibility of phosphate mining. He went on to help establish the industry on the island.

Phosphate mining since the 1890s, closed in 1987, but reopened in 1991.

The Island was used for atomic bomb testing by the United Kingdom in the 1950s and 1960s, including above ground testing.

Correct locality name is: Territory of Christmas Island.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

13 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Reference: Trueman, N. A. (1965). The phosphate, volcanic and carbonate rocks of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean). Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 12(2), 261-283. Muller, F. B. (1970). Agronomic use of calcined Christmas Island iron/aluminium phosphates I. Field trials. New Zealand journal of agricultural research, 13(3), 453-464.
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Reference: Trueman, N. A. (1966). Substitutions for phosphate ions in apatite. Nature, 210, 937-938.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
'Barrandite'
Reference: Trueman, N. A. (1965): The phosphate, volcanic, and carbonate rocks of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. J. Geol. Soc. Australia 12, 261-283. ; Trueman, N. A. (1965). The phosphate, volcanic and carbonate rocks of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean). Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 12(2), 261-283.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Morrison, R. J. (1990). Pacific Atoll Soils: Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Classification. National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Drysdale, R. N., Paul, B., Greig, A., & Cotte, M. (2012). A re-evaluation of the palaeoclimatic significance of phosphorus variability in speleothems revealed by high-resolution synchrotron micro XRF mapping. Climate of the Past, 8(6), 2039-2051.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Trueman, N. A. (1965): The phosphate, volcanic, and carbonate rocks of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. J. Geol. Soc. Australia 12, 261-283. ; Doak, B. W., Gallagher, P. J., Evans, L., & Muller, F. B. (1965). Low-temperature calcination of “C”-grade phosphate from christmas island: I. Growth and yield characteristics. New Zealand journal of agricultural research, 8(1), 15-29.; Trueman, N. A. (1965). The phosphate, volcanic and carbonate rocks of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean). Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 12(2), 261-283.; Trueman, N.A. (1965) The Geology and Mineralogy of the Phosphate Deposits of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Unpublished MSc. Thesis, University of Adelaide, 125 pages plus plates.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Muller, F. B. (1970). Agronomic use of calcined Christmas Island iron/aluminium phosphates I. Field trials. New Zealand journal of agricultural research, 13(3), 453-464.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-fluorhydroxyapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Trueman, N. A. (1965): The phosphate, volcanic, and carbonate rocks of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. J. Geol. Soc. Australia 12, 261-283.
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: Trueman, N. A. (1966). Substitutions for phosphate ions in apatite. Nature, 210, 937-938.
Isoclasite ?
Formula: Ca2(PO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Millisite
Formula: (Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Reference: Doak, B. W., Gallagher, P. J., Evans, L., Muller, F. B. (1965) Low-temperature calcination of “C”-grade phosphate from christmas island: I. Growth and yield characteristics. New Zealand journal of agricultural research, 8(1), 15-29. Trueman, N. A. (1965) The phosphate, volcanic and carbonate rocks of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean). Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 12(2), 261-283.
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Trueman, N. A. (1965): The phosphate, volcanic, and carbonate rocks of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. J. Geol. Soc. Australia 12, 261-283.
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Trueman, N.A. (1965) The Geology and Mineralogy of the Phosphate Deposits of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Unpublished MSc. Thesis, University of Adelaide, 125 pages plus plates.
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Trueman, N.A. (1965) The Geology and Mineralogy of the Phosphate Deposits of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Unpublished MSc. Thesis, University of Adelaide, 125 pages plus plates.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Trueman, N. A. (1965): The phosphate, volcanic, and carbonate rocks of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. J. Geol. Soc. Australia 12, 261-283.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-fluorhydroxyapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Isoclasite ?8.DN.10Ca2(PO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Millisite8.DL.10(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Montgomeryite8.DH.25Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'var: Collophane'-
'Barrandite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Isoclasite ?42.6.2.1Ca2(PO4)(OH) · 2H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Millisite42.7.9.1(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Montgomeryite42.11.8.1Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'var: Collophane'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Barrandite'-
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-fluorhydroxyapatite
-Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-fluorhydroxyapatite)Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H IsoclasiteCa2(PO4)(OH) · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-fluorhydroxyapatite)Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O IsoclasiteCa2(PO4)(OH) · 2H2O
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
AlAluminium
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
PPhosphorus
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-fluorhydroxyapatite)Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P IsoclasiteCa2(PO4)(OH) · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-fluorhydroxyapatite)Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca IsoclasiteCa2(PO4)(OH) · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Trueman, N.A. (1965) The phosphate, volcanic, and carbonate rocks of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean). Journal of the Geological Society of Australia 12(2) January 1965, pp. 261-283.
Trueman, N.A. (1965) The Geology and Mineralogy of the Phosphate Deposits of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Unpublished MSc. Thesis, University of Adelaide, 125 pages plus plates.
Warin, O.N. (1958) Notes on the Geology and the Phosphate Deposits of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Records 1958/98, 6 pages plus map.
Grimes, K.G. (2001) Karst Features of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean). Elictite 37:2, 41-58.
Muller, F.B. (1970) Agronomic use of calcined Christmas Island iron/aluminium phosphates in field trials. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 13:3, 453-464.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christmas_Island
Wikidata ID:Q31063
GeoNames ID:2078138

Localities in this Region
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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
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