Christmas Island, Australia
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|Location is approximate, based on center of defined region.|
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||10° South , 105° East (est.)|
Christmas Island is a small Territory of Australia (proclaimed on 1 October 1958). It is located in the Indian Ocean, about 2,650 kms North-West of Perth and 380 kms South of Jakarta (Indonesia).
The Scottish-Canadian oceanographer John Murray sailed with the Challenger Expedition between 1872 to 1876 and while sailing on the Indonesian leg of the voyage he recognised the possibility of phosphate mining. He went on to help establish the industry on the island.
Phosphate mining since the 1890s, closed in 1987, but reopened in 1991.
The Island was used for atomic bomb testing by the United Kingdom in the 1950s and 1960s, including above ground testing.
Correct locality name is: Territory of Christmas Island.
Mineral ListMineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
11 valid minerals.
Rock Types Recorded
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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
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Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.
Localities in this Region
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Trueman, N. A. (1965) The phosphate, volcanic, and carbonate rocks of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean). Journal of the Geological Society of Australia 12(2) January 1965, pp. 261-283.