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Les Rats Mine slag dumps, Le Crozet, La Pacaudière, Loire, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Francei
Regional Level Types
Les Rats Mine slag dumpsMine Dump
Le Crozet- not defined -
La Pacaudière- not defined -
LoireDepartment
Auvergne-Rhône-AlpesRegion
FranceCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 10' 2'' North , 3° 51' 42'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
La Pacaudière1,199 (2016)1.2km
Changy594 (2016)3.5km
Saint-Bonnet-des-Quarts368 (2016)4.2km
Saint-Martin-d’Estréaux902 (2018)6.3km
Vivans265 (2016)6.8km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Rhône-Alpes
Name(s) in local language(s):
Déblais de scories de la mine du Crozet-La Pacaudière


During the operation of the Les Rats Mine, the ore was sent to a metallurgical plant by railway. But, as the transport was expensive, two furnaces were built on the ore dressing floor to treat "poor ore": too poor to be sent, but still too rich to be left on the dumps. The furnaces were only working for a short time, as the smokes attacked the vineyards around.
A small amount of slags still remains on the abandoned ore dressing floor, and as the furnaces were cheaply built and didn't perform well, the slags are rich in metallic phases and show a rich paragenesis of well-developed secondary slag phases.

More than 100 EDS analyses were done by Chollet P. and Devouard B., by the Jean Wyart association and by Uwe Kolitsch (who also made some XRD analyses): no arsenates have been found, and only one phosphate but this one remains doubtful, as the slag matrix is very different from every other one collected on the site; this sample possibly comes from another site and might have been left here by a collector who forgot it in his bag.
Edit : new samples have recently been found (collected Y. Vessely, 2014), in "regular" slag matrix typical from the locality. XRD analyse showed vivianite. so at least one phosphate can be confirmed in the slag paragenesis

All arsenates previously mentioned shall be discredited.
Silver might also be discredited since systematic analyses on a lot of samples showed only copper and/or lead.

For all minerals found in the Mine or in its untreated dumps, see this link: Les Rats Mine

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


40 valid minerals. 9 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Collected by Michel Blondieau
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Colour: Colourless or white (small specimens) / Yellow (large specimens)
Description: Very good crystals (up to 3 cm) were found during the mine exploitation.
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Chrysocolla ?
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Description: Analyses methods didn't allow to make difference betweem chrysocolla or cuprian allophane
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22.
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Fougèrite
Formula: Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
'Friedel's Salt'
Formula: 3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, no. 1, 9-22
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Hydrocerussite ?
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: As lead peak hides the sulfur peak on EDS, distinction between hydrocerussite and leadhillite can't be done by this way
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, no. 1, 9-22
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Ludlockite
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Reference: No reference listed
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Description: Crystals morphology suggest a probable partial pseudomorphosis after litharge
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: No reference listed
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: All EDS analysed samples revealed a copper-lead or copper-iron alliage.
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Spertiniite
Formula: Cu(OH)2
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Strashimirite
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22.
Sulphur ?
Formula: S8
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22.
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
'Unnamed (Cu-S-Si-O-H)' ?
Formula: Cu-S-Si-O-H
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.; Chollet Pascal collection
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Oxide)'
Formula: PbCu2O2
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
'Unnamed (Tetragonal Pb Oxide Hydrate)' ?
Formula: Pb3O2(OH)2
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: January 2012: during recent works about this locality none of all the samples analysed turned to be vivianite. 2015 : Few samples found in 2014 by Y. Vessely. specie confirmed by SXRD analyse (analyse by M. Blondieau - laboratoire de minéralogie, université de Liège)
Reference: Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46. SXRD analyse. M. Blondieau, laboratoire de minéralogie, université de Liège
Wroewolfeite ?
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Description: Distinction between langite and wroewolfeite can't be done with SEM-EDS
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Silver ?1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur ?1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena ?2.CD.10PbS
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Laurionite ?3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Fougèrite4.FL.05Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Ludlockite ?4.JA.45PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium ?4.BD.05Pb3O4
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Spertiniite4.FD.05Cu(OH)2
Wüstite ?4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dundasite ?5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrocerussite ?5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chenite7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Wroewolfeite ?7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite ?8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Strashimirite ?8.DC.12Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla ?9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Friedel's Salt'-3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Unnamed (Cu-S-Si-O-H)' ?-Cu-S-Si-O-H
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Oxide)'-PbCu2O2
'Unnamed (Tetragonal Pb Oxide Hydrate)' ?-Pb3O2(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Silver ?1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur ?1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena ?2.8.1.1PbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Wüstite ?4.2.1.6FeO
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
Spertiniite6.2.4.1Cu(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Fougèrite6.4.6.2Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium ?7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Laurionite ?10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite ?16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dundasite ?16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chenite30.1.16.1Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wroewolfeite ?31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Strashimirite ?42.6.5.1Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite ?43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Ludlockite ?45.1.14.1PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla ?74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Friedel's Salt'-3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Unnamed (Cu-S-Si-O-H)' ?-Cu-S-Si-O-H
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Oxide)'-PbCu2O2
'Unnamed (Tetragonal Pb Oxide Hydrate)' ?-Pb3O2(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H Friedel's Salt3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Unnamed (Cu-S-Si-O-H)Cu-S-Si-O-H
H Unnamed (Tetragonal Pb Oxide Hydrate)Pb3O2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
CCarbon
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
OOxygen
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O LithargePbO
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
O FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MassicotPbO
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O Unnamed (Pb-Cu Oxide)PbCu2O2
O Friedel's Salt3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Unnamed (Cu-S-Si-O-H)Cu-S-Si-O-H
O Unnamed (Tetragonal Pb Oxide Hydrate)Pb3O2(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
O MiniumPb3O4
O StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
O WüstiteFeO
AlAluminium
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Al Friedel's Salt3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Unnamed (Cu-S-Si-O-H)Cu-S-Si-O-H
PPhosphorus
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S SulphurS8
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S Unnamed (Cu-S-Si-O-H)Cu-S-Si-O-H
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cl DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cl Friedel's Salt3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
Ca Friedel's Salt3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
FeIron
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
Fe WüstiteFeO
CuCopper
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cu DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cu SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
Cu Unnamed (Pb-Cu Oxide)PbCu2O2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu Unnamed (Cu-S-Si-O-H)Cu-S-Si-O-H
Cu StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
AsArsenic
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
As StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
PbLead
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb LeadPb
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LithargePbO
Pb DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb Unnamed (Pb-Cu Oxide)PbCu2O2
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb Unnamed (Tetragonal Pb Oxide Hydrate)Pb3O2(OH)2
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Miocene
5.333 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3191181
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Carboniferous
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3155118
peraluminous syn orogenic plutonism

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Périchaud, J.-J. (1985): Les Minéraux d'Auvergne, Vol. 1, Clermont-Ferrand.
Poulain, P. (1996): Slag minerals from the old mine "La Pacaudière", Loire, France. International Association of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 6(2), 1-4.
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22
Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.


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