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Union Building and Construction Quarry (UBC Quarry; Tilcon Quarry), Woodland Park (West Paterson), Passaic Co., New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
Union Building and Construction Quarry (UBC Quarry; Tilcon Quarry)Quarry
Woodland Park (West Paterson)Park
Passaic Co.County
New JerseyState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 52' 38'' North , 74° 11' 18'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.87722,-74.18833
GeoHash:G#: dr70xc3xn
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Woodland Park12,518 (2017)1.5km
Little Falls10,688 (2017)1.9km
Clifton86,334 (2017)2.9km
Totowa10,973 (2017)3.6km
Upper Montclair11,565 (2017)3.6km


Large quarry, in the basal part of the Orange Mountain basalt. Located just west of Valley Road and just north of Route 3 & 46 on the boundary between Clifton and West Paterson. Mined out circa 2007, and the site is now being readied for a large residential housing development.

This quarry was known for dinosaur and other footprints in the shales and mudstones just beneath the basalt more than for minerals. Minerals mainly limited to sparse amygdules just above the basal contact of the basalt. Some of these were in large pahoehoe toes that rested on the sediments of the underlying Passaic Formation. At least one of these toes was seen to have radial pipe amygdules, like those described from Connecticut by Philpotts and Lewis, 1987, Geology, V. 15, p. 971-4.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


15 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: bradley D. Plotkin collection
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Warren Cummings, personal communication, 2008
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Description: Sooty chalcocite was found in a very local lens of carbonaceous debris in the Passaic sediments a foot or two beneath the basalt. Some of the chalcocite had altered to malachite. This very small occurrence is a typical Red Bed Type copper deposit in miniature. Base metals, particularly copper and silver, are mobile in oxidized, chloride-rich brines. Such brines are common in first generation red beds like those of the Passaic Formation. Deposition occurs when the oxidized metal-bearing fluid encounters a reducing environment. Reduction is typically provided by pyrite in a carbonaceous shale or by sulphate reducing bacteria associated with carbonaceous shale. The copper deposits further south in the Watchungs, such as at Chimney Rock, are also Red Bed Type deposits but in these examples reduction was accomplished by the oxidation of ferrous iron to ferric iron and the concurrent reduction of sulphate to sulphide in the basalt, an atypical mechanism.
Reference: Cummings, W. L., 2008, Personal communication
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: bradley D. Plotkin collection
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Warren Cummings, personal communication, 2008
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: An alteration product of chalcocite (see) and limited to a small lens of carbonaceous fossil debris in the Passaic Fm.
Reference: Cummings, W. L., 2008, Personal communication
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Warren Cummings, personal communication, 2008
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Warren Cummings, personal communication, 2008
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Bradley D. Plotkin collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O HematiteFe2O3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
S SphaleriteZnS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
CaCalcium
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Jurassic
174.1 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2821781
Orange Mountain Basalt

Age: Early Jurassic (174.1 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Orange Mountain Basalt

Description: (Olsen, 1980) - Dark-greenish-gray to greenish-black basalt composed mostly of calcic plagioclase (typically An65) and clinopyroxene (augite and pigeonite); crystals are generally less than 1 mm (0.04 in) long. Consists of three major flows. The flows are separated in places by a weathered zone or by a thin, up to 3-m- (10-ft-) thick bed of red siltstone (not shown on map) or volcaniclastic rock. Lowest flow is generally massive and has widely spaced curvilinear joints; columnar joints in lowest flow become more common toward the northeast. Middle flow is massive or has columnar jointing. Lower part of the uppermost flow has pillow structures; upper part has pahoehoe flow structures. Tops and bottoms of flow layers are vesicular. Maximum thickness is about 182 m (597 ft).

Comments: Newark Supergroup, Brunswick Group (Lyttle and Epstein, 1987). Original map source: Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00

Lithology: Major:{basalt}, Minor:{siltstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3186144
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Comments: Newark Graben System; Newark-Gettysburg Basin

Lithology: Shale,conglomerate,quartz-feldspar sandstone,siltstone,limestone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cummings, Warren L. (2008), New Jersey State Transportation Department (geologist), personal communication to Mindat.org.


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