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Oceanview Mine (Oceanview adits; new Oceanview workings), Elizabeth R. Mine (Hazel W. claim), Chief Mountain, Pala, Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Oceanview Mine (Oceanview adits; new Oceanview workings)Mine
Elizabeth R. Mine (Hazel W. claim)Mine
Chief MountainMountain
Pala- not defined -
Pala DistrictMining District
San Diego Co.County

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Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 23' 24'' North , 117° 3' 6'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.39000,-117.05167
GeoHash:G#: 9muvbqmwf
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
Rainbow1,832 (2011)9.2km
Temecula112,011 (2017)14.6km
Aguanga1,128 (2011)18.3km
Fallbrook30,534 (2011)18.6km
Valley Center9,277 (2011)19.1km

The Oceanview mine is the metonymical name given to the most recent adits and associated underground workings located on the western downhill portion of the unpatented Elizabeth R. lode mining claim, at an elevation of approximately 1287 feet AMSL.

Work began around September of 2000 developing the main adit that now serves as the lowest underground haulageway for mechanized mining, which runs east for approximately 60 feet, then follows the Oceanview pegmatite[1] laterally along strike, as it meanders south to southwestward for a distance of over 400 feet.

Underground work progressed until a large pocket was discovered September 22, 2007, located up-dip about midway along the haulage drift. Over several months, this zone of mineralization produced several notable specimens of fine pastel pink, blue and bicolor beryl crystals; primarily occurring as tea-cup sized singles and smaller clusters, in association with darkly colored tourmaline, and some attractively arranged on matrices of cleavelandite. This pocket was referred to by the miners as the "49'er pocket", in homage to the mine owner Jeffrey Swanger's coinciding 49th birthday.

The beryl recovered from this zone were typical in form and color as those recovered further up-dip in the same pegmatite by Roland Reed. Other minerals found in these workings included small amounts of pale blue and dark purple to black tourmalines or schorl, spodumene, microcline, muscovite, montmorillonite, and quartz. Some large gem-quality smoky citrine quartz crystal points and clusters were produced, many weighing up to several hundred pounds each.

Around November of 2009, a new adit was completed approximately 200 feet south of the first adit driven by Swanger in 2000. This new portal intersected the existing underground haulageway, facilitating improved removal of waste rock generated during mining operations, and increased underground ventilation control.

A crew of 5 or so miners continued to work intermittently, concentrating efforts to extend the underground workings into the paystreak discovered earlier by Reed, located approximately 100 feet up-dip from Swanger's adits, ultimately developing a series of drifts, declines, and stopes along the trend of lithia mineralization. The upper zone of lithia mineralization exploited by Reed is characterized as massive purple lepidolite, sometimes associated with sprays of pink tourmaline and anhedral spodumene.

On December 3rd, 2009, another bonanza pocket was discovered, with extraction work performed by Jeffrey Swanger, Steve Carter, and Mark Mauthner. This basketball-sized pocket produced several deep purple and lavender kunzite crystals, the largest measuring approximately 7.4cm wide, being doubly terminated, along with many fine gem-quality green and bicolored spodumene crystal laths and shards. Nearly all of the kunzite recovered exhibited strong green to purple trichroism. Other accessory minerals recovered adjacent to this pocket included several small pale blue to dark blue-capped tourmaline crystals, lepidolite, and cleavelandite.

Underground work continued along the zone of lithia mineralization, which led to the discovery of additional kunzite pockets in the spring of 2010. In this area, dubbed the "Big Kahuna" zone in honor of Swanger's father, hundreds of kilograms of gem spodumene were produced, including one large crystal lath measuring approximately 21cm tall, and weighing nearly one kilogram. Minor amounts of green, blue and pink tourmaline were also discovered, including some fine bicolor pink and green pencils. The largest reported tourmaline found measured approximately 15cm tall and 3-4cm wide. Additionally, several beryl specimens were also discovered, although beryl was notably rare in this zone. One tabular morganite crystal recovered measured 7cm across, associated with a small "blue-cap" pink tourmaline.

In December of 2010, another large kunzite pocket was discovered down dip from the Big Kahuna zone, and thus named the "Big Kahuna II". Although not as productive in comparison to the sheer volume of material produced from the first pocket, the color of this spodumene was generally a more deeply saturated hue and exhibited strong pleochroism. Several deep colored pink and cranberry red color-zoned tourmaline specimens were also found, some associated with a matrix of albite and lepidolite. Adjacent satellite pockets produced specimens of citrine and smoky quartz, some so deeply colored that they appeared black or otherwise opaque.

1.The Oceanview pegmatite dike outcrops along the western endline of the patented Oceanview lode mining claim, and along the eastern endline of the Elizabeth R. lode mining claim, and dips down beneath the surface towards the west, and slightly southwards. The continuity of the deposit has proven remarkably homogeneous along strike and dip, with most of the minerals recovered consistently similar in character and formation.

Regions containing this locality

Pacific PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Formula: Bi
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Manganese Oxides'
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
'Mica Group'
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Group 9 - Silicates
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Feldspar Group'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mica Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Semi-metals and non-metals
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
var: Cleavelandite
var: Aquamarine
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Feldspar Group'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Mica Group'-
var: Citrine
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
var: Kunzite

List of minerals for each chemical element

H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O PucheriteBi(VO4)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
V PucheriteBi(VO4)
V ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Bi PucheriteBi(VO4)
Bi ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
Bi BismuthBi

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

66 - 145 Ma

ID: 2703489
Gabbro, undivided

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Description: Massive, coarse-grained, dark-gray and black biotite-hornblende-hypersthene gabbro.

Reference: Kennedy, M.P., and S.S. Tan. digital prep. by Bovard et al. Geologic Map of the Oceanside 30’ x 60’ Quadrangle, California. California Department of Conservation California Geological Survey. [131]

Cretaceous - Triassic
66 - 251.902 Ma

ID: 2776321
Mesozoic gabbroic rocks, unit 2 (undivided)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 251.902 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Cuyamaca Gabbro; Elk Creek Gabbro; Gold Park Gabbro-Diorite; San Marcos Gabbro; Summit Gabbro

Description: Gabbro and dark dioritic rocks; chiefly Mesozoic

Comments: Mostly small exposures of gabbro and diorite scattered in western Klamath Mts., Sierra Nevada, Coast Ranges, Mojave Desert, and Peninsular Ranges Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{diorite,gabbro}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

66 - 145 Ma

ID: 3186295
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Osborn, P. (2007), Personal communication between Phil Osborn of Hemet and Scott L. Ritchie; Overview of work including adit development, petrology, lithology, bonanza pocket zone encountered, and gemstones recovered during the Oceanview mining operation. Feb.
Stephenson, J. (2007), Pala District Opens Wide: Oceanview Mine Strikes It Big. Mineral News: Pala International, Fallbrook, CA. December.
Stephenson, J. (2008), Pala District Opens Wider: Oceanview Mine Strikes It Big. Gem News: Pala International, Fallbrook, CA. January 16th.
Mauthner, M. H. F. (2008), The Forty-niner Pocket, Oceanview Mine, Pala District, San Diego County, California. Rocks & Minerals 83(4): 292-297.
Mauthner, M. H. F. (2009), Description of kunzite discovery from the Oceanview Mine, Pala District, San Diego County. Mindat.org photo gallery, December 12th.
Mroch, W. (2009), The Big Kunzite Find of 2009. Gem and Mineral Exploration Company. Cypress, Orange County, California. December 28th.
Fisher, J. (2011), Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals: 86(1): 14-34.
Mauthner, M. H. F. (2011), Recent Updates from the Oceanview Mine. The Vug: 4(1): 41-43.
Mauthner, M. H. F. (2011), Recent Finds at the Oceanview Mine, Pala District, San Diego County, California. Rocks & Minerals 86(1): 41-47.

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