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La-Croix-aux-Mines, La-Croix-aux-Mines District, Vosges, Grand Est, Francei
Regional Level Types
La-Croix-aux-Mines- not defined -
La-Croix-aux-Mines DistrictDistrict
VosgesDepartment
Grand EstRegion
FranceCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
48° 13' 11'' North , 7° 3' 8'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
La Croix-aux-Mines584 (2016)0.3km
Ban-de-Laveline1,234 (2016)3.0km
Coinches339 (2016)4.1km
Mandray608 (2016)4.4km
Gemaingoutte123 (2016)4.5km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Lorraine
Name(s) in local language(s):
La-Croix-aux-Mines, District de La-Croix-aux-Mines, Vosges, Lorraine, France


The discovery of silver-bearing veins in the area of La-Croix-aux-Mines dates back to the 9th century. There were some mining activities in medieval times, but it was not until the 15th century that the deposit was developed at a larger scale. Mining continued until the 16th century and came to a first halt due to several political crises in Central Europe. In 1720, the mines were re-opened but already forced to close around 1760, after a series of fatal accidents. After a long period of inactivity during the 19th century, the mines were re-opened again in 1924 and finally closed in 1948. By this time, the main vein had been explored on a length of 260 m and to a depth of 140 m below surface level. The total output of the mines amounts to around 100,000 tons of lead and 150 tons of silver.

The main vein of La-Croix-aux-Mines represents a tectonically brecciated zone with a width of up to 100 m, that is hosted by strongly altered gneisses and granites. Within this zone, richly mineralised NW-SE trending veins alternate with poorly mineralised NE-SW trending ones and N-S trending veins of barren gangue material, making the deposit appear as to consist of stockworks. The most abundant ore was argentiferous galena, including varying amounts of fahlores, chalcopyrite, pyrite, marcasite, and bournonite.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

44 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 204.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 893.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Silver
Formula: Ag
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: P Haas collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Sternbergite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Xanthoconite2.GA.10Ag3AsS3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Sternbergite2.9.12.1AgFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Xanthoconite3.4.2.1Ag3AsS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O CerussitePbCO3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MassicotPbO
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O TenoriteCuO
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S XanthoconiteAg3AsS3
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S SternbergiteAgFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe SternbergiteAgFe2S3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CoCobalt
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenicAs
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As XanthoconiteAg3AsS3
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Ag XanthoconiteAg3AsS3
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag SternbergiteAgFe2S3
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic - Neoproterozoic
251.902 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3147598
Lower Gneiss Unit (Massif Central)

Age: Neoproterozoic to Triassic (251.902 - 1000 Ma)

Description: high grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{migmatite/anatexite}, Minor{gneiss,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Paleozoic - Proterozoic
443.8 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2618638

Age: to Ordovician (443.8 - 2500 Ma)

Description: metamorphic

Comments: Sammel-Code for gneiss in the Odenwald, Black Forest, Vosges

Lithology: Paragneiss

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3187252
Neoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 893.
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Bari, H. (1982) Le plus gros filon plombifère de France: La Croix aux Mines (Vosges). Minéraux et Fossiles, 83, 31-40.
Hohl, J.-L. (1994) Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse).

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