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Osceola Mine, Osceola, Houghton Co., Michigan, USAi
Regional Level Types
Osceola MineMine
Osceola- not defined -
Houghton Co.County
MichiganState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
47° 13' 44'' North , 88° 27' 32'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Laurium1,941 (2017)1.5km
Calumet703 (2017)2.0km
Lake Linden989 (2017)5.5km
Hubbell946 (2017)6.6km
Copper City187 (2017)8.1km


An underground copper mine consisting of 11 shafts around Calumet. The Osceola Mining Co. organized in 1873 and worked the Calumet Conglomerate. In 1877, the Osceola Amygdaloid was discovered. In 1879, it merged with the Opechee Mining Co. to form the Osceola Consolidated Mining Co. In 1897, the company opened up the Kearsarge Lode by starting the North and South Kearsarge Mines. In 1909, Calumet & Hecla took control of Osceola and later merged it with its operations in 1923. Calumet & Hecla worked the mine until it closed in 1931. In the 1950's, C&H reopened the mine and worked it until the 1968 labor strike, at which time all C&H operations were closed for good. The best mineral hunting is found at Osceola shafts #3 and #4, where copper crystals and wires are found. Osceola #1 and #2 are also great for copper "skulls", silver crystals, and datolite crystals.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

20 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 66
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Yalmer Primeau Collection
'K Feldspar var. Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Yalmer Primeau Collection
Kinoite
Formula: Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Spertiniite
Formula: Cu(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
'Stilbite subgroup'
Formula: M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
'Thomsonite' ?
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Group 3 - Halides
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spertiniite4.FD.05Cu(OH)2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kinoite9.BH.10Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Pumpellyite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Thomsonite' ?-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Spertiniite6.2.4.1Cu(OH)2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Kinoite57.1.2.1Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var. Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Pumpellyite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-M6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
'Thomsonite' ?-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
H SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C VateriteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O VateriteCaCO3
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
O SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
NaSodium
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
SiSilicon
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Si K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
ClChlorine
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K K Feldspar var. AdulariaKAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca VateriteCaCO3
Ca KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CopperCu
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Cu KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Cu SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kilpela, T. (1995) The Hard Rock Mining Era in the Copper Country. Self-Published. 89 pages.
The Copper Country Rock & Mineral Club (2001) Red Gold and Tarnished Silver, 2nd edition. Self-Published. 44 pages.
Robinson, G.W. (2004) Mineralogy of Michigan by E.W. Heinrich (2nd edition). A.E. Seaman Mineral Museum, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan, 252 pages.
Stevens, H.J. (1902) The Copper Handbook, Vol 2. Mining Gazette Press, Houghton, Michigan. 494 pages.
Butler, B.S., Burbank, W.S. (1929) The Copper Deposits of Michigan. U.S. Geological Survey. Professional Paper 144. 238 pages.
Kaminski-Hamka, T. (2011) Copper Mines of Houghton County, Michigan. Copperlady Press. 120 pages.
Morris Jr., T. (1983) Michigan Mineralogy: A Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals: 58(3): 109.
Tschernich, R.W. (1992) Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press Inc., Phoenix, Arizona.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
USA

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