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Osceola Mine, Osceola, Houghton Co., Michigan, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 13' 44'' North , 88° 27' 32'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.22915,-88.45914
GeoHash:G#: f03hejf18
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


An underground copper mine consisting of 11 shafts around Calumet. The Osceola Mining Co. organized in 1873 and worked the Calumet Conglomerate. In 1877, the Osceola Amygdaloid was discovered. In 1879, it merged with the Opechee Mining Co. to form the Osceola Consolidated Mining Co. In 1897, the company opened up the Kearsarge Lode by starting the North and South Kearsarge Mines. In 1909, Calumet & Hecla took control of Osceola and later merged it with its operations in 1923. Calumet & Hecla worked the mine until it closed in 1931. In the 1950's, C&H reopened the mine and worked it until the 1968 labor strike, at which time all C&H operations were closed for good. The best mineral hunting is found at Osceola shafts #3 and #4, where copper crystals and wires are found. Osceola #1 and #2 are also great for copper "skulls", silver crystals, and datolite crystals.

Regions containing this locality

Keweenaw Peninsula, Michigan, USA

Peninsula - 238 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

20 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 66
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Kinoite
Formula: Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Spertiniite
Formula: Cu(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Silver'1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
Group 3 - Halides
'Paratacamite'3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Spertiniite'4.FD.05Cu(OH)2
'Tenorite'4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Vaterite'5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Analcime'9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Datolite'9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Kinoite'9.BH.10Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
'Laumontite'9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Natrolite'9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
'Prehnite'9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Spertiniite6.2.4.1Cu(OH)2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Kinoite57.1.2.1Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C VateriteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O VateriteCaCO3
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
ClChlorine
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca VateriteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu SpertiniiteCu(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Stenian
1000 - 1200 Ma



ID: 3184728
Mesoproterozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Stenian (1000 - 1200 Ma)

Comments: Mid-Continent Rift

Lithology: Bimodal volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Stenian
1000 - 1200 Ma



ID: 2928161
Portage Lake Volcanics

Age: Stenian (1000 - 1200 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Portage Lake Volcanics

Description: Lava flows, mostly basalt, andesite and felsite flows and subordinate interflow sedimentary rocks.

Comments: This unit is the same as unit Yp on paper map of Sims (1992). Description is taken from that unit description. Original map source: Cannon, W.F., Kress, T.H., Sutphin, D.M., Morey, G.B., Meints, Joyce, and Barber-Delach, Robert, 1997, Digital Geologic Map and mineral deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan: USGS Open-File Report 97-455 (version 3, Nov. 19

Lithology: Major:{basalt}, Minor:{basaltic andesite}, Incidental:{rhyolite, sandstone mudstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rocks & Minerals: 58:109.
Butler, B.S., and Burbank, W.S., 1929, The Copper Deposits of Michigan. U.S. Geological Survey. Professional Paper 144. 238 pp.
Kilpela, T, 1995, The Hard Rock Mining Era in the Copper Country. 89 pp.
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 66

Localities in this Region
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