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North Rhine-Westphalia, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
North Rhine-WestphaliaDistrict
GermanyCountry

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Name in German:Nordrhein-Westfalen, Deutschland
Area:34,098 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:District
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Köln963,395 (2018)
Essen593,085 (2018)
Dortmund588,462 (2016)
Düsseldorf573,057 (2018)
Duisburg504,358 (2018)
Bochum385,729 (2015)
Museums in region:


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Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

535 valid minerals. 7 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Detailed Mineral List:

'Albertite'
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Cobaltoan Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Co)AsO4OH
Reference: Mineralien Welt 1/2006, p.36
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Adranosite
Formula: (NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Reference: Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
Adranosite-(Fe)
Formula: (NH4)4NaFe3+2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Ajoite
Formula: (K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., (1990): Ramsbeck - Neue Minerale aus dem ehemaligen Blei-Zink-Erzrevier des Sauerlandes, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41 (4), 211-218
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1993) Neue Funde. Mineralien-Welt, 4 (2), 57-60.; Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Alacránite
Formula: As8S9
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Brauns, R., (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Aluminopyracmonite
Formula: (NH4)3Al(SO4)3
Reference: Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.; Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1994) Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (9). Mineralien-Welt, 5 (1), 18-21.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Ammonioalunite
Formula: (NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Anandite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2
Reference: Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.; https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Nordrhein-Westfalen/Arnsberg%2C%20Bezirk/M%E4rkischer%20Kreis/Iserlohn/Letmathe/Genna%20Zinkh%FCtte
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Annabergite-Erythrite Series'
Reference: Mineralien Welt 1/2006, p.36
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: bytownite (An81) reported by Ramdohr & El Gorsey (1969)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. & A. El Gorsey (1969) "Peckelsheim" a new bronzite achondrite from Westfalia, Germany (Abst.). Meteoritics 4 (4): 291. (Dec 1969)
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Engels, A., (1936): Zur chemischen Zusammensetzung des Sanidin-Anorthoklases vom Drachenfels, Zbl. Miner., 9-13
'Anorthoclase var: Anorthoclase-Sanidine'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Engels, A., (1936): Zur chemischen Zusammensetzung des Sanidin-Anorthoklases vom Drachenfels, Zbl. Miner., 9-13
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
'Arsenobismite'
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Habel, B. (2017): Das Siebengebirge am Rhein und seine Mineralien. Lapis 42 (9), 10-21; 62.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Reference: Klein, E. (1999): Ein Basanit-Vorkommen nordwestlich von Salchendorf bei Neunkirchen / Siegerland. Der Aufschluss, 50, 203-206.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Description: Best axinite crystals in Germany so far, crystals up to 3cm.
Reference: Jahn, S., Hadasch, H. (2002) Der Steinbruch am Kuhlenberg bei Silbach. Mineralienwelt, 13(3): 16-29.
'Axinite Group'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Barberiite
Formula: (NH4)[BF4]
Reference: EDX and XRD-analysed by Günter Blaß ; matches PDF 47-1762 (and the former PDF 15-745); Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bazhenovite
Formula: Ca8S2(S3)(S2O3)(OH)12 · 20H2O
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bechererite
Formula: Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Reference: Mineralien-Welt 17, (4), 36-37
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Bindi, L. & Menchetti, S. (2005): GarMineralogy and Petrology, 85, 131-140.
β-Roselite
Formula: Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988): Der Niederbergische Erzbezirk des Werdener Bergreviers in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Lapis 13(1): 11-35
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Description: As reddish brown indistinct crystals forming crusts in or filling pore walls in iron-rich slag. Rarely monoclinic transparent to translucent crystals with glassy lustre up to 3mm associated with vivianite, switzerite, and other phosphates.
Reference: Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1994) Neue Funde. Mineralien-Welt, 2/94, 46-47.; Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Magma 1984(2), 43-49
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Schnorrer, G. (2000): Mineralogische Notizen VII. Der Aufschluss, 51, 281-293.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
Bottinoite
Formula: Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Blaß, G. and Strehler, H. (1993): Mineralbildungen in einer durch Selbstentzündung brennenden Bergehalde des Aachener Steinkohlenreviers. Mineralien-Welt 4 (4), 35-42. (in German); Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
'Boussingaultite-Mohrite Series'
Reference: U. Kolitsch and F. Brandstätter (2007): A new salt-inclusion sulphate phase from a burning coal dump: crystal-structural, chemical and Raman-spectroscopic characterisation. Oral presentation, 16th Croatian-Slovenian Crystallographic Meeting, Petrčane, Croatia, June 13-17, 2007; abstract in Book of Abstracts, 12.
'Braun-Eisenstein'
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Bravoite var: Hengleinite'
Formula: (Ni,Fe,Co)S2
Reference: No reference listed
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brownmillerite
Formula: Ca2(Al,Fe3+)2O5
Reference: Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.; Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1994) Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (9). Mineralien-Welt, 5 (1), 18-21.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Description: as mixtures of calcite and brucite pseudomorphous after dolomite.
Reference: Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1994) Neue Funde. Mineralien-Welt, 2/94, 46-47.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
'Calamine'
'Calcareous Tufa'
Reference: Meyer, W. (1983) Geologischer Wanderführer: Eifel. Franckh'sche Verlangshandlung W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart.
'Calcistrontite'
Reference: Kaiser, E. (1897): Z. Krystall. Mineral. 27, 41-43.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 181 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
Calcite var: Sand-Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Ingo Löffler
Calcite var: Zincian Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Zn)CO3
Reference: M Kampf collection
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Carlhintzeite
Formula: Ca2[AlF6]F · H2O
Reference: Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 85 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Cesàrolite ?
Formula: Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Reference: Reinhardt, M. & Henrich, M. (2016): Die Grube Friedericke bei Siegen: Fundort schöner Blei- und Kupfermineralien. Mineralien-Welt, 27 (1), 26-31.
'Chabazite'
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Chalconatronite
Formula: Na2Cu(CO3)2 · 3H2O
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 202 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
Chamosite var: Thuringite
Formula: (Fe,Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Reference: Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Chromite-Magnesiochromite Series'
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986) Neue Minerale von der Schlackenhalde der ehemaligen Zinkhütte Genna in Letmathe/Sauerland. Aufschluss 37 (2), 55-67.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Clairite
Formula: (NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
Claraite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Lapis, 14 (6), 11-32+50.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Lapis, 16 (12), 13-21+58.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Clinoferrosilite
Formula: Fe2+SiO3
Reference: BLAß, G. & GRAF, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von bekannten Fundstellen (13). Mineralien-Welt 6 (3), 47-51.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
'Clinotyrolite'
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
Reference: Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Copper var: Stanniferous Copper
Formula: (Cu,Sn)
Reference: Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Chlorosaphir
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: No reference listed
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Crocoite ?
Formula: PbCrO4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Cryptohalite
Formula: (NH4)2[SiF6]
Reference: XRD and EDX-analysed by Günter Blaß; Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
'Cualstibite-1M'
Formula: (Cu,Al)3(OH)6[Sb5+(OH)6]
Description: Listed as "Cyanophyllit" in Bender & Krimmelbein (1994). Platy crystals up to 0.4mm in spherulitic aggregates associated with gypsum, zincite, serpierite, and zincaluminite.
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986) Neue Minerale von der Schlackenhalde der ehemaligen Zinkhütte Genna in Letmathe/Sauerland. Aufschluss, 37 (2), 55-67.; Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Tile ore
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Cuproroméite
Formula: Cu2Sb2(O,OH)7
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Diadochite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Diopside var: Violan
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Description: Listed as "Mangandiopsid" in Bender & Krimmelbein (1994).
Reference: Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 103 localities in this region.
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Reference: Mineralienatlas
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Efremovite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3
Reference: T. Witzke, F. de Wit, U. Kolitsch and G. Blaß (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, 203-240; in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier.
Eleonorite ?
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Erionite'
Reference: Klein, E. (1999): Ein Basanit-Vorkommen nordwestlich von Salchendorf bei Neunkirchen / Siegerland. Der Aufschluss, 50, 203-206.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Loca