ALMOST THERE!. Help us with a final push needed to keep mindat.org running. Click here to help.
Catawiki are hosting a mindat.org benefit auction. All proceeds to mindat.org! BID NOW
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Abkhaziai
Regional Level Types
AbkhaziaDisputed Territory

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Name in Russian:Абхазия
Name in Abkhaz:Аҧсны [Apsny]
Name in Georgian:აფხაზეთი [Apkhazeti]
Area:8,660 km2
Locality type:Disputed Territory
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia (აფხაზეთის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა [Apkhazetis avt'onomiuri resp'ublika]; Автономная Республика Абхазия), Georgia (საქართველო [Sakartvelo]; Грузия)


More formally known as Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia (de jure) or Republic of Abkhazia (de facto).

A contested region. See mindat.org rules on contested regions.

From an administrative point of view, the territory is divided into seven district (or raions) named after their primary towns: Gagra, Gudauta, Sukhumi, Ochamchira (Ochamchire), Gulripshi (Gulrypsh), Tkvarcheli, and Gali.

Abkhazia gave the name to the mineral abkhazite (Efremov, 1938; see also Marble, 1941), which appears as groups of parallel fibres, resembling typical amphibole asbestos. Colour is grey, with greenish tinge. It occurs in amphibole-asbestos deposits in the mountainous area between the Bzyb (Bzyb'; Bzyp) and Chkhalta rivers. Formally discredited as a mineral species (Leake, 1978), because it is equal to tremolite.



Note on toponymy: the places are indicated according to the transcribed international (English) names and their Cyrillic variant, because Russian is the most commonly used language in today’s or hystorical literature on Abkhazia; in many cases the Abkhaz and Georgian variants are also indicated.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasia Plate

Plate - 7,319 mineral species & varietal names listed

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,782 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gold
Formula: Au
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Efremov, N.E. [Ефремов, Н.Е.] (1938) The new mineral abkhazite [Новый минерал абхазит]. Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk [Труды Института Геологических Наух], 11, Mineral.-Geochem. Ser. [мин.-геох. сер.] No. 3, 37-45 (in Russian); Marble, J.P. (1941) Abkhazite. New mineral names. American Mineralogist, 26, 5, 349-350, http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM26/AM26_349.pdf; Leake, B.E. (1978) Nomenclature of amphiboles. American Mineralogist, 63, 1023-1052.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Aktashite'2.GA.30Cu6Hg3As4S12
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cinnabar'2.CD.15aHgS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Dickite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Kaolinite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Tremolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Aktashite3.4.13.2Cu6Hg3As4S12
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
SSulfur
S AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Efremov, N.E. [Ефремов, Н.Е.] (1938) The new mineral abkhazite [Новый минерал абхазит]. Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk [Труды Института Геологических Наух], 11, Mineral.-Geochem. Ser. [мин.-геох. сер.] No. 3, 37-45 (in Russian).
Marble, J.P. (1941) Abkhazite. New mineral names. American Mineralogist, 26, 5, 349-350; http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM26/AM26_349.pdf
Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.V., and Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., и Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pp. (in Russian).
Leake, B.E. (1978) Nomenclature of amphiboles. American Mineralogist, 63, 1023-1052.

Localities in this Region
Show map

Some regions, for example mining districts and mountain ranges, cut across political boundaries and do fit neatly into the standard locality hierarchy. This list includes regions that overlap this region in part if not fully.

Caucasus Mts, Azerbaijan/Georgia/Russia

Mountain Range - 265 mineral species & varietal names listed

Kuban' Region, Russia

Region (Historical) - 144 mineral species & varietal names listed

The following list is the regular hierarchical locality list for this region.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: December 19, 2018 05:20:17 Page generated: December 14, 2018 03:52:25
Go to top of page