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Abkhaziai
Regional Level Types
AbkhaziaDisputed Territory

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Key
Area:
8,660 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Sokhumi81,546 (2014)
Stantsiya Novyy Afon26,636 (2013)
Tqvarch'eli17,847 (2014)
Och’amch’ire15,517 (2014)
Gali11,861 (2014)
Gantiadi10,000 (2017)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia (აფხაზეთის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა [Apkhazetis avt'onomiuri resp'ublika]; Автономная Республика Абхазия), Georgia (საქართველო [Sakartvelo]; Грузия)
Other Languages:
Abkhaz:
Аҧсны
French:
Abkhazie
Georgian:
აფხაზეთი
German:
Abchasien
Italian:
Abcasia
Russian:
Абхазия
Simplified Chinese:
阿布哈茲
Spanish:
Abjasia
Adyghe:
Адзыгъэй
Afrikaans:
Abchasië
Albanian:
Abhazia
Amharic:
አብካዝያ
Arabic:
أبخازيا
Aragonese:
Abkhasia
Armenian:
Աբխազիա
Asturian:
Abḥasia
Avaric:
Абхазия
Azeri:
Abxaziya
Bashkir:
Абхазия
Basque:
Abkhazia
Bavarian:
Abchasien
Belarusian:
Абхазія
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Абхазія
Bengali:
আবখাজিয়া
Bosnian:
Abhazija
Breton:
Abc'hazia
Bulgarian:
Абхазия
Catalan:
Abkhàzia
Cebuano:
Abkhazia
Central Kurdish/Sorani:
ئابخازیا
Chavacano:
Abjasia
Chechen:
Абхази
Church Slavic:
Абхаꙁїꙗ
Chuvash:
Абхази
Crimean Tatar (Latin):
Abhaziya
Croatian:
Abhazija
Czech:
Abcházie
Danish:
Abkhasien
Dutch:
Abchazië
Erzya:
Абхазия Мастор
Esperanto:
Abĥazio
Estonian:
Abhaasia
Faroese:
Abkasia
Farsi/Persian:
آبخاز
Fiji Hindi:
Abkhazia
Finnish:
Abhasia
Franco-Provençal:
Abkhazie
Gagauz:
Abhaziya
Galician:
Abkhazia
Greek:
Αμπχαζία
Guarani:
Avekásia
Gujarati:
અબખાઝિયા
Hakka:
Abkhazia
Hebrew:
אבחזיה
Hill Mari:
Абхази
Hindi:
अबख़ाज़िया
Hungarian:
Abházia
Icelandic:
Abkasía
Ido:
Abkhazia
Iloko:
Abkhazia
Indonesian:
Abkhazia
Ingush:
Абхази
Interlingue:
Abkhazia
Irish Gaelic:
An Abcáis
Japanese:
アブハジア
Javanese:
Abkhazia
Judaeo-Spanish:
Abhazia
Kabardian:
Азгъей
Kabyle:
Abxazya
Kalmyk:
Апсин Таңһч
Kannada:
ಅಬ್ಖಾಜಿಯ
Kapampangan:
Abhasya
Karachay-Balkar:
Хачыпсы
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Абхазия
Kinyarwanda:
Abukaziya
Komi:
Абхазия
Korean:
압하지야
Kurdish (Latin Script):
Abxazya
Kyrgyz:
Абхазия
Latin:
Abascia
Latvian:
Abhāzija
Lezghian:
Абхазия
Limburgian:
Abchazië
Lithuanian:
Abchazija
Lombard:
Abcasia
Macedonian:
Апхазија
Maithili:
अबखाजिया
Malay:
Abkhazia
Malayalam:
അബ്ഖാസിയ
Maltese:
Abkażja
Manx:
Yn Abcaaish
Marathi:
अबखाझिया
Mazanderani:
آبخازیا
Meadow Mari:
Абхазий
Min Dong Chinese:
Abkhazia
Mingrelian:
აფხაზეთი
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Abkhazia
Mongolian:
Абхаз
Nahuatl:
Abcasia
Northern Frisian:
Abchaasien
Norwegian:
Abkhasia
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Abkhasia
Novial:
Abkasia
Occitan:
Abcazia
Odia:
ଆବାଖାଜିଆ
Ossetian:
Абхаз
Pali:
अब्खाजिया
Polish:
Abchazja
Portuguese:
Abecásia
Punjabi:
ਅਬਖ਼ਾਜ਼ੀਆ
Romanian:
Abhazia
Samogitian:
Abkazėjė
Sardinian:
Abcàsia
Scots:
Abkhazie
Serbian:
Абхазија
Serbo-Croatian:
Abhazija
Sicilian:
Abkhàzzia
Silesian:
Abchazyjo
Sindhi:
ابخازيہ
Sinhalese:
අබ්ගාසියාව
Slovak:
Abcházsko
Slovenian:
Abhazija
Somali:
Abkhazia
South Azerbaijani:
آبخازیا
Sundanese:
Abkhazia
Swahili:
Abkhazia
Swedish:
Abchazien
Tagalog:
Abkasya
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Абхозистон
Tamil:
அப்காசியா
Tatar:
Абхазия
Telugu:
అబ్‌ఖజియా
Thai:
อับคาเซีย
Traditional Chinese:
阿布哈茲
Turkish:
Abhazya
Turkmen:
Abhaziýa
Ukrainian:
Абхазія
Upper Sorbian:
Abchaziska
Urdu:
ابخازيا
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Abxaziya
Venetian:
Abcaxia
Veps:
Abhazii
Vietnamese:
Abkhazia
Volapük:
Labkasän
Waray:
Abkhazia
Welsh:
Abkhazia
West Frisian:
Abgaazje
Western Punjabi:
ابخازیہ
Xhosa:
Abkhazia
Yakut:
Абхазия
Yoruba:
Abkhazia
Zazaki:
Abxazya
Zeelandic:
Abchazië


More formally known as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia (de jure) or Republic of Abkhazia (de facto).

A contested region. See mindat.org rules on contested regions.

From an administrative point of view, the territory is divided into seven districts (or raions) named after their primary towns: Gagra, Gudauta, Sukhumi, Ochamchira (Ochamchire), Gulripshi (Gulrypsh), Tkvarcheli, and Gali.

Abkhazia gave its name to the mineral abkhazite (Efremov, 1938; see also Marble, 1941), which appears as groups of parallel fibres, resembling typical amphibole asbestos. Colour is grey, with a greenish tinge. It occurs in amphibole-asbestos deposits in the mountainous area between the Bzyb (Bzyb'; Bzyp) and Chkhalta rivers. Formally discredited as a mineral species (Leake, 1978), because it is identical to tremolite.

Note on toponymy: the places are indicated according to the transcribed international (English) names and their Cyrillic variant because Russian is the most commonly used language in today's or historical literature on Abkhazia; in many cases, the Abkhaz and Georgian variants are also indicated.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Reference: Vasil’ev, V.I., Pervukhina, N.V., Borisov, S.V., Magarill, S.A., Naumov, D.Y., and Kurat’eva, N.V. [Васильев, В.И., Первухина, Н.В., Борисов, С.В., Магарилл, С.А., Наумов, Д.Ю., и Куратьева, Н.В.] (2009) Refinement and crystal chemical analysis of the structure of Aktashite Cu6Hg3As4S12 from the Aktash deposit( Altai, Russia) [Уточнение и кристаллохимический анализ структуры акташита Cu6Hg3As4S12 из месторождения Акташ (Алтай, Россия)]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 138, 2, 75-82 (in Russian); Vasil’ev, V.I., Pervukhina, N.V., Borisov, S.V., Magarill, S.A., Naumov, D.Y., and Kurat’eva, N.V. (2010) Aktashite Cu6Hg3As4S12 from the Aktash deposit, Altai, Russia: Refinement and crystal chemical analysis of the structure. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52, 7, 656-661.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.V., and Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., и Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pp. (in Russian).
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.V., and Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., и Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pp. (in Russian); Babkin, P.V., Baranov, Yu.E., Vasil'ev, V.I., Demidova, N.G., Kirikilitsa, S.I., Kuznetsov, V.A., Nikiforov, N.A., Obolenskiy, A.A., Ozerova, N.A., Smirnov, V.I., Terekhova, G.A., and Fedorchuk, V.P. [Бабкин, П.В., Баранов, Ю.Е., Васильев, В.И., Демидова, Н.Г., Кирикилица, С.И., Кузнецов, В.А., Никифоров, Н.А., Оболенский, А.А., Озерова, Н.А., Смирнов, В.И., Терехова, Г.А., и Федорчук, В.П.] (1976) Mercury metallogenesis [Металлогения ртути]. Nedra [Недра], Moscow, 255 pp. (in Russian).
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.V., and Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., и Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pp. (in Russian).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.V., and Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., и Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pp. (in Russian).
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.V., and Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., и Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pp. (in Russian).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Tintilozov, Z.K. [Тинтилозов З.К.] (1983) The Novoafonskaya cave system [Новоафонская пещерная система]. Metsniereba [Мецниереба], Tbilisi, 151 pp. (in Russian); Chervyatsova, O.Ya., Potapov, S.S., Sadykov, S.A., Leonova, L.V., and Dbar, R.S. [Червяцова, О.Я., Потапов, С.С., Садыков, С.А., Леонова, Л.В., и Дбар, Р.С.] (2016) Distribution, morphology, sulfur isotopic composition and genesis of gypsum deposits in Novoafonskaya cave (Abkhazia) [Распространение, морфология, изотопный состав серы и гннезис гипсовых отложений в Новоафонской пещере (Абхазия)]. Mineralogiya [Минералогия], 3, 79-94 (in Russian); Chervyatsova, O.Ya., Potapov, S.S., Rakin, V.I., Sergeev, S.N., Dbar, R.S., and Ekba, Ya.A. [Червяцова, О.Я., Потапов, С.С., Ракин, В.И., Сергеев, С.Н., Дбар, Р.С., и Экба, Я.А.] (2017) Conditions and morphological features of gypsum crystallization in loose sediments (on the example of the Novoafon cave, Abkhazia) [Условия и морфологические особенности кристаллизации гипса в рыхлых отложениях (на примере Новоафонской пещеры, Абхазия)]. News of the Ural State Mining University [Известия Уральского Государстаенного Горного Университета], 4 (48), 46-51 (in Russian).
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.V., and Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., и Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pp. (in Russian).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.V., and Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., и Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pp. (in Russian).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.V., and Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., и Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pp. (in Russian).
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: The mineral named abkhazite(Efremov, 1938; Marble, 1941) is tremolite (Leake, 1978).
Reference: Efremov, N.E. [Ефремов, Н.Е.] (1938) The new mineral abkhazite [Новый минерал абхазит]. Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk [Труды Института Геологических Наух], 11, Mineral.-Geochem. Ser. [мин.-геох. сер.] No. 3, 37-45 (in Russian); Marble, J.P. (1941) Abkhazite. New mineral names. American Mineralogist, 26, 5, 349-350, http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM26/AM26_349.pdf; Leake, B.E. (1978) Nomenclature of amphiboles. American Mineralogist, 63, 1023-1052.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aktashite2.GA.30Cu6Hg3As4S12
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Aktashite3.4.13.2Cu6Hg3As4S12
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
MgMagnesium
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SSulfur
S AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
S CinnabarHgS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
CaCalcium
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Efremov, N.E. [Ефремов, Н.Е.] (1938) The new mineral abkhazite [Новый минерал абхазит]. Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk [Труды Института Геологических Наух], 11, Mineral.-Geochem. Ser. [мин.-геох. сер.], 3, 37-45 (in Russian).
Marble, J.P. (1941) Abkhazite. New mineral names. American Mineralogist, 26(5), 349-350 [http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM26/AM26_349.pdf]
Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.V., Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pages (in Russian).
Leake, B.E. (1978) Nomenclature of amphiboles. American Mineralogist, 63, 1023-1052.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abkhazia
Wikidata ID:Q23334
GeoNames ID:6643410

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Azerbaijan/Georgia/Russia
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

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