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Abkhazia

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Location is approximate, based on center of defined region.
 
Latitude & Longitude: 43° North , 41° East (est.)
Area:8,660 km2
Other regions containing this locality:Soviet Union (1922-1991)
Name(s) in local language(s):Аҧсны [Apsny] (Абхазия [Abkhaziya]; აფხაზეთი [Apkhazeti])
Other/historical region names associated with this locality:Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia (აფხაზეთის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა [Apkhazetis avt'onomiuri resp'ublika]; Автономная Республика Абхазия), Georgia (საქართველო [Sakartvelo]; Грузия)


More formally known as Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia (de jure) or Republic of Abkhazia (de facto).

A contested region. See mindat.org rules on contested regions.

From an administrative point of view, the territory is divided into seven district (or raions) named after their primary towns: Gagra, Gudauta, Sukhumi, Ochamchira (Ochamchire), Gulripshi (Gulrypsh), Tkvarcheli, and Gali.

Abkhazia gave the name to the mineral abkhazite (Efremov, 1938; see also Marble, 1941), which appears as groups of parallel fibres, resembling typical amphibole asbestos. Colour is grey, with greenish tinge. It occurs in amphibole-asbestos deposits in the mountainous area between the Bzyb (Bzyb'; Bzyp) and Chkhalta rivers. Formally discredited as a mineral species (Leake, 1978), because it is equal to tremolite.



Note on toponymy: the places are indicated according to the transcribed international (English) names with their Cyrillic variant, because Russian is the most commonly used language in today’s or hystorical literature on Abkhazia; in many cases the Abkhaz and Georgian variants are also indicated.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

13 valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

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Efremov, N.E. [Ефремов, Н.Е.] (1938) The new mineral abkhazite [Новый минерал абхазит]. Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk [Труды Института Геологических Наух], 11, Mineral.-Geochem. Ser. [мин.-геох. сер.] ( No. 3), 37-45 (in Russian).
Marble, J.P. (1941) Abkhazite. New mineral names. American Mineralogist, 26, 5, 349-350; http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM26/AM26_349.pdf
Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.B., Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pp. (in Russian).
Leake, B.E. (1978) Nomenclature of amphiboles. American Mineralogist, 63, 1023-1052.

Mineral and/or Locality  
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