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Abkhazia

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Area:8,660 km2
Other regions containing this locality:Soviet Union (1922-1991)
Locality type:Disputed Territory
Name(s) in local language(s):Аҧсны [Apsny] (Абхазия [Abkhaziya]; აფხაზეთი [Apkhazeti])
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia (აფხაზეთის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა [Apkhazetis avt'onomiuri resp'ublika]; Автономная Республика Абхазия), Georgia (საქართველო [Sakartvelo]; Грузия)


More formally known as Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia (de jure) or Republic of Abkhazia (de facto).

A contested region. See mindat.org rules on contested regions.

From an administrative point of view, the territory is divided into seven district (or raions) named after their primary towns: Gagra, Gudauta, Sukhumi, Ochamchira (Ochamchire), Gulripshi (Gulrypsh), Tkvarcheli, and Gali.

Abkhazia gave the name to the mineral abkhazite (Efremov, 1938; see also Marble, 1941), which appears as groups of parallel fibres, resembling typical amphibole asbestos. Colour is grey, with greenish tinge. It occurs in amphibole-asbestos deposits in the mountainous area between the Bzyb (Bzyb'; Bzyp) and Chkhalta rivers. Formally discredited as a mineral species (Leake, 1978), because it is equal to tremolite.



Note on toponymy: the places are indicated according to the transcribed international (English) names with their Cyrillic variant, because Russian is the most commonly used language in today’s or hystorical literature on Abkhazia; in many cases the Abkhaz and Georgian variants are also indicated.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

13 valid minerals.

Localities in this Region
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References

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Efremov, N.E. [Ефремов, Н.Е.] (1938) The new mineral abkhazite [Новый минерал абхазит]. Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk [Труды Института Геологических Наух], 11, Mineral.-Geochem. Ser. [мин.-геох. сер.] ( No. 3), 37-45 (in Russian).
Marble, J.P. (1941) Abkhazite. New mineral names. American Mineralogist, 26, 5, 349-350; http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM26/AM26_349.pdf
Bukiya, S.G., Kolosovskaya, O.B., Abamelik, E.M. [Букия, С.Г., Колосовская, О.В., Абамелик, Е.М.] (1971) Geological map and mineral map of the Abkhaz ASSR scale 1 : 50,000. Explanatory notes [Геологическая карта и карта полезных ископаемых Абхаской АССР маштаба 1 : 50 000. Объяснительная записка]. Ministry of Geology of the USSR. Direction of Geology of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Georgian SSR [Министерство Геологии СССР. Управление геологии при Совете Министров Грузинской ССР], Moscow, 338 pp. (in Russian).
Leake, B.E. (1978) Nomenclature of amphiboles. American Mineralogist, 63, 1023-1052.

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