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Mechernicher Bleiberg, Mechernich, Euskirchen, Cologne, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Mechernicher Bleiberg- not defined -
MechernichTown
EuskirchenDistrict
CologneAdministrative District
North Rhine-WestphaliaState
GermanyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 34' North , 6° 37' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Mechernich27,537 (2015)3.9km
Kall11,903 (2017)4.7km
Nettersheim7,901 (2012)8.2km
Bad Münstereifel19,051 (2015)10.5km
Schleiden14,160 (2013)10.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mechernicher Bleiberg, Mechernich, Eifel, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Deutschland


Ancient lead mines in the central part of the Mechernich lead and zinc deposit. The main ore minerals Galena, Sphalerite, and Cerussite are disseminated or occur in nodular impregnations (Knotten) and veinlets in the lower Triassic sandstones and conglomerates (Middle Bunter Sandstone). From Roman times until 1957 the deposit was worked from numerous mines and open cuts south and southwest of Mechernich.

The larger workings of the last mining period are in order from SW to NE (about 6 km distance):

- Westfeld, underground mining (ENE of Kall)
- Kallmuther Berg, open cut (east of Kalenberg)
- Virginia, open cut (south of Strempt)
- Virginia-Nord / Strempt, underground mining (with Reßhecke, caved area) (SE of Strempt)
- Bachrevier, open cut (SW of Mechernich)
- Peterheide (SW of Mechernich)
- Günnersdorf, open cut (south of Mechernich)
- Haardt (south of Mechernich)

Virginia open cut and Kallmuther Berg open cut were still accessible in 1995. The mineralization observed at all these sites is essentially the same.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Eifel Mountains, Germany/BelgiumMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


25 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992 + 3/1992
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992 + 3/1992
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Graf, HW., (1982): Die Mineralien von Mechernich, Emser Hefte, Vol. 4, Heft 2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Christof Schäfer
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Kalb, G., (1952): Die Kristalltracht von Bravoit und Pyrit Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 90-93; American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 1-22
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Graf, HW., (1982): Die Mineralien von Mechernich, Emser Hefte, Vol. 4, Heft 2
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Graf, HW., (1982): Die Mineralien von Mechernich, Emser Hefte, Vol. 4, Heft 2
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992 + 3/1992
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Graf, HW., (1982): Die Mineralien von Mechernich, Emser Hefte, Vol. 4, Heft 2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992 + 3/1992
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992 + 3/1992
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Blass, G., Graf , HW., (1994): Neufunde von Bekannten Fundorten (IX), MW 1/1994
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992 + 3/1992
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Graf, HW., (1982): Die Mineralien von Mechernich, Emser Hefte, Vol. 4, Heft 2
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992 + 3/1992
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Klemm, D., (1962): Untersuchungen über die Misckristallbildung im Dreiecksdiagramm FeS2-CoS2-NiS2 und ihre Beziehungen im Aufbau der natürlichen "Bravoite", Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 76-91
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992 + 3/1992
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Graf, HW., (1982): Die Mineralien von Mechernich, Emser Hefte, Vol. 4, Heft 2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Marcus Vau Collection
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992 + 3/1992
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992 + 3/1992
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Graf, HW., (1982): Die Mineralien von Mechernich, Emser Hefte, Vol. 4, Heft 2
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992 + 3/1992
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Klemm, D., (1962): Untersuchungen über die Misckristallbildung im Dreiecksdiagramm FeS2-CoS2-NiS2 und ihre Beziehungen im Aufbau der natürlichen "Bravoite", Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 76-91

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bieberite7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bieberite29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S GalenaPbS
S BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S SulphurS8
S VaesiteNiS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
FeIron
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
CoCobalt
Co BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
NiNickel
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni VaesiteNiS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Beyer, H. (1961) Die Mineralien im Hohen Venn und auf dem Nordabfall der Eifel. Der Aufschluss, 10. Sonderheft, 67-81.
Graf, H.-W. (1982) Die Mineralien von Mechernich. Emser Hefte, 4(2), 35-xx.
Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West. Weise (Munich), 50.


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