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Lüderich Mine, Altenbrück, Bensberg, Overath, Bergisches Land, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Lüderich MineMine
Altenbrück- not defined -
Bensberg- not defined -
Overath- not defined -
Bergisches Land- not defined -
North Rhine-WestphaliaDistrict
GermanyCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Lüderich, Altenbrück, Bensberg, Overath, Bergisches Land, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 56' 17'' North , 7° 13' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.93833,7.21694
GeoHash:G#: u1j1u1p1q
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Lüderich a lead-zinc mine from the Vieille-Montagne group.

On 31 October 1978 the Lüderich lead-mine mine was closed.

Archaeological evidence shows the deposit was already worked by the Romans. Since the 18th century there was mining industry in Lüderich.

On August 20, 1852, the mine was taken over by “Société Anonyme de la Prusse-Rhénane, Saint Paul de Sinçay & Cie. (Rhein-Preußische AG)” a daughter of “Société Anonyme des Mines et Fonderies de Zinc de la Vieille Montagne”. A year later, a merger between the two of them followed and the department “Bensberg-Untereschbach der Vieille Montagne” with its headquarters in Immekeppel was established. The Lüderich concession amounted to 17.7 Mio. m2.



From 1853 to 1978, zinc and lead ore were extracted interrupted in Lüderich.
About 10 Mio. tons of raw ore was extracted, good for about 1 Mio. ton of lead and zinc metal. (half of these after the second world war). In the years of "Das Dritte Reich" (1937-1945) there was a great demand for metal. At that time they employed from 900 to 1200 workers. In normal years 500 ma. The annual production of blende was in average about 10.000 tons.
At the end of the 1920ties, the first “Rührwerks Flotation of Humboldt” was built, which was only replaced in 1970 by a more modern flotation. Around 1950 with the high metal prices as a result of the Korea war, the mine experienced golden times.
In 1977 the production of blende fell from from 20.795 ton to 14.968 ton for zinc blende. (Bleiglanz from 5.170 ton to 3.695 ton). Stocks were ending.

From 1975 a large number of test drilling was done. But due to a number of political complications and trials a number of building applications, permits, were rejected. In combination with the decline of the dollar and the declining yield, they decided to close the mine. On 31 October 1978, the Lüderich mine closed after 126 years.

Located near Altenbrück, 3.5 km SE of Bensberg and about 4.5 km WNW of Overath.

Regions containing this locality

Rhenish Massif, Europe

Massif - 1,169 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Marcus Voigt Collection
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
'Silver'1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Bournonite'2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Famatinite'2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Gersdorffite'2.EB.25NiAsS
'Greenockite'2.CB.45CdS
'Jamesonite'2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
'Luzonite'2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Millerite'2.CC.20NiS
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Siegenite'2.DA.05CoNi2S4
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Ullmannite'2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Siderite'5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Hydroniumjarosite'7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Dickite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Hydroniumjarosite-(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
NaSodium
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MilleriteNiS
S PyriteFeS2
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S UllmanniteNiSbS
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CoCobalt
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb FamatiniteCu3SbS4
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Emsian
393.3 - 407.6 Ma



ID: 2619613

Age: Early Devonian (393.3 - 407.6 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Early Devonian
393.3 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3159802
Early Devonian quartzite

Age: Early Devonian (393.3 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{quartzite}, Minor{sandstone,shale/slate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Der Aufschluss 1983(8/9), 347-356
- Haben, B. (2011): Zum Tagebruch an der aufgelassenen Grube Immekeppel bei Untereschbach/ Bergisches Land. Aufschluss 62, 321-24.

External Links



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