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Murmansk Oblast, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Murmansk OblastOblast
RussiaCountry

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Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
Name in French:Oblast de Mourmansk, Russie
Name in German:Oblast Murmansk, Russland
Name in Italian:Oblast' di Murmansk, Russia
Name in Russian:Мурманская область, Россия
Name in Simplified Chinese:摩爾曼斯克州, 俄罗斯
Name in Spanish:Óblast de Múrmansk, Rusia
Name in Achinese:Oblast Murmansk, Rusia
Name in Afrikaans:Moermansk-oblast, Rusland
Name in Arabic:أوبلاست مورمانسك, روسيا
Name in Armenian:Մուրմանսկի մարզ, Ռուսաստան
Name in Asturian:Óblast de Múrmansk, Rusia
Name in Azeri:Murmansk vilayəti, Rusiya
Name in Bashkir:Мурманск өлкәһе, Рәсәй Федерацияһы
Name in Basque:Murmansk oblasta, Errusia
Name in Belarusian:Мурманская вобласць, Расія
Name in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):Мурманская вобласьць, Расея
Name in Bosnian:Murmanska oblast, Rusija
Name in Breton:Oblast Mourmansk, Rusia
Name in Bulgarian:Мурманска област, Русия
Name in Catalan:Província de Múrmansk, Rússia
Name in Cebuano:Murmanskaya Oblast', Rusya
Name in Chechen:Мурманскан область, Росси
Name in Chuvash:Мурманск облаçĕ, Раççей Патшалăхĕ
Name in Croatian:Murmanska oblast, Rusija
Name in Czech:Murmanská oblast, Rusko
Name in Danish:Murmansk oblast, Rusland
Name in Dutch:Oblast Moermansk, Rusland
Name in Erzya:Мурманонь ёнкс, Россия Мастор
Name in Esperanto:Murmanska provinco, Rusio
Name in Estonian:Murmanski oblast, Venemaa
Name in Farsi/Persian:استان مورمانسک, روسیه
Name in Finnish:Murmanskin alue, Venäjä
Name in Galician:Óblast de Múrmansk, Rusia
Name in Georgian:მურმანსკის ოლქი, რუსეთი
Name in Greek:Περιφέρεια Μούρμανσκ, Ρωσία
Name in Hakka:Murmansk-chû, Ngò-lò-sṳ̂
Name in Hebrew:מורמנסק (מחוז), רוסיה
Name in Hindi:मूरमान्स्क ओब्लास्त, रूस
Name in Hungarian:Murmanszki terület, Oroszország
Name in Indonesian:Oblast Murmansk, Rusia
Name in Irish Gaelic:Cúige Mhurmansk, An Rúis
Name in Japanese:ムルマンスク州, ロシア
Name in Kabardian:Мурманск област, Урысей
Name in Kalmyk:Мурмана төгәлң, Орсин Ниицән
Name in Kapampangan:Murmansk Oblast, Rusia
Name in Komi:Мурманск обласьт, Рочму
Name in Korean:무르만스크주, 러시아
Name in Latin:Regio Murmanica, Russia
Name in Latvian:Murmanskas apgabals, Krievija
Name in Lezghian:Мурманск вилаят, Урусат
Name in Lithuanian:Murmansko sritis, Rusija
Name in Macedonian:Мурманска област, Русија
Name in Malay:Wilayah Murmansk, Rusia
Name in Marathi:मुर्मान्स्क ओब्लास्त, रशिया
Name in Meadow Mari:Мурманск вел, Россий
Name in Mongolian:Мурманск муж, Оросын Холбооны Улс
Name in Northern Sami:Murmansk oblast, Ruošša
Name in Norwegian:Murmansk oblast, Russland
Name in Norwegian (Nynorsk):Murmansk oblast, Russland
Name in Ossetian:Мурмансчы облæст, Уæрæсе
Name in Polish:Obwód murmański, Rosja
Name in Portuguese:Oblast de Murmansk, Rússia
Name in Romanian:Regiunea Murmansk, Rusia
Name in Scots:Murmansk Oblast, Roushie
Name in Serbian:Мурманска област, Русија
Name in Serbo-Croatian:Murmanska oblast, Rusija
Name in Slovak:Murmanská oblasť, Rusko
Name in Slovenian:Murmanska oblast, Rusija
Name in South Azerbaijani:مورمانسک اوبلاستی, روسیه
Name in Swahili:Murmansk Oblast, Urusi
Name in Swedish:Murmansk oblast, Ryssland
Name in Tagalog:Murmansk Oblast, Rusya
Name in Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Вилояти Мурманск, Русия
Name in Tamil:மூர்மன்சுக் மாகாணம், உருசியா
Name in Tatar:Мурманск өлкәсе, Русия
Name in Traditional Chinese:莫曼斯克州, 俄羅斯
Name in Turkish:Murmansk Oblastı, Rusya
Name in Udmurt:Мурманск улос, Россия
Name in Ukrainian:Мурманська область, Росія
Name in Upper Sorbian:Oblasć Murmansk, Ruska
Name in Urdu:مورمانسک اوبلاست, روس
Name in Uzbek (Latin Script):Murmansk viloyati, Rossiya
Name in Veps:Murmanskan agj, Venäma
Name in Vietnamese:Murmansk (tỉnh), Nga
Name in Waray:Murmansk Oblast, Rusya
Name in Welsh:Oblast Murmansk, Rwsia
Name in Western Punjabi:مرمانسک, روس
Name in Yakut:Мурманскай уобалас, Арассыыйа
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Oblast
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Murmansk319,263 (2017)
Apatity61,186 (2013)
Severomorsk53,921 (2012)
Monchegorsk49,868 (2016)
Kandalaksha38,431 (2012)
Kirovsk29,605 (2016)
Museums in region:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Murmanskaja Oblast; Murmanskaya Oblast


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

940 valid minerals. 285 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 7 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 9 erroneous literature entries.

* - Minerals that have never been found, but their existence is inferred in some way (e.g. from pseudomorphs)

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Abellaite
Formula: NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Reiner Mielke sample
Abenakiite-(Ce) ?
Formula: Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V. (2014): Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library. Springer (Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy), vol. 1, Dordrecht,1726 pp.
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Adamsite-(Y)
Formula: NaY[CO3]2 · 6H2O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 115 localities in this region.
Aegirine var: Titanian Aegirine
Formula: Na(Fe,Ti)Si2O6
Reference: E. Galuskin and D. Krinov analytical data
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Agrellite
Formula: NaCa2Si4O10F
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: dan weinrich
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Alexkhomyakovite (TL)
Formula: K6(Ca2Na)(CO3)5Cl·6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Alexkhomyakovite, IMA 2015-013. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 534; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535.
Aliettite
Formula: Ca0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
'Alkali amphibole'
Reference: Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Alluaivite (TL)
Formula: Na19(Ca,Mn)6(Ti,Nb)3Si26O74Cl · 2H2O
Description: In an ultra-agpaitic pegmatite.
Reference: [ZVMO (1990) 119,1 117-120; World of Stones 95:5-6, p. 64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Alsakharovite-Zn (TL)
Formula: NaSrKZn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Altisite (TL)
Formula: Na3K6Ti2Al2Si8O26Cl3
Description: Found in drill core (470 m).
Reference: ZVMO (1994) 123/6, 82-86; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Aluminocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Description: extremely rare micro-mineral on the massif
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole– Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Alumotantite (TL)
Formula: AlTaO4
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO (1981) 110/3, 338-345; J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Amicite
Formula: K2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Anatase var: Gel-Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
'Ancylite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Ancylite-(La) (TL)
Formula: LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
Andrianovite (TL)
Formula: Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,H2O,OH)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A. (2008): Andrianovite, Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,H2O,OH)5-a new potassium-rich mineral of the eudialyte group from Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 43-52. [English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits 50,705-712(2008)]
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Huber, M., Mokrushin, A., Kudryshov, N., Neradovski, J. (2015): PGE mineralization in the gabbro rocks from the Monchegorsk Region (Kola region, Russia). Mineralogia Special Papers: 44: 46
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Anzaite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A.R., Cooper, M.A., Medici, L., Abdu, Y.A., Shelukhina, Y.S. (2015): Anzaite-(Ce), a new rare-earth mineral and structure type from the Afrikanda silicocarbonatite, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1231-1244.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Cerapatite'
Reference: Heys Mineral Index 3rd ed.
Aplowite
Formula: (Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
'Apophyllite'
Reference: [AmMin 85:1322]
Aqualite
Formula: (H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl
Reference: I.V. Pekov and N.V. Chukanov data
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arctite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca4(PO4)3F
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arisite-(Ce)
Formula: NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Armbrusterite (TL)
Formula: K5Na7Mn15[(Si9O22)4](OH)10 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Victor N. Yakovenchuk, Sergey V. Krivovichev, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Gregory Yu. Ivanyuk, Ekaterina A. Selivanova, Yury P. Men'shikov, and Sergey N. Britvin (2007): Armbrusterite, K5Na6Mn3+Mn2+14[Si9O22]4(OH)10•4H2O, a new Mn hydrous heterophyllosilicate from the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Am. Mineral. 92, 416-423.
Armenite
Formula: BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Locality: Lovozero Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia - erroneously reported
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Arsenopalladinite
Formula: Pd8(As,Sb)3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Reference: M.Z. Abzalov & L.I. Polezhaeva(1989): Sulfoarsenides in rocks of productive beds of Pechenga (Kola Peninsula). Zapiski Vses. Mineral. Obshch., 118, 64-73 (in Russian).
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Atheneite
Formula: Pd2As0.75Hg0.25
Atokite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)3Sn
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Locality: Lovozero Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia - erroneously reported
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bafertisite
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Bakhchisaraitsevite (TL)
Formula: Na2Mg5(PO4)4 · 7H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:413]; http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/kovdor.htm; Yakovenchuk V N, Ivanyuk G Y, Mikhailova Y A, Selivanova E A, Krivovichev S V (2006) Pakhomovskyite, Co3(PO4)2·8H2O, a new mineral species from Kovdor, Kola Peninsula, Russia, The Canadian Mineralogist 44, 117-123
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Baotite
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Ba-Priderite'
Formula: (Ba,K)(Ti,Fe)8O16
Barentsite (TL)
Formula: Na7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Barićite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
Bario-olgite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 ·
Type Locality:
Reference: I. V. Pekov, N. V. Chukanov, I. M. Kulikova, N. V. Zubkova, O. D. Krotova, N. I. Sorokina, D. Yu. Pushcharovsky: Proc. Russ. Min. Soc. 133(1):41-49 (2004)
Bartonite
Formula: K6Fe20S26S
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 36(4): 397-416.
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
'Barylite-1O' (FRL)
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K..,Chilov, G.V. & Zadov, A.E. Zap. Vser. Miner.Obshch.,132: 29-37 (in Russ.)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Barytolamprophyllite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Y)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Reference: Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
Batievaite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y2Ca2Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Lyalina, L.M., Zolotarev, A.A., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Y.E., Krivovichev, S.V., Mikhailova, J.A., Kadyrova, G.I. and Zozulya, D.R. (2015) Batievaite-(Y), IMA 2015-016. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 942; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947.
Batisite
Formula: BaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Gavrilenko, B.V. (2001) Ore potential of acidic rocks of the Achean Kolmozero-Voronya zone, NE Baltic Shield. in: Piestrzynski, A. et al. (ed.) (2001) Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21st Century. Proceedings of the joint sixth biennal sga-seg meeting, Kraków, Poland, 26-29 August 2001.
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
Behoite
Formula: Be(OH)2
Reference: Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko Ye. E., Selivanova E. A., Zozulya D. R. (2009): Behoite and mimetite from Sakhariok alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula). Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 138 (3): 118-126; Lyalina, L., Zolotarev Jr, A., Selivanova, E., Savchenko, Y., Zozulya, D., Krivovichev, S., & Mikhailova, Y. (2015). Structural characterization and composition of Y-rich hainite from Sakharjok nepheline syenite pegmatite (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-9.
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Belkovite (TL)
Formula: Ba3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
Reference: Neues Jb. Min,Mh.(1991) 23-31; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Belloite
Formula: Cu(OH)Cl
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Belomorite'
Reference: Dmitry Tonkacheev specimen
Belovite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Description: Nepheline-syenite pegmatite.
Reference: DAN-SSSR (1954) 96/3, 613-616; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.; Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Krivovichev, S. V., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Selivanova, E. A., Korchak, J. A., ... & Zalkind, O. A. (2011). Eliseevite, Na1. 5Li [Ti2Si4O12. 5 (OH) 1.5]∙ 2H2O, a new microporous titanosilicate from the Lovozero alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). American Mineralogist, 96(10), 1624-1629.
Belovite-(La) (TL)
Formula: NaLaSr3(PO4)3F
Reference: Men'shikov, Y.P., et al (2006), American Mineralogist: 91: 922-928.; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Belyankinite (TL)
Formula: Ca1-2(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O (?)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist 37:802
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Bertrandite var: Gel-Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryllite (TL)
Formula: Be3(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: I. Pekov (1998) Minerals First Discovered on the Territory of the former Soviey Union; Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Yamnova, N. A., Zadov, A. E., & Tarassoff, P. (2007). Gjerdingenite-Na and gjerdingenite-Ca, two new mineral species of the labuntsovite group. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 529-539
Beryllite var: Metaberyllite
Formula: Be3SiO5 · 2H2O (?)
Reference: E. I. Semenov, 1972. [Mira..~OBO3epcK. II~e:xoqH. Macc., I/I3A. HayKa]; abstr. Zap. 102, 75
Betalomonosovite (TL)
Formula: Na64Ti4(Si2O7)2[PO3(OH)][PO2(OH)2]O2(OF)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures Ltd., Moscow, 369 pp.; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian).
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian).
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian).
Bismutohauchecornite
Formula: Ni9Bi2S8
Reference: Anatoly Kasatkin analytical data
'Bitumen'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Bonshtedtite (TL)
Formula: Na3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64; Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490
Bornemanite (TL)
Formula: Na6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Men'shikov, Y.P., et al.: (1975): Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 104(3): 322-326.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Bradleyite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, in press (in Russ.)
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Reference: Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
Britholite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Bromellite
Formula: BeO
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Burbankite var: Strontioburbankite
Formula: Na2Ca2Sr2[CO3]5
Reference: I.V. Pekov analytical data
Burovaite-Ca (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)4Ca2(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(OH,O)8 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Azarova Y V, Shlyukova Z V, Zolotarev A A, Organova N I (2009) Burovaite-Ca, (Na,K)4Ca2(Ti,Nb)8[Si4O12]4(OH,O)8·12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny Pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits 51, 774-783
Burpalite
Formula: Na2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Bussenite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3F
Type Locality:
Reference: Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(3):50-55, in Rusisan, English abs.
Bykovaite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: A. P. Khomyakov et al., 2005
Byrudite
Formula: (Be,☐)(V3+,Ti,Cr)3O6
Reference: Alena A. Kompanchenko * OrcID, Anatoly V. Voloshin and Victor V. Balagansky (2018) Vanadium Mineralization in the Kola Region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals 2018, 8(11), 474
Cafetite (TL)
Formula: CaTi2O5 · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcioburbankite
Formula: Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
Reference: SUBBOTIN, V.V., VOLOSHIN, A.V., PAKHOMOVSKY, Yu.A., and BAKHCHISARAYTSEV, A.Yu. (1999) Calcioburbankite and burbankite from the carbonatites of Vuoriyarvi massif (New data). Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, 78 87 (in Russian with English abstract). P.M. Kartashov data; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Calciocatapleiite
Formula: CaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Calciohilairite
Formula: CaZr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Calciomurmanite (TL)
Formula: (Na,☐)2Ca(Ti,Mg,Nb)4[Si2O7]2O2(OH,O)2(H2O)4
Reference: Lykova, I.S., Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Yapaskurt, V.O., Zubkova, N.V., Britvin, S.N. and Giester, G. (2015) Calciomurmanite, IMA 2014-103. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 530; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535.
Calciotantite (TL)
Formula: CaTa4O11
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Glendonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: specimens widespread in innumerable collections; Dmitriy I. Belakovskiy (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 101-112.; Geptner, A. R., Vetoshkina, O. S., & Petrova, V. V. (2014). New data on the composition of stable isotopes in glendonites of the White Sea and their genesis. Lithology and Mineral Resources, 49(6), 473-490.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Calkinsite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Canasite (TL)
Formula: K3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Cancrisilite (TL)
Formula: Na7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [ZVMO (1991) 120, n6, 80-; World of Stones 95:5-6, p. 64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Carbobystrite (TL)
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 3.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Khomyakov, A. P., Cámara, F., & Sokolova, E. (2010). Carbobystrite, Na8 [Al6Si6O24](CO3)· 4H2O, a new cancrinite-group mineral species from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(2), 291-300.
Carbocernaite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: BULAKH, A.G., KONDRAT'EV, V.V., and BARANOVA, E.N. (1961) Carbocernaite, a New Rare Earth Carbonate. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 90, 42 49. (in Russian). English abstract: American Mineralogist, 46, 1202. Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Caryochroite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Sr)3(Fe3+,Mg)10[(O,OH)9|Ti2Si12O37] · (H2O,O,OH)17
Type Locality:
Reference: Kartashov P.M., Ferraris G., Soboleva S.V., Chukanov N.V. (2006): Caryochroite, a new heterophyllosilicate mineral species related to nafertisite from the Lovozero massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 1331-1339
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Cattiite (TL)
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Reference: S.N. Britvin, G. Ferraris, G. Ivaldi, A.N. Bogdanova & N.V. Chukanov (2002), Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2002: 160-168.
Caysichite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian); Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A., Zezulina E.P. [Волошин А.В., Пахомовский Я.А., Зезулина Е.П.] (1986): Caysichite from amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Кайсикхит из амазонитовых пегматитов Кольского полуострова]. Min. Zhurnal [Мин. Журнал], 8, 90-93 (in Russian).
Cebaite-(Ce)
Formula: Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Cebollite
Formula: Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Keith Bell, Elizabeth Ann Dunworth, Andrei G. Bulakh, and Valeriy V. Ivanikov (1996) Alkaline rocks of the Turiy Peninsula, Russia, including type-locality turjaite and turjite; a review. Can Mineral, v. 34, p. 265-280
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
'Cerite'
Reference: Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Cerite-(La) (TL)
Formula: (La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 40: 1177-1184
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: A. A. Kalinin, Ye. E. Savchenko, E. A. Selivanova. (2016) Precious Metal Minerals in the Oleninskoe Gold Occurence, the Kolmozero-voronya Belt (Kola Peninsula). Zapiski RMO, N 6, 2:102
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chabazite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Sr (TL)
Formula: Sr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 86, pages 939–942, 2000
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chesnokovite (TL)
Formula: Na2[SiO2(OH)2] · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA website
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chirvinskyite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Zr)5(Si2O7)4(OH,O)12·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Panikirovskii, T.L., Zolotarev, A.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Bocharov, V.N., Krivovichev, S.V., Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2016): Chirvinskyite, IMA 2016-051. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1140; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144
Chivruaiite (TL)
Formula: Ca4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2O
Reference: Y. P. Men'shikov et al.: Am. Min. 91:922-928 (2006)
Chkalovite (TL)
Formula: Na2BeSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: DAN-SSSR,(1939) 22, 259-263; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Krivovichev, S. V., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Selivanova, E. A., Korchak, J. A., ... & Zalkind, O. A. (2011). Eliseevite, Na1. 5Li [Ti2Si4O12. 5 (OH) 1.5]∙ 2H2O, a new microporous titanosilicate from the Lovozero alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). American Mineralogist, 96(10), 1624-1629.
Chlorbartonite (TL)
Formula: K6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
Description: Chlorbartonite occurs in a microcline – pectolite – sodalite – aegirine hydrothermal vein in the heterogeneous feldspathic urtite.
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (2003) 41, pp. 503-511
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: P.M. kartashov data
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Vorontsova, V. P. (2011). Dykes of the Kuru Vaara deposit in the Kola alkaline province. Moscow University Geology Bulletin, 66(2), 146-149.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p88
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Clinochrysotile'
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Clinophosinaite (TL)
Formula: Na12(Ca,Sr)4(Si4O12)(PO4)4
Reference: ZVMO,(1981) 110, 351-355, [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Ivanyuk, G.Y., and Goryainov, P.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 670-680.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian).
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Shlyukova Z.V. (1986) Mineralogy of contact formations of Khibina massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 96 (in Rus.)
Coulsonite
Formula: Fe2+V3+2O4
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Crawfordite (TL)
Formula: Na3Sr(CO3)(PO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: [MinRec 27:202]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Crichtonite
Formula: Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cryptophyllite (TL)
Formula: K2Ca[Si4O10] · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov I.V., Zubkova N.V., Filinchuk Ya.E., Chukanov N.V., Zadov A.E., Pushcharovsky D.Yu., Gobechiya E.R. Shlykovite, KCa[Si4O9(OH)]·3H2O, and cryptophyllite, K2Ca[Si4O10]·5H2O, two new mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia,Zapiski RMO, 139(1),37(2010); Pekov I.V., Zubkova N.V., Filinchuk Ya.E., Chukanov N.V., Zadov A.E., Pushcharovsky D.Yu., Gobechiya E.R. (2010): Shlykovite, KCa[Si4O9(OH)]·3H2O, and cryptophyllite, K2Ca[Si4O10]·5H2O, two new mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO, 139(1), 37-50.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprorhodsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Reference: 33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Daomanite
Formula: CuPtAsS2
Daqingshanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Reference: Sorokhtina N.V., Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A., Selivanova E.A. (2004) The first find of daqingshanite-(Ce) on Kola peninsula, - Trudy 1 Fersmanovskoi Nauchnoi Sessii Kolskogo Otdeleniya VMO, Apatity,pt.1, pp. 34-36 (in Russ.)
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Davidite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Davidite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Reference: Компанченко А.А., Волошин А.В., Базай А.В. Ванадиевая минерализация в колчеданных проявлениях - новый тип для Южно-Печенгской структурной зоны, Кольский регион, - Месторождения стратегических металлов: закономерности размещения, источники вещества, условия и механизмы образования. Всероссийская конференция, посвящённая 85-летию ИГЕМ РАН.Москва, 25-27 ноября 2015 г. Материалы докладов. М.: ИГЕМ РАН, 2015. 336 с.
Davinciite (TL)
Formula: Na12K3Ca6Fe2+3Zr3(Si26O73OH)Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Belakovskiy D, Smith D G W, Welch M (2013) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 98, 811-815
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Delhayelite
Formula: (Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Delindeite
Formula: (Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2O
Deloneite (TL)
Formula: (Na0.5REE0.25Ca0.25)(Ca0.75REE0.25)Sr1.5(CaNa0.25REE0.25)(PO4)3F0.5(OH)0.5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Delvauxite
Formula: CaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
Denisovite (TL)
Formula: K14+x(Ca,Na,Mn,Fe)48[Si60O162]F16(Ox,OH4−x)·2H2O
Description: From foidite.
Reference: ZVMO,(1984) 113, 718-723
Depmeierite (TL)
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O (x<0.5)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov I.V., Olysych L.V., Zubkova N.V., Chukanov N.V., Van K.V., Pushcharovsky D.Yu. (2010) Depmeierite, Na8[Al6Si6O24](PO4,CO3)1-x·3H2O (x < 0.5), a new cancrinite-group mineral from the Lovozero alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia // Zapiski RMO, in press.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Vorontsova, V. P. (2011). Dykes of the Kuru Vaara deposit in the Kola alkaline province. Moscow University Geology Bulletin, 66(2), 146-149.
Diversilite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Na2(Ba,K)6Fe2+Ce2Ti3(Si3O9)3(HSiO4)3(OH,H2O)9
Type Locality:
Reference: A.P. Khomyakov et al.: ZVMO 132(5):34-39 (2003)
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Manganoan Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Donnayite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dorfmanite (TL)
Formula: Na2HPO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Ivanyuk, G.Y., and Goryainov, P.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 670-680.
Dualite (TL)
Formula: Na30(Ca,Na,Ce,Sr)12(Na,Mn,Fe,Ti)6Zr3Ti3Mn[Si51O144](OH,H2O,Cl)9
Type Locality:
Reference: Khomyakov, A.P., G.N.Nechelyustov, R.K.Rastsvetaeva: "Dualite, a new zircono-titanosilicate with a modular eudialyte-like structure from Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia", Proceedings of the Russian Min. Soc. 136 (4), 31-42(2007)
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: A. A. Kalinin, Ye. E. Savchenko, E. A. Selivanova. (2016) Precious Metal Minerals in the Oleninskoe Gold Occurence, the Kolmozero-voronya Belt (Kola Peninsula). Zapiski RMO, N 6, 2:102
Ecandrewsite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Reference: Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
Eckermannite
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Arzamastseva, L.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A. [Арзамасцева, Л.В., Пахомовский Я.А.] (1999): Mineral associations in rocks of Niva agpaitic intrusion (Kola Peninsula) as indicators of its forming conditions [Минеральные ассоциации пород агпаитовой интрузии Нива (Кольский Полуостров) как индикаторы условий ее образования]. Zap. VMO [Зап. ВМО], 128, 6, 1-16 (in Russian); Arzamastsev, A.A., Belyatsky, B.V., Arzamastseva, L.V. (2000): Agpaitic magmatism in the northeastern Baltic Shield: a study of the Niva intrusion, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Lithos, 51, 1, 27-46.
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Edgarite (TL)
Formula: FeNb3S6
Description: Occurs in a feldspar-rich fenite in a fenitized xenolith enclosed by nepheline syenite.
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., R.F. Martin, Y.P. Men'shikov, Y.E. Savchenko, Y. Thibault, and K.V.O. Laajoki (2000) Edgarite, FeNb3S6, first natural niobium-rich sulfide from the Khibina alkaline complex, Russian Far North: evidence of chalcophile behavior of Nb in a fenite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 138: 229-236; The Canadian Mineralogist (2000): 38: 1377-1385.
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Eirikite
Formula: KNa6Be2(Si15Al3)O39F2
Eitelite
Formula: Na2Mg(CO3)2
Ekplexite (TL)
Formula: (Nb,Mo,W)S2·(Mg1-xAlx)(OH)2+x
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O. and Polekhovsky, Y.S. (2012): Ekplexite, IMA 2011- 082. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 152; Mineralogical Magazine, 76,151-155; Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Siidra, O.I. (2014): Ekplexite (Nb,Mo)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, kaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x and manganokaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mn1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, three new valleriite-group mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 663-679.
'Elatolite'
Reference: V. Grishin collection
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Eliseevite (TL)
Formula: LiNa1.5Ti2(H1.5Si4O12)O2 · 2H2O
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Krivovichev, S. V., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Selivanova, E. A., Korchak, J. A., ... & Zalkind, O. A. (2011). Eliseevite, Na1. 5Li [Ti2Si4O12. 5 (OH) 1.5]∙ 2H2O, a new microporous titanosilicate from the Lovozero alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). American Mineralogist, 96(10), 1624-1629.
Elpasolite
Formula: K2NaAlF6
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian).
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Orsoev, D.A. [Орсоев, Д.А.] (1985): Mineralogy of copper-nickel ores of the Lovnoozero deposit (Kola peninsula) [Минералогия сульфидных медно-никелевых руд Ловноозерского местророждения (Кольский полуостров)]. Candidate's degree thesis, USSR Academy of Sciences, Apatity, 253 pp. (in Russian); Orsoev, D.A., Kanakin, S.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya., Ushchapovskaya, Z.F., Reznitsky, L.Z. (2016): Mineral CuFe2S4 from Sulfide Copper–Nickel Ores of the Lovnoozero Deposit, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 58, 579-585.
'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'
Reference: Yefimov, M.M., et al (1986), ZVMO: 115(6): 720-721; Bukanov, V.V. (1989) ZVMO: 118(2): 104-110.
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Epistolite
Formula: Na2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Erdite
Formula: NaFeS2 · 2H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
'Erikite'
Reference: Pekov, I. V. (2000) Lovozero Massif - History, Pegmatites, Minerals. Ocean Pictures LTD: Moscow 2000.
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Ershovite (TL)
Formula: Na4K3(Fe,Mn,Ti)2Si8O22(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: James Cheshire collection
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
'Eudialyte Group'
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Eudidymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Eveslogite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K,Ca,Sr,Ba)48 [(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe2+)12Si48O144(OH)12](F,OH,Cl)14
Type Locality:
Reference: Men'shikov Yu.P., Khomyakov A.P., Ferraris G. et al. (2003) Eveslogite, (Ca,K,Na,Sr,Ba)48[(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe")12(OH)12Si48O144](F,OH,Cl)14, a new mineral from the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia, - Zapiski VMO, 132(1), 59-67 (in Russ.); Pekov, I. V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures Ltd., Moscow, 369 pp.
Ewaldite
Formula: Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fedorite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)2-3(Ca4Na3)Si16O38(OH,F)2 · 3.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Feklichevite (TL)
Formula: Na11Ca9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Zr3Nb[Si25O73](OH,H2O,Cl,O)5
Type Locality:
Description: In a pegmatoid cancrinite syenite vein.
Reference: Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(3), 55–65
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Fenaksite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.