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Schneckenstein cliff (Königskrone Topaz Mine), Schneckenstein, Tannenbergsthal, Muldenhammer, Vogtlandkreis, Saxony, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Schneckenstein cliff (Königskrone Topaz Mine)Cliff
SchneckensteinHamlet
TannenbergsthalVillage
MuldenhammerMunicipality
VogtlandkreisDistrict
SaxonyState
GermanyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 24' 48'' North , 12° 27' 4'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Tannenbergsthal1,536 (2015)2.6km
Hammerbrücke1,395 (2015)3.5km
Morgenröthe-Rautenkranz893 (2015)5.7km
Bublava334 (2018)5.8km
Klingenthal9,132 (2017)6.0km
Other Languages:
German:
Schneckensteinfelsen, Schneckenstein, Tannenbergsthal, Muldenhammer, Vogtlandkreis, Sachsen, Deutschland


A cliff on the NW slope of Kielberg mountain, famous since centuries for excellent yellowish topaz crystals on quartz (greisen body).
Collecting in the fenced-in area is strictly prohibited. Collecting in the surrounding forest is also restricted by the Forestry Dept.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Lapis 15(7/8), 75 (1990)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 950.
Chalcosiderite var. Alumo-chalcosiderite
Formula: Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
Reference: Fischer, E. (1958): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 6, 182-189.
'Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series'
Reference: Harjo Neutkens collection
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Lapis 15(7/8), 75 (1990)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Lapis 15(7/8), 75 (1990)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Rutile var. Ilmenorutile
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Habit: Long to short prismatic crystals.
Colour: Light to dark yellow, brown, green, colourless.
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Topaz var. Pyknite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Turquoise
Formula: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var. Ilmenorutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
var. Alumo-chalcosiderite8.DD.15Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Turquoise8.DD.15CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
var. Pyknite9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var. Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2TiO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Chalcosiderite
var. Alumo-chalcosiderite
-Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
'Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Topaz
var. Pyknite
-Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H Chalcosiderite var. Alumo-chalcosideriteCu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
H Topaz var. PykniteAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O QuartzSiO2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Chalcosiderite var. Alumo-chalcosideriteCu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
O Topaz var. PykniteAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O RutileTiO2
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
F Topaz var. PykniteAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
AlAluminium
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al Chalcosiderite var. Alumo-chalcosideriteCu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
Al Topaz var. PykniteAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Topaz var. PykniteAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P Chalcosiderite var. Alumo-chalcosideriteCu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Chalcosiderite var. Alumo-chalcosideriteCu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TurquoiseCuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu Chalcosiderite var. Alumo-chalcosideriteCu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lahl, B. (2012) Königliche Topase vom Schneckenstein, TU Bergakademie Freiberg/Chemnitzer Verlag, 142pp
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 950.
Vollstädt, H., R. Baumgärtel (1977) "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden).
Lapis (1990) 15(7/8), 75.
Leithner, H. (2008) Famous Mineral Localities: The Königskrone Topaz Mine, Schneckenstein, Saxony, Germany. Mineralogical Record 39(5), 355-367.
Mineralogical Record: 26: 30.

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