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Schneckenstein cliff (Königskrone Topaz Mine), Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Saxony, Germany

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Name(s) in local language(s):Schneckenstein, Kielberg, Klingenthal, Vogtland, Sachsen, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 24' 48'' North , 12° 27' 4'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.41337,12.45131
GeoHash:G#: u2byg36z0
Locality type:Cliff
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


A cliff on the NW slope of Kielberg mountain, famous since centuries for excellent yellowish topaz crystals on quartz (greisen body).
Collecting in the fenced-in area is strictly prohibited. Collecting in the surrounding forest is also restricted by the Forestry Dept.


Regions containing this locality

Erzgebirge / Krusné Hory Mts (Ore Mts), Germany & Czech Republic

Mining District - 893 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Lapis 15(7/8), 75 (1990)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 950.
Chalcosiderite var: Alumo-chalcosiderite
Formula: Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
Reference: Fischer, E. (1958): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 6, 182-189.
'Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series'
Reference: Harjo Neutkens collection
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Lapis 15(7/8), 75 (1990)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Lapis 15(7/8), 75 (1990)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Habit: Long to short prismatic crystals.
Colour: Light to dark yellow, brown, green, colourless.
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Topaz var: Pyknite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Min Rec 39 pp355-367
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Vollstädt, Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd Ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chalcosiderite8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
var: Alumo-chalcosiderite8.DD.15Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
var: Pyknite9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Chalcosiderite
var: Alumo-chalcosiderite
-Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
'Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Topaz
var: Pyknite
-Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Chalcosiderite (var: Alumo-chalcosiderite)Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Topaz (var: Pyknite)Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Chalcosiderite (var: Alumo-chalcosiderite)Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Topaz (var: Pyknite)Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Topaz (var: Pyknite)Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
AlAluminium
Al Chalcosiderite (var: Alumo-chalcosiderite)Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Topaz (var: Pyknite)Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Topaz (var: Pyknite)Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
PPhosphorus
P Chalcosiderite (var: Alumo-chalcosiderite)Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
TiTitanium
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe Chalcosiderite (var: Alumo-chalcosiderite)Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CuCopper
Cu Chalcosiderite (var: Alumo-chalcosiderite)Cu(Fe,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
NbNiobium
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
TaTantalum
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Carboniferous
298.9 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3159369
Carboniferous phyllite

Age: Carboniferous (298.9 - 358.9 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Phyllite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Paleozoic
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 3191030
Paleozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cambrian
485.4 - 541 Ma



ID: 2600121

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Description: metamorphic

Lithology: Phyllite, calc-phyllite, quartzite, graywacke

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 950.
Vollstädt, H., R. Baumgärtel (1977) "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden).
Lapis (1990) 15(7/8), 75.
Leithner, H. (2008) Famous Mineral Localities: The Königskrone Topaz Mine, Schneckenstein, Saxony, Germany. Mineralogical Record 39(5), 355-367.
Mineralogical Record: 26: 30.

External Links



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