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Middletown, Middlesex Co., Connecticut, USAi
Regional Level Types
Middletown- not defined -
Middlesex Co.County
ConnecticutState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 33' 44'' North , 72° 39' 2'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Middletown46,756 (2017)0.0km
Portland5,862 (2017)1.4km
Cromwell13,750 (2017)3.7km
Durham2,933 (2017)9.3km
Higganum1,698 (2017)10.6km


Coordinates are for the intersection of Washington Street and Main Street. Most of the minerals listed only at this level are actually either from the Middletown lead mine or from pegmatites.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

71 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State; Rocks & Min.: 16:279.; Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Arsenolite ?
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Rutley, 12th Ed. (1900)
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Habit: subhedral hexagonal prisms
Colour: blue
Description: Not as common as other beryl varieties.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Schooner (1958)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.234
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Claudetite ?
Formula: As2O3
Description: According to an unconfirmed report by Schooner (circa 1980s), associated with arsenopyrite were "a few soft, transparent, gypsum-like plates" of claudetite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Foye (1922)
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 255
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 255
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Habit: Slightly elongated prismatic
Colour: black
Description: Porphyroblasts in amphibole gneiss adjacent to the pegmatite, subhedral crystals to about 1 cm.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluorite var: Chlorophane
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Kevin Czaja Collection
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'
Reference: Rutley, 12th Ed. (1900)
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Johannite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Schooner (1958)
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Lepidolite'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite ?
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Colour: bright blue
Description: From Schooner (circa 1980s): "At the exposed galena-sphalerite-calcite veins near the lead mine tunnels, between River Road and the Connecticut River, seams and vugs contain traces of secondary minerals. One of them is linarite, as bright blue microcrystals."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Colour: tan
Description: From Schooner (circa 1980s): "Massicot was the most abundant of the lead oxides from the now-collapsed tunnel of the lead mine nearest the river. X-ray study, however, showed the presence of minor litharge. A sample of weathered galena, picked up on the cobalt mine dump below Great Hill, had a rather thick tan crust. It gave a very good X-ray pattern of litharge."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Colour: yellowish
Description: From Schooner (circa 1980s)" "Some rich specimens, showing soft yellowish massicot in cellular quartz, derived from the alteration of galena, were found in the last lead mine tunnel toward the river. X-ray study indicates a mixture of massicot and litharge, with massicot predominating."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Colour: orange-red
Description: From Schooner (circa 1980s): "Dull orange-red minium is one of the lead oxides found at the lowest of the tunnels between River Road and the Connecticut River, in Middletown. This material did not yield the good X-ray pattern of the other lead oxides, massicot, litharge, and plattnerite. It is assumed to be fine-grained or impure. Interestingly, no hematite peaks were seen."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Habit: hexagonal, tabular
Colour: metallic gray
Description: Excellent euhedral crystals to 5 cm
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
'Monazite'
Reference: Schooner (1958); Harold Moritz collection
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Schernikite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Habit: parallel-growth fibers with rhombic cross-sections
Colour: pastel lavender
Description: Usually as parallel-fiber overgrowths on muscovite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Colour: sooty black
Description: From Schooner (circa 1980s): "Plattnerite formed a sooty black coating on altered galena, with considerable massicot and litharge, at one of the Middletown lead mines. The identity was established by X-ray study."
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Description: No pyrolusite dendrite or staining in a granite pegmatite in the world has been verified as pyrolusite. The name was a mistake in the nineteenth century which has been widely publicized.
Reference: Schooner, R. (1958): The mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam area in Connecticut (with a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). East Hampton and Branford, Conn.: Richard Schooner, Ralph Lieser, and Howard Pate.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 16:279.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Realgar ?
Formula: As4S4
Description: According to an unconfirmed report by Schooner (circa 1980s), very sparingly associated with arsenopyrite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Description: An historical error. May have been confused with thulite, which has been found in calc-silicate rocks (in Haddam) within the Collins Hill formation that hosts the western pegmatites in this area.
Reference: Kunz,1892: Gems & Precious Stones of N. America, p.152.
Rutile ?
Formula: TiO2
Description: No specimens available for study. The Shepard (1837) report does not adequately support the identification of rutile.
Reference: Shepard (1837), A Report on the Geological Survey of Connecticut
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: Schooner (1958)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scorodite ?
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Description: According to an unconfirmed report by Schooner (circa 1980s), associated with arsenopyrite.
Reference: Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
Smithsonite ?
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Mike Polletta and Jeremy Zolan field observation
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Ryerson (1972); Harold Moritz collection
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Former Bob Albanese collection
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Rutley, 12th Ed. (1900)
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wurtzite ?
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Wurtzite var: Voltzite ?
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zircon var: Calyptolite
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Am Jour Sci (1851) 2nd sers vol 12:210
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: Schooner (1958); Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Realgar ?2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Wurtzite ?2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
var: Voltzite ?2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Chlorophane3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Arsenolite ?4.CB.50As2O3
Claudetite ?4.CB.45As2O3
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile ?4.DB.05TiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite ?5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Johannite ?7.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Linarite ?7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorodite ?8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Schernikite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Calyptolite9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Realgar ?2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite ?2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
A2X3
Arsenolite ?4.3.9.1As2O3
Claudetite ?4.3.10.1As2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile ?4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite ?14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite ?30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Johannite ?31.8.2.1Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite ?40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fluorite
var: Chlorophane
-CaF2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Schernikite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wurtzite
var: Voltzite ?
-(Zn,Fe)S
Zircon
var: Calyptolite
-Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H JohanniteCu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O UraniniteUO2
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Zircon (var: Calyptolite)Zr(SiO4)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MiniumPb3O4
O MassicotPbO
O LithargePbO
O PlattneritePbO2
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O RutileTiO2
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O ClaudetiteAs2O3
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O JohanniteCu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
NaSodium
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
AlAluminium
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Zircon (var: Calyptolite)Zr(SiO4)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S Wurtzite (var: Voltzite)(Zn,Fe)S
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S RealgarAs4S4
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S JohanniteCu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Schernikite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe Wurtzite (var: Voltzite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu JohanniteCu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Wurtzite (var: Voltzite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
As RealgarAs4S4
As ClaudetiteAs2O3
YYttrium
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
ZrZirconium
Zr Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zr Zircon (var: Calyptolite)Zr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb LithargePbO
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
U JohanniteCu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O

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Revisiting the Wesleyan University by Fred A. Schuster


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