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Van Diemen's Land mines, Glendalough, Co. Wicklow, Ireland

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 53° 0' 20'' North , 6° 23' 45'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 53.00556,-6.39583
GeoHash:G#: gc7mw3qew
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Group of small mines above the waterfalls in Glendalough.

ITM 707655 696174

Regions containing this locality

Ireland (island)

Island - 484 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2007) “The mineralogy of the Wicklow lead mines”, Journal of the Mining Heritage Trust of Ireland, No. 7, p.19-32.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2007) “The mineralogy of the Wicklow lead mines”, Journal of the Mining Heritage Trust of Ireland, No. 7, p.19-32.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: S. Moreton, unpublished observation.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: S. Moreton, unpublished observation.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2007) “The mineralogy of the Wicklow lead mines”, Journal of the Mining Heritage Trust of Ireland, No. 7, p.19-32.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2007) “The mineralogy of the Wicklow lead mines”, Journal of the Mining Heritage Trust of Ireland, No. 7, p.19-32.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2007) “The mineralogy of the Wicklow lead mines”, Journal of the Mining Heritage Trust of Ireland, No. 7, p.19-32.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Description: SEM-WDS analysis by Dr Green, Manchester Museum, indicates end-member pyromorphite with little or no arsenic.
Reference: S. Moreton, unpublished observation.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Colour: Colourless
Description: Crystals commonly found coated with pyromorphite.
Reference: S. Callaghan, observation during field trip
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: S. Moreton, unpublished observation.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2007) “The mineralogy of the Wicklow lead mines”, Journal of the Mining Heritage Trust of Ireland, No. 7, p.19-32.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Hydrozincite'5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Caledonite'7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
'Linarite'7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
'Wulfenite'7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Hemimorphite'9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S GalenaPbS
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
CuCopper
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
PbLead
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3192030
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Devonian - Ordovician
358.9 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3156638
Ordovician granite

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Granite group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Stephen Moreton (personal observation)


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