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Caspar quarry, Bellerberg volcano, Ettringen, Mayen, Eifel, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 21' 6'' North , 7° 14' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.35167,7.23389
GeoHash:G#: u0vnkw5x9
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Steinbruch Caspar, Bellerberg Vulkan, Ettringen, Mayen, Eifel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland


Active quarry. A multitude of often very rare, but well-crystallised minerals occur in xenoliths and basaltic rock.
Access is strictly limited (it was for most of the last two decades also completely forbidden).
Located between Ettringer Bellerberg and Büden mountains.


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Aegirine

var: Titanian Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

var: Porricin

Afghanite

Afwillite

Åkermanite

Albite

var: Andesine

var: Oligoclase

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Almandine

Almarudite (TL)

Alumoåkermanite

Alunite

Alunogen

'Amphibole Supergroup'

Analcime

Andradite

'Andradite-Schorlomite Series'

Anhydrite

Anorthite

var: Bytownite

'Apophyllite'

Aragonite

Augite

Azurite

Baddeleyite

Baghdadite

Bellbergite

'Biotite'

Bixbyite

Bornite

Braunite

Bredigite

Brownmillerite

Brucite

Calcio-olivine

Calcite

Cancrinite

Carnotite

Celestine

Cerianite-(Ce)

'Chabazite'

Chabazite-Ca

Chalcopyrite

Charlesite

Chayesite

Cheralite

Chevkinite-(Ce)

Chlormayenite

Chromite

Clinoferrosilite

Columbite-(Fe)

Conichalcite

Cordierite

Corundum

var: Sapphire

Covellite

Cristobalite

Cubanite

Cuprite

Cuprorivaite

Cuspidine

Davyne

Devilline

Digenite

Diopside

Dolomite

Edenite

Eifelite (TL)

'Ellestadite'

Enstatite

'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'

Erionite-Ca

Ettringite

Fayalite

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'

Fergusonite-(Y)

Ferri-kaersutite

Ferri-obertiite

'Ferri-tschermakite'

Ferro-ferri-obertiite ?

Ferroindialite (TL)

Ferrosilite

Flörkeite (TL)

Fluorapatite

Fluorellestadite

Fluorite

Fluoro-richterite

Forsterite

Friedrichbeckeite (TL)

'Garnet Group'

Gaudefroyite

Gehlenite

'Gismondine'

Gismondine-Ca

Goethite

Grandidierite

Graphite

Grossular

var: Hibschite

Gypsum

Gyrolite

Haüyne

Hedenbergite

Hematite

Hercynite

Hydrocalumite

Hydromagnesite

Hydroxylapatite

Ilmenite

Indialite

Jacobsite

Jarosite

Jasmundite

Jennite

Katoite

Kerimasite

Kinoshitalite

Kottenheimite (TL)

Kuzelite

Laihunite

Lakargiite

Langite

Larnite

Lepidocrocite

Leucite

Lévyne-Ca

Lorenzenite

Magnesioferrite

Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite

Magnesio-hastingsite

Magnetite

Malachite

Mangani-obertiite (TL)

Mangano-mangani-ungarettiite

Marcasite

Marokite

Meionite

'Melilite Group'

Merrihueite

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

Monticellite

Montmorillonite

Mottramite

Mullite

Muscovite

var: Fuchsite

Nabimusaite

Namansilite

Narsarsukite

Natrojarosite

Nepheline

Niter

Nordstrandite

'Obertiite Root Name'

Offretite

Opal

var: Opal-AN

Orthoclase

Osumilite

'Osumilite Group'

Osumilite-(Mg) (TL)

Owensite

Pargasite

Pavlovskyite

Periclase

Perovskite

'Phillipsite'

Phillipsite-Ca

Phillipsite-K

Phlogopite

Plombièrite

Portlandite

Powellite

Pseudobrookite

Pyrite

Pyrochlore Group

var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)

Pyrochlore Supergroup

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyroxferroite

Pyroxmangite

Pyrrhotite

Quadridavyne

Quartz

'Quartz-beta'

Rankinite

Reinhardbraunsite (TL)

Rhodesite

Rhönite

Roedderite

Rondorfite (TL)

Rozenite

Rusinovite

Rutile

Sanidine

Schäferite (TL)

Schorlomite

Scottyite

Sellaite

Sharyginite (TL)

Shulamitite

Siderite

Sillimanite

Sodalite

Spessartine

Spinel

Spurrite

Srebrodolskite

Stellerite

Strätlingite

Tangeite

Tenorite

Ternesite (TL)

Thaumasite

'Thénardite'

'Thomsonite'

Thomsonite-Ca

Thorite ?

Titanite

Tobermorite

'Tobermorite Group'

Topaz

Trattnerite

Tridymite

Tschörtnerite (TL)

Ulvöspinel

'Unnamed (Ce member of the Betafite Subgroup)'

'Unnamed (Monoclinic polymorph of Pseudobrookite)'

Vaterite

Vertumnite

Volborthite

Vondechenite (TL)

Vorlanite

Wadalite

Wagnerite

Wakefieldite-(La)

Wernerkrauseite (TL)

Willhendersonite

Wollastonite

Xenotime-(Y)

Ye'elimite

Zeophyllite

Zircon

Zirconolite


212 valid minerals. 16 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Geochronology

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Quaternary
   Pleistocene
ⓘ Eruption (latest age)Middle PleistoceneBellerberg volcano, Ettringen, Mayen, Eifel, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
ⓘ Eruption (earliest age)0.215 ± 0.004 MaBellerberg volcano, Ettringen, Mayen, Eifel, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Pleistocene
0.0117 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 2611193

Age: Pleistocene (0.0117 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: volcanic

Lithology: Nephelinite, leucitite, tephrite, basanite, alkali-olivine-basalt

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Pleistocene
0.0117 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3147852
Neuwieder Becken (Tuff)

Age: Pleistocene (0.0117 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Trachyte

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Localities in this Region
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Germany

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hentschel, G. (1976) Topas und Fluorit vom Bellerberg bei Mayen/Eifel. Der Aufschluss 27, 81-82.
Hentschel, G., Abraham, K.U., and Schreyer, W. (1977) Roedderit und Osumilith aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet. Fortschritte der Mineralogie 55, Beiheft 1, 43-44.
Hentschel, G. (1978) Seltene Minerale in Calcium-reichen Auswürflingen vom Bellerberg bei Mayen/Eifel. Der Aufschluss 29, 77-83.
Hentschel, G., Abraham, K.U., and Schreyer, W. (1980) First Terrestrial Occurrence of Roedderite in Volcanic Ejecta of the Eifel, Germany. Contributions to Mineralogy & Petrology 73, 127-130.
Hentschel, G. (1980) Weitere bemerkenswerte Mineralfunde aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel. Mainzer geowissenschaftliche Mitteilungen 8, 169-172.
Hentschel, G. (1982) Neue Mineralfunde aus Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel. Mainzer geowissenschaftliche Mitteilungen 11, 87-90.
Abraham, K., Gebert, W., Medenbach, O., Schreyer, W., and Hentschel, G. (1983) Eifelite, KNa3Mg4Si12O30, a new mineral of the osumilite group with octahedral sodium. Contributions to Mineralogy & Petrology 82, 252-258.
Schreyer, W., Hentschel, G., and Abraham, K. (1983) Osumilith in der Eifel und die Verwendung dieses Minerals als petrogenetischer Indikator. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrografische Mitteilungen 31, 215-234.
Hamm, H.M. and Hentschel, G. (1983) Reinhardbraunsite, Ca5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2, a new mineral, the natural equivalent of synthetic „calcio-chondrodite“. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 119-129.
Hamm, H.M. (1985) Seltene Mineralparagenesen mit Ca2SiO4 und Reinhardbraunsit in Ca-reichen Xenolithen des Bellerberges, Laacher Vulkangebiet. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 130, 63-75.
Ternes, B. (1986) Ein bemerkenswerter Eigenfund. Cuspidin von Bellerberg, Eifel. Lapis 11(10), 38-39.
Hentschel, G. (1987) Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise (München), 2. Auflage.
Armbruster, Th. and Oberhänsli, R. (1988) Crystal chemistry of double-ring silicates: Structural, chemical, and optical variation in osumilites. American Mineralogist, 73, 585-594.
Schreyer, W., Maresch, W.V., Daniels, P., and Wolfsdorff, P. (1990) Potassic cordierites: characteristic minerals for high-temperature, very low-pressure environments. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 105, 162-172.
Schüller, W. (1990) Die Mineralien des Bellerberges bei Ettringen. Lapis 15(5), 9-35.
Rondorf, A. and Rondorf, E. (1991) Verschiedenfarbige Roedderit-Kristalle vom Bellerberg/Eifel. Lapis 16(2), 47.
Blass, G. and Ternes, B. (1994) Über den Erstfund von Pyroxmangit vom Bellerberg bei Ettringen in der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 5(2), 41.
Blass, G. and Graf, H.W. (1994) Über neue Mineralien vom Bellerberg, Eifel. Mineralien-Welt 5(6), 53.
Blass, G. and Graf, H.W. (1996) Neue Mineralfunde - mineralogische Raritäten - aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 7(5), 28.
Irran, E., Tillmanns, E., and Hentschel, G. (1997) Ternesite, Ca5(SiO4)2SO4, a new mineral from the Ettringer Bellerberg/Eifel, Germany. Mineralogy and Petrology 60, 121-132.
Effenberger, H., Giester, G., Krause, W., and Bernhardt, H.J. (1998) Tschörtnerite, a copper-bearing zeolite from the Bellberg volcano, Eifel, Germany. American Mineralogist 83, 607-617.
Tschörtner, J. (1998) Neue Mineralien aus der Eifel – Tschörtnerit, der erste kupferhaltige Zeolith. Lapis 23(7-8), 77-79.
Krause, W., Blass, G., and Effenberger, H. (1999) Schäferite, a new vanadium garnet from the Bellerberg volcano, Eifel, Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 123-124.
Hawthorne, F.C., Cooper, M.A., Grice, J.D., and Ottolini, L. (2000) A new anhydrous amphibole from the Eifel region, Germany: Description and crystal structure of obertiite, NaNa2(Mg3,Fe,Ti)Si8O28O2. American Mineralogist 85, 236-241.
Blass, G. and Graf, H.W. (2001) Interessante Neuigkeiten über Cancrinit, Fluorit und Fuchsit aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 12(1), 26-29.
Blass, G. and Graf, H.W. (2001) Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 12(1), 17-25.
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., and Kolitsch, U. (2002) Neue Funde und Mineralien aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 13(1), 52-57.
Blass, G. and Schäfer, Ch. (2002) Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y), Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 13(3), 32-35.
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., and Kolitsch, U. (2003) Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide. Mineralien-Welt 14(3), 32-35.
Mihajlovic, T., Lengauer, C.L., Ntaflos, Th., Kolitsch, U., and Tillmanns, E. (2004) Two new minerals, Rondorfite, Ca8Mg[SiO4]4Cl2, and Almarudite, K(,Na,)2(Mn,Fe,Mg)2(Be,Al)3[Si12O30], and a study of iron-rich Wadalite, Ca12[(Al8Si4Fe2)O32]Cl6, from the Bellerberg volcano, Eifel, Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 179, 265-294.
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., and Sebold, D. (2004) Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 15(3), 58-69.
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., and Sebold, D. (2004) Über "Hydrogrossulare" sowie einen Neufund des seltenen Hydrogranats Katoit vom Bellerberg, Eifel. Mineralien-Welt 15(6), 16-20.
Kolitsch, U. and Blass, G. (2005) Triclinic „Phillipsite“ in a Ca-rich xenolith from the Bellerberg, Eifel, Germany: Reduction of symmetry due to nearly complete Al-Si-disordering-evidence for an unusual cooling history? Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 151, 66.
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, H.W., Schäfer, Ch., and Tschörtner, J. (2006) Minerale der Eifelvulkane. CD, published by authors.
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., and Sebold, D. (2009) Die Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel (I). Mineralien-Welt 20(1), 46-54.
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., and Sebold, D. (2009) Die Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel (II). Mineralien-Welt 20(2), 38-49.
Lengauer, CL., Hrauda, N., Kolitsch, U., Krickl, R., and Tillmanns, E. (2009) Friedrichbeckeite, K(0.5Na0.5)2 (Mg0.8Mn0.1Fe0.1)2(Be0.6Mg0.4)3[Si12O30], a new milarite-type mineral from the Bellerberg volcano, Eifel area, Germany. Mineralogy and Petrology 96, 221-232.
Lengauer, C.L., Kolitsch, U., and Tillmanns, E. (2009) Flörkeite, K3Ca2Na[Al8Si8O32].12H2O, a new phillipsite-type zeolite from the Bellerberg, East Eifel volcanic area, Germany. European Journal of Mineralogy 21, 901-913.
Blass, G. (2010) Die neuen Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt, 21(5), 48-59.
Schüller, W. (2010) Neufunde aus der Eifel 2008-2010 (2): Geisterstunden im Bellerberg. Lapis, 35(10), 20-26.
Galuskin, E.V., Kusz, J., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Galuskina, I.O., Ternes, B., and Murashko, M. (2012) A reinvestigation of mayenite from the type locality, the Ettringer Bellerberg volcano near Mayen, Eifel district, Germany. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 707-716.
Chukanov, N., Pekov, I., Rastsvetaeva, R., Aksenov, S., Belakovskiy, D., Van, K., Schüller, W., and Ternes, B. (2013) Osumilite-(Mg): Validation as a mineral species and new data. Geology of Ore Deposits 55, 587-593.
Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Pekov, I.V., Ternes, В., Schüller, W., Belakovskiy, D.I., Van, K.V., and Blass, G. (2014) Ferroindialite (Fe2+,Mg)2Al4Si5O18, a new beryl-group mineral from the Eifel volcanic region, Germany. Zapiski RMO 143, 46-56.
Schäfer, Ch. (2016) Einige bemerkenswerte Funde vom Bellerberg-Vulkan bei Mayen. Der Aufschluss 67 (1), 5-15.
Galuskin, E.V., Krüger, B., Krüger, H., Blass, G., Widmer, R., and Galuskina, I.O. (2016) Wernerkrauseite, CaFe3+2Mn4+O6 - the first non-stoichiometric post-spinel mineral, from Bellerberg volcano, Eifel, Germany. European Journal of Mineralogy 28, 485-493.
Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T., Pohl, D., and Schäfer, Ch. (2017) Vondechenite, a new copper calcium hydrochloride from the Bellerberg, East-Eifel volcanic area, Germany, Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry (in press).

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