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Assal Lake, Djiboutii
Regional Level Types
Assal LakeLake
DjiboutiCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
11° 38' 51'' North , 42° 25' 49'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Arta6,025 (2018)47.8km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Lac Assal


Lake Assal lies at the bottom of a depression surrounded by mountains.

Its level is at 155 meters below sea level.

It is fed by springs which are very salty because of the sea water that seeps through cracks from the sea nearby.

The rate of salinity is 370 grams of salt per litre of water.

On the west coast, the surf rounds halite crystals to round pebbles.

Regions containing this locality

Somali Plate (Somalia Plate)Tectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


2 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: CHAMPREUX ( François ), Les cristaux de gypse et de halite du lac Assal ( RDD ), Minéraux et fossiles, n° 37, pp. 40-48, 1978 . { BN : 8° Jo 19249 }
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: CHAMPREUX, François (1978): Les cristaux de gypse et de halite du lac Assal (RDD). Minéraux et fossiles, n° 37, 40-48.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Champreux, François (1978) Les cristaux de gypse et de halite du lac Assal (RDD). Minéraux et fossiles, 37, 40-48.
Der Aufschluss (2008) 59, 29-31.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Assal_(Djibouti)
Wikidata ID:Q81239


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