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Helen-MacLeod Mines, McMurray and Chabanel Townships, Algoma District, Ontario, Canada

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 48° 1' 22'' North , 84° 45' 8'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 48.0227777778, -84.7522222222

This locality is a combination of two different mines that overlap,the George W. MacLeod Mine and the Helen Mine unless you know which one your sample came from this is the place to put it.

A calcite xls specimen on matrix is said to come from this locality (according to the label of the dealer, D. Weinrich)

Added December 2, 2009
Iron formation in volcanic rocks.

"Goethite, pyrite, and siderite are the ore minerals of the Helen iron range in which these mines occur.

" The iron deposits north of Wawa lake were discovered during the Mihipicoten gold rush of the late 1890's. The first mine to come into production was the Helen Mine... in 1897... Goethite was the principal ore body until [it] exhausted in 1918. Attention then was directed to mining the siderite ore...[since] 1939 and has been continuous since that time.

" The company arranges conducted tours of the operation for groups such as schools... Requests should be made by writing to the company."

Iron mines in the Wawa area. From , "Gold mining led to the coincidental discovery of high quality iron ore in the area. Francis Hector Clergue and his newly formed Lake Superior Power Company began mining operations at Helen Mine and, from 1900-1918 Helen Mine was the largest producer of Iron Ore in Canada.

The Helen Mine remained an open pit operation until 1950 and in 1960 the George W. MacLeod Mine went into production next to the Helen Mine. Throughout the nineties, Algoma Ore continued to be challenged by international markets and in December of 1997, Algoma Steel announced that they could no longer support the high cost of extracting low grade iron from Algoma Ore. Even though Wawa’s mountain of iron ore still had more to give, operations were shut down in June of 1998, 100 years after iron was first discovered in this remote corner of Northern Algoma"

Mineral List

12 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49.

Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines MDI Number: MDI42C02SE00010

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