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Nickenicher Weinberg (Nickenicher Sattelberg), Nickenich, Andernach, Mayen-Koblenz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Nickenicher Weinberg (Nickenicher Sattelberg), Nickenich, Andernach, Mayen-Koblenz, Eifel Volcanic Fields, Germany

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Name(s) in local language(s):Nickenicher Weinberg (Nickenicher Sattelberg), Nickenich, Andernach, Eifel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 24' 15'' North , 7° 20' 29'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.40444,7.34139
GeoHash:G#: u0vnxpcg4
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Basalt quarry. Located about 6 km SW of Andernach.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Nickenicher Weinberg (Nickenicher Sattelberg), Nickenich, Andernach, Eifel, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Regions containing this locality

Eifel Volcanic Fields, Germany

Group of Volcanic Fields - 530 mineral species & varietal names listed

Eifel Mountains, Germany/Belgium

Mountain Range - 695 mineral species & varietal names listed

East Eifel Volcanic Field, Germany

Volcanic Field - 452 mineral species & varietal names listed

Laacher See Volcanic Complex, Germany

Complex - 260 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


56 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
'Biotite'
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Cuprorivaite
Formula: CaCuSi4O10
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Dorrite
Formula: Ca4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Zur Morphologie der Eifel-Olivine, Der Aufschluss, 391-396, 1983
Ferri-obertiite ?
Formula: Na(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Description: A Fe:Mn ratio of 3:1 has been analysed. It is currently not clear whether ferri-obertiite, mangani-obertiite or both occur at this locality, see also http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,14,342477,342721#msg-342721 for further information.
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Fluoro-edenite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Analysed sample Collection of Bernd Ternes
Fluoro-richterite ?
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
'Glass'
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
'Hornblende'
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, HW., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (V), MW 2/1992
Indialite
Formula: Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Igor Pekov; Künzel, H. E., Blaß, G. and Schüller, W. (2011): Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36 (7-8), 55-66; 86.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Kaersutite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
Liebauite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Cu5Si9O26
Reference: Zöller, M.H., Tillmanns, E., Hentschel, G. (1992): Liebauite, Ca3Cu5Si9O26, a new silicate mineral with 14er single chain. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 200, 115-126.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite ?
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Mangani-obertiite ?
Formula: Na(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Description: A Fe:Mn ratio of 3:1 has been analysed. It is currently not clear whether ferri-obertiite, mangani-obertiite or both occur at this locality, see also http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,14,342477,342721#msg-342721 for further information.
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
Nickenichite
Formula: Na0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
'Obertiite Root Name'
Formula: {A}{Na2}{Z2+3Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
Description: A Fe:Mn ratio of 3:1 has been analysed. It is currently not clear whether ferri-obertiite, mangani-obertiite or both occur at this locality, see also http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,14,342477,342721#msg-342721 for further information.
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Reference: Hentschel, G., Osumilith in der Eifel und die Verwendung dieses Minerals als petrogenetischer Indikator, Tschermaks Min. Petr. Mitt, 31, 215-234, 1983
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
'Quartz-beta'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Rhönite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Richterite ?
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Roedderite
Formula: (Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Habit: spherical-renal 'blisters' or crusts
Reference: Hentschel, G. (1983) Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane. Weise Verlag (München).; Künzel, H.E., Blaß, G., and Schüller, W. (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36(7-8), 55-66; 86.; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Corundum'4.CB.05Al2O3
'Cristobalite'4.DA.15SiO2
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Magnesioferrite'4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Pseudobrookite'4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Rutile'4.DB.05TiO2
'Spinel'4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Tenorite'4.AB.10CuO
'Tridymite'4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
'Mottramite'8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
'Nickenichite'8.AC.10Na0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
'Tangeite'8.BH.35CaCu(VO4)(OH)
'Volborthite'8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Anorthite'9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Cuprorivaite'9.EA.05CaCuSi4O10
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Dorrite'9.DH.40Ca4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
'Enstatite'9.DA.05MgSiO3
'Fayalite'9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
'Fluoro-edenite' ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
'Fluoro-richterite' ?9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Indialite'9.CJ.05Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Kaersutite' ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
'Labradorite'9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Leucite'9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
'Liebauite' (TL)9.DO.25Ca3Cu5Si9O26
'Magnesio-arfvedsonite' ?9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Mangani-obertiite' ?9.DE.25Na(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
'Mullite'9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
'Nepheline'9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
'Omphacite'9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Osumilite-(Mg)'9.CM.05KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
'Phlogopite'9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pyrope'9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
'Rhönite'9.DH.40Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
'Richterite' ?9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Roedderite'9.CM.05(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
'Sanidine'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Sillimanite'9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
'Sodalite'9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
'Titanite'9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Topaz'9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Zircon'9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-
'Ferri-obertiite' ?-Na(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
'Obertiite Root Name'-{A}{Na2}{Z2+3Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Nickenichite38.2.3.9Na0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Tangeite41.5.1.6CaCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Mullite52.2.3.1Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Indialite61.1.1.3Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Roedderite63.2.1a.14(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite ?66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Richterite ?66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Dorrite69.2.1a.2Ca4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Liebauite (TL)69.2.4.1Ca3Cu5Si9O26
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Cuprorivaite71.2.3.1CaCuSi4O10
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Biotite'-
Ferri-obertiite ?-Na(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Fluoro-edenite ?-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-richterite ?-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
'Labradorite'-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Magnesio-arfvedsonite ?-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mangani-obertiite ?-Na(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
'Obertiite Root Name'-{A}{Na2}{Z2+3Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Osumilite-(Mg)-KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CorundumAl2O3
O CristobaliteSiO2
O CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O LiebauiteCa3Cu5Si9O26
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
O Obertiite Root Name{A}{Na2}{Z32+Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz-betaSiO2
O RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
O RutileTiO2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
O TenoriteCuO
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TridymiteSiO2
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
F Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Na Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Na Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Na Obertiite Root Name{A}{Na2}{Z32+Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
Na Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Mg Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Mg NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Mg Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Al Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Al IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Al Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Si Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Si Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si LiebauiteCa3Cu5Si9O26
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Si MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Obertiite Root Name{A}{Na2}{Z32+Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
Si Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz-betaSiO2
Si RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca LiebauiteCa3Cu5Si9O26
Ca NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Ca Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Ti Obertiite Root Name{A}{Na2}{Z32+Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
FeIron
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Fe Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Fe Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Cu LiebauiteCa3Cu5Si9O26
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Cu TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
AsArsenic
As NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
PbLead
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Pleistocene
0.0117 - 0.126 Ma



ID: 2614025

Age: Pleistocene (0.0117 - 0.126 Ma)

Description: volcanic

Comments: Sparse trass

Lithology: Trachytic pumice tuff, trass

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Neogene - Paleogene
2.588 - 66 Ma



ID: 3161494
Palaeogene basalt

Age: Cenozoic (2.588 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Basalt

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hentschel, G. (1983) Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane. Weise Verlag (München).
Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland- West. Weise Verlag (Munich).
Blaß, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, H.W., Schäfer, C., and Tschörtner, J. (2006) Minerale der Eifelvulkane, CD, published by authors.
Künzel, H.E., Blaß, G., and Schüller, W. (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36(7-8), 55-66; 86.
Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.


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