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Eldfell, Heimaey island, Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands), Southern Region, Icelandi
Regional Level Types
Eldfell- not defined -
Heimaey islandIsland
Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands)- not defined -
Southern RegionRegion
IcelandCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 63° 26' 1'' North , 20° 14' 56'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 63.43361,-20.24889
GeoHash:G#: ge38g5xpw
Köppen climate type:Cfc : Subpolar oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Vestmannaeyjar4,219 (2016)1.6km
Hvolsvöllur902 (2016)35.3km
Hella784 (2016)45.2km


A 200 meter elevation cinder cone which erupted in 1973, causing great damage to the fishing port town on Heimaey.
(Eldfell name means "mountain of fire" in Icelandic).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
Chessexite
Formula: (Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Eldfellite (TL)
Formula: NaFe3+(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: collection Joachim Esche; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.; Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
Jakobssonite (TL)
Formula: CaAlF5
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D., Acquafredda, P. & Leonardsen, E. (2012): Jakobssonite, CaAlF5, a new mineral from fumaroles at the Eldfell and Hekla volcanoes, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 751-760.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Leonardsenite (TL)
Formula: MgAlF5·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Balić-Žunić,T., Acquafredda, P. and Jakobsson, S.P. (2011): Leonardsenite, IMA 2011-059. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2889; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893
Meniaylovite
Formula: Ca4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Metathénardite
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
Óskarssonite (TL)
Formula: AlF3
Type Locality:
Reference: Jacobsen, M.J., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Katerinopoulou, A., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S.P. (2014): Oskarssonite, AlF3, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Heimaey, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine,78, 215-222.
Rosenbergite
Formula: AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Reference: Jacobsen, M.J., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Katerinopoulou, A., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S.P. (2014): Oskarssonite, AlF3, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Heimaey, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine,78, 215-222. (p. 221)
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)'
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Pedersen, L., Jakobsson, S.P. (2009): Eldfellite, NaFe(SO4)2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 51-57.
Vanthoffite
Formula: Na6Mg(SO4)4
Reference: Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Verneite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca3Al2F14
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Pinto, D. and Mitolo, D. (2017) Verneite, IMA 2016-112. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Meniaylovite3.CG.10Ca4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Rosenbergite3.CD.05AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Bassanite7.CD.45CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Chessexite7.DG.35(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Eldfellite (TL)7.AC.15NaFe3+(SO4)2
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Metathénardite7.AC.30Na2SO4
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Vanthoffite7.AC.05Na6Mg(SO4)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Jakobssonite (TL)-CaAlF5
Leonardsenite (TL)-MgAlF5·2H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)'-Na3Fe(SO4)3
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14
Óskarssonite (TL)-AlF3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX3
Rosenbergite9.3.6.1AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Thomsenolite11.6.6.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Eldfellite (TL)28.3.4.2NaFe3+(SO4)2
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Vanthoffite28.4.1.1Na6Mg(SO4)4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chessexite32.4.6.1(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Jakobssonite (TL)-CaAlF5
Leonardsenite (TL)-MgAlF5·2H2O
Meniaylovite-Ca4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Metathénardite-Na2SO4
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)'-Na3Fe(SO4)3
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14
Óskarssonite (TL)-AlF3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
H ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
NNitrogen
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
OOxygen
O EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
O LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
O VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
O ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O MetathénarditeNa2SO4
O Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)Na3Fe(SO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
FFluorine
F LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
F JakobssoniteCaAlF5
F ÓskarssoniteAlF3
F VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
F ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
NaSodium
Na EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
Na VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Na Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Na VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na MetathénarditeNa2SO4
Na Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)Na3Fe(SO4)3
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
Mg Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Mg VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
AlAluminium
Al LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
Al JakobssoniteCaAlF5
Al ÓskarssoniteAlF3
Al VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Al Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Al ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
SiSilicon
Si Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Si MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
SSulfur
S EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
S VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S MetathénarditeNa2SO4
S Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)Na3Fe(SO4)3
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
ClChlorine
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SylviteKCl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
K SylviteKCl
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
CaCalcium
Ca JakobssoniteCaAlF5
Ca VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Ca Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca MeniayloviteCa4[F|SO4|SiF6|AlF6] · 12H2O
Ca ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
FeIron
Fe EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Unnamed (Na-Fe Sulphate)Na3Fe(SO4)3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
ZnZinc
Zn Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 655830
Igneous: extrusive; Extrusive: mafic

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Arctic-North Atlantic region, Iceland, North Atlantic, East Greenland volcanic belt

Comments: Oceanic basin; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Basalt, olivine basalt, tholeiite, alkali basalt, basanite, pillow basalt, flood basalt

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Holocene
0 - 0.0117 Ma



ID: 3131757
Holocene basalt

Age: Anthropocene (0 - 0.0117 Ma)

Lithology: Basalt group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Jacobsen, M.J., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Katerinopoulou, A., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S.P. (2014): Oskarssonite, AlF3, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Heimaey, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine,78, 215-222.


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