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Eldfell, Heimaey, Heimaey island, Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands), Southern Region, Iceland

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 63° 26' 1'' North , 20° 14' 56'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 63.43361,-20.24889
GeoHash:G#: ge38g5xpw
Köppen climate type:Cfc : Subpolar oceanic climate


A 200 meter elevation cinder cone which erupted in 1973, causing great damage to the fishing port town on Heimaey.
(Eldfell name means "mountain of fire" in Icelandic).


Mineral List


24 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 655830
Igneous: extrusive; Extrusive: mafic

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Arctic-North Atlantic region, Iceland, North Atlantic, East Greenland volcanic belt

Comments: Oceanic basin; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Basalt, olivine basalt, tholeiite, alkali basalt, basanite, pillow basalt, flood basalt

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Holocene
0 - 0.0117 Ma



ID: 3131757
Holocene basalt

Age: Anthropocene (0 - 0.0117 Ma)

Lithology: Basalt group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mitolo, D., Garavelli, A., Pedersen, L., Balić-Žunić, T., Jakobsson, S.P., Vurro, F. (2008): Mineralogy of actually forming sublimates at Eldfell Volcano, Heimaey (Vestmannaeyjar archipelago), Iceland. Plinius, 34, 322.
Jacobsen, M.J., Balić-Žunić, T., Mitolo, D., Katerinopoulou, A., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S.P. (2014): Oskarssonite, AlF3, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Heimaey, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine,78, 215-222.

Mineral and/or Locality  
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