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Butugychak U-Sn deposit, Ust' Umchug, Kolyma River Basin, Magadanskaya Oblast, Russia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 61° 7' 59'' North , 149° 37' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 61.13333,149.63333
GeoHash:G#: z6f7ubzxm
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


The Butugychag deposit is the site of a now abandoned "gulag" forced labor camp. The workings are reached by climbing the "great staircase," a set of stairs built by gulag labor that ascends the mountain from the valley bottom to the deposit on the summit ridge. Mining was accomplished mainly by hand, mostly on the surface in a series of pits and trenches. A large excavation is present with stopes in its headwall. Ore was loaded into cars & pushed from the summit by inclined road to a cable tram. From there it was again transported by hand (wheelbarrow) or truck to a mill about 8 km (5 miles) down the valley towards the highway.

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,733 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: World of Stones 4/94, p46; Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
'Hornfels'
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
'commodity:Tin'
Formula: Sn
Reference:  
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthoclase'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Siderophyllite'9.EC.20KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornfels'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Siderophyllite71.2.2b.5KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornfels'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3190963
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Lopingian - Guadalupian
251.902 - 272.95 Ma



ID: 652940
Sedimentary; Slope and deep water

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 272.95 Ma)

Description: Verkhoyansk-Kolyma region, Yana-Kolyma fold-thrust belt, western Okhotsk-Chukhotsk volcanic belt

Comments: Orogen, magmatic arc/suite; Petrov et al., unpublished compilation, 2007-08

Lithology: Shale, chert, iron-formation, greywacke, turbidite, argillaceous limestone, matrix-supported conglomerate;

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Goryachev, N. A. and M. L. Gelman (2001) Granitoids of the Okhotsk-Kolyma Divide and Related Ore Mineralization. pp5-28 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p

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