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Peerless Mine (Monitor; Monarch; Protector), Keystone, Keystone Mining District, Pennington Co., South Dakota, USAi
Regional Level Types
Peerless Mine (Monitor; Monarch; Protector)Mine
Keystone- not defined -
Keystone Mining DistrictMining District
Pennington Co.County
South DakotaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 53' 25'' North , 103° 25' 10'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Keystone343 (2017)0.6km
Hill City995 (2017)13.3km
Colonial Pine Hills2,493 (2017)15.5km
Hermosa392 (2017)19.1km
Custer1,952 (2017)19.9km


A pegmatite mine located in sec. 8, T.2S., R.6E., near Keystone.

Mineralization is comprised of several irregular, zoned pegmatite dikes in quartz-mica schist.

Workings include open cuts, pits and underground development plus 7 drill holes.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


50 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Albite var:
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 33 (Table A-1).; USGS Bull 380D; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 297A
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 33 (Table A-1).; USGS Prof Paper 297A
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 32 (Table A-1).; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Černýite
Formula: Cu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 297A
Clinochlore var:
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 297A
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 32 (Table A-1).; USGS Bull 380D; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var:
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 297A
Hydroxylapatite var:
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 297A
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 33 (Table A-1).; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 32 (Table A-1).; USGS Bull 380D; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 32 (Table A-1).; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Bull 380D; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Mushistonite
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Dunn, P. J., & Roberts, W. L. (1986). Cuprocassiterite discredited as mushistonite and an unnamed tin mineral from the Etta mine. Mineralogical Record, 17, 383.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Rocks & Min. 65:349; Dunn, P. J., & Roberts, W. L. (1986). Cuprocassiterite discredited as mushistonite and an unnamed tin mineral from the Etta mine. Mineralogical Record, 17, 383.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Rutile var:
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World; USGS Prof Paper 297A
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 32 (Table A-1).; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Triploidite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049; USGS Prof Paper 297A
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Černýite2.CB.15aCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Mushistonite4.FC.10(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ferrisicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Sicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triploidite8.BB.15(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Černýite2.9.2.2Cu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Mushistonite6.3.6.6(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Ferrisicklerite38.1.4.1Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Sicklerite38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Triploidite41.6.3.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Clinochlore
var: Ripidolite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
H Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
OOxygen
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
O SideriteFeCO3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O UraniniteUO2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
PPhosphorus
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
P Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
Mn Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
CuCopper
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
ZnZinc
Zn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Zn Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Zn ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
SrStrontium
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
CdCadmium
Cd ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
SnTin
Sn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Sn Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Sn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
TaTantalum
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
UUranium
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2•5H2O
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 33 (Table A-1).
American Mineralogist (1985): 70(9-10): 1044-1049.
Rocks & Minerals: 57: 55.
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
USGS Bull 380D
Sheridan, D. M.; Stephens, H. G.; Staatz, M. H.; Norton, J. J. (1957) Geology and beryl deposits of the Peerless pegmatite, Pennington County, South Dakota. USGS Prof Paper 297A

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