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Nuestra Señora del Carmen Mines, La Celia, Jumilla, Murcia, Spain

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Name(s) in local language(s):Mina Nuestra Señora del Carmen
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 38° 27' 43'' North , 1° 28' 18'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 38.46222,-1.47194
GeoHash:G#: eyyfy9b4t
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


Lamproites (7.2-7.6 My).

Some older literature uses Cabo da Gata as location.

The apatite rich rock was used as phosphate fertiliser.

Historic and world-famous site especially for its magnificent crystals of Fluorapatite known since the eighteenth century. The species was named "Chrysolithe d'Espagne" (by Romé de L'Isle) and was also known by the names "Spargelstein" (Werner) and "Esparraguina" (in Spanish) for the resemblance of the crystals with stems of the asparagus.

The specimens were analyzed for the first time by Vauquelin (1797) classifying them as calcium phosphate. Proust found the presence of fluorine in this mineral. The crystals were also studied by the crystallographers Romé de L'Isle, Haüy, Michael Levy, Schauf Albrecht, and Heinrich Adolf Baumhauer among others, which gives us a clear idea of the importance of this historic site. A detailed account about the history of this locality can be found in Calvo (2015).

The deposit is related to post-magmatic alteration of rare volcanic (or subvolcanic) rocks of ultra-potassic composition called lamproites known historically as "Jumilitas" (through the town of Jumilla, which is the most important town near the outcrops) associated with diapiric outcrops of Keuper facies (Triassic age), diapiric movements (Miocene age) and volcanic extrusions of Upper Pliocene age.

Inside vacuoles in the altered parts of the volcanic rock, the magnificent specimens of Fluorapatite can be found together with a complex paragenesis, e.g. Pseudobrookite and the rare borate Yuanfuliite.

Regions containing this locality

Iberian Peninsula

Peninsula - 1,601 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: https://www.foro-minerales.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=139453#139453
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: Yellow
Reference: Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: P et E Médard collection
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: luigi mattei
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Antonio Barahona Ortiz collection
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Priderite
Formula: K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Reference: - Lewis,W.J. (1883) Mineralogische Notizen 1. Pseudobrookit - Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie,7, 181-182
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: K/F-rich richterite.
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Description: Replaces olivine.
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Wadeite
Formula: K2Zr(Si3O9)
Reference: E. Salvioli-mariani et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1027-1039.
Yuanfuliite
Formula: Mg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
Reference: Uitterduk Appel, P.W., Bigi, S., Brigatti, M.F. (1999): Crystal structure and chemistry of yuanfuliite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 483-491

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Hercynite'4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Priderite4.DK.05bK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Yuanfuliite6.AB.20Mg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Analcime'9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Fluoro-richterite'9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Fluorophlogopite'9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Leucite'9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
'Magnesio-hornblende'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Phlogopite'9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Wadeite9.CA.10K2Zr(Si3O9)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Smectite Group-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB8X16
Priderite7.9.4.1K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Yuanfuliite24.2.2.2Mg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, anhydrous, no other anions
Wadeite59.1.1.4K2Zr(Si3O9)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
BBoron
B YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
O PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O TridymiteSiO2
O WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
O YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
AlAluminium
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
SiSilicon
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
CrChromium
Cr Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Fe PrideriteK(Ti74+Fe3+)O16
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
ZrZirconium
Zr WadeiteK2Zr(Si3O9)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Miocene
5.333 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3134164
continental molasse

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{marl}, Minor{conglomerate,limestone,gypsum}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Late Cretaceous
66 - 100.5 Ma



ID: 3187840
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Late Cretaceous (66 - 100.5 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 2505134

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Description: Sandstone, conglomerate, dolomite, limestone, clay and gypsum

Lithology: Conglomerate, sandstone, limestone, gypsum and variegated clay

Reference: Mapa Geológico de la Península Ibérica, Baleares y Canarias a escala 1:1.000.000. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España. [77]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Herrgen, Christiano D. (1799) Esparraguina de Jumilla en Murcia - Annales del Histora Natural, No. I, 260-263, Madrid.
Patrin, E.M.L. (1801) Histoire Naturelle des Minéraux. Paris, Deterville, Tome II, 44-45.
Schrauf, A. (1865) Atlas der krystall-formen des mineralreiches.
Lewis, W.J. (1882) Krystallographische Notizen (1) Pseudobrookit. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 7, 181-182.
Calderón, S. (1910) Los Minerales de España. Junta para Ampliación de Estudios e Investigaciónes Científicas. Madrid. Volumen 2. 563 pp.
Fuster, J.M., Gastesi, P., Sagredo, J., and Fermoso, M.L. (1967) Las Rocas lamproíticas del SE de España. Estúdios Géológicos, 23, 36-69.
Rodríguez Gallego, M. and Garcia Cervigon, A. (1970). Estudio cristalográfico y mineralógico de la esparragina de Jumilla (Murcia). Cuad. Geol. Univ. Granada, pp. 27-30.
Mancheño, M.A., Arana, R., and Perez Sirvent, C. (1986) Nódulos de sanidina asociados a rocas lamproíticas de Jumilla (Murcia). 9, 299-305, 4 microfot., 2 tabl.
Mancheño, M.A., Fernandez-Tapia, M.T., and Arana, R. (1986) Mineralogía de Rocas lamproíticas asociadas a diapiros triásicos al noreste de Murcia. I. Características generales. Anales de Ciencias. Universidad de Murcia, VOL. XLV. núms. 1-1, 39-45.
Venturelli, G., Capedri, S., Barbieri, M., Toscani, L., Salviolo-Mariani, E., and Zerbi, M. (1991) The Jumilla lamproite revisited: a petrological oddity. European Journal of Mineralogy, 3, 123-145.
Calvo, M. (2015) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.

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