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Penrice marble quarry, Angaston, Barossa Valley, North Mt Lofty Ranges, Mt Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Penrice marble quarryQuarry
Angaston- not defined -
Barossa ValleyValley
North Mt Lofty RangesMountain
Mt Lofty RangesMountain
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 34° 28' 54'' South , 139° 2' 48'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -34.48167,139.04667
GeoHash:G#: r1fgu4f9w
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


A limestone quarry which commenced in the 1930's. The upper levels had some gossan opus zones with complex phosphate mineralization, and some caves.

Regions containing this locality

Australia Plate

Plate - 0 mineral species & varietal names listed

Delamerian Orogen, Australia

Orogen - 966 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


24 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aldermanite
Formula: Mg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2O
Reference: S. Mills (in prep)
Angastonite (TL)
Formula: CaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)4 · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA website - Minerals approved in May 2008; Mills, S. J., Groat, L. A., Wilson, S. A., Birch, W. D., Whitfield, P. S. & Raudsepp, M. (2008): Angastonite, CaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH) 4·7H2O, a new phosphate mineral from Angaston, South Australia, Mineralogical Magazine. 72 (5): 1011–1020
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Joan Lamond Collection
'Biotite'
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Mills, S. J., Groat, L. A., Wilson, S. A., Birch, W. D., Whitfield, P. S. & Raudsepp, M. (2008): Angastonite, CaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH) 4·7H2O, a new phosphate mineral from Angaston, South Australia, Mineralogical Magazine. 72 (5): 1011–1020
Fluellite
Formula: Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Mills, S. J., Groat, L. A., Wilson, S. A., Birch, W. D., Whitfield, P. S. & Raudsepp, M. (2008): Angastonite, CaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH) 4·7H2O, a new phosphate mineral from Angaston, South Australia, Mineralogical Magazine. 72 (5): 1011–1020
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).; Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Gordonite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
'commodity:Marble'
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
Minyulite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Reference: Mills, S. J., Groat, L. A., Wilson, S. A., Birch, W. D., Whitfield, P. S. & Raudsepp, M. (2008): Angastonite, CaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH) 4·7H2O, a new phosphate mineral from Angaston, South Australia, Mineralogical Magazine. 72 (5): 1011–1020; Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Perhamite
Formula: Ca3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
Reference: Mills, S. J. (2003): A note on perhamite from the Moculta (Klemms) phosphate quarry, South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 9, 43-45. ; Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).; Mills, S. J., Groat, L. A., Wilson, S. A., Birch, W. D., Whitfield, P. S. & Raudsepp, M. (2008): Angastonite, CaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH) 4·7H2O, a new phosphate mineral from Angaston, South Australia, Mineralogical Magazine. 72 (5): 1011–1020
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
'Scapolite'
Reference: Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Manganite'4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Pyrolusite'4.DB.05Mn4+O2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Aldermanite'8.DE.35Mg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2O
'Angastonite' (TL)8.DL.25CaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)4 · 7H2O
'Crandallite'8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Fluellite'8.DE.10Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
'Gordonite'8.DC.30MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
'Minyulite'8.DH.05KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
'Perhamite'8.DO.20Ca3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
'Wavellite'8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Spessartine'9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fluellite42.6.9.1Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Angastonite (TL)42.7.22.CaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)4 · 7H2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Gordonite42.11.14.4MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Minyulite42.11.5.1KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Miscellaneous
Aldermanite42.13.1.1Mg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Perhamite43.5.10.1Ca3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AldermaniteMg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2O
H AngastoniteCaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)4 · 7H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AldermaniteMg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2O
O AngastoniteCaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)4 · 7H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
FFluorine
F FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AldermaniteMg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2O
Mg AngastoniteCaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)4 · 7H2O
Mg GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al AldermaniteMg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2O
Al AngastoniteCaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)4 · 7H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Al GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P AldermaniteMg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2O
P AngastoniteCaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)4 · 7H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
P PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
KPotassium
K MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AngastoniteCaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)4 · 7H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2O
MnManganese
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cambrian
485.4 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187119
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Amphibolite grade metasedimentary/metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Series 2 - Terreneuvian
509 - 541 Ma



ID: 706134
Normanville Group

Age: Cambrian (509 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Normanville Group

Description: Marine shelf to basinal carbonate, minor basal sandstone. Includes acid to basic volcanics near the Murray River. Limestone; sandstone; shale; volcanics

Comments: sedimentary carbonate; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Sedimentary carbonate

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Mills, S. J., Groat, L. A., Wilson, S. A., Birch, W. D., Whitfield, P. S. & Raudsepp, M. (2008): Angastonite, CaMgAl2(PO4)2(OH) 4·7H2O, a new phosphate mineral from Angaston, South Australia, Mineralogical Magazine. 72 (5): 1011–1020
Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
Graham, A. M. (1996). Investigations into blast affected marble at the Penrice quarry (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).


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