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Landsberg (Moschellandsberg), Alsenz-Obermoschel, Palatinate, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 49° 43' 30'' North , 7° 46' 51'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 49.725, 7.78083333333
Name(s) in local language(s):Landsberg (Moschellandsberg), Obermoschel, Pfalz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland

An ancient mercury mining district. Moschellandsberg is world famous for being the type locality and providing by far the best crystals of the silver mercury amalgam Moschellandsbergite. But also fine calomel crystals, native mercury, cinnabar and many rare mercury minerals make Moschellandsberg very interesting for the collector.

Documented mining activities started around 1440 with heydays in the 16th, 18th and 19th centuries. Last activities started in 1934 but due to the poor mercury content of the remaining ores all mining work finally stopped in 1942.

The northern slope of Landsberg hill where all mines were located, is covered by innumerable dumps and collapsed adits and shafts making it hard to decide whether the land's surface is natural or changed due to mining activities. However it is extremely difficult today to find any minerals that are of interest for collectors.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

76 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


- Dechen, H. v. (1848): Das Vorkommen der Quecksilbererze in dem Pfälzisch-Saarbrückenschen Kohlen-Gebirge; Karsten's Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde, XXII, 375-464.
- Arndt, H.; Reis, O. M. and Schwager, A. (1920): Übersicht über die Mineralien und Gesteine der Rheinpfalz; Geognostische Jahreshefte XXXI/XXXII, 119-262.
- Dreyer, G. (1973): Neue Mineralien der Rheinpfalz; Mitteilungen der Pollichia, (3), 20, 113-136.
- Dreyer, G. (1975): Neue Mineralien in der Rheinpfalz II, Mitteilungen der Pollichia, 63, 5-9.
- Heidtke U.(1984): Die Mineralien des Landsberges bei Obermoschel (Pfalz) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Silberamalgame, Der Aufschluss, 35, 191-205.
- Krupp R., Nottes, G. and Heidtke, U. (1985): Zur Kenntnis einiger natürlicher Quecksilber-Halogen-Verbindungen, besonder des Jodquecksilbers, im Moschellandsberg/Pfalz, Der Aufschluss, 36, 73-80.
- Krupp, R. (1981): Die Geologie des Moschellandsberg-Vulkankomplexes (Pfalz) und seiner Erzvorkommen, Mitteilungen der Pollichia, 69, 6-26.
- Krupp, R. (1989): Paragenesis and conditions of formation of the Moschellandsberg mercury deposit, SW Germany Mineralium Deposita 24:69-76
- Nottes, G. and Heidtke, U. (1986): Zur Kenntnis der Jodquecksilber-Minerale vom Moschellandsberg, Pfalz, Der Aufschluss, 37, 31-36.
- Walling, H. (2005): Der Erzbergbau in der Pfalz. Landesamt für Geologie und Bergbau Rheinland-Pfalz (Mainz), 228 pp.

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