|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||49° 43' 30'' North , 7° 46' 50'' East|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||49.72500,7.78083|
|Köppen climate type:||Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate|
|Name(s) in local language(s):||Landsberg (Moschellandsberg), Obermoschel, Pfalz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland|
An ancient mercury mining district. Moschellandsberg is world famous for being the type locality and providing by far the best crystals of the silver mercury amalgam moschellandsbergite. But also fine calomel crystals, native mercury, cinnabar and many rare mercury minerals make Moschellandsberg very interesting for the collector.
Documented mining activities started around 1440 with heydays in the 16th, 18th and 19th centuries. Last activities started in 1934 but due to the poor mercury content of the remaining ores all mining work finally stopped in 1942.
The northern slope of Landsberg hill where all mines were located, is covered by innumerable dumps and collapsed adits and shafts making it hard to decide whether the land's surface is natural or changed due to mining activities. However, it is extremely difficult today to find any minerals that are of interest for collectors.
Mineral ListMineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
89 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
|Permian - Early Permian|
252.17 - 298.9 Ma
272.3 - 298.9 Ma
358.9 - 419.2 Ma
|Paleozoic sedimentary rocks|
Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)
Lithology: Sedimentary rocks
Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529.