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Landsberg (Moschellandsberg), Obermoschel, Alsenz-Obermoschel, Palatinate, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 49° 43' 30'' North , 7° 46' 51'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 49.72500,7.78083
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Landsberg (Moschellandsberg), Obermoschel, Pfalz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland

An ancient mercury mining district. Moschellandsberg is world famous for being the type locality and providing by far the best crystals of the silver mercury amalgam Moschellandsbergite. But also fine calomel crystals, native mercury, cinnabar and many rare mercury minerals make Moschellandsberg very interesting for the collector.

Documented mining activities started around 1440 with heydays in the 16th, 18th and 19th centuries. Last activities started in 1934 but due to the poor mercury content of the remaining ores all mining work finally stopped in 1942.

The northern slope of Landsberg hill where all mines were located, is covered by innumerable dumps and collapsed adits and shafts making it hard to decide whether the land's surface is natural or changed due to mining activities. However it is extremely difficult today to find any minerals that are of interest for collectors.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

76 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Permian - Early Permian
252.17 - 298.9 Ma

ID: 3161907
Early shale/slate

Age: Permian (252.17 - 298.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{shale/slate}, Minor{sandstone,conglomerate,coal}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Permian
272.3 - 298.9 Ma

ID: 2605046

Age: Cisuralian (272.3 - 298.9 Ma)

Lithology: Mudstone, sandstone, conglomerate, coal, porphyry breccia, tuff

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

358.9 - 419.2 Ma

ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
- Dechen, H. v. (1848): Das Vorkommen der Quecksilbererze in dem Pfälzisch-Saarbrückenschen Kohlen-Gebirge; Karsten's Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde, XXII, 375-464.
- Arndt, H.; Reis, O. M. and Schwager, A. (1920): Übersicht über die Mineralien und Gesteine der Rheinpfalz; Geognostische Jahreshefte XXXI/XXXII, 119-262.
- Dreyer, G. (1973): Neue Mineralien der Rheinpfalz; Mitteilungen der Pollichia, (3), 20, 113-136.
- Dreyer, G. (1975): Neue Mineralien in der Rheinpfalz II, Mitteilungen der Pollichia, 63, 5-9.
- Heidtke U.(1984): Die Mineralien des Landsberges bei Obermoschel (Pfalz) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Silberamalgame, Der Aufschluss, 35, 191-205.
- Krupp R., Nottes, G. and Heidtke, U. (1985): Zur Kenntnis einiger natürlicher Quecksilber-Halogen-Verbindungen, besonder des Jodquecksilbers, im Moschellandsberg/Pfalz, Der Aufschluss, 36, 73-80.
- Krupp, R. (1981): Die Geologie des Moschellandsberg-Vulkankomplexes (Pfalz) und seiner Erzvorkommen, Mitteilungen der Pollichia, 69, 6-26.
- Krupp, R. (1989): Paragenesis and conditions of formation of the Moschellandsberg mercury deposit, SW Germany Mineralium Deposita 24:69-76
- Nottes, G. and Heidtke, U. (1986): Zur Kenntnis der Jodquecksilber-Minerale vom Moschellandsberg, Pfalz, Der Aufschluss, 37, 31-36.
- Walling, H. (2005): Der Erzbergbau in der Pfalz. Landesamt für Geologie und Bergbau Rheinland-Pfalz (Mainz), 228 pp.

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