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Lüneburger Kalkberg, Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Lüneburger Kalkberg- not defined -
Lüneburg- not defined -
Lower Saxony- not defined -
GermanyCountry

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View of the Lüneburg limestone mining area, ca. 1930.

Lüneburger Kalkberg, Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
View of the Lüneburg limestone mining area, ca. 1900.

Lüneburger Kalkberg, Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
View of the Lüneburg gypsum mining area, ca. 1900.

Lüneburger Kalkberg, Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
View of the Lüneburg limestone mining area, ca. 1930.

Lüneburger Kalkberg, Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
View of the Lüneburg limestone mining area, ca. 1900.

Lüneburger Kalkberg, Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
View of the Lüneburg gypsum mining area, ca. 1900.

Lüneburger Kalkberg, Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
View of the Lüneburg limestone mining area, ca. 1930.

Lüneburger Kalkberg, Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
View of the Lüneburg limestone mining area, ca. 1900.

Lüneburger Kalkberg, Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
Name(s) in local language(s):Lüneburger Kalkberg, Lüneburg, Niedersachsen, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 53° 14' 56'' North , 10° 23' 47'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 53.24889,10.39639
GeoHash:G#: u1rqutdmm
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lüneburg71,260 (2015)1.2km
Reppenstedt6,699 (2011)3.1km
Vögelsen2,299 (2017)4.0km
Adendorf9,865 (2011)4.6km
Bardowick6,026 (2015)5.0km


A small hill in the western suburb of Lüneburg, formerly the site of a gypsum quarry famous among collectors in the 19th century for its boracite crystals (type locality). Now a nature conservation park (digging prohibited!). Geologically, the hill is a salt dome caprock, diapirically extruded so as to rise above the otherwise flat plains. Uplift continues at a rate of at least one millimeter per year.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.; Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).; Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland-West. Weise (Munich).
Boracite (TL)
Formula: Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Type Locality:
Habit: idiomorphic tetrahedra of 1 to 2mm in size.
Colour: greenish, white, sometimes bluish.
Reference: Bergmännisches Journal (1789) p. 378.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.; Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).; Clark (1993) Hey's Mineral Index p. 84.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.; Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).; Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland-West. Weise (Munich).
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Hydroglauberite
Formula: Na10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Hydrophilite'
Reference: Hausmann, J.F.L. (1813) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen: 857 (first description of "hydrophilite").; Hey, M.H. (1980) What was hydrophilite? Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 682 (referring to Hausmann, 1813).; Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Kalistrontite
Formula: K2Sr(SO4)2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Koenenite
Formula: Na4Mg9Al4Cl12(OH)22
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Lüneburgite
Formula: Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Description: (Lüneburgite has never been found on the Kalkberg. Specimens ascribed to here are more likely from Volgershall, about 0.5 Km from the Kalkberg.)
Reference: C. Noellner: "Über Lüneburgit", Jb. Naturw. Verein Fstm. Lüneburg (1876), 148-151; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 385.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: idiomorphic double-terminated crystals with greasy lustre of up to 2-3mm in length and 1mm thick in gypsum.
Reference: Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).; Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland-West. Weise (Munich).
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Syngenite
Formula: K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Koenenite3.BD.25Na4Mg9Al4Cl12(OH)22
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 6 - Borates
Boracite (TL)6.GA.05Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Lüneburgite ?6.AC.60Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydroglauberite7.CD.20Na10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kalistrontite7.AD.40K2Sr(SO4)2
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Syngenite7.CD.35K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Hydrophilite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
'Hydrophilite'9.2.7.2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Koenenite10.6.2.1Na4Mg9Al4Cl12(OH)22
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hexaborates
Boracite (TL)25.6.1.1Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Miscellaneous
Kalistrontite28.4.3.2K2Sr(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Syngenite29.3.1.1K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Hydroglauberite29.4.1.1Na10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Lüneburgite ?43.5.11.1Mg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
H KoeneniteNa4Mg9Al4Cl12(OH)22
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H LüneburgiteMg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
BBoron
B BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
B LüneburgiteMg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O KoeneniteNa4Mg9Al4Cl12(OH)22
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O LüneburgiteMg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
NaSodium
Na HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na KoeneniteNa4Mg9Al4Cl12(OH)22
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
Mg KoeneniteNa4Mg9Al4Cl12(OH)22
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg LüneburgiteMg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
AlAluminium
Al KoeneniteNa4Mg9Al4Cl12(OH)22
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P LüneburgiteMg3[B2(OH)6](PO4)2 · 6H2O
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
S PyriteFeS2
S SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S SulphurS8
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl BoraciteMg3(B7O13)Cl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl KoeneniteNa4Mg9Al4Cl12(OH)22
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
K SylviteKCl
K SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
Ca SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3185279
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Miocene
5.333 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3158964
Miocene sand

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sand}, Minor{silt,clay}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 2618515

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone, limestone, marlstone and claystone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1813) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen: 857 (first description of "hydrophilite").
Noellner, C. (1876) Über Lüneburgit. Jahrbuch des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für das Fürstentum Lüneburg, 148-151.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.
Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).
Hey, M.H. (1980) What was hydrophilite? Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 682 (referring to Hausmann, 1813).
Driesner, T. (1985) Der Kalkberg in Lüneburg. Jb. Naturw. Verein Fstm. Lüneburg, 37.
Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland-West. Weise (Munich).


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