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Senegal

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Key
Lock Map
Geological map of Senegal

Senegal
Artisanal gold panning, Eastern Senegal, april 1999

Tenkoto, Kédougou, Kédougou Region, Senegal
Geological map of Senegal

Senegal
Artisanal gold panning, Eastern Senegal, april 1999

Tenkoto, Kédougou, Kédougou Region, Senegal
Geological map of Senegal

Senegal
Area:196,712 km2
Locality type:Country


In 1900, present-day Senegal was part of the AOF (Afrique Occidentale Francaise). Senegal and French Sudan (Mali) formed the Federation of Mali in 1959. In 1960, the Federation of Mali became independent and split up into its two original components, Mali and Senegal.

Presently, Senegal consists of 14 regions; three of these were created in 2008: Kaffrine, Kédougou, and Sédhiou. They were formed by taking the homonymous departments from Kaolack, Tambacounda, and Kolda regions, respectively.
The regions are further subdivided into departments.

Regions containing this locality

West Africa

UN Subregion - 548 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

72 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Andesite'
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
'Basalt'
'Biotite'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
'Chert'
'Chlorite Group'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Copper
Formula: Cu
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Crandallite var: Strontian Crandallite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
'Diorite'
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ernienickelite
Formula: NiMn3O7 · 3H2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
'Granite'
Graphite
Formula: C
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'commodity:Iron'
Formula: Fe
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucoxene
'Limestone'
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Marble'
Mendozite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
'Metaperidotite'
Millisite
Formula: (Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Mudstone'
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pentahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 5H2O
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'commodity:Phosphate Rock'
'Phosphorite'
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Robinsonite
Formula: Pb4Sb6S13
Roshchinite
Formula: Ag19Pb10Sb51S96
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Senegalite (TL)
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Gineste, C. & Bantsimba, C. (2005): Sénégalite et phosphates associés de Kouroudiako, Falémé, Sénégal. Le Règne Minéral, 65, 13-24.; Keegan T D, Araki T, Moore P B (1979) Senegalite, Al2(OH)3(H2O)(PO4), a novel structure type, American Mineralogist, 64, 1243-1247
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Tuff'
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
'Zeolite Group'
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Aurostibite'2.EB.05aAuSb2
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Robinsonite2.HC.20Pb4Sb6S13
Roshchinite2.JB.40aAg19Pb10Sb51S96
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ernienickelite4.FL.20NiMn3O7 · 3H2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunogen'7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Apjohnite'7.CB.85Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Mendozite7.CC.15NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Pentahydrite7.CB.20MgSO4 · 5H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Augelite'8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
var: Strontian Crandallite8.BL.10(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Millisite8.DL.10(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Senegalite (TL)8.DE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zeolite Group9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Andesite'-
'Apatite'-
'Basalt'-
'Biotite'-
Chert-
Chlorite Group-
Clinopyroxene Subgroup-
Diorite-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Granite-
Leucoxene-
Limestone-
Marble-
Metaperidotite-
Mudstone-
Phosphorite-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Tuff-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Roshchinite3.4.15.7Ag19Pb10Sb51S96
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Robinsonite3.6.16.1Pb4Sb6S13
ø = 2
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB3X7
Ernienickelite7.8.2.4NiMn3O7 · 3H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Mendozite29.5.4.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Pentahydrite29.6.7.3MgSO4 · 5H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Apjohnite29.7.3.3Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Senegalite (TL)42.6.7.1Al2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Millisite42.7.9.1(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Andesite'-
'Apatite'-
'Basalt'-
'Biotite'-
'Chert'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Crandallite
var: Strontian Crandallite
-(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
'Diorite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Granite'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucoxene-
'Limestone'-
'Marble'-
'Metaperidotite'-
'Mudstone'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Phosphorite'-
Quartz
var: Jasper
-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tuff'-
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2O
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O CalciteCaCO3
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O RutileTiO2
O SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Na Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
S RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S SphaleriteZnS
S StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
S StibniteSb2S3
S SulphurS8
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mn ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2O
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96
SbAntimony
Sb AurostibiteAuSb2
Sb ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Sb RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
AuGold
Au AurostibiteAuSb2
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
Pb RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42

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