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Mauritania

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Name in French:Mauritanie
Name in German:Mauretanien
Name in Italian:Mauritania
Name in Russian:Мавритания
Name in Simplified Chinese:毛里塔尼亚
Name in Spanish:Mauritania
Name in Afrikaans:Mauritanië
Name in Albanian:Mauritania
Name in Arabic:موريتانيا
Name in Belarusian:Маўрытанія
Name in Bulgarian:Мавритания
Name in Catalan:Mauritània
Name in Czech:Mauritánie
Name in Danish:Mauretanien
Name in Dutch:Mauritanië
Name in Estonian:Mauritaania
Name in Farsi/Persian:موریتانی
Name in Finnish:Mauritania
Name in Galician:Mauritania
Name in Greek:Μαυριτανία
Name in Hebrew:מאוריטניה
Name in Hindi:मॉरिटानिया
Name in Hungarian:Mauritánia
Name in Icelandic:Máritanía
Name in Indonesian:Mauritania
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Mháratáin
Name in Japanese:モーリタニア
Name in Korean:모리타니
Name in Latvian:Mauritānija
Name in Lithuanian:Mauritanija
Name in Macedonian:Мавританија
Name in Norwegian:Mauritania
Name in Polish:Mauretania
Name in Portuguese:Mauritânia
Name in Romanian:Mauritania
Name in Serbian:Мауританија
Name in Slovak:Mauritánia
Name in Slovenian:Mavretanija
Name in Swahili:Mauritania
Name in Swedish:Mauretanien
Name in Tagalog:Mauritania
Name in Thai:มอริเตเนีย
Name in Turkish:Moritanya
Name in Ukrainian:Мавританія
Name in Vietnamese:Mauritanie
Name in Welsh:Mauritania
Area:1,030,700 km2
Locality type:Country


Mauritania is divided into 12 regions (French: régions) called wilaya and one capital district in Nouakchott, which in turn are subdivided into 44 departments (moughataa; French: départements).

Not to be confused with Mauretania which is a part of the historical Berber land in North Africa (it corresponds to present day Morocco and a part of western Algeria)).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

74 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
'Angrite meteorite'
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthosite'
'Apatite'
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Augite var: Ferroaugite
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
'Banded iron formation'
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
'Biotite'
'Breccia'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup var: Subcalcic augite'
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Diamond
Formula: C
'commodity:Diamond'
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Dunitic diogenite meteorite'
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspathic breccia'
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
'Glass'
'Gneiss'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
'Granite'
'Granulite'
Graphite
Formula: C
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'H4 chondrite meteorite'
'H5 chondrite meteorite'
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
'IIAB iron meteorite'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'commodity:Iron'
Formula: Fe
'commodity:Iron'
Formula: Fe
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
'L5 chondrite meteorite'
'L6 chondrite meteorite'
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: collection jm.CLAUDE
'Limestone'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'LL3.2 chondrite meteorite'
'LL5 chondrite meteorite'
'LL6 chondrite meteorite'
'Lunar achondrite meteorite'
'Lunar regolith'
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1583 (Ex-F. Baumann collection)
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
'Maskelynite'
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
'Mesosiderite-B1 meteorite'
'Meteoritic Iron'
'Mica Group'
'Monazite'
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
'Norite'
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Phyllite'
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Polymict breccia diogenite meteorite'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
'Quartzite'
'Regolith breccia'
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
'Schist'
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Shale'
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Silica'
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
'Troctolite'
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
'commodity:Zinc'
Formula: Zn
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Electrum1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
'Taenite'1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clinosafflorite2.EB.15aCoAs2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Troilite'2.CC.10FeS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Baddeleyite'4.DE.35ZrO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Tridymite'4.DA.10SiO2
'Ulvöspinel'4.BB.05TiFe2O4
'Uraninite'4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Bastnäsite-(Ce)'5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Analcime'9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
'Anorthite'9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
var: Ferroaugite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Thorite'9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Angrite meteorite'-
'Anorthosite'-
'Apatite'-
'Banded iron formation'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Breccia'-
Chlorite Group-
Clinopyroxene Subgroup-
'var: Subcalcic augite'-
Dunitic diogenite meteorite-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Feldspar Group-
Feldspathic breccia-
Glass-
Gneiss-
Granite-
Granulite-
H4 chondrite meteorite-
H5 chondrite meteorite-
IIAB iron meteorite-
K Feldspar-
L5 chondrite meteorite-
L6 chondrite meteorite-
LL3.2 chondrite meteorite-
LL5 chondrite meteorite-
LL6 chondrite meteorite-
Limestone-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lunar achondrite meteorite-
Lunar regolith-
Maskelynite-
Mesosiderite-B1 meteorite-
Meteoritic Iron-
Mica Group-
Monazite-
Norite-
Orthopyroxene Subgroup-
Phyllite-
Polymict breccia diogenite meteorite-
Pyroxene Group-
Quartzite-
Regolith breccia-
Schist-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Shale-
Silica-
Smectite Group-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Troctolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Clinosafflorite2.12.4.6CoAs2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Angrite meteorite'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthosite'-
'Apatite'-
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
var: Ferroaugite-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Banded iron formation'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Breccia'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var: Subcalcic augite'-
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Dunitic diogenite meteorite'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Feldspathic breccia'-
'Glass'-
'Gneiss'-
'Granite'-
'Granulite'-
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'H4 chondrite meteorite'-
'H5 chondrite meteorite'-
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
'IIAB iron meteorite'-
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'L5 chondrite meteorite'-
'L6 chondrite meteorite'-
'LL3.2 chondrite meteorite'-
'LL5 chondrite meteorite'-
'LL6 chondrite meteorite'-
Lechatelierite-SiO2
'Limestone'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lunar achondrite meteorite'-
'Lunar regolith'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Mesosiderite-B1 meteorite'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Norite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Phyllite'-
'Polymict breccia diogenite meteorite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Quartzite'-
'Regolith breccia'-
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Schist'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Shale'-
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Thorite
var: Uranothorite
-(Th,U)SiO4
'Troctolite'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H NordstranditeAl(OH)3
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C DiamondC
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
O LechatelieriteSiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O NordstranditeAl(OH)3
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O TridymiteSiO2
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O UraniniteUO2
O Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NordstranditeAl(OH)3
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Si LechatelieriteSiO2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TroiliteFeS
KPotassium
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe IronFe
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
CoCobalt
Co ClinosaffloriteCoAs2
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ClinosaffloriteCoAs2
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As NickelineNiAs
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
TaTantalum
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Taylor, C.D., ed., 2015, Second projet de renforcement institutionnel du secteur minier de la République Islamique de Mauritanie (PRISM-II) phase V: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013‒1280, 20 chaps., pages variable, pls. variable, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20131280. [In English and French.]
Marsh, E. and Anderson, E. (2015) Database of mineral deposits in the Islamic Republic of Mauritania (phase V, deliverables 90 and 91): Chapter S in Second projet de renforcement institutionnel du secteur minier de la République Islamique de Mauritanie (PRISM-II). USGS Open-File Report 2013-1280-S

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Sahara Desert, North Africa

Desert - 721 mineral species & varietal names listed

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