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Verkhnee Espe Massif (Verkhnee Espe deposit), Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts), Tarbagatai Range, Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast'), Kazakhstan

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 48° 6' North , 81° 27' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 48.10000,81.45000
Other regions containing this locality:Soviet Union (1922-1991)
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Name(s) in local language(s):массив Верхнее Эспе

Massif of agpaitic alkaline granites.
Apogranites lie at the northern end of the coeval Akzhaylyau massif.

Mineral List

53 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Devonian - Cambrian
358.9 - 541 Ma

ID: 3185436
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mineev D.A. (1968) Geochemistry of apogranites and rare-metal metasomatites of North-Western Tarbagatai, - Moscow, Nauka, 276p. (in Rus.)
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, (1980).
Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F. C., Stepanov, A. V., Bekenova, G. K., & Kotel’nikov, P. E. (2009). Camaraite, Ba3NaTi4 (Fe2+, Mn) 8 (Si2O7) 4O4 (OH, F) 7. I. A new Ti-silicate mineral from the Verkhnee Espe Deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan.
Cámara, F., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Bekenova, G., Stepanov, A.V., - - Kotel’nikov, P.E. (2010): Fluoroleakeite, NaNa2(Mg2Fe3+2Li)Si8O22F2, a new mineral of the amphibole group from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Eastern Kazakhstan District, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 521-528.
Stepanov, A.V., Bekenova, G.K., Levin, V. L. and Hawthorne,F.C. (2012) Natrotitanite, ideally (Na0.5Y0.5)Ti(SiO4)O, a new mineral from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas mountains, Eastern Kazakhstan district, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 2012, v. 76, 37-44.
STEPANOV, A.V., BEKENOVA, G.K., LEVIN, V.L., HAWTHORNE, F.C. & DOBROVOL’SKAYA, E.A. (2012): Tarbagataite,(K,□)2(Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mn)7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(OH,F), a new astrophyllite-group mineral species from the Verkhnee Espe deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan: description and crystal structure Canadian Mineralogist 50,159-168.

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