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St Hilary, Cornwall, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
St HilaryCivil Parish
CornwallCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Other Languages:
French:
St Hilary, Cornouailles, Angleterre, Royaume-Uni
German:
St Hilary, Cornwall, England, Vereinigtes Königreich
Italian:
St Hilary , Cornovaglia, Inghilterra, Regno Unito
Arabic:
سانت هيلاري, كورنوال, إنجلترا, المملكة المتحدة
Basque:
St Hilary , Kornualles, Ingalaterra, Erresuma Batua
Cebuano:
St. Hilary, Cornwall, Inglatera, Hiniusang Gingharian
Dutch:
St Hilary, Cornwall, Engeland, Verenigd Koninkrijk
Farsi/Persian:
سنت هیلاری، کورن‌وال, کورنوال, انگلستان, بریتانیا
Polish:
St Hilary, Kornwalia, Anglia, Wielka Brytania
Swedish:
St. Hilary, Cornwall, England, Storbritannien
Welsh:
St Hilary, Cernyw, Lloegr, Y Deyrnas Unedig


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

126 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 7 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Description: A review of British occurrences by Braithwaite et al (2009) shows that most of the material that has been reported as adamite is in fact zincolivenite, included the studied adamite from Penberthy Croft Mine.
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Braithwaite, R.S.W., Green, D.I., Tindle, A.G. (2009) The distribution and composition of adamite and zincolivenite in Britain and Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 3–9.
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
'Alunite Group'
Description: Most Alunite group minerals from Penberthy Croft Mine requires more analytical work to further confirm the species better.
Reference: S. Rust Collection.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: No reference listed
'Apatite Group' ?
Description: Originally recorded from the A.W.G. Kingsbury Collection, however given the discreditation of other Kingsbury specimens, apatite is considered unconfirmed.
Reference: No reference listed
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Arseniosiderite ?
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31 (237) 499-500. Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Habit: Octahedral
Colour: Colourless-white
Description: Only one specimen recorded from the mine. S. Rust collection.
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Atacamite ?
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1956) Atacamite from Cumberland and Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 349-350. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 29.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Bayldonite (TL)
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Description: There is some dispute about Penberthy Croft being the type Locality for Bayldonite, specimens may have come from Wheal Carpenter used for Church's analysis. Specimens were once in Richard Talling (mineral dealer) possession with just the location Cornwall before being passed to Church.
Reference: Sumin De Portilla, V., Portilla Quevedo, M., and Stepanov, V.I. (1981) The structure of bayldonite: chemical analysis, differential thermal analysis, and IR spectroscopy. American Mineralogist, 66, 148-153.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Camm, G.S. and Merry, M. (1991) Bayldonite & its associates from Penberthy Croft, Cornwall. U.K. Journal of Mines and Minerals, 9, 6-15. ; Golley, P. and Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Beaverite-(Cu) ?
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Kingsbury reference, hence must be regarded as doubtful.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. , Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432 (referring to Kingsbury 1954). Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Bettertonite (TL)
Formula: [Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
Type Locality:
Description: It occurs as tufts of white, ultrathin (sub-micrometre) rectangular laths, with lateral dimensions generally <20 μm. The laths are flattened on {010} and exhibit the forms {010}, {100} and {001}. The mineral is associated closely with arsenopyrite, chamosite, liskeardite, pharmacoalumite, pharmacosiderite and quartz. Bettertonite is translucent with a white streak and a vitreous to pearly, somewhat silky lustre.[[1]]
Reference: Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Price, J.R., MacRae, C.M. (2015) Bettertonite, IMA 2014-074. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 55. Williams, P.A., Hatert, F., Pasero, M., Mills, S.J. (2015) New minerals and nomenclature modifications approved in 2014 and 2015. Mineralogical Magazine, 79:1, 51-58. [[1]] Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Price, J.R., Macrae, C.M. (2015) Bettertonite, [Al₆(AsO₄)₃(OH)₉ (H₂O)₅ ]·11H₂O, a new mineral from the Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, UK, with a structure based on polyoxometalate clusters. Mineralogical Magazine, 79:7, 1849-1858.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Description: According to Betterton (1989) "Birnessite has been identified by X-ray diffraction methods at the British Museum (Natural History),(X-ray number 6713F) on specimens submitted in 1987 from the Penberthy Croft Mine, St Hilary, Cornwall [SW 558 324]. The mineral occurs here in weathered blocks of partially-cemented slate-rich veinstone below the surface of an old dump. It forms black glossy coatings up to 2 mm thick on massive quartz, botryoidal woodwardite (6712F), earthy goethite, and dolomite with brochantite crystals (6711F), connellite (7407F), wroewolfeite (6710F), and chalcopyrite."
Reference: Betterton, J. (1989) Birnessite from Penberthy Croft Mine, Cornwall - a Second English Occurrence. Journal of the Russell Society, 2:2, 48. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Habit: Massive, pseudomorphs
Colour: Creamy
Reference: [UKJMM 17 (1996) p.17]
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: [UKJMM 17 (1996) p17]
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: G.Curtis collection
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Bulachite
Formula: Al2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
Reference: http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/object.php?irn=37102; Grey, I.E., Betterton, J., Kampf, A.R., Macrae, C.M., Shanks, F.L., Price, J.R. (2016) Penberthycroftite, [Al₆(AsO₄)₃(OH)₉ (H₂O)₅ ]·8H₂O, a second new hydrated aluminium arsenate mineral from the Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, UK. Mineralogical Magazine, 80:7, 1149-1160.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cassiterite var: Wood Tin
Formula: SnO2
Cattiite ?
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent
Reference: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:8rDhWIquacQJ:rruff.info/doclib/hom/cattiite.pdf+penberthy+croft+mine&cd=48&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=uk
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Description: Identified by X-Ray diffraction at the Natural History Museum, London. (http://users.breathe.com/minerals/minloc/pencroft/pencroft2.htm)
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chamosite var: Daphnite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: http://www.dakotamatrix.com/products/800/erythrite
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Colour: Brown
Reference: Manchester University Museum; Steve Rust photo & collection photo ID: 198168
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: [Golley & Williams, 1995, 18 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Description: XRD and SEM
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Can be associated with Native Sulphur.
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: John Betterton at Haslemere Educational Museum.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Feldspar Group'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Requires further verification.
Reference: No reference listed
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: P Haas (collected 2008)
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Hornblende'
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Habit: Powdery to botryoidal crusts
Colour: off-white to light tan
Description: Associated with decomposing sphalerite
Reference: P Haas (collected 2008)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Jeanbandyite
Formula: Fe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 >= x > 0.5)
Description: [[1]]"Specimens from Penberthy Croft Mine were identified at thc Natural History Muscum (London) using a combination of X-ray diffractometry and electron probe microanalysis." [[1]]"Jeanbandyite occurs in intimate intergrowth with natanite in lustrous, yellow, transparent to translucent, pseudo-octahedral crystals up to 0.4 mm across."
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37. [[1]] Betterton, J., Green, D.I., Jewson, C., Spratt, J., Tandy, P. (1998) The composition and structure of jeanbandyite and natanite. Mineralogical Magazine, 62:5, 707-712.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Habit: Bladed, thin tabular
Colour: Colourless
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Lepidocrocite ?
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: Lack of analytical data
Reference: S Rust
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Liskeardite
Formula: [(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
Description: Note: It has been (erroneously) reported (Michael Merry, pers. comm., 2015) that "all liskeardite at Penberthy Croft is apparently bettertonite". Liskeardite has been found to occasionally be associated with bettertonite/penberthycroftite.
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Price, J.R., Macrae, C.M. (2015) Bettertonite, [Al₆(AsO₄)₃(OH)₉ (H₂O)₅ ]·11H₂O, a new mineral from the Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, UK, with a structure based on polyoxometalate clusters. Mineralogical Magazine, 79:7, 1849-1858.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Matlockite ?
Formula: PbFCl
Description: So far only visually confirmed in association with Phosgenite and Anglesite. Crystal clusters of Matlockite display 'typical' thin platy crystals.
Reference: S. Rust Collection
Mattheddleite
Formula: Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: White
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Habit: Prismatic acicular
Colour: Brassy
Reference: [UKJMM 16:15]
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Molybdenite ?
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Collection Richard De Nul
'Monazite'
Reference: S Rust collection
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Habit: Platy pseudohexagonal
Colour: Pale brown
Reference: UKJMM No17
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Habit: Tabular
Colour: Black
Reference: Betterton, J. (1996) Monazite-(La) and Anatase from Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 16, 13.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html Proved to be Vanadian enriched Duftite.
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Natanite
Formula: Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Description: Associated with Jeanbandyite.
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37. Betterton, J., Green, D.I., Jewson, C., Spratt, J., Tandy, P. (1998) The composition and structure of jeanbandyite and natanite. Mineralogical Magazine, 62:5, 707-712.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Olivenite var: Leucochalcite
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Paratacamite ?
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Penberthycroftite (TL)
Formula: [Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
Type Locality:
Colour: White
Description: Penberthcroftite occurs as tufts of white, ultrathin (sub-micrometre) rectangular laths, with lateral dimensions generally < 20 μm. The laths are flattened on {010} and elongated on [100] [Grey et.al. 2016].
Reference: Grey, I.E., Betterton, J., Kampf, A.R., Price, J.R. and MacRae, C.M. (2015) Penberthycroftite, IMA 2015-025. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 943. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947. Grey, I.E., Betterton, J., Kampf, A.R., Macrae, C.M., Shanks, F.L., Price, J.R. (2016) Penberthycroftite, [Al₆(AsO₄)₃(OH)₉ (H₂O)₅ ]·8H₂O, a second new hydrated aluminium arsenate mineral from the Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, UK. Mineralogical Magazine, 80:7, 1149-1160.
Pharmacoalumite
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Reference: Grey, I.E., Kampf, A.R., Price, J.R., Macrae, C.M. (2015) Bettertonite, [Al₆(AsO₄)₃(OH)₉ (H₂O)₅ ]·11H₂O, a new mineral from the Penberthy Croft mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, UK, with a structure based on polyoxometalate clusters. Mineralogical Magazine, 79:7, 1849-1858.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Description: Kingsbury (1957): "small but well-defined prismatic crystals of phosgenite, associated with anglesite, on decomposed galena. The crystals of phosgenite are pale wine-yellow in colour, and of long prismatic habit, the larger of the two being about 8mm long and 2mm thick: both show well-developed terminal faces of c(001) and several small faces in the pyramid and prism zones, but the latter are in general very striated, with many small vicinal faces, and owing to the positions of the crystals in the cavity it is difficult to make out what most of the faces are."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (1957) New occurrences of phosgenite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 500-501. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Plumbojarosite ?
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. , Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, 32(249), 423-432 (referring to Kingsbury 1954). Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Description: Bright green to typical blue-green
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Braithwaite, R.S.W., Ryback, G. (1994) Reichenbachite from Cornwall and Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(392), 449-454.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37. Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Kampf, A.R., Green, D.I. (2005) Redgillite, Cu₆(OH)₁₀(SO₄ )•H₂O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69:6, 973-980.
Rosasite ?
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. May be fraudulent.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of rosasite in Britain. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 501-502. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Habit: Botryoidal
Colour: Light turquoise- greenish blue
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Kingsbury reference. John Betterton Collection.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of rosasite in Britain. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 501-502. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Description: Needs analytical confirmation, the specimen could be botryoidal Scorodite.
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Description: Needs further verification.
Reference: Moulding, D., Hooper, J., Green, D.I. (2008) Stolzite from Penberthy Croft Mine, St Hilary, Cornwall. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 88-90. Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Betterton, J. (2000) Famous Mineral Localities: Penberthy Croft Mine, St. Hilary, Cornwall, England. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 20, 7-37. Betterton, J. (1997) Stilpnomelane from Penberthy Croft Mine, a Second Cornish Occurrence. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 18, 15.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Habit: bipyramidal
Colour: colourless, pale buff, pale to dark brown
Description: The largest stolzite crystal on the specimen is an isolated double-terminated dark brown tetragonal bipyramid, which is 1.1 mm in length. The pale brown to buff crystal aggregates lining the polyhedral cavity are made up of smaller crystals, not usually exceeding 0.5 mm long. They cover areas up to 4 mm across and are commonly aggregated into masses that exhibit parallel growth. Most of the crystals are bounded by eight well-developed faces belonging to the common steeply pyramidal form n {11O}; this is sometimes truncated by the pinacoid c {001}, which is most often present on the larger crystals, and occasionally modified by A {111}. Less steeply pyramidal forms are present on a few crystals, but they are too small to measure reliably. Moulding, D., Hooper, J., Green, D.I. (2008) Stolzite from Penberthy Croft Mine, St Hilary, Cornwall. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 88-90.
Reference: Moulding, D., Hooper, J., Green, D.I. (2008) Stolzite from Penberthy Croft Mine, St Hilary, Cornwall. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 88-90.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Description: Kingsbury Collection at the NHM. Showed to be fraudulent. See http://www.mindat.org/mesg-104-355275.html
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Description: Yellow earthy masses in veinstone maybe Varlamoffite, or perhaps Bindheimite. Needs analytical confirmation.
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: No reference listed
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Betterton, J. (1989) Birnessite from Penberthy Croft Mine, Cornwall - a Second English Occurrence. Journal of the Russell Society, 2:2, 48. Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall. Betterton, J. (1989) Birnessite from Penberthy Croft Mine, Cornwall - a Second English Occurrence. Journal of the Russell Society, 2:2, 48.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Habit: Bipyramiddle
Colour: Yellowish
Description: Tiny >0.1mm bipyramidal crystals which may well be Stolzite
Reference: S Rust, Mindat.org
Wurtzite ?
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Description: Maybe Sphalerite after Wurtzite needs confirmation.
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zincolivenite
Formula: CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Description: A review of British occurrences by Braithwaite et al (2009) shows that most of the material that has been reported as adamite is in fact zincolivenite, including the studied adamite from Penberthy Croft Mine. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 10-14 (2009).
Reference: Braithwaite, R.S.W., Green, D.I., Tindle, A.G. (2009) The distribution and composition of adamite and zincolivenite in Britain and Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 12, 3–9.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alloclasite2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite ?2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Wurtzite ?2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite ?3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Matlockite ?3.DC.25PbFCl
Paratacamite ?3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
var: Wood Tin4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Jeanbandyite4.FC.15Fe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 >= x > 0.5)
Lepidocrocite ?4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Natanite4.FC.10Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite ?5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Beaverite-(Cu) ?7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bieberite ?7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Plumbojarosite ?7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Redgillite7.DD.70Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite ?8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Agardite-(Ce)8.DL.15CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(La)8.DL.15LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Arseniosiderite ?8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bayldonite (TL)8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beraunite ?8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Bulachite8.DE.15Al2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cattiite ?8.CE.50Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Ceruleite ?8.DE.25Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Liskeardite8.DF.10[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
Mansfieldite8.CD.10AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)8.AD.50La(PO4)
Mottramite ?8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Leucochalcite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Parnauite8.DF.35Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pharmacoalumite8.DK.12KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsburgite8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Pitticite8.DB.05(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Tyrolite ?8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Vanadinite ?8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Zincolivenite8.BB.30CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zálesíite8.DL.15CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
var: Daphnite9.EC.55(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mattheddleite9.AH.25Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alunite Group'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group' ?-
Bettertonite (TL)-[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Penberthycroftite (TL)-[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite ?2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Alloclasite2.12.6.2Co1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite ?2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite ?6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Jeanbandyite6.3.7.3Fe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 >= x > 0.5)
Natanite6.3.6.3Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Matlockite ?9.2.11.1PbFCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite ?10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite ?10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite ?16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dundasite16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bieberite ?29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu) ?30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite ?30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Mansfieldite40.4.1.4AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bayldonite (TL)41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite ?41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite ?41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Zincolivenite41.6.5.6CuZn(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite ?41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Liskeardite42.1.1.1[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Philipsburgite42.2.4.2(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite ?42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zálesíite42.5.1.7CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Bulachite42.6.7.2Al2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite ?42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacoalumite42.8.1b.1KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite ?42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Ceruleite ?42.13.6.1Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hidalgoite43.4.1.3PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Parnauite43.5.13.1Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pitticite43.5.3.1(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mattheddleite52.4.9.6Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Agardite-(Ce)-CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(La)-LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Alunite Group'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group' ?-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Bettertonite (TL)-[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
Cassiterite
var: Wood Tin
-SnO2
Cattiite ?-Mg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
Chamosite
var: Daphnite
-(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Chlorite Group'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Olivenite
var: Leucochalcite
-Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Penberthycroftite (TL)-[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
Redgillite-Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H Bettertonite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
H Penberthycroftite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
H ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
H MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
H MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
H MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H BulachiteAl2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
H ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
H Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
H Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
OOxygen
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O Bettertonite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
O Penberthycroftite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O CupriteCu2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
O MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
O WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O AnataseTiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O TenoriteCuO
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O BulachiteAl2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
O ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
O Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
O Cassiterite (var: Wood Tin)SnO2
O Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O BismocliteBiOCl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
O CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F MatlockitePbFCl
NaSodium
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
AlAluminium
Al Bettertonite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
Al Penberthycroftite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
Al MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al BulachiteAl2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
Al Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Al CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S GalenaPbS
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
S AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
S ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SulphurS8
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S MilleriteNiS
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
CaCalcium
Ca ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
Fe NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Fe Chamosite (var: Daphnite)(Fe,Mg)5Al(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
Co BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Cu Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As Bettertonite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·11H2O
As Penberthycroftite[Al6(AsO4)3(OH)9(H2O)5]·8H2O
As ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
As MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As AlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As BulachiteAl2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2O
As ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
As Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
As PharmacoalumiteKAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
YYttrium
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Sn JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
Sn NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Sn Cassiterite (var: Wood Tin)SnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
LaLanthanum
La Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
La Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Agardite-(Ce)CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W StolzitePb(WO4)
PbLead
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb MatlockitePbFCl
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismocliteBiOCl

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Hilary,_Cornwall
Wikidata ID:Q822096
GeoNames ID:2638783

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
UK

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