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Mongolata Gold Fields, Burra, North Mt Lofty Ranges, Mt Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Mongolata Gold Fields- not defined -
Burra- not defined -
North Mt Lofty RangesMountain
Mt Lofty RangesMountain
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
33° 34' 51'' South , 139° 4' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Burra978 (2013)16.9km
Hallett210 (2012)26.8km
Booborowie268 (2012)30.1km
Leighton133 (2018)31.0km
Spalding303 (2013)44.3km


In 1930 a drover named Henry Byles discovered a gold-bearing quartz reef. In 1933 the mines were officially opened by the then Premier of South Australia, R.S. Richards.

During the ensuing years the mines became known for producing large specimens of gold, the largest weighing nearly 7 kg.

Today the mines are still worked in small amounts and there is also a tourist tour underground to show the workings and methods of mining from days gone by.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Delamerian Orogen, AustraliaOrogen

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

15 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Catalogue of South Australian Minerals 1983, pg91; Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Catalogue of South Australian Minerals 1983, pg93; Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Collection of RJ Martin
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Personal collection of Mark Willoughby; Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Personal collection of Mark Willoughby; Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O SideriteFeCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S CovelliteCuS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
AuGold
Au GoldAu

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Holocene
0 - 0.0117 Ma



ID: 874246
alluvium 38485

Age: Anthropocene (0 - 0.0117 Ma)

Description: Channel and flood plain alluvium; gravel, sand, silt, clay; may be locally calcreted

Comments: regolith; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Regolith

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186197
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Comments: Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Sandstone,shale,limestone,siltstone,tillite,dolomite

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Griessmann, M. (2011) Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Koch, G. (2018) Goldbergbau in Mongolata, Südaustralien. Der Steirische Mineralog, 33, 88-93 (in German).

Localities in this Region
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  • South Australia

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