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Franklin, Ellijay Mining District, Cowee Valley, Macon Co., North Carolina, USAi
Regional Level Types
Franklin- not defined -
Ellijay Mining DistrictMining District
Cowee ValleyValley
Macon Co.County
North CarolinaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 10' 54'' North , 83° 22' 52'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Franklin3,940 (2017)0.1km
Forest Hills372 (2017)21.3km
Highlands937 (2017)21.9km
Sky Valley265 (2017)22.0km
Glenville110 (2017)22.9km


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

54 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Genth,Frederick Augustus (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina:USGS Bulletion No.74
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Eckert, J. O., Jr., 1984, Stratigraphy, structure, and metamorphism in the east half of the Wayah Bald quadrangle, North Carolina: ...
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
'Chrysolite'
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: F.A Genth and W.C Kerr (1881) Minerals and mineral Localities of North Carolina,Geologic Survey
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Description: From the Corundum Hill area.
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No. 46182-00,46184-00 and 46188-00
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
'Deweylite'
Formula: Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Dana 7:I:678 & 694.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Hunter, Charles E.,(1941) Fosterite Olivine Deposits of North Carolina and Georgia :Georgia Geological Survey Bulletion No. 47
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Eckert, J. O., Jr., 1984, Stratigraphy, structure, and metamorphism in the east half of the Wayah Bald quadrangle, North Carolina: ...
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Mineral Data Publishing, 2001, Version 1.2
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Clays and Clay Minerals,39 and 113, 1991
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Description: Titan-Hematite
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Reference: Gerald M.Friedman, Sept 27, 1951, Study Of Hogbomite
'Hornblende'
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
Hydrobiotite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
'Kerolite' ?
Formula: (Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Reference: F.A Genth and W.C Kerr (1881) Minerals and Mineral Localites of North Carolina,Geologic Survey,North Carolina
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S
Formula: [(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Description: Reported as polytype Hogbomite-5H in Emery deposit.
Reference: Peterson,E.U.,Essence,E.J.,Peacor,D.R.,and Marcotty,L.A.,(1989) The occurrence of hogbomite in high-grade metamorphic rocks:Contrib Mineral Petrol(1989)101:350-360
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Gerald M.Friedman,Sept 27,1951,Study Of Hogbomite
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Monazite'
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
'Moonstone'
Reference: http://www.rosecreekmine.com/
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Genth,F.A,1891,The Minerals of North Carolina,pg63 and pg.103
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Preiswerkite
Formula: NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Genth F.A,1891,The Minerals of North Carolina,pg.66 and 103
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.rosecreekmine.com/
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.rosecreekmine.com/
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.rosecreekmine.com/
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.rosecreekmine.com/
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
'Scapolite'
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Genth,Frederick Augustus (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina:USGS Bulletion No.74
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Gerald M.Friedman,Sept 27,1951,Study Of Hogbomite
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Absher and McSween H.Y Jr, 1986, Winding Stair Gap granulite
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: http://www.rosecreekmine.com/
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ref.: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Genth,Frederick Augustus (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina:USGS Bulletion No.74
Vermiculite var: Lucasite (of Chatard)
Reference: Dana 6:499, 560 & 1077.; Chatard (1886) Amer J Sci ser 3 32:375
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
'Xenotime'
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: EL-Shazley,A.K.,Loehn C.,and Tracy R.J.,(2011) P-T-t evolution of granulite facies metamorphism and partial melting in the Winding Stair Gap,Central Blue Ridge,North Carolina,USA: Journal of Metamorphic Geology

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S4.CB.20[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hydrobiotite9.EC.60K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Népouite9.ED.15(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Preiswerkite9.EC.20NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
var: Lucasite (of Chatard)9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysolite'-
'Deweylite'-Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Högbomite'-(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
'K Feldspar'-
'Kerolite' ?-(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
'Monazite'-
'Moonstone'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Miscellaneous
'Högbomite'7.11.7.3(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Jadeite65.1.3c.1Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite71.1.2b.3(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Hydrobiotite71.2.2d.1K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Preiswerkite71.2.2b.15NaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysolite'-
Clinochlore
var: Pennine
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Deweylite'-Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Halloysite-7Å-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'Kerolite' ?-(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S-[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Monazite'-
'Moonstone'-
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tschermakite-☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite
var: Lucasite (of Chatard)
-Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
H Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O CorundumAl2O3
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O CalciteCaCO3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O FerrosiliteFeSiO3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Na JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Mg Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mg Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Mg Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
AlAluminium
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Al Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Clinochlore (var: Pennine)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Fe Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Fe FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
NiNickel
Ni Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Kerolite(Mg,Ni)3Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O (n ~ 1)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

References

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Hunter, Charles E. (1941), Fosterite Olivine Deposits of North Carolina and Georgia: Georgia Geological Survey Bulletion No. 47.

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3. Ruby and Sapphire Hunting in Franklin, North Carolina by Frank Festa


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