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Laacher See Volcanic Complex, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Laacher See Volcanic ComplexComplex
GermanyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Laacher See Komplex, Eifel, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland
Locality type:Complex
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Mendig8,813 (2015)
Kruft3,854 (2011)
Nickenich3,582 (2011)
Kottenheim2,780 (2011)
Thür1,450 (2017)
Wassenach1,174 (2011)


Pyroclastic formation of several eruptive centers in the area of Mendig and in the northern part of Laach Lake with tuffs, ash-flows and pumice layers of phonolitic and trachytic composition. Late stage eruption of gray tuffs (“Graue Laacher-See-Tuffe”) with xenoliths of different origin (fragments of the Devonian basement, quartz veins, mica schist, crystalline schist, metasomatites, subvolcanites, sanidinites, and tephrites).

There are various mineral localities around the lake - pumice quarries, sand pits, and road cuts.
The most significant ones are:

- Pumice quarries south of Thelenberg mountain
- Pumice quarries in the area of Wingertsberg mountain
- Pumice quarries in the area “In den Dellen”
- Pumice quarries east of Krufter Ofen mountain
- Fields west of Laach lake, near Glees

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

202 valid minerals. 14 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Aeschynite'
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, HW., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Über neue Mineralfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, MW 6/2005
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Allophane var: Cupro-Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
'Allophane-chrysocolla'
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Rubellan'
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: Schüller, W. (2013): Der Rothenberg bei Bell, Eifel. Lapis 38 (1), 18-26, 39; Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2013): Die Mineralogischen Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 24 (3), 33-41.
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: https://www.mindat.org/locentry-523354.html; https://www.mindat.org/photo-116311.html
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
'Calciobritholite'
Formula: (Ca,Y)5(SiO4,PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
'Calciopyrochlore'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Blass, G. (1992): Spektakuläre Neufunde vom "Eicher Sattel" in der östlichen Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/1992
'Chabazite'
'Chabazite var: Phacolite'
Reference: Ko Jansen specimen & photo, photo id 835257
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, HW., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Über neue Mineralfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 6/2005
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Kratzsch, E., (2006): Der Wehr-Vulkan und seine Mineralien, MineralienWelt 17 (5)
Christofschäferite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Belakovskiy, D.I., Göttlicher, J., Britvin, S.N., Van, K.V. (2012) Christofschäferite-(Ce), IMA 2011-107. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 810; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817; Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Belakovskiy, D.I., Göttlicher, J., Britvin, S.N., Möckel, S. (2012) Christofschäferite (Ce), (Ce,La,Ca)4Mn2+(Ti,Fe3+)3(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)(Si2O7)2O8, a new chevkinite group mineral from the Eifel area, Germany. [Novye dannye o mineralakh] New Data on Minerals, 47, 33-42.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Leu, K. (2017): Unbekannte Fundstellen in der Eifel - der Tönchesberg bei Kruft, Mineralienwelt Vol. 28, 6, pp. 24-38
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Liebering, W., (1883): Beschreibung des Bergrevieres Coblenz I, Verlag Adolph Marcus, Bonn
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cuprorivaite
Formula: CaCuSi4O10
Davyne
Formula: (Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dorrite
Formula: Ca4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Eifelite
Formula: KNa3Mg4Si12O30
Reference: Günter Blaß (2014) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralienwelt 5/2014: 71
Ekebergite (TL)
Formula: ThFeNb2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Kjellman, J., Pay Gómez, C., Lazor, P., Majka, J., Stanley, C. and Najorka, J. (2018) Ekebergite, IMA 2018-088. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxxx–xxxx.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Fergusonite'
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferriakasakaite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: in paragenesis with niobian zirconolite, magnetite, pyrophanite and phlogopite
Reference: Chukanov, N., Zubkova, N., Schäfer, Ch., Varlamov, D., Ermolaeva, V., Polekhovsky, Y., K. Jancev, J., Pekov, I., Pushcharovsky, D. (2018): Ferriakasakaite-(La): new finds, new data and relationships with other allanite-group minerals, European Journal of Mineralogy, in press
Ferriallanite-(La) (TL)
Formula: {CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Mills, S.J., Miyawaki, R., and Blaß, G. (2011): CNMNC Newsletter 8, 290; Kolitsch, U., Mills, S.J., Miyawaki, R. & Blass, G. (2012): Ferriallanite-(La), a new member of the epidote supergroup from the Eifel, Germany. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 741-747.
Ferri-kaersutite
Formula: NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ferri-katophorite
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
Ferri-obertiite (TL)
Formula: Na(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Reference: Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C.,Ball, N.A. and Blass, G. (2015) Ferri-obertiite, IMA 2015-079. CNMNC Newsletter No. 28, December 2015, page 1863; Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 1859–1864; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Blass, G. (2017): Ferri-obertiite from the Rothenberg quarry, Eifel volcanic complex (Germany): mineral data and crystal-chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 641–651.
'Ferri-taramite'
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
Ferro-ferri-katophorite
Formula: Na(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
Ferrorhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Fe(Si5O15)
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer; Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Reference: Zubkova. N.V., Chikanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Schäfer, Ch.J., Yapaskurt, V.O., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): Lanthanum-rich Fluorbritholithe-(Ce) from young alkaline volcanic rock of Eifel (Germany) and ist crystal structure. Cation ordering in Briotholites. Doklady Earth Sciences, Vol. 464, No. 2, pp. 199-202
Fluorcalciobritholite
Formula: (Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3F
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fluornatropyrochlore
Formula: (Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.; Christophe Boutry Collection.
Fluoro-edenite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Analysed sample Collection of Bernd Ternes
Fluoro-richterite ?
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Leu, K. (2017): Unbekannte Fundstellen in der Eifel - der Tönchesberg bei Kruft, Mineralienwelt Vol. 28, 6, pp. 24-38
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Gismondine-Ca
Formula: CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
'Glass'
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Graphite
Formula: C
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hiortdahlite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Reference: Zubkova. N.V., Chikanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Schäfer, Ch.J., Yapaskurt, V.O., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): Lanthanum-rich Fluorbritholithe-(Ce) from young alkaline volcanic rock of Eifel (Germany) and ist crystal structure. Cation ordering in Briotholites. Doklady Earth Sciences, Vol. 464, No. 2, pp. 199-202
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Description: rare, occurs in tuffts or balls formed of hairy to acicular crystals
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Hydroxymanganopyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Th,Na,Ca,REE)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Blass, G., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. and Prinz, H. (2012) Hydroxymanganopyrochlore, IMA 2012-005. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 813; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817; Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2012): Die neuen Mineralfunde aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 23 (5), 38-48 (in German).
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Indialite
Formula: Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Igor Pekov; Künzel, H. E., Blaß, G. and Schüller, W. (2011): Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36 (7-8), 55-66; 86.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: - Blass, G., (2010): Die neuen Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralienwelt, Vol. 05
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Jeremejevite
Formula: Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Kuzelite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel - ein Rückblick auf die Sammelsaison 2002, Mineralien-Welt 13/5, 2003
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
Laachite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Mn)2Zr2Nb2TiFeO14
Type Locality:
Reference: - + [Chukanov, N.V., Krivovichev, S.V., Pakhomova, A.S., Pekov, I.V., Schäfer, C., Vigasina, M.F. and Van, K.V. (2013) Laachite, IMA 2012-100. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, 2013, page 2700; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709], [Schäfer, Ch., Chukanov, N. (2014): Über den Laachit, ein neues, mit Zirkonolith verwandtes Mineral vom Laacher Vulkan, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 65 (4), 228-239]
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Leucite basanite'
Reference: Meyer, W. (1983) Geologischer Wanderführer: Eifel. Franckh'sche Verlangshandlung W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart.
Liebauite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Cu5Si9O26
Reference: Zöller, M.H., Tillmanns, E., Hentschel, G. (1992): Liebauite, Ca3Cu5Si9O26, a new silicate mineral with 14er single chain. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 200, 115-126.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Liebering, W., (1883): Beschreibung des Bergrevieres Coblenz I, Verlag Adolph Marcus, Bonn
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Habit: botryoidal aggregates
Colour: brown-black
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite ?
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Schäfer, Ch. & Schäfer, H. (2018) Über Dawsonit, Britholith, Ferriallanit und einige Amphibole aus den Auswürflingen des Laacher Vulkans, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 69(4), 201-219
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mangani-obertiite ?
Formula: Na(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mendigite (TL)
Formula: Mn2Mn2MnCa(Si3O9)2
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Van, K.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Pekov, I.V., Gurzhiy, V.V., Schüller W. and Ternes, B. (2014) Mendigite, IMA 2014- 007. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 556; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.; Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Van, K.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Pekov, I.V., Gurzhiy, V.V., Schüller, W., Ternes, B. (2015): Mendigite, Mn2Mn2MnCa(Si3O9)2, a new mineral species from the Eifel volcanic region, Germany. Zapiski RMO, 144(2), 48-60
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite var: Duhamelite
Formula: (Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Reference: Blass, G. (1992): Spektakuläre Neufunde vom "Eicher Sattel" in der östlichen Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/1992
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Nepheline basanite'
Reference: Meyer, W. (1983) Geologischer Wanderführer: Eifel. Franckh'sche Verlangshandlung W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart.
Nickenichite (TL)
Formula: Na0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Reference: Auerhammer, M., Effenberger, H., Hentschel, G., Reinecke, T., Tillmanns, E. (1993): Nickenichite, a new Arsenate from the Eifel, Germany, Mineralogy and Petrology 48, 153-166
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Nöggerathite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Zubkova, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Pekov, I.V., Vigasina, M.F., Schäfer, C., Ternes, B., Schüller, W., Ermolaeva, V.N. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Nöggerathite-(Ce), IMA 2017-107. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, page 448; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 445-451. ;Chukanov, N.V., Zubkova, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Pekov, I.V., Vigasina, M.F., Schäfer, C., Ternes, B., Schüller, W., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Ermolaeva, V.N., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2018): Nöggerathite-(Ce), (Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14, a New Zirconolite-Related Mineral from the Eifel Volcanic Region, Germany. Minerals, 8: 449; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8100449
Nosean (TL)
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Klaproth, M.H., (1815): Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntnis der Mineralkörper, Vol. 6, 371-376
'Obertiite Root Name'
Formula: {A}{Na2}{Z2+3Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
'Oxycalciobetafite'
Formula: Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Oxycalciopyrochlore
Formula: Ca2Nb2O6O
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Oxyphlogopite (TL)
Formula: K(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov N.V. et al.: Oxyphlogopite, K(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2, a new mica-group mineral // Zapiski RMO (in press).
Para-alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, MW 1/2001
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Perrierite-(La) (TL)
Formula: (La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., et al. (2011): Perrierite-(La), IMA 2010-089. CNMNC Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2537; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2535-2540; Chukanov, N.V., Blass, G., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Van, K.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M. (2011): Perrierite-(La) (La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe)4(Si2O7)2O8 - a new mineral species from volcanic region Eifel, Germany. Zapiski RMO, 140, 34-44.
'Phillipsite'
Phillipsite-Ca
Formula: (Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)'
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Quartz-beta'
Formula: SiO2
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Rhönite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Roedderite
Formula: (Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Schäferite
Formula: Ca2NaMg2(VO4)3
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Reference: - Blass, G., (2010): Die neuen Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralienwelt, Vol. 05
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Liebering, W., (1883): Beschreibung des Bergrevieres Coblenz I, Verlag Adolph Marcus, Bonn
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Steacyite
Formula: K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Description: A recalculation of composition showed that Ca > Na. Consequeltly the mineral described by Blass in 1994 is Turkestanite. Turkestanite only became approved in 1996 as a new mineral species.
Reference: Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (IX), Mineralien-Welt 5/1,18, 1994
Stefanweissite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,REE)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S.,Ternes, B., Schüller, W., Britvin, S.N. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Stefanweissite, IMA 2018-020. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx–xxx.
Strätlingite
Formula: Ca2Al2SiO7 · 8H2O
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Habit: spherical-renal 'blisters' or crusts
Reference: Hentschel, G. (1983) Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane. Weise Verlag (München).; Künzel, H.E., Blaß, G., and Schüller, W. (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36(7-8), 55-66; 86.; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., and Sebold, D. (2005) Neufunde und Neubestimmungen aus der Vulkaneifel 2004. Mineralien-Welt, 16(6), 18-27.; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Turkestanite
Formula: (K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
'Unnamed (Ce member of the Betafite Subgroup)'
Formula: Ca, Ce, Nb, Ti, O
Reference: G. Blass, H.-W. Graf, U. Kolitsch and D. Sebold (2009): The new finds from the volcanic Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 38-49. (in German)
'Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)'
Formula: (Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
Reference: Aksenov, S.M., Chukanov, N.V. (2016): The crystal structure of a fluorine-dominant titanium calcium amphibole from the Eifel paleovolcanic area, Germany. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 231 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12774 (2016)
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Blass, G. (1992): Spektakuläre Neufunde vom "Eicher Sattel" in der östlichen Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/1992
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Blass, G., Graf , HW., Eine weitere interessante Mineralparagenese vom Nickenicher Sattel (Eicher Sattel) in der östlichen Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 1/1996
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Wagnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Reference: Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Wakefieldite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(VO4)
Reference: Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Zirconolite var: Polymignite
Formula: (Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
Description: Polymignite is considered a metamict variety of zirconolite. Zirconolite group minerals from Laach volcano are not metamict because of their young age.
Reference: http://www.jkrieger.de/stones/krufterofen.html; https://e-rocks.com/item/jyj70160/polymignite; http://www.strahlen.org/forum/index.php?topic=5427.25
'Zirconolite-2M'
Formula: (Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Reference: Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2013): Die Mineralogischen Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 24 (3), 33-41.
'Zirconolite-3O'
Formula: (Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
'Zirconolite-3T'
Formula: (Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fluornatropyrochlore4.DH.(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hydrocalumite4.FL.10Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Kuzelite4.FL.15Ca4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)'4.00.(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
var: Polymignite ?4.DH.30(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alumohydrocalcite5.DB.05CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Para-alumohydrocalcite5.DB.05CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Jeremejevite6.AB.15Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Fergusonite-(Ce)7.GA.05(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
var: Duhamelite8.BH.40(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Nickenichite (TL)8.AC.10Na0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Rhabdophane-(Ce)8.CJ.45Ce(PO4) · H2O
Schäferite8.AC.25Ca2NaMg2(VO4)3
Tangeite8.BH.35CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Wagnerite8.BB.15(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Wakefieldite-(Ce)8.AD.35Ce(VO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Afwillite9.AG.75Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
var: Cupro-Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K9.GD.10(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cuprorivaite9.EA.05CaCuSi4O10
Davyne9.FB.05(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dorrite9.DH.40Ca4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Eifelite9.CM.05KNa3Mg4Si12O30
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferri-kaersutite9.DE.15NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ferri-katophorite9.DE.20Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferri-obertiite (TL)9.DE.25Na(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
'Ferri-taramite'9.DE.20Na(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferriallanite-(La) (TL)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-ferri-katophorite9.DE.20Na(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Fluorcalciobritholite9.AH.25(Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3F
Fluoro-edenite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-richterite ?9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Gismondine-Ca9.GC.05CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Götzenite9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hiortdahlite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Huttonite9.AD.35ThSiO4
Indialite9.CJ.05Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
'Labradorite'9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Liebauite (TL)9.DO.25Ca3Cu5Si9O26
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Magnesio-arfvedsonite ?9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mangani-obertiite ?9.DE.25Na(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Mendigite (TL)9.00.Mn2Mn2MnCa(Si3O9)2
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mullite9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean (TL)9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Osumilite-(Mg)9.CM.05KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Oxyphlogopite (TL)9.EC.20K(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Perrierite-(La) (TL)9.BE.70(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Phillipsite-Ca9.GC.10(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K9.GC.10(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Roedderite9.CM.05(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Steacyite ?9.CH.10K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Strätlingite9.EG.25Ca2Al2SiO7 · 8H2O
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Turkestanite9.CH.10(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Wöhlerite9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Aeschynite'-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allophane-chrysocolla'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'var: Rubellan'-
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Calciobritholite'-(Ca,Y)5(SiO4,PO4)3(OH)
'Calciopyrochlore'-
'Chabazite'-
'var: Phacolite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Christofschäferite-(Ce) (TL)-Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Ekebergite (TL)-ThFeNb2O8
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fergusonite'-
Ferriakasakaite-(La)-{CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferrorhodonite-CaMn3Fe(Si5O15)
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Hydroxymanganopyrochlore (TL)-(Mn2+,Th,Na,Ca,REE)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Laachite (TL)-(Ca,Mn)2Zr2Nb2TiFeO14
'Leucite basanite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Nepheline basanite'-
Nöggerathite-(Ce) (TL)-(Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
'Obertiite Root Name'-{A}{Na2}{Z2+3Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Oxycalciobetafite'-Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Oxycalciopyrochlore-Ca2Nb2O6O
'Phillipsite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2
Stefanweissite (TL)-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Ce member of the Betafite Subgroup)'-Ca, Ce, Nb, Ti, O
'Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)'-(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
'Zirconolite-2M'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
'Zirconolite-3O'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
'Zirconolite-3T'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Miscellaneous
Hydrocalumite6.4.4.1Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)8.1.1.3(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.1(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.2(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Alumohydrocalcite16b.2.3.1CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Para-alumohydrocalcite16b.2.3.2CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Jeremejevite25.8.1.1Al6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)3
Nickenichite (TL)38.2.3.9Na0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Wakefieldite-(Ce)38.4.11.4Ce(VO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)40.4.7.1Ce(PO4) · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Tangeite41.5.1.6CaCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Wagnerite41.6.2.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Huttonite51.5.3.1ThSiO4
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Mullite52.2.3.1Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Afwillite52.4.7.1Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)52.4.9.8(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Fluorcalciobritholite52.4.12.7(Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3F
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ferriallanite-(La) (TL)56.2.7.2{CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Götzenite56.2.5.4NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hiortdahlite56.2.4.7(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Wöhlerite56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)58.2.1a.2{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Indialite61.1.1.3Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Steacyite group)
Steacyite ?63.1.1.1K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Eifelite63.2.1a.4KNa3Mg4Si12O30
Roedderite63.2.1a.14(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Dorrite69.2.1a.2Ca4(Mg3Fe3+9)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Liebauite (TL)69.2.4.1Ca3Cu5Si9O26
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Cuprorivaite71.2.3.1CaCuSi4O10
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Davyne76.2.5.5(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nosean (TL)76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Zeolite group - related species
Strätlingite77.2.5.1Ca2Al2SiO7 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aeschynite'-
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane
var: Cupro-Allophane
-(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Allophane-chrysocolla'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
'var: Rubellan'-
'Britholite Group'-(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
'Calciobritholite'-(Ca,Y)5(SiO4,PO4)3(OH)
'Calciopyrochlore'-
'Chabazite'-
'var: Phacolite'-
Chabazite-K-(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
Christofschäferite-(Ce) (TL)-Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Corundum
var: Sapphire
-Al2O3
Ekebergite (TL)-ThFeNb2O8
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fergusonite'-
Ferri-kaersutite-NaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ferri-katophorite-Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferri-obertiite (TL)-Na(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
'Ferri-taramite'-Na(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferriakasakaite-(La)-{CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-ferri-katophorite-Na(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Ferro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferrorhodonite-CaMn3Fe(Si5O15)
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Fluornatropyrochlore-(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Fluoro-edenite ?-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-richterite ?-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gismondine-Ca-CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
'Glass'-
Halloysite-7Å-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Hydroxymanganopyrochlore (TL)-(Mn2+,Th,Na,Ca,REE)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Iron-Fe
Kuzelite-Ca4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
Laachite (TL)-(Ca,Mn)2Zr2Nb2TiFeO14
'Labradorite'-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Leucite basanite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-arfvedsonite ?-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mangani-obertiite ?-Na(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Mendigite (TL)-Mn2Mn2MnCa(Si3O9)2
'Monazite'-
Mottramite
var: Duhamelite
-(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Nepheline basanite'-
Nöggerathite-(Ce) (TL)-(Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
'Obertiite Root Name'-{A}{Na2}{Z2+3Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Osumilite-(Mg)-KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
'Oxycalciobetafite'-Ca2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Oxycalciopyrochlore-Ca2Nb2O6O
Oxyphlogopite (TL)-K(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
Perrierite-(La) (TL)-(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
'Phillipsite'-
Phillipsite-Ca-(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K-(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)'
-(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Quartz-beta'-SiO2
Schäferite-Ca2NaMg2(VO4)3
Stefanweissite (TL)-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Turkestanite-(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
'Unnamed (Ce member of the Betafite Subgroup)'-Ca, Ce, Nb, Ti, O
'Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)'-(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zirconolite
var: Polymignite ?
-(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
'Zirconolite-2M'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
'Zirconolite-3O'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
'Zirconolite-3T'-(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H Ferriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Hydroxymanganopyrochlore(Mn2+,Th,Na,Ca,REE)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Para-alumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
H SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
H KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
H Allophane (var: Cupro-Allophane)(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
H TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
H Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Calciobritholite(Ca,Y)5(SiO4,PO4)3(OH)
H Ferriakasakaite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
H Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
B Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C GraphiteC
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Para-alumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
C HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C VateriteCaCO3
OOxygen
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
O Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
O NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
O Christofschäferite-(Ce)Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O LiebauiteCa3Cu5Si9O26
O Ferriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O Hydroxymanganopyrochlore(Mn2+,Th,Na,Ca,REE)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
O Laachite(Ca,Mn)2Zr2Nb2TiFeO14
O MendigiteMn2Mn2MnCa(Si3O9)2
O Nöggerathite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
O Stefanweissite(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
O EkebergiteThFeNb2O8
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O QuartzSiO2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CorundumAl2O3
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O CalciteCaCO3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O RutileTiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HuttoniteThSiO4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O FerrosiliteFeSiO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O Para-alumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
O CristobaliteSiO2
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O TenoriteCuO
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TridymiteSiO2
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
O HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
O MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
O SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2O
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
O AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
O KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Quartz-betaSiO2
O JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
O CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Zirconolite-2M(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
O Obertiite Root Name{A}{Na2}{Z32+Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
O Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EifeliteKNa3Mg4Si12O30
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
O DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O CerussitePbCO3
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
O GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O ThorianiteThO2
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
O Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
O FerrorhodoniteCaMn3Fe(Si5O15)
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
O Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
O Unnamed (Ce member of the Betafite Subgroup)Ca, Ce, Nb, Ti, O
O Allophane (var: Cupro-Allophane)(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
O TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
O IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Fluorcalciobritholite(Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3F
O Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
O Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Calciobritholite(Ca,Y)5(SiO4,PO4)3(OH)
O Ferriakasakaite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
O Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
O Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
O Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
O VateriteCaCO3
O Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
O Zirconolite (var: Polymignite)(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
O SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
FFluorine
F OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
F SellaiteMgF2
F Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
F GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
F Fluorcalciobritholite(Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3F
F Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
F Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
F Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
F Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
F Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Na NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Na Hydroxymanganopyrochlore(Mn2+,Th,Na,Ca,REE)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
Na Obertiite Root Name{A}{Na2}{Z32+Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
Na Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
Na EifeliteKNa3Mg4Si12O30
Na Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Na Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Na GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Na Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Na Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Na Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Na Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Na Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Na Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Na Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Na Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Na SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
MgMagnesium
Mg OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
Mg Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Mg NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Mg Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Mg Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg SellaiteMgF2
Mg Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EifeliteKNa3Mg4Si12O30
Mg Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Mg DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Mg Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Mg Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Mg Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
AlAluminium
Al NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Al OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
Al NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Al Ferriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Para-alumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Al HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Al MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Al SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2O
Al Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Al KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
Al DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Al Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Al Allophane (var: Cupro-Allophane)(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Ferriakasakaite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Al Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Al Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Si OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
Si Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Si Christofschäferite-(Ce)Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Si LiebauiteCa3Cu5Si9O26
Si Ferriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si MendigiteMn2Mn2MnCa(Si3O9)2
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HuttoniteThSiO4
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Si RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Si MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Si SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2O
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Si AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz-betaSiO2
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Si Obertiite Root Name{A}{Na2}{Z32+Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
Si Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
Si EifeliteKNa3Mg4Si12O30
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Si DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Si PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Si GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Si Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Si Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si FerrorhodoniteCaMn3Fe(Si5O15)
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Si Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Si Allophane (var: Cupro-Allophane)(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Fluorcalciobritholite(Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3F
Si Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Si Calciobritholite(Ca,Y)5(SiO4,PO4)3(OH)
Si Ferriakasakaite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Si Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Si Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Si Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Si SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
P Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P Fluorcalciobritholite(Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Calciobritholite(Ca,Y)5(SiO4,PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
S PyriteFeS2
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
S KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
S GalenaPbS
S RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S DigeniteCu9S5
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S AniliteCu7S4
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Cl Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
K Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
K Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
K EifeliteKNa3Mg4Si12O30
K Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
K SylviteKCl
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
K Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
K SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
CaCalcium
Ca NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Ca Christofschäferite-(Ce)Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca LiebauiteCa3Cu5Si9O26
Ca Ferriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca Hydroxymanganopyrochlore(Mn2+,Th,Na,Ca,REE)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ca Laachite(Ca,Mn)2Zr2Nb2TiFeO14
Ca MendigiteMn2Mn2MnCa(Si3O9)2
Ca Nöggerathite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Ca Stefanweissite(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Para-alumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ca RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Ca Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ca HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2O
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Ca SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
Ca Zirconolite-2M(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ca Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Ca GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ca AlumohydrocalciteCaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Ca Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ca Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ca FerrorhodoniteCaMn3Fe(Si5O15)
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ca Unnamed (Ce member of the Betafite Subgroup)Ca, Ce, Nb, Ti, O
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Ca TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Ca Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Fluorcalciobritholite(Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3F
Ca OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
Ca Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ca Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Calciobritholite(Ca,Y)5(SiO4,PO4)3(OH)
Ca Ferriakasakaite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Ca Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Ca Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Ca Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ca VateriteCaCO3
Ca Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Ca Zirconolite (var: Polymignite)(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
Ca SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
TiTitanium
Ti OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
Ti Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Ti Christofschäferite-(Ce)Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Hydroxymanganopyrochlore(Mn2+,Th,Na,Ca,REE)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ti Laachite(Ca,Mn)2Zr2Nb2TiFeO14
Ti Nöggerathite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Ti Stefanweissite(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti Zirconolite-2M(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ti Obertiite Root Name{A}{Na2}{Z32+Z3+Ti}{Si8O22}O2
Ti Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ti Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Ti Unnamed (Ce member of the Betafite Subgroup)Ca, Ce, Nb, Ti, O
Ti Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Ti Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ti OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Ti Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ti Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Ti Zirconolite (var: Polymignite)(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
VVanadium
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
V SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)
V TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Christofschäferite-(Ce)Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Mn Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mn Hydroxymanganopyrochlore(Mn2+,Th,Na,Ca,REE)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Mn Laachite(Ca,Mn)2Zr2Nb2TiFeO14
Mn MendigiteMn2Mn2MnCa(Si3O9)2
Mn Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn FerrorhodoniteCaMn3Fe(Si5O15)
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn Ferriakasakaite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
FeIron
Fe OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
Fe Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
Fe NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Fe Christofschäferite-(Ce)Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Ferriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Laachite(Ca,Mn)2Zr2Nb2TiFeO14
Fe Nöggerathite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Fe Stefanweissite(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Fe EkebergiteThFeNb2O8
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe IronFe
Fe Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2
Fe Zirconolite-2M(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Fe Unnamed (F-dominant analogue of Ferri-kaersutite)(Na,K)Ca2[Mg3(Fe3+,Fe2+)Ti](Si6Al2O22)(F,O)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Roedderite(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Fe DorriteCa4(Mg3Fe93+)O4(Si3Al8Fe3+O36)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Fe Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Fe FerrorhodoniteCaMn3Fe(Si5O15)
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Ferriakasakaite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Fe Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Zirconolite (var: Polymignite)(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
CuCopper
Cu NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Cu LiebauiteCa3Cu5Si9O26
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
YYttrium
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Calciobritholite(Ca,Y)5(SiO4,PO4)3(OH)
Y Zirconolite (var: Polymignite)(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
ZrZirconium
Zr Laachite(Ca,Mn)2Zr2Nb2TiFeO14
Zr Nöggerathite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Zr Stefanweissite(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zr Zirconolite-2M(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Zr Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Zr Zirconolite (var: Polymignite)(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
NbNiobium
Nb Hydroxymanganopyrochlore(Mn2+,Th,Na,Ca,REE)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Nb Laachite(Ca,Mn)2Zr2Nb2TiFeO14
Nb Nöggerathite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Nb Stefanweissite(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Nb EkebergiteThFeNb2O8
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Zirconolite-2M(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Nb Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Zirconolite-3T(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Zirconolite-3O(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Nb Unnamed (Ce member of the Betafite Subgroup)Ca, Ce, Nb, Ti, O
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno))(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
Nb OxycalciopyrochloreCa2Nb2O6O
Nb Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Nb Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Nb OxycalciobetafiteCa2(Ti,Nb)2O6O
Nb Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Nb Zirconolite (var: Polymignite)(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
BaBarium
Ba Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
LaLanthanum
La Christofschäferite-(Ce)Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
La Ferriallanite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlFe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
La Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
La Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
La Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
La Ferriakasakaite-(La){CaLa}{Fe3+AlMn2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Christofschäferite-(Ce)Ce3CaMnTiFe(3+)Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Nöggerathite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)2Zr2(Nb,Ti)(Ti,Nb)2Fe2+O14
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)
Ce Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
Ce Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Unnamed (Ce member of the Betafite Subgroup)Ca, Ce, Nb, Ti, O
Ce Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
NdNeodymium
Nd Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
TaTantalum
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ta Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ta Zirconolite (var: Polymignite)(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
BiBismuth
Bi Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
ThThorium
Th Hydroxymanganopyrochlore(Mn2+,Th,Na,Ca,REE)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Th EkebergiteThFeNb2O8
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th HuttoniteThSiO4
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Th Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Th Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Th Zirconolite (var: Polymignite)(Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
Th SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
UUranium
U Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
U Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
U Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
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vom Rath, G. (1861) Über die Krystallform des Bucklandit's (Orthit's) vom Laacher See. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 113, 281-292.
Wolf, T. (1867) Die Auswürflinge des Laacher Sees, I. Urgesteine. Zeitschrift der Deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, 19, 451-492.
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Brauns, R. (1922) Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart.
Kalb, G. (1939) Über Minerale und Gesteine der niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete. Decheniana, 98A, 173-183.
Frechen, J. (1947) Vorgänge der Sanidinitbildung im Laacher Seegebiet. Fortschritte der Mineralogie, 26, 147-166.
Beyer, H. (1969) Tracht und Habitus von Sanidin-Kristallen vom Laacher See. Der Aufschluss, 20(5), 127-131.
Frechen, F. (1976) Siebengebirge am Rhein - Laacher Vulkangebiet - Maargebiet der Westeifel. Vulkanologisch-petrographische Exkursionen, Bornträger, Berlin, Stuttgart.
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Meyer, W. (1982) Das Vulkangebiet des Laacher Sees. Rheinische Landschaften 9, 3. Auflage. Neuẞ.
Meyer, W. (1983) Geologischer Wanderführer: Eifel. Franckh'sche Verlangshandlung W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart.
Wörner, G. and Schminke, H.-U. (1984) Mineralogical and Chemical Zonation of the Laacher See Tephra Sequence (East Eifel, W. Germany). Journal of Petrology, 25, 805-835.
Hentschel, G. (1986) Neue Mineralfunde aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel. Mainzer Geowissenschaftliche Mitteilungen, 15, 215-218.
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Hentschel, G. (1987) Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane. Weise Verlag, München.
Hentschel, G. (1990) Die Minerale in Auswürflingen des Laacher-See–Vulkans. Der Aufschluss, Sonderband 33, 65-105.
Blass, G. (1991) Götzenit als Neufund in einem sanidinitischen Auswürfling des Laacher-See-Vulkans. Mineralien-Welt, 2(6), 76-78.
Blass, G. and Schäfer, C. (1993) Über eine ungewöhnliche Paragenese mit Pyrophanit und Hydrozinkit vom Laacher See. Mineralien-Welt, 4(1), 14.
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Blass, G. and Schäfer, C. (2002) Huttonit- und Xenotim-(Y) – Neufunde aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt, 13(3), 32-35.
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., and Kolitsch, U. (2003) Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt, 14.
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., and Kolitsch, U. (2003) Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide. Mineralien-Welt, 14(3), 352.
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, H.W., Schäfer, C., and Tschörtner, J. (2006) Minerale der Eifelvulkane, CD, published by authors.
Blass, G. (2010) Die neuen Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt, 5, xx-xx.
Schmitt, A.K., Wetzel, F., Cooper, K. M., Zou, H., and Wörner, G. (2010) Magmatic Longevity of Laacher See Volcano (Eifel, Germany) Indicated by U–Th Dating of Intrusive Carbonatites. Journal of Petrology, 51, 1053-1085.
Wetzel, F., Schmitt, A.K., Kronz, A., and Wörner, G. (2010) In situ 238U-230Th disequilibrium dating of pyrochlore at sub-millennial precision. American Mineralogist, 95, 1353-1356.
Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2012) Die neuen Mineralfunde aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt, 23(5), 38-48 (in German).
Chukanov, N.V., Blass, G., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pushcharovsky, D.Y., and Prinz, H. (2012) Hydroxymanganopyrochlore, IMA 2012-005. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 813; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817.
Schäfer, C. and Chukanov, N. (2014) Über den Laachit, ein neues, mit Zirkonolith verwandtes Mineral vom Laacher Vulkan. Der Aufschluss, 65(4), 228-239.
Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.

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This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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