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Cavnic, Maramureș, Romaniai
Regional Level Types
CavnicTown
MaramureșCounty
RomaniaCountry

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Name in French:Cavnic, Marmatie, Roumanie
Name in German:Cavnic
Name in Hungarian:Kapnikbánya, Máramaros, Románia
Name in Italian:Cavnic, Maramureș, Romania
Name in Romanian:Cavnic, Maramureș, România
Name in Simplified Chinese:卡夫尼克
Name in Spanish:Cavnic, Maramureș, Rumania
Name in Ukrainian:Кавнік, Мармарощина, Румунія
Name in Cebuano:Oraș Cavnic
Name in Dutch:Cavnic, Maramureș, Roemenië
Name in Esperanto:Cavnic, Maramureŝo, Rumanio
Name in Farsi/Persian:کوونیک
Name in Malay:Cavnic
Name in Minangkabau:Cavnic
Name in Polish:Cavnic, Marmarosz, Rumunia
Name in Portuguese:Cavnic, Maramureș, Romênia
Name in Serbian:Општина Кавник, Марамуреш, Румунија
Name in Serbo-Croatian:Opština Cavnic
Name in Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Кавник
Name in Vietnamese:Cavnic
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Town
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Cavnic5,072 (2014)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Kapnic; Kapnik


An ancient and historic mining town, known since 1336 and, in modern times, extended up to its maximum by Ceausescu's mining policies.
Located 30 km east of Baia Mare and famous for its deposits of lead, zinc, manganese, as well as small quantities of gold, silver, barium, and antimony.
Samples of exceptional beauty and value have been extracted from the mines of this locality, present in major worldwide collections.
In particular, the mines have produced the world's most beautiful tetrahedrites, by size, arrangement, and lustre.

Current situation: since 2008 all the mines are closed; adits are sealed, water pumps are off and the external structures demolished or about to be demolished.

For several years rumours persist about foreign investors, but they are slow to manifest themselves in reality.

Formerly known as Kapnik, Hungary (during the Austro-Hungarian empire).

Smoky quartz specimen showing split growth ("artichoke quartz") like the one on the photo are artificially irradiated. Photos of such specimens should be labeled "quartz", not "smoky quartz".

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

60 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milési, J., ... & Fabre, C. (2002). Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita, 37(6-7), 630-647.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milési, J., ... & Fabre, C. (2002). Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita, 37(6-7), 630-647.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Damian, F., Prokofiev, V. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., & Damian, G. (2009). Tellurides occurrences in the Baia Mare region, Romania. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 4(2), 89-100.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Reference: Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Gábor Koller collection (EDS- and PXRD-analysed by Sándor Szakáll and Béla Fehér)
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Szakáll: Minerals of Carpathian Reg., 2004
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Benleonardite ?
Formula: [Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Reference: Cristeastan, Daniela, Constantinescu, B., Chiojdeanu, C., Ceccato, D., Pacheco, C., & Pichon, L. (2012) Micro-Pixe And XRF Studies On Native Gold From Cavnic Ore Deposit (Baia Mare District). Rom. Journ. Phys., Vol. 57, Nos. 3–4, P. 594–606,
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Mineralogical Record 23:267-272
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Cristeastan, Daniela, Constantinescu, B., Chiojdeanu, C., Ceccato, D., Pacheco, C., & Pichon, L. (2012) Micro-Pixe And XRF Studies On Native Gold From Cavnic Ore Deposit (Baia Mare District). Rom. Journ. Phys., Vol. 57, Nos. 3–4, P. 594–606
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milési, J., ... & Fabre, C. (2002). Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita, 37(6-7), 630-647.; Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65
Coquandite
Formula: Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Reference: Gábor Koller collection (EDS- and PXRD-analysed by Sándor Szakáll and Béla Fehér)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:296-300
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milési, J., ... & Fabre, C. (2002). Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita, 37(6-7), 630-647.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: Gábor Koller collection (EDS- and PXRD-analysed by Sándor Szakáll and Béla Fehér)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gold
Formula: Au
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Szakáll: Minerals of Carpathian Reg., 2004
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milési, J., ... & Fabre, C. (2002). Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita, 37(6-7), 630-647.; Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: No reference listed
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Radulescu Dan, Dimitrescu Radu, 1966, Mineralogia Topografica a Romaniei, Ed. Academiei RSR, p.94
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Krautite
Formula: Mn(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Handbook for Mineralogy, v. 4
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milési, J., ... & Fabre, C. (2002). Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita, 37(6-7), 630-647.; Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Damian, F., Prokofiev, V. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., & Damian, G. (2009). Tellurides occurrences in the Baia Mare region, Romania. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 4(2), 89-100.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Damian, G., Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., & Damian, F. (2008). Bismuth sulphosalts from the galena-matildite series in the Cremenea vein, Suior, Baia Mare district, Romania. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, 185(2), 199-213.
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Gábor Koller collection (EDS- and PXRD-analysed by Sándor Szakáll and Béla Fehér)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milési, J., ... & Fabre, C. (2002). Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita, 37(6-7), 630-647.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milési, J., ... & Fabre, C. (2002). Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita, 37(6-7), 630-647.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Damian, G., Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., & Damian, F. (2008). Bismuth sulphosalts from the galena-matildite series in the Cremenea vein, Suior, Baia Mare district, Romania. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, 185(2), 199-213.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Cristeastan, Daniela, Constantinescu, B., Chiojdeanu, C., Ceccato, D., Pacheco, C., & Pichon, L. (2012) Micro-Pixe And XRF Studies On Native Gold From Cavnic Ore Deposit (Baia Mare District). Rom. Journ. Phys., Vol. 57, Nos. 3–4, P. 594–606
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Philippe Michelin photo & specimen
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Damian, G., Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., & Damian, F. (2008). Bismuth sulphosalts from the galena-matildite series in the Cremenea vein, Suior, Baia Mare district, Romania. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, 185(2), 199-213.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: various added photos
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Rhodochrosite (TL)
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 174; Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1981): 156: 233.; Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milési, J., ... & Fabre, C. (2002). Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita, 37(6-7), 630-647.; Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Damian, F., Prokofiev, V. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., & Damian, G. (2009). Tellurides occurrences in the Baia Mare region, Romania. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 4(2), 89-100.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milési, J., ... & Fabre, C. (2002). Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita, 37(6-7), 630-647.; Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Damian, F., Prokofiev, V. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., & Damian, G. (2009). Tellurides occurrences in the Baia Mare region, Romania. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 4(2), 89-100.
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Gábor Koller collection (EDS-analysed by Sándor Szakáll and Béla Fehér)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Nicu Pascanu specimen; Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Olga Yu. PLOTINSKAYA, Floarea. DAMIAN, Vsevolod Yu. PROKOFIEV, Vladimir A. KOVALENKER Gheorghe DAMIAN (2009) TELLURIDES OCCURRENCES IN THE BAIA MARE REGION, ROMANIA; Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 2, p. 89 - 100
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Plotinskaya, O. Y., Damian, F., Prokofiev, V. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., & Damian, G. (2009). Tellurides occurrences in the Baia Mare region, Romania. Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 4(2), 89-100.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Habit: Snow-white 1-cm spheroids scattered over plates of crystalline dolomite and quartz.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 963; Szakáll, S., Ed. (2002): Minerals of the Carpathians. Christian Weise Verlag, Munich, Germany, 480 pp.
Whewellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1101.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Hyrsl, J. (2001): Neu: Chalkostibit und Zinckenit aus Cavnic. Mineralien-Welt 12 (4), 43 (in German); Lapis Nr. 9 Sept. 2002, p. 8

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Benleonardite ?2.LA.50[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Fülöppite2.HC.10aPb3Sb8S15
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Metastibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite (TL)5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Argentojarosite7.BC.10AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Coquandite7.DE.35Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Krautite8.CB.15Mn(HAsO4) · H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Whewellite10.AB.45Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Metastibnite2.11.3.1Sb2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Benleonardite ?3.1.10.1[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Fülöppite3.6.20.1Pb3Sb8S15
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite (TL)14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Coquandite30.1.18.1Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Argentojarosite30.2.5.5AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Krautite39.1.3.1Mn(HAsO4) · H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Whewellite50.1.1.1Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
H KrautiteMn(HAsO4) · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H CoquanditeSb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
OOxygen
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O HübneriteMnWO4
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O KrautiteMn(HAsO4) · H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O FerberiteFeWO4
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O CoquanditeSb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S RealgarAs4S4
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S OrpimentAs2S3
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S CovelliteCuS
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S MetastibniteSb2S3
S ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S CoquanditeSb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
S FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
S Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn KrautiteMn(HAsO4) · H2O
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As RealgarAs4S4
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As OrpimentAs2S3
As ArsenicAs
As KrautiteMn(HAsO4) · H2O
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
AgSilver
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Ag Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
SbAntimony
Sb ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb MetastibniteSb2S3
Sb CoquanditeSb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Sb FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
Sb Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
TeTellurium
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te AltaitePbTe
Te Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W HübneriteMnWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W FerberiteFeWO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
Pb AltaitePbTe
BiBismuth
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 963, 1101.
Huber, P. and Muresan, I. (1996) Mineralienübersicht der wichtigsten Bergbaue des Bezirkes Maramures. Lapis, 21(7), 60 (in German).
Huber, P. and Muresan, I. (1996) Farbenprächtige Mineralien aus Cavnic: Vererzung und Mineralien von Cavnic (Kapnikbanya, Kapnik). Lapis, 21(7/8), 45-55 (in German).
Szakáll, S. (Ed.) (2002) Minerals of the Carpathians. Christian Weise Verlag, Munich, Germany, 480 pp.
Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., and Udubaşa, S. (2012) Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. Romanian Journal of Earth Sciences, 8, 62-65. [http://rjes.igr.ro/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/062-65-Hartopanu-2.pdf]

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