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Lisheen mine, Moyne, Co. Tipperary, Irelandi
Regional Level Types
Lisheen mineMine (Active)
Moyne- not defined -
Co. Tipperary- not defined -
IrelandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
52° 44' 52'' North , 7° 40' 23'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Mine (Active) - last checked 2019
Age:
358.9 ± 0.4 to 298.9 ± 0.15 Ma
Geologic Time:
Reference for age:
Bergakademie Freiberg, special display, 2019.
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Templetuohy323 (2013)5.4km
Urlingford973 (2013)6.8km
Johnstown472 (2013)8.0km
Twomileborris548 (2013)9.0km
Gortnahoe304 (2013)9.3km


Stratabound, carbonate-hosted Zn-Pb deposit.

The orebody was found in 1990 using soil geochemistry, and mining commenced in 1997. Delays caused by higher than expected water ingress meant that the first ore was not produced until September 1999. The deposit was initially worked by an Anglo American-Ivernia West joint venture, until Anglo bought out Ivernia's share in 2003. They then sold out to Vedanta in 2010. The mine produced 5,000 tonnes of ore every working day, and closed at the end of 2015 following exhaustion of the economic reserves, having produced 22.3 million tonnes grading 11.7 % Zn and 2.0 % Pb. A further 4.4 million tonnes, grading 14.5 % Zn and 2.6 % Pb remains in the ground, for various reasons (sub-economic, inaccessible or unsuitable for mining for geotechnical reasons). The main ores consisted of galena, sphalerite and pyrite found as compact fine-grained material.

Lisheen orebodies are usually stratiform, varying in thickness from 1 m to 30 m and "room and pillar" mining was the predominant method used for extraction, though "drift and fill" and "long hole stoping" were also employed according to conditions. The Main Zone, which had distinct northern and southern halves, lay at the west end of the mineralized area. A few hundred meters east of this was the substantial Derryville Zone and two smaller ones further east again (Bog Zone West & Bog Zone East). The discovery, in 2005, of a satellite orebody (Island Pod) over half a kilometer to the NNW of the northern tip of Derryville Zone, added another two years to the mine's life. The orebodies were divided up into north, south, east zones etc., these in turn were divided into panels.

Thousands of tonnes of massive nickel arsenide ore (gersdorffite and nickeline) were found in the Killoran fault zone, in the southern part of the Main Zone. For a while a stockpile of this lay underground, soon becoming coated with soft green annabergite. Fragments of limestone mixed in with this acquired encrustations of pharmacolite, all post-mining and forming within a matter of months. Unfortunately, the high arsenic content of this ore deterred smelting companies, and no buyer could be found. Thousands of tonnes of rich copper ore (chalcocite, bornite, tennantite) also occurring along fault zones likewise failed to find a buyer owing to an inability to guarantee a consistent grade, despite its high (sometimes ca. 1 %) silver content.

The orebodies were compact and vugs, even of calcite, scarce. However, a few dozen small specimens of bright yellow sphalerite crystals were recovered from one small area (Panel 18) in the Main Zone (North). Most Lisheen sphalerite was dark treacle brown, and good crystallised specimens are very rare.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
British IslesGroup of Islands
Ireland (island)Island

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Stephen Moreton collection
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Bergakademie Freiberg, special exhibition, 2019.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Gratonite
Formula: Pb9As4S15
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Bergakademie Freiberg, special exhibition, 2019.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Bergakademie Freiberg, special exhibition, 2019.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Pararammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Stephen Moreton collection
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bergakademie Freiberg, special exhibition, 2019.
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Bergakademie Freiberg, special exhibition, 2019.
Rammelsbergite ?
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Bergakademie Freiberg, special exhibition, 2019.
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: Tindle, A.G. 2008 Minerals of Britain and Ireland.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Colour: Mostly dark brown.
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Tindle, A.G. 2008 Minerals of Britain and Ireland.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Gratonite2.JB.55Pb9As4S15
Jordanite2.JB.30aPb14(As,Sb)6S23
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pararammelsbergite2.EB.10eNiAs2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Rammelsbergite ?2.EB.15aNiAs2
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pharmacolite8.CJ.50Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pararammelsbergite2.12.5.1NiAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite ?2.12.2.12NiAs2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Gratonite3.3.2.1Pb9As4S15
Jordanite3.3.1.1Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Seligmannite3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Pharmacolite39.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Jasper
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O BaryteBaSO4
O PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S BaryteBaSO4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S GratonitePb9As4S15
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni PararammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
As JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
As GratonitePb9As4S15
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As NickelineNiAs
As PararammelsbergiteNiAs2
As PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
AgSilver
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
Pb GratonitePb9As4S15
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Fusciardi, L.P.1, Güven, J.F.1, Stewart, D.R.A.1, Carboni, V. & Walsh, J.J. (2004): The geology and genesis of the Lisheen Zn-Pb deposit, Co. Tipperary, Ireland. In: Kelly, J.G. et al. (eds.): Europe's Major Base Metal Deposits. Irish Association for Economic Geology, Special Publication, pp. 455-481. [https://www.fault-analysis-group.ucd.ie/Publications/87Lisheen.html]
- Guven, J. (2015) Lisheen (1990-2015) IAEG Annual Review 2015, 67-75.
- Hitzman, W.M., Redmond, P.B., Beaty, D.W. (2002): The Carbonate-Hosted Lisheen Zn-Pb-Ag Deposit, County Tipperary, Ireland. Economic Geology, 97, 1627-1655.
- Pannalal, S.J., Symons, D.T.A., Sangster, D.F. (2008): Paleomagnetic Evidence for an Early Permian Age of the Lisheen Zn-Pb Deposit, Ireland. Economic Geology 103, 1641-1655.
- Wilkinson, J. J.; Eyre, S. L.; Boyce, A. J. (2005): Ore-​forming processes in Irish-​type carbonate-​hosted Zn-​Pb deposits: evidence from mineralogy, chemistry, and isotopic composition of sulfides at the Lisheen mine. Economic Geology 100, 63-86.

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