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Virneberg Mine (St Josephsberg Mine), Rheinbreitbach, Linz am Rhein, Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 37' 4'' North , 7° 14' 57'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.61778,7.24944
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Virneberg (Grube St Josephsberg), Rheinbreitbach, Linz am Rhein, Westerwald, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland

Ancient copper mine worked intermittently from 1611 to 1872. The deposit itself was already worked for copper in Roman times.

Located 2.3 km east of Rheinbreitbach.

Note: the slags, which provided secondary slag minerals, are listed as a sublocality.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

79 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

358.9 - 419.2 Ma

ID: 3186341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Devonian
393.3 - 419.2 Ma

ID: 2608911

Age: Early Devonian (393.3 - 419.2 Ma)

Description: marine deposits

Lithology: Argillaceous shale and/or slate, graywacke, sandstone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Early Devonian
393.3 - 419.2 Ma

ID: 3159802
Early Devonian quartzite

Age: Early Devonian (393.3 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{quartzite}, Minor{sandstone,shale/slate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region

  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Heusler, C. (1897) Beschreibung des Bergreviers Brühl-Unkel, Verlag Adolph Marcus, Bonn.
Magma (1984)(4), 76-94.
Emser Hefte (1985)(4), 8-9.
Lapis 1987(12), 32.
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988) Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 153-168.
Markl, G. (1989) Die Grube Virneberg 1987: Bilanz einer Sammelsaison. Der Aufschluss, Vol. 40, 187-195.
Krause, W. (1991) Chenit von der Grube Virneberg bei Rheinbreitbach. Der Aufschluss, 42, 147-153.
Habel, B. (2011) Rockbridgeit und Mitridatit von der ehemaligen Grube Virneberg. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (2): 37.

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