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Virneberg Mine (St Josephsberg Mine), Rheinbreitbach, Linz am Rhein, Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 37' 4'' North , 7° 14' 57'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.61778,7.24944
GeoHash:G#: u0vpuywvu
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Virneberg (Grube St Josephsberg), Rheinbreitbach, Linz am Rhein, Westerwald, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland


Ancient copper mine worked intermittently from 1611 to 1872. The deposit itself was already worked for copper in Roman times.

Located 2.3 km east of Rheinbreitbach.

Note: the slags, which provided secondary slag minerals, are listed as a sublocality.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

79 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Agardite'
Reference: Edgar Müller, Wilhelm Göbel
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Edgar Müller, Wilhelm Göbel
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Krause, W. (1991): Chenit von der Grube Virneberg bei Rheinbreitbach, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 147-153
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: P Haas collection
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Duftite-Mottramite Series'
Reference: Habel, B. (2008): Mottramit-/Duftit-Mischkristall - ein Neufund von der Grube Virneberg bei Rheinbreitbach (Kurz & Fündig). Mineralien-Welt, 19 (4), 8.
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Faustite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Ferrobustamite
Formula: CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Goudeyite
Formula: AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 584; Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Christof Schäfer
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Habel, B. (2011): Rockbridgeit und Mitridatit von der ehemaligen Grube Virneberg. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (2): 37
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Pseudomalachite (TL)
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 800; A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001; Braithwaite, R. S. W., & Ryback, G. (1994). Reichenbachite from Cornwall and Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(392), 449-454.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Lapis April 1990, p. 42; Habel, B. (2017): Das Siebengebirge am Rhein und seine Mineralien. Lapis 42 (9), 10-21; 62.
Rhodochrosite var: Cobaltoan Rhodochrosite
Formula: (Mn,Co)CO3
Reference: No reference listed
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Habel, B. (2011): Rockbridgeit und Mitridatit von der ehemaligen Grube Virneberg. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (2): 37
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Slag'
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 3 - Halides
'Atacamite'3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Aurichalcite'5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Bismutite'5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
var: Cobaltoan Rhodochrosite5.AB.05(Mn,Co)CO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Antlerite'7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Caledonite'7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chenite7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Namuwite7.DD.50Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Redgillite7.DD.70Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Beudantite'8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Faustite8.DD.15(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Goudeyite8.DL.15AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Hinsdalite8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pseudomalachite (TL)8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Ferrobustamite9.DG.05CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agardite'-
Chlorite Group-
Duftite-Mottramite Series-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Slag-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Rosickýite1.3.5.2S
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dundasite16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chenite30.1.16.1Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Namuwite31.4.7.1Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite (TL)41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Goudeyite42.5.1.3AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Faustite42.9.3.3(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hinsdalite43.4.1.5PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Ferrobustamite65.2.1.3CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agardite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
'Duftite-Mottramite Series'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Redgillite-Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Rhodochrosite
var: Cobaltoan Rhodochrosite
-(Mn,Co)CO3
'Slag'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GoudeyiteAlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C Rhodochrosite (var: Cobaltoan Rhodochrosite)(Mn,Co)CO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
O Rhodochrosite (var: Cobaltoan Rhodochrosite)(Mn,Co)CO3
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GoudeyiteAlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O LithargePbO
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MassicotPbO
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Al Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al GoudeyiteAlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Al HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S BaryteBaSO4
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
S RosickýiteS
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
MnManganese
Mn Rhodochrosite (var: Cobaltoan Rhodochrosite)(Mn,Co)CO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CoCobalt
Co Rhodochrosite (var: Cobaltoan Rhodochrosite)(Mn,Co)CO3
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Cu GoudeyiteAlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As GoudeyiteAlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LithargePbO
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
BiBismuth
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Heusler, C. (1897) Beschreibung des Bergreviers Brühl-Unkel, Verlag Adolph Marcus, Bonn.
Magma (1984)(4), 76-94.
Emser Hefte (1985)(4), 8-9.
Lapis 1987(12), 32.
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988) Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 153-168.
Markl, G. (1989) Die Grube Virneberg 1987: Bilanz einer Sammelsaison. Der Aufschluss, Vol. 40, 187-195.
Krause, W. (1991) Chenit von der Grube Virneberg bei Rheinbreitbach. Der Aufschluss, 42, 147-153.
Habel, B. (2011) Rockbridgeit und Mitridatit von der ehemaligen Grube Virneberg. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (2): 37.

Localities in this Region
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Germany
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach

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