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Tellnes Mines, Sokndal, Rogaland, Norway

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 58° 20' 2'' North , 6° 25' 16'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 58.33392,6.42122
Other regions containing this locality:Scandinavia
Owned/operated by:Kronos
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


The Tellnes deposit was discovered in 1954 by an aeromagnetic survey. Production started at Tellnes in October 1960, while the Storgangen operation continued until 1965. Since then all of Titania's mining activities have been confined to Tellnes. Production from the Tellnes open pit is 2 million tons of ore and 1.6 million tons of waste rock, resulting in a production of approx. 580,000 tons ilmenite concentrate (1999). Production data after 1999 are withheld. Tellnes is the largest titanium deposit in Europe and probably the largest titanium deposit in production in the world today. It is one (of two) major hard-rock titanium deposits in production in the world. All other significant titanium mineral production is from sand deposits. The ore reserves are 380 million tons averaging 18 % TiO2 of which approx. 15% TiO2 is as ilmenite (30% ilmenite) and 3 % of the TiO2 is within other minerals. At depth additional 250 million tons of ore has been identified. Two groups have extensively studied the Tellnes deposit: Krause's group from Clausthal and Duchesne's group from Liége; see Krause et al. (1985) and Duchesne (1999), respectively. The Tellnes deposit is an ilmenite-rich norite intrusion into the Åna-Sira anorthosite, as evidenced by sharp contacts, numerous apophyses cutting the surrounding anorthosite, intrusive breccias, and xenoliths of anorthosites. It has a sickle-shaped outcrop more than 2700 m long and is more than 400m wide in its central part. The northwestern contact dips 50-45o SW and the opposite contact varies from almost vertical to 45o dip. Two faults dipping westward and two sub vertical basalt dikes, striking E-W, intersect the outcrop (Krause et al. 1985). The vertical displacement of the orebody, caused by the faults, is in the order of 80-100m. The orebody has a complicated relationship to a jotunitic to mangeritic dyke system. U-Pb ages on zircon and baddeleyite from the ilmenite orebody are 920 ± 3 Ma, thus slightly younger than the jotunitic dyke (931 ± 5 Ma) (Schärer et al. 1996). Isotopically, the ilmenite norite can be derived from the crystallisation of a noritic liquid related to the crystallisation of the surrounding Åna-Sira anorthosite (Wilmart et al. 1989). Liquids of appropriate composition are, however, not known elsewhere in the massif, thus the exact nature of the parent magma of the Tellnes deposit is ill defined (Duchesne 1999). The Tellnes deposit is homogeneous in a large scale; euhedral plagioclase (An45-42), only locally slightly bent and granulated, and euhedral bronzite (En77-75) with subordinate olivin (Fo80) are enclosed by an interstitial hemo-ilmenite (Hem13) and Fe-Ni-Cu-Co sulfides. The average modal composition (vol. %) of the ilmenite norite is: plagioclase 53.2%, ilmenite (28.6%), orthopyroxene (10.2%), biotite (3.9%), magnetite (0.7-2.5%), accessories (3.4%) (Gierth 1970). The accessories comprise at least 24 minerals including apatite. Among the accessory opaque minerals, baddeleyite is ubiquitous (Gierth & Krause 1974). The sulfides include several subsolidus transformations of a primary Fe-Ni-(Co)-Cu association. Bravoite, chalcopyrite, covelite, marcasite, millerite, pentlandite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, siegenite and violaritehave been described (Gierth, Krause & Schott 1982). Two types of symplectitic intergrowths are present in the Tellnes ore. Symplectitic intergrowths of bronzite and magnetite (with some ilmenite) are considered to be due to the breakdown of primary olivine. Such textures are found almost exclusively along the margins of the orebody. Symplectitic intergrowths of oxides, sulfides and bronzite, replacing olivine, occur in the sulfide-rich upper part of the orebody (Gierth 1970, Gierth & Krause 1973). The concentration of Cr and V in the ilmenite are closely linked with the exsolved hematite; this was first pointed out by Gierth & Krause (1974).


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3139658
Proterozoic III gabbro

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{gabbro group}, Minor{monzonite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Proterozoic
541 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3191902
Proterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

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Gierth, E. 1970: Die Ilmenitlagerstätte von Tellnes (Südnorwegen). Unpubl. theses, TU Clausthal, 71 pp.
Gierth, E. & Krause, H. (1973): Die Ilmenitlagerstätte Tellnes (Süd-Norwegen). Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53: 359-402
Gierth, E. & Krause, H. (1974): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No 57. Baddelyit von Tellnes. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 54: 193-197
Knorn, H. & Krause, H.(1977): Die Verbandsverhältnisse südlich von Tellnes im zentralteil des Åna-Sira-Massivs (Südnorwegen). Norsk geologisk tidsskrift, 57 (1): 85-95
Buer, K.Y. (1982): Bruddtektoniske studier omkring gruvefeltene Dalen Kjørholt (Brevik) og Titania (Tellnes). UiO Geologisk fellesråd. Thesis.
Krause, H., Gierth, E. & Schott, W. (1985): Ti-Fe deposits in the South Rogaland igneous complex, with special reference to the Åna-Sira anorthosite massif. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Bulletin. 402: 25-37.
Mining Annual Review (1985): 79.
Gellein, J. (1987): Gravimetriske målinger sør for Tellnes dagbrudd. Norges geologiske undersøkelse rapport, 87.132: 1-12
Schãrer, U., Wilmart, E. & Duchesne, J.-C. (1996): The short duration and anorogenic character of anorthosite magmatism: U-Pb dating of the Rogaland complex, Norway. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 139:, 335-350.
Mauring, E. & Gellein, J. (1996): Gravimetriske målinger over Tellnes ilmenittforekomst, Sokndal kommune, Rogaland. Norges Ggeologiske Undersøkelse rapport, No.95.144: 48 pages
Karlsen, T.A. (1997): Geometry of fracture zones and their influence on the ore quality at the Tellnes ilmenite mine, Rogaland. Norges Ggeologiske undersøkelse rapport, No.97.031: 73 pages
Nilsson, L. & Karlsen, T. A.(1998): Mineralogy of fractures zones, Tellnes ilmenite ore, Rogaland. Norges Geologiske Uundersøkelse rapport, No.98.111: 59 pages
Duchesne, J.C. (1999): Fe-Ti deposits in Rogaland anorthosites (South Norway): geochemical characteristics and problems of interpretation. Mineralium Deposita 34: 182-198.
Karlsen, T.A., Furuhaug, L. & Korneliussen, A.(2000): Oppfølgende strukturmålinger i Tellnes-bruddet, Rogaland. Norges geologiske undersøkelse rapport, No.99.137: 10 pages
Schiellerup, H., Korneliussen, A., Heldal, T., Marker, M., Bjerkgård, T. & Nilsson, L.P. (2003) Mineral resources in the Rogaland Anorthosite Province, South Norway: origins, history and recent developments: in Ilmenite deposits and their geological environment. Jean-Clair Duchesne & Are Korneliussen ed. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Special Publication No. 9
Charlier et al. (2007): Ilmenite composition in the Tellnes Fe-Ti deposit, SW Norway: fractional crystallization, postcumulus evolution and ilmenite-zircon relation. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 154: 119-134.

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