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Thailandi
Regional Level Types
ThailandCountry

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Name in French:Thaïlande
Name in German:Thailand
Name in Italian:Thailandia
Name in Russian:Таиланд
Name in Simplified Chinese:泰国
Name in Spanish:Tailandia
Name in Afrikaans:Thailand
Name in Albanian:Tajlanda
Name in Arabic:تايلاند
Name in Belarusian:Тайланд
Name in Bulgarian:Тайланд
Name in Catalan:Tailàndia
Name in Czech:Thajsko
Name in Danish:Thailand
Name in Dutch:Thailand
Name in Estonian:Tai
Name in Farsi/Persian:تایلند
Name in Finnish:Thaimaa
Name in Galician:Tailandia
Name in Greek:Ταϊλάνδη
Name in Hebrew:תאילנד
Name in Hindi:थाईलैण्ड
Name in Hungarian:Thaiföld
Name in Icelandic:Taíland
Name in Indonesian:Thailand
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Téalainn
Name in Japanese:タイ王国
Name in Korean:타이
Name in Latvian:Taizeme
Name in Lithuanian:Tailandas
Name in Macedonian:Тајланд
Name in Norwegian:Thailand
Name in Polish:Tajlandia
Name in Portuguese:Tailândia
Name in Romanian:Thailanda
Name in Serbian:Тајланд
Name in Slovak:Thajsko
Name in Slovenian:Tajska
Name in Swahili:Uthai
Name in Swedish:Thailand
Name in Tagalog:Taylandiya
Name in Thai:ประเทศไทย
Name in Turkish:Tayland
Name in Ukrainian:Таїланд
Name in Vietnamese:Thái Lan
Name in Welsh:Gwlad Thai
Area:513,120 km2
Locality type:Country


Thailand is divided into 76 provinces (จังหวัด, changwat). There are also 2 special governed districts: the capital Bangkok (Krung Thep Maha Nakhon) and Pattaya, of which Bangkok is at provincial level and thus often counted as a province.
Each province is divided into districts and the districts are further divided into sub-districts (tambons).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

106 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
'commodity:Antimony'
Formula: Sb
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Auerlite'
Formula: near Th(Si,P)O4
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cesàrolite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
'Chabazite'
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Chert'
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Clays'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Sutthirat, C., Saminpanya, S., Droop, G. T. R., Henderson, C. M. B., & Manning, D. A. C. (2001). Clinopyroxene-corundum assemblages from alkali basalt and alluvium, eastern Thailand: constraints on the origin of Thai rubies. Mineralogical Magazine, 65(2), 277-295.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cochromite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Sutthirat, C., Saminpanya, S., Droop, G. T. R., Henderson, C. M. B., & Manning, D. A. C. (2001). Clinopyroxene-corundum assemblages from alkali basalt and alluvium, eastern Thailand: constraints on the origin of Thai rubies. Mineralogical Magazine, 65(2), 277-295.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Sutthirat, C., Saminpanya, S., Droop, G. T. R., Henderson, C. M. B., & Manning, D. A. C. (2001). Clinopyroxene-corundum assemblages from alkali basalt and alluvium, eastern Thailand: constraints on the origin of Thai rubies. Mineralogical Magazine, 65(2), 277-295.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Star Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
'Fergusonite'
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Galaxite
Formula: Mn2+Al2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Granite'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
'Hornblende'
Hydrokenoelsmoreite
Formula: 2W2O6(H2O)
Hydrokenoelsmoreite var: Ferritungstite
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ixiolite var: Wolframoixiolite
Formula: (Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'commodity:Lead'
Formula: Pb
'Lepidolite'
Leucoxene
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Malayaite
Formula: CaSn(SiO4)O
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite var: Campylite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-Agate
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Wood Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Petrified Wood'
'Phengite'
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
'Phillipsite'
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sutthirat, C., Saminpanya, S., Droop, G. T. R., Henderson, C. M. B., & Manning, D. A. C. (2001). Clinopyroxene-corundum assemblages from alkali basalt and alluvium, eastern Thailand: constraints on the origin of Thai rubies. Mineralogical Magazine, 65(2), 277-295.
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
'Roméite Group'
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Reference: Sutthirat, C., Saminpanya, S., Droop, G. T. R., Henderson, C. M. B., & Manning, D. A. C. (2001). Clinopyroxene-corundum assemblages from alkali basalt and alluvium, eastern Thailand: constraints on the origin of Thai rubies. Mineralogical Magazine, 65(2), 277-295.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Skarn'
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Tachyhydrite
Formula: CaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tantalum'
Formula: Ta
'Tektite'
Reference: Barnes, V. E., & Pitakpaivan, K. (1962). Origin of indochinite tektites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 48(6), 947.
'Tektite var: Indochinite'
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tungstibite
Formula: Sb3+2WO6
'Ungrouped iron meteorite'
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
'Wad'
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
'Xenotime'
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
'commodity:Zinc'
Formula: Zn
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Electrum1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
'Iron'1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Tachyhydrite3.BB.35CaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Brannerite'4.DH.05(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cesàrolite4.FG.10Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Cochromite4.BB.05(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Star Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Galaxite4.BB.05Mn2+Al2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hydrokenoelsmoreite4.DH.152W2O6(H2O)
var: Ferritungstite4.DH.152W2O6(H2O)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Ixiolite'4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Wolframoixiolite4.DB.25(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Microlite Group4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-Agate4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Wood Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Plattnerite'4.DB.05PbO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Roméite Group4.DH.
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stibiconite4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tungstibite4.DE.15Sb3+2WO6
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
var: Campylite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Philipsbornite'8.BL.10PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Robertsite8.DH.30Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Malayaite9.AG.15CaSn(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)9.EE.10Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Amphibole Supergroup-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Apatite-
Auerlite-near Th(Si,P)O4
'Biotite'-
Chabazite-
Chert-
Chlorite Group-
Clays-
Clinopyroxene Subgroup-
Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series-
Dravite-Schorl Series-
Feldspar Group-
'var: Perthite'-
Fergusonite-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Granite-
Hornblende-
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Lepidolite-
Leucoxene-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Monazite-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phengite'-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
'Phillipsite'-
Pyrochlore Supergroup-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Skarn-
Smectite Group-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Tantalite-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tantalum-Ta
Tektite-
'var: Indochinite'-
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Ungrouped iron meteorite-
Wad-
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Cochromite7.2.3.5(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Galaxite7.2.1.2Mn2+Al2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
(AB)5X8
Cesàrolite7.6.1.1Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
AmBX6
Tachyhydrite11.5.5.1CaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Philipsbornite42.7.4.2PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Robertsite42.8.4.2Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Roméite Group'44.1.1.3
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
A2XO4
Tungstibite48.2.3.1Sb3+2WO6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Malayaite52.4.3.2CaSn(SiO4)O
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)72.4.1a.1Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Auerlite'-near Th(Si,P)O4
'Biotite'-
Calcite
var: Ferroan Calcite
-(Ca,Fe)CO3
'Chabazite'-
'Chert'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
var: Star Sapphire-Al2O3
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Granite'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
Hydrokenoelsmoreite-2W2O6(H2O)
var: Ferritungstite-2W2O6(H2O)
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Iron-Fe
Ixiolite
var: Wolframoixiolite
-(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mimetite
var: Campylite
-Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-Agate
-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Wood Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phengite'-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
'Phillipsite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Skarn'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tantalum'-Ta
'Tektite'-
'var: Indochinite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Ungrouped iron meteorite'-
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Opal (var: Opal-Agate)SiO2 · nH2O
H PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Opal (var: Wood Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Auerlitenear Th(Si,P)O4
O BaryteBaSO4
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O CorundumAl2O3
O CupriteCu2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FerberiteFeWO4
O Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Opal (var: Opal-Agate)SiO2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O PlattneritePbO2
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O QuartzSiO2
O RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O RutileTiO2
O Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Corundum (var: Star Sapphire)Al2O3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TungstibiteSb23+WO6
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Opal (var: Wood Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Al PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Corundum (var: Star Sapphire)Al2O3
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Auerlitenear Th(Si,P)O4
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-Agate)SiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Opal (var: Wood Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P Auerlitenear Th(Si,P)O4
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SylviteKCl
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
Ca RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TachyhydriteCaMg2Cl6 · 12H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
MnManganese
Mn CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Mn GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn RobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Calcite (var: Ferroan Calcite)(Ca,Fe)CO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IronFe
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
CoCobalt
Co Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
NiNickel
Ni Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)O
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb TungstibiteSb23+WO6
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
TaTantalum
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta TantalumTa
Ta Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
W Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
W TungstibiteSb23+WO6
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W Ixiolite (var: Wolframoixiolite)(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
ThThorium
Th Auerlitenear Th(Si,P)O4
Th Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
U Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Brown, G.F., Buravas, S., Charaljavanaphet, J., Jalichandra, N., Johnston Jr., W.D., Sresthaputra, V., Taylor Jr., G.C. (1951): Geologic reconnaissance of the mineral deposits of Thailand. US Geological Survey Bulletion 984, 197 pp. [https://pubs.usgs.gov/bul/0984/report.pdf]
Praditwan, J. (1988): Mineralogy of Tin and Niobium-Tantalum-Bearing Minerals in Thailand. Pp. 669-695 in: C. S. Hutchison (ed.), Geology of Tin Deposits in Asia and the Pacific, Springer, 718 pp.
Lehmann, B. & Mahawat, C. (1989): Metallogeny of tin in central Thailand: A genetic concept. Geology 17, 426-429. [https://www.ielf.tu-clausthal.de/fileadmin/user_upload/lager/pdf/Lehmann___Mahawat_1989.pdf]
Dill, H.G., Melcher, F., and Botz, R. (2008): Meso- to epithermal W-bearing Sb vein-type deposits in calcareous rocks in western Thailand; with special reference to their metallogenetic position in SE Asia. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 242-262.
Ridd, M., Barber, A., & Crow, M. J. (2011). The Geology of Thailand. Geological Society, London, 615p.

External Links

http://www.dmr.go.th/ [Department of Mineral Resources]

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